PDF (Русский)


risk factors
abdominal obesity
sagittal diameter
cardiovascular diseases
coronary risk

How to Cite

Vorobyeva, E. N., Vorobyev, R. I., Sharlaeva, E. A., Fomicheva, M. L., Sokolova, G. G., Kazizaeva, A. S., & Batanina, I. A. (2015). SAGITTAL DIAMETER AS MARKER OF CORONARY RISK. Acta Biologica Sibirica, 1(1-2), 38-50.


In numerous epidemiological researches the connection between an obesity and mortality from cardiovascular, cerebrovascular illnesses is revealed and diabetes. Recently to risk factors carry transabdominal allocation of hypodermic adeps, which legibly correlates with tolerance to a glucose at oral assay with a glucose, taping insulinresistance, and also with dyslipoproteinemias.

The found dependence between high degrees of cooperative coronary risk and level of a sagittal diameter allows to assume, that this anthropometric parameter can act by the indicator of predisposition to metabolic changes associated with risk of illnesses of system of a circulation. Summarizing, it is necessary to note, that the revealed expressed interrelation between a sagittal diameter and probability of originating of a myocardial infarction for the proximate 10 years, testifies to necessity of carrying out of wide inspections of the population on revealing the persons with transabdominal allocation of adeps on this parameter with the purpose of exercise of the directed primary prophylaxis. The definition of the similar expressed interrelation at the persons with the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases is represented beneficial to assignment of effective measures of secondary prophylaxis.
PDF (Русский)


Anderson, K.M., Wilson, P.W.F., Odell, P.M., Kannel, W.B. (1991). An updated coronary risk profile - a statement for health professionals. Circulation. 83, 356-362.

Ashwell, M., Cole, T. J., Dixon, A. K. (1985). Obesity: new insight into the anthropometric classification of fat distribution shown by computed tomography. Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed). 290, 1692–1694.

Assmann, G., Carmena, R., Cullen, P., Fruchart, J.C., Lewis, B. (1998).

Coronary heart di-sease: reducing the risk: the scientific background for primary and secondary pre-vention of coronary heart disease: a worldwide view. The International Task Force for Prevention Coronary Heart Disease International Atherosclerosis Society. Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 8, 205-271.

Bjorntorp, P. (1997). Endocrine abnormalities in obesity. Diabetes Rev. 5, 52–68.

Bonadonna, R., Bonora, E. (1997). Glucose and free fatty acid metabolism in human obesity. Relationships to insulin resistance. Diabetes Rev. 5, 21–51.

Borkan, G. A., Hults, D. E., Gerzof, S. G. (1983). Age changes in body composition revealed by computed tomography. J. Gerontol. 38, 673–677.

Bouchard, C., Despreґs, J-P., Mauriege, P. O. (1993). Genetic and nongenetic determinants of regional fat distribution. Endocr. Rev. 14, 72–93.

Butler, R., Morris, A.D., Burchell, B., Struthers, A.D. (1999). DD angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism is associated with endothelial dysfunction in normal humans. Hypertension. 33 (5), 1164-1168.

Chowdhury, B., Sjostrom, L., Alpsten, M. (1994). A multicompartment body composition technique based on computorized tomography. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 18, 219–234.

Despres, J-P., Moorjani, S., Lupien, P. J. (1990). Regional distribution of body fat, plasma lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease. Arteriosclerosis. 10, 497–511.

Donahue, R.P., Abbott, R.D., Bloom, E. (1987). Central obesity and coronary heart disease in men. Lancet. 1, 821–824.

Ducimetiere, P., Richard, J., Cambien, F. (1986). The pattern of subcutaneous fat distribution in middle-aged men and risk of coronary heart disease. The Paris Prospective Study. Int. J. Obes. 10, 229 –240.

Enzi, G., Gasparo, M., Biondetti, P. R. (1986). Subcutaneous and visceral fat distribution according to sex, age and overweight, evaluated by computed tomography. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 44, 739 –746.

Ferland, M., Despres, J-P., Tremblay, A. (1989). Assessment of adipose tissue distribution by computed axial tomography in obese women: association with body density and anthropometric measurements. Br. J. Nutr. 61, 139–148.

