Acta Biologica Sibirica <div class="additional_content"> <p><strong><span style="font-size: small;">ISSN 2412-1908 (Online)</span></strong></p> <p><strong>We should like to inform our readers and authors that since January 1st, 2022 we are moving from Pensoft Publishers back to Altai State University portal. We extend our deep and sincere gratitude to the Pensoft team and L. Penev personally for productive and valuable cooperation.&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Please refer to <a href=""></a> for journal articles within 2020-2021.</p> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><strong>Acta Biologica Sibirica</strong> publishes original, previously unpublished articles on the following fields: Faunistics, Floristics, Biogeography, Biological systematics, Nature conservation and protected areas, Reviews of published articles and monographs on the above topics, Memorial articles. Preference is given to articles in English. There are no restrictions on the article volume and number of articles in the issue. In the fields of faunistics and floristics, we accept articles of two types: floral and faunal lists on any region of the world (areas, regions, countries, mountain ranges, national parks), and faunal and floral discoveries (finding new species for the regions, additions to previously published inventories…). We also accept articles on methodology of faunal and floral studies. 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We will publish one rolling volume consisting of a single issue per calendar year from 2020. All the articles will be continuously paginated and the universal digital object identifier (DOI) should be used for citations.</span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Altai State University en-US Acta Biologica Sibirica 2412-1908 <p><em>Acta Biologica Sibirica</em>&nbsp;is a golden publisher, as we allow self-archiving, but most importantly we are fully transparent about your rights.</p> <p>Authors may present and discuss their findings ahead of publication: at biological or scientific conferences, on preprint servers, in public databases, and in blogs, wikis, tweets, and other informal communication channels.</p> <p>ABS allows authors to deposit manuscripts (currently under review or those for intended submission to ABS) in non-commercial, pre-print servers such as ArXiv.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;(CC BY 4.0)&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> </ol> Ongoing invasion and first parasitoid record of the North American leaf-mining moth Chysaster ostensackenella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Primorsky Territory (Russia) <p>The North American leaf-mining moth <em>Chrysaster</em> <em>ostensackenella</em> (Fitch, 1859) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) is an invasive species newly documented in Russia in 2022 based on our findings in Primorsky Territory. The article provides data on its biology and distribution in the southern part of the region in 2023. A survey of <em>Robinia pseudoacacia </em>(a host plant) carried out in 12 distant settlements revealed widespread spread of <em>Ch. ostensackenella</em>: from the town of Spassk-Dalniy (44°36′N, 132°49′E) on the north to the village of Khasan (42°25′N, 130°38′E) on the south. Significant plant damage (&gt;50% of leaves with the mines) was documented in the city of Artem and the village of Sinyi Gai, moderate (&gt;25%) in Khasan, Bolshoi Kamen and Ussuriysk, and low damage (&lt;10%) in other six settlements. Parasitism was recorded in two localities (Khasan and Slavyanka), reaching 22%. Altogether, six parasitoid adults (five females and one male) of <em>Achrysocharoides chrysasteris </em>Kamijo, 1990 (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) were reared from the moth pupae. This East Asian parasitoid is a novel record for Russia, and its trophic association with the North American moth is a new to science. Diagnoses of the parasitoid genus and species are given, and the species male is newly described. Additionally, the illustrations of male and female of <em>A. chrysasteris </em>are provided.</p> Natalia I. Kirichenko Nina A. Kolyada Oksana V. Kosheleva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 10 561–582 561–582 10.5281/zenodo.11665561 Two new Spariolenus Simon, 1880 species from Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan – the first representatives of Heteropodinae in Central Asia <p>Two new species of <em>Spariolenus </em>Simon, 1880, <em>S. badakhshanicus </em>sp. n. (♂♀) and <em>S. darvazicus </em>sp. n. (♀), are described from Pamir Mountains in eastern Tajikistan. They represent the first records of Heteropodinae in Central Asia. The type localities of new species in West Pamir are remote approximately 500 km north from the closest known locality of the subfamily, represented by <em>S. lindbergi </em>(Roewer, 1962), in Afghanistan. Both new species were collected at night in rocky habitats. Detailed descriptions, digital photographs of the new species, and a distributional map of all known <em>Spariolenus </em>species are provided.</p> Alexander A. Fomichev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 10 547–560 547–560 10.5281/zenodo.11534918 Asciodema obsoleta (Hemiptera: Miridae): new record for Uzbekistan <p>European plant bug <em>Asciodema obsoleta </em>(Fieber, 1864) was the first to be reported; to date, no records have been published. In our recent fieldwork, we extended the recorded distribution of true bug species and provided the first Uzbekistan record: in the Fergana, Namangan, and Khorezm regions. For this species, collection data in the Khorezm, Namangan, and Fergana regions and information about distribution in Uzbekistan were compared with old literature and online base dates. These species were recorded in 2023 from different places in the territory of Uzbekistan. Until now, reliable information on the zoogeography of <em>A. obsoleta </em>species in Uzbekistan’s south and north-western regions has not been published. The composition of species of true bugs, diversity, and the proportion of endemism vary greatly across the country’s zoogeographic regions in these three regions.</p> Gulnora S. Mirzaeva Marifat O. Hudoyberdieva Lola A. Gandjaeva Dilshod M. Musaev Bakhtiyor R. Kholmatov Sardorbek Q. Kimyonazarov Gulkhayo K. Narimanova Natalya I. Lebedeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-27 2024-05-27 10 525–531 525–531 10.5281/zenodo.11295357 Seasonal migrations, population dynamics and age structure of the Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata (Aves, Passeriformes) according to trapping and ringing data for sixty-four years (1957–2020) in the Eastern Baltic <p>The results of the trapping and ringing of the Spotted Flycatcher at the “Fringilla” field station in the Courish (Curonian) Spit, Eastern Baltic, for the period 1957–2020, in the number of 7984 individuals are presented. The annual number of birds caught has varied for 64 years, while the period since the mid–1980s has been characterized by a downward trend in numbers. Due to the "coastal effect", the proportion of adult birds averaged 3%, varying by year from 1% to 14%. The recoveries of our rings during the spring arrival and breeding of birds are concentrated in the coastal northern parts of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, in the territories of Denmark, Sweden and Finland. The recoveries of our rings during the autumn migration are from Italy. The average daily speed of autumn movement is 66–87 km per day. The age (in years) at the discovery time of the bird with the ring was from one to five years old.</p> Vladimir A. Payevsky Anatoly P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-27 2024-05-27 10 533–545 533–545 10.5281/zenodo.11295748 Lepidoptera fauna of Kemerovo Region: Lasiocampoidea and Bombycoidea <p>Thirty six species from 5 families (Lasiocampidae, Brahmaeidae, Endromididae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae) of Lasiocampoidea and Bombycoidea superfamilies are reported from the territory of Kemerovo Region of Russia. Nine species – <em>Malacosoma castrense </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Eriogaster lanestris </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Macrothylacia rubi </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Phyllodesma japonicum </em>Leech, 1889, <em>Dendrolimus </em><em>pini </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Odonestis pruni </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Lemonia dumi </em>(Linnaeus, 1761), <em>Agrius convolvuli </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), and <em>Proserpinus proserpina </em>(Pallas, 1772) – are new to Kemerovo Region.</p> Dmitry A. Efimov Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Alexey V. Korshunov Vadim V. Ivonin Vyacheslav A. Akaev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-24 2024-05-24 10 507–524 507–524 10.5281/zenodo.11242638 The semiaquatic bugs (Heteroptera: Gerromorpha) of Uzbekistan <p>The updated list of semi-aquatic hemipteran insects (Heteroptera) of the Gerromorpha infraorder is provided for the first time for the fauna of Uzbekistan, based on collections studied and literature sources. The insects were collected from 2021 to 2023. As a result, 18 species of water striders with two subspecies belonging to 9 genera, 5 families were identified. <em>Microvelia </em>(<em>Microvelia</em>) <em>reticulata </em>(Burmeister, 1835) is recorded for the first time for the fauna of Uzbekistan. The erroneous species records from some areas of the republic have been corrected.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Natalya I. Lebedeva Elena V. Kanyukova Dilshod M. Musaev Gulnara S. Mirzayeva Maftuna N. Valieva Bakhtiyor R. Kholmatov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 10 471–488 471–488 10.5281/zenodo.11219323 Trophic state and water quality of the Maloe More Strait, Lake Baikal <p>The results of a two-year study on the plankton structure and abundance in the Maloe More strait, Lake Baikal, are presented. This place is an area of increased anthropogenic pressure because it is too popular for tourists. The data obtained, in comparison with other previous data, enabled us to identify recent changes in the plankton structure and assess the trophic state of the strait. It was found that in the pelagic zone, the trophic state increases in years of abundant development of cryophilic Baikalian diatoms and decreases in low-productive years, while in the littoral zone, the situation is opposite. The water quality of the strait was assessed using the bioindication method. Water quality in the pelagic zone corresponded to class 1 called “purity” but in the littoral zone to classes 1 and 2 from “purity” to “satisfactory purity”.</p> Nina A. Bondarenko Olga G. Pen’kova Yelena P. Zaitseva Natalya G. Sheveleva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-22 2024-05-22 10 489–505 489–505 10.5281/zenodo.11220593 Astragalus cephalotes Banks & Sol. – a new species for the Republic of Azerbaijan <p>New species <em>Astragalus cephalotes </em>Banks &amp; Sol. is reported to the flora of the Republic of Azerbaijan. We sampled it in Safdara, Kechili village (Shahbuz district, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic) in mountain xerophytic community in 2016. Considering species current status and distribution we suggested include it in the future edition of the Red Data Book of the Republic of Azerbaijan and Nakhchivan with status VU, A2c+3c and with IUCN status 2016-LC.</p> Dashgin Sh. Ganbarov Yegana A. Aslanova Alex V. Matsyura Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-21 2024-05-21 10 465 470 10.5281/zenodo.11216116 Butterfly fauna (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) of the Hazratisho Ridge (Tajikistan) <p>The butterfly fauna of the Hazratisho Ridge includes 105 species and subspecies from 5 families. The faunal composition in general and taxonomic status of some recorded species is discussed.</p> Abdulaziz M. Davlatov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-18 2024-05-18 10 441–464 441–464 10.5281/zenodo.11203997 Faunistical and ecological analysis of digger wasps (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Crabronidae) in Uzbekistan <p>This article presents the results of scientific research conducted in 2021–2023 on the study of digger wasps belonging to the Sphecidae, Crabronidae family in different regions of Uzbekistan, as well as the results of the study of literature sources. Total 484 species of which 69 species belonging to Sphecidae family, 415 species to Crabronidae family, 21 tribes and 74 genera were recorded in our republic. In terms of subspecies, Crabroninae equals to 24.8%, Bembicinae 18.2%, Philanthinae 17.8 %, Eremiaspheciinae 15.7 %, Ammophilinae 7.2 %, Pemphredoninae 6.6 %, Sphecinae 5.2 %, Astatinae 2.1%, Sceliphrinae 1.8 % and Dinetinae 0.6 %. 125 species were identified in the North-Western region of Uzbekistan, 253 species in the North-Eastern region, 66 species in the Eastern region, 261 species in the Central region, and 101 species in the Southern region. The digger wasp species in the North-Western and Central regions of Uzbekistan have the closest similarity of 30%, and the Eastern and Southern regions have the furthest similarity. 48% of digger wasps are native to desert, 35% to mountain and lowlands and least agrocenosis landscapes.</p> Makhsetbay Zh. Medetov Muratbay A. Embergenov Bakhtiyor R. Kholmatov Muhayyo V. Elmurodova Matnazar Sh. Rakhimov Juldizkhan D. Tajibaeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-17 2024-05-17 10 409–439 409–439 10.5281/zenodo.11195851 First record of Corticeus bicolor (Olivier, 1790) (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) from Kazakhstan <p>The darkling beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) <em>Corticeus bicolor </em>(Olivier, 1790) is recorded for Kazakhstan for the first time. The species was found in gallery of bark beetles <em>Anisandrus dispar </em>Fabricius, 1792, <em>Scolytus intricatus </em>Ratzeburg, 1837 and <em>Xyleborinus saxeseni </em>(Ratzeburg, 1837) in Akmola and Kostanai oblasts. A key to known species of the genus <em>Corticeus </em>Piller &amp; Mitterpacher, 1783 from Kazakhstan is given.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-16 2024-05-16 10 401–408 401–408 10.5281/zenodo.11189222 First record of Lynceus brachyurus (Branchiopoda: Diplostraca: Laevicaudata: Lynceidae) in Armenia <p><em>Lynceus brachyurus </em>was first discovered in the highland wetland of Armenia. This finding not only contributes to our understanding of the geographic distribution of <em>Lynceus brachyurus </em>but also sheds light on the ecological preferences and adaptability of this species to diverse habitats.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Susanna Hakobyan Karen Jenderedjian Mark Kalashian Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-15 2024-05-15 10 395 400 10.5281/zenodo.11183092 A new subspecies of Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) from Gobi desert, Mongolia <p>A new subspecies, <em>Papilio machaon bilguun </em>ssp. nov. (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) from Mongolia, South Gobi (Umnegov) aimak, Nomgon somon is described. The characters of new and neighbouring subspecies are discussed. A hypothesis about the relations and distribution of different taxa is proposed.</p> Sergei V. Churkin Roman V. Yakovlev Tserenpil Odbayar Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-14 2024-05-14 10 383–393 383–393 10.5281/zenodo.11181305 Notodontidae (Lepidoptera) of Kemerovo Province (Southern Siberia, Russia) <p>An overview of Notodontidae species composition of Kemerovo Province is given in the article. At present time, 28 species of 13 Notodontidae genera are registered. Two species (<em>Cerura przewalskii </em>(Alphéraky, 1882) and <em>Notodonta dembowskii </em>Oberthür, 1879) are recorded from Kemerovo Province for the first time.</p> Dmitry A. Efimov Alexey V. Korshunov Pavel S. Morozov Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-12 2024-05-12 10 361–373 361–373 10.5281/zenodo.11160829 Lepidoptera of South Ossetia (Northern Transcaucasia). Part V. Superfamily Papilionoidea Latreille, 1809 <p>Seventy seven Papilionoidea species have been indicated for South Ossetia (72 – for the first time for thus territory). For three species listed in the Red Book of South Ossetia (<em>P. apollo</em>, <em>I. podalirius </em>and <em>P. machaon</em>) new localities are given.</p> Aleksandr N. Streltzov Petr Ya. Ustjuzhanin Kirill A. Kolesnichenko Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-12 2024-05-12 10 375–381 375–381 10.5281/zenodo.11161306 Diversity and sustainability of bird communities in the Irtysh River valley (the Tyumen Oblast, Russia) <p>This study investigates the avifauna of the Irtysh floodplain from June 1 to September 1, 2022–2023, revealing a rich diversity of 117 bird species across 14 groups. A notable discovery was the first documented nesting of the blackbird <em>Turdus merula </em>in the Uvat region. Additionally, the presence of 11 rare and declining bird species, as listed in the Red List of the Russian Federation and the Tyumen Oblast, was confirmed. The research delves into the ecological and faunal characteristics of bird communities within the key biotopes of the Uvat region, analyzing species composition, total bird population, diversity indices, and community stability. The findings indicated a direct correlation between these parameters and the heterogeneity of plant cover, spatial distribution, and food availability in critical habitats. Despite various anthropogenic activities like habitat fragmentation, tree and shrub cutting, burning, oil field operations, and recreational pursuits observed in the surveyed areas of the Irtysh floodplain, the overall stability of the bird community remained intact.</p> Maria Yu. Ivanova Sergey N. Gashev Polina E. Pokazanieva Ilya P. Klimshin Nadezhda G. Bogomyakova Sergey A. Bayanov Alexander O. Ivanov Sergey S. Tupitsyn Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 10 325 347 10.5281/zenodo.11161046 Complexes of terrestrial molluscs of various biotopes in the Gissar Range, Uzbekistan <p>The article presents the results of studying the complexes of terrestrial molluscs of various biotopes in the Gissar Range, Uzbekistan. Taxonomic identification of terrestrial molluscs collected from 13 biotopes in 4 altitude regions, determination of individual species’ density, and assessment of the similarity of species content among biotopes was carried out. Forty-six species of molluscs are found in the studied biotopes. Biotopes no. 5 (along ditches among thickets of grass, under stones), no. 10 (near springs among grasses), and no. 11 (on the banks of small streams among thickets of grasses) were found to maintain the highest species richness. The most common species in the studied biotopes are <em>Cochlicopa lubrica</em>, <em>Vallonia costata</em>, and <em>Pupilla muscorum</em>.</p> Jasur Kudratov Abduvaeit Pazilov Dilnoza Zokirova Bekzod Otakulov Jamshed Jalilov Xulkar Urinova Fazlitdin Khalimov Zuvaidullo Izzatullaev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 10 349–359 349–359 10.5281/zenodo.11160044 Predicting the distribution of the caucasus endemic Carabus exaratus Quensel, 1806 in the Maxent environment <p>To investigate how the Caucasian endemic <em>Carabus exaratus </em>is distributed in a changing climate, we conducted modeling of its current and predicted ranges using the Maxent environment. Data from literary sources and our own field collections were used for this study, totaling 99 identified habitats. We utilized 20 bioclimatic variables with a spatial resolution of 30 seconds for the modeling. The analysis revealed several significant factors affecting <em>C. exaratus</em>: average annual temperature (bio 1), precipitation of the warmest quarter (bio 18), precipitation of the coldest quarter (bio 19), seasonality of precipitation (bio 15), isothermal conditions (bio 3), and elevation above sea level (bio 20). By applying the RCP 8.5 climate scenario, we generated maps showing forecasted ranges under changing climate conditions and calculated the areas of both current and predicted ranges. Our findings indicate that global warming will cause a shift and significant reduction in the bioclimatic range of <em>Carabus exaratus</em>.</p> Tamara A. Avtaeva Shapaat A. Kushalieva Alex V. Matsyura Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-07 2024-05-07 10 317–324 317–324 10.5281/zenodo.11113045 Lithobius (Monotarsobius) fomichevi sp.n., a new species of lithobiid centipedes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from Tajikistan, with a key to the Middle Asian species of the subgenus <p><em>Lithobius </em>(<em>Monotarsobius</em>) <em>fomichevi </em>sp.n. is described based on eight specimens from the Pamir Mts, Tajikistan. The new species is close to <em>L</em>. (<em>M</em>.) <em>muminabadicus</em> (Zalesskaja, 1978) but differs well by the size of both the body and Tömösváry’s organ and by features of female gonopods.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-02 2024-05-02 10 303 316 10.5281/zenodo.11098117 On the genus Arrup Chamberlin, 1912 (Chilopoda: Geophilomorpha: Mecistocephalidae) from Russia, with a key to the members of the family Mecistocephalidae from Russia <p>The members of the genus <em>Arrup </em>Chamberlin, 1912 from Russia are reviewed: <em>A. mamaevi </em>(Titova, 1975) is re-described based on type and new material; <em>A</em>. cf. <em>dentatus </em>(Takakuwa, 1934) is also described based on the material from Russia, differences from specimens from Japan are shown. All the records are mapped. A key to the members of the family Mecistocephalidae known from Russia is provided.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-05-01 2024-05-01 10 291–302 291–302 10.5281/zenodo.11096418 Fatty acid profiles in different phylogenetic and ecological groups of microalgae <p>This study aimed to examine the fatty acid profiles of 10 newly discovered microalgae strains hailing from phylogenetic groups valued in biotechnology. The fatty acid profiles were characterized utilising principal component analysis, resulting in several notable findings. First, our analysis revealed that certain characteristics of these profiles align well with those previously identified in similar study groups. Most notably, the marine strain <em>Chlorella vulgaris </em>MI-Ch19-a was found to have the highest concentration of saturated fatty acids, measuring 60.48%. Furthermore, this strain also boasted the highest α-linolenic content among those analyzed, representing 22.14% of the total fatty acid spectrum. Each strain under study demonstrated significant amounts of 16:0 (with a range spanning 18.43% to 38.28%), 16:1n-7 (ranging from 17.05% to 32.55%), and 20:5n-3 (ranging from 4.96% to 20.13%). When considering the phylogenetic influence, which was particularly marked in the levels of total saturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acid content, it was the prominence of the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids that stood out amongst the phylogenetic groups. Lastly, the strains <em>Thalassiosira eccentrica </em>and <em>Cyclotella atomus </em>MI-B47 exhibited the highest volumes of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3).</p> Irina A. Maltseva Alex V. Matsyura Tatyana Yu. Gurova Svetlana V. Cherkashina Yevhen I. Maltsev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 10 275–289 275–289 10.5281/zenodo.11063206 An updated review of bird diversity in Central Altai highlands <p>The Katun and North Chuya ridges are the highest and most popular mountain ranges in the Altai Republic. The Katun ridge is 150 km long and includes 386 glaciers; its highest mountain is 4509 m. The mountain ranges received the status of World Heritage Sites in 1998. The deepening tourist and recreational development of the Katun and North Chuya ridges is accompanied by a change in bird numbers and species diversity; therefore, constant monitoring is needed to support the bird species database. The purpose of our research was to supplement the modern information on the fauna and bird population of the highlands of central Altai within the Katun and North Chuya ridges. We conducted field observations during 2010-2022 in Central Altai on hiking routes along the Katun and North Chuya ridges with a total length of 1015.4 km to the highest elevation of 3400 m. The bird diversity of the Katun and North Chuya ridges is represented by 53 species from 11 orders and 21 families. We also registered 21 rare and endangered species, among them the extremely rare species are: great cormorant, ruddy shelduck, and Eurasian goshawk; very rare species are: black kite, upland buzzard, common buzzard, booted eagle, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, bearded vulture, common kestrel, red grouse, demoiselle crane, common cuckoo, scops owl, pygmy owl, nightjar, black woodpecker, Richard’s pipit, grey wagtail, red-billed chough, raven, greenish warbler, white-winged redstart, common rosefinch, and common crossbill; rare species are: sparrowhawk, red-necked phalarope, water pipit, fieldfare, long-tailed tit, marsh tit, great tit, and Brandt’s mountain finch; and the common species are: spotted nutcracker, common chiffchaff, and willow tit.</p> Sergei V. Vazhov Alex V. Matsyura Viktor M. Vazhov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-24 2024-04-24 10 249–274 249–274 10.5281/zenodo.11025136 Water mites (Acariformes: Hydrachnidia, Halacaroidea) of the Visimsky Nature Reserve (Central Urals) <p>Water mites of the Urals have been poorly studied. In 2019–2020, we studied water mites from the water bodies of the Visimsky State Nature Biosphere Reserve and its surroundings, as well as from the territory of the Chusovaya River Nature Park. Different sites of watercourse of the Sulyom River, its tributaries, spring, permanent and temporary ponds were investigated. In total, 64 species of water mites Hydrachnidia and 6 species of Halacaridae were revealed. The upper areas of the Sulyom River and its small tributary, the Kamenka River, were richest in species diversity and number of water mites. In these rivers, rhitrobiontic species prevailed. In the middle and lower course of the Sulyom River the number and quantity of mite species were significantly lower. The diversity of mites in the Chusovaya River, near the confluence of the Sulyom River was low however, the highest mite numbers were noted here. The most specific associations of mites were revealed in the helocrene spring and in the sphagnum bogs. At the same time, mites from the standing waters of the Visimsky Reserve neighborhood, provided by water reservoir, artificial ponds and ditches, had a rather poor species composition and a low number. According to the faunal composition and structure of the acarofauna of the Visimsky Nature Reserve and the Central Urals are similar to East European, however, it has both, Eastern Palearctic elements and species currently only known from the Urals.</p> Vitaly A. Stolbov Sergey D. Sheykin Sergey S. Tupitsyn Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 10 235–248 235–248 10.5281/zenodo.10970483 Potentilla asterotricha (Rosaceae) is a mysterious narrowly local endemic of China from Gansu province <p>This study provides new data on <em>Potentilla asterotricha</em>, a species endemic to China. The species was described in Gansu province without specific information on locations, collectors, or date of collection. It is not given in “Flora of China”. Additional herbarium materials we discovered in KUN, PE and WUK allowed us to significantly expand the information about this enigmatic taxon. It turned out that its classic habitat is Erlang Mountain in the south of Gansu province in Min County. Based on the presence of stellate hairs in the pubescence, <em>P. asterotricha </em>is assigned here to the section <em>Fasciculato-pilosae</em>. The closest species to it is <em>P. acaulis</em>, from which it differs in the presence of pinnate leaves in the basal rosette. Photos of the leaf blade and pubescence of <em>P.</em> <em>asterotricha</em> under a microscope, as well as a scanned image of its herbarium specimen, are presented. The map shows the distribution of the taxon under study and its putative parent species. The southern border of the <em>P. acaulis </em>range has been identified.</p> Alexey Kechaykin Tao Feng Tian-Tian Xue Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-14 2024-04-14 10 227–234 227–234 10.5281/zenodo.10969490 New subspecies of Melitaea sultanensis Staudinger, 1886, M. elisabethae Avinoff, 1910 and M. robertsi Butler, 1880 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) <p>The paper presents the descriptions of 3 new taxa: <em>Melitaea robertsi hersilia </em>Churkin, Bogdanov et Kolesnichenko, ssp. nova is described from Suusamyr Mts., Tian-Shan (Kyrgyzstan), <em>M. elisabethae tremasovi </em>Churkin, Kolesnichenko et Bogdanov, ssp. nova from Mazorsky Range (Darvaz, Tadjikistan) and <em>M. sultanensis sochivkoi </em>Churkin, Kolesnichenko et Bogdanov, ssp. nova from Gardaniushti Mts. (South Tadjikistan). The holotypes of <em>M. trivia bactriana </em>Shchetkin, 1984 and <em>M. t. chorasana </em>Shchetkin, 1984 are figured for the first time.</p> Sergei V. Churkin Pavel V. Bogdanov Kirill A. Kolesnichenko Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 10 215–225 215–225 10.5281/zenodo.10937590 Urban floristic diversity in the arid zone: a case study of Bukhara city <p>The urban flora of Bukhara city has experienced a surge in recent years, attributed to the introduction of adventive plants from abroad. We conducted detailed floristic descriptions of green spaces along roads, near houses, in the central city Samonid recreation park, and at the "Ko'hna va boqiy Buxoro" recreation center. We registered that urban vegetation comprises 42 species of trees, 21 species of shrubs, and 70 species of herbaceous vegetation. The density of urban phytocenoses in the surveyed areas ranges from 40 to 55 species per 1000 m2, encompassing 21–28 tree species, 4–11 shrub species, and 14–28 herb species. Our findings indicate that the introduced vegetation comprises 79 species from 34 families, with ornamental trees (43 species) and shrubs (24 species). We have observed a steady increase in the number of introduced species entering the city through natural means, suggesting their successful acclimatization despite the arid conditions. The research emphasized the importance of green spaces in promoting social cohesion, community well-being, and preserving cultural heritage in Bukhara. Additionally, the study indicated a steady increase in the number of introduced species entering the city through natural means, reflecting ongoing beautification efforts and urban development projects. Overall, the qualitative data provided insights into the resilience and adaptability of urban flora in Bukhara, the impact of urbanization on plant diversity, and the significance of green spaces in enhancing the quality of urban environments. The patterns and trends observed in the qualitative data underscore the need for sustainable management strategies to conserve and enhance biodiversity in Bukhara city.</p> Saida M. Gafarova Mukhamad I. Gulamov Husniddin K. Esanov Abdulla M. Umedov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 10 197–213 197–213 10.5281/zenodo.10934573 Methane emission from the Western Siberia’s wetland ecosystems in 2000–2050 <p>The interannual variability of methane emissions from wetland ecosystems of Western Siberia in 2000–2050 has been investigated. Calculations of CH₄ emission were performed using the approach, in which the total daily methane flux is determined by the sum of positive temperatures accumulated in the soil at that time and its moisture content. Required characteristics of the soil were obtained using regional climate model RegCM4. The reanalysis NCEP-DOE AMIP-II (R2) and data of HadGEM2-ES global model for the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 evolution scenario of the global climate system were used to define the initial and boundary conditions. It was found that for Western Siberia’s wetland complexes, analyzed in this paper, the model estimates for methane emission in 2000–2013 vary from ~3.5 to ~5.5 Tg CH₄/yr. The average value of emission is 4.34 TgCH₄/yr. The rate of change of methane emission during this period is almost neutral. Growth of CH₄ emission is observed only in the areas of tundra and forest tundra. Forecast values of methane emission obtained for the period 2021–2050 for scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 ranges from 3.9 up to 7.6 Tg CH₄/yr. The average emission values are 5.0 and 5.8 Tg CH₄/yr, respectively. Trends of CH₄ emission for this period are also practically neutral.</p> Anatoly A. Lagutin Nikolay V. Volkov Egor Yu. Mordvin Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 10 171–188 171–188 10.5281/zenodo.10920669 Potential causes for the stranding of Macrohectopus branickii (Dybowsky, 1874) specimens along the Angara River: strong currents, artificial lighting, or ice melting <p><em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>(Dybowsky, 1874) is the world's only freshwater pelagic amphipod native to Lake Baikal. The habitat of this amphipod is limited to the pelagic zone of Lake Baikal (with periodic nocturnal migrations to the littoral part of the lake). Until now, this amphipod had never been recorded in the rivers flowing into Lake Baikal or in the Angara River flowing out of it. However, on 16 May 2022, near the Taltsy Museum, 20 km from the source of the Angara River, a massive accumulation of <em>Macrohectopus </em>individuals was washed ashore. The reasons for this phenomenon are still unknown. Considering the uniqueness of <em>M. branickii </em>within the world amphipod fauna and its importance for the Lake Baikal ecosystem, the determination of the factors contributing to this phenomenon is of great importance. In this paper we have presented some hypotheses that could explain the appearance of