Friedwald, W.T., Låvy, R.I., Fredrickson, D.S. (1972). Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma without the use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin. Chem. 18, 499-502.

Fornoni, A. (2005). Metabolic syndrome and endothelial dysfunction. Current Hypertension Reports. 7, 88–95.

Gaw, A. (1995). Lipid metabolism. Current Opinion in Lipidology. 7, 49-56.

Haarbo, J., Marslew, U., Gottfredsen, A., Christiansen, C. (1991). Post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy prevents central distribution of body fat after menopause. Metabolism. 40, 323–326.

Han, T.S., Van Leer, E.M., Secidell, J.C., Lean, M.E.J. (1995). Waist circumference in the identification of cardiovascular risk factors: prevalence study in a random sample. Br. Med. J. 311, 1401-1405.

Hayashi, T., Yamada, K., Esaki, T. (1995). Estrogen increases endothelial nitric oxide by a receptor mediated system. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 214, 847-55.

Kannel, W. B. (1985). Lipids, diabetes and coronary heart disease: insights from the Framingham Study. Am. Heart. J. 110, 1100–1107.

Kern, P.A. (1996). High adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity plays a causal role in the etiology of obesity. In: Angel A, Anderson H, Bouchard C, Lau D, Leiter L, Mendelson R (Eds.). Progress in Obesity Research: Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Obesity. John Libbey & Company, London. 7, 89–94.

Keys, A., Fidanza, F., Karvone, M. (1972). Indices of relative weight and obesity. J. Chron. Dis. 6, 328-343.

Keys, A. (1980). Overweight, obesity, coronary heart disease and mortality. Nutr. Rev. 38, 297–307.

Kvist, H., Chowdhury, B., Grangard, U. (1988). Total and visceral adipose-tissue volumes derived from measurements with computed tomography in adult men and women: predictive equations. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 48, 1351–1361.

Larsson, B., Svardsudd, K., Welin, L. (1984). Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: 13 year follow-up of participants in the study of men born in 1913. Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed). 288, 1401–1404.

Lauren, N., Chaudhuri, G. (1997). Estrogens and atherosclerosis. Ann. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 37, 477-515.

Lemieux, S., Despres, J-P., Moorjani, S. (1994). Are gender differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors explained by the level of visceral adipose tissue? Diabetologia. 37, 757–764.

Lonnqvist, F., Thorne, A., Large, V., Arner, P. (1997). Sex differences in visceral fat lipolysis and metabolic complications of obesity. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 17, 1472–1480.

Mamedov, M., Suslonova, N., Lisenkova, I. (2007). Metabolic syndrome prevalence in Russia: Preliminary results of a cross-sectional population study. Diabetic and Vascular Disease Research. 4, 46–47.

Marin, P., Andersson, B., Ottosson, M. (1992). The morphology and metabolism of intraabdominal adipose tissue in men. Metabolism. 41, 1242–1248.

Öhrvall, M. (2000). Sagittal abdominal diameter compared with other anthropometric measurements in relation to cardiovascular risk. International Journal of Obesity. 24(4), 497-501.

Pouliot, M.C., Despres, J.P., Lemieux, S. (1994). Waist circumference and abdominal sagittal diameter: best simple anthropometric indexes of abdominal visceral adipose tissue accumulation and related cardiovascular risk in men and women. Am. J. Cardiol. 73(7), 460-468.

Pyorala, K., De Backer, G., Graham, I. (1994). Prevention of Coronary heart disease in clinical practice: recommendations of the Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology, European atherosclerosis Society and European Society of Hypertension. Atherosclerosis. 110, 121-161.

Ross, R., Leger, L., Morris, D. (1992). Quantification of adipose tissue by MRI: relationship with anthropometric variables. J. Appl. Physiol. 72, 787–795.

Turcato, E. (2000). Waist circumference and abdominal sagittal diameter as surrogates of body fat distribution in the elderly: their relation with cardiovascular risk factors. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 24(8), 1005-1010.

Zamboni, M., Turcato, E., Armellini, F., Kahn, H.S., Zivelonghi, A., Santana, H., Bergamo-Andreis, I.A., Bosello, O. (1982). Sagittal abdominal diameter as a practical predictor of visceral fat. International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders. 22(7), 655-660.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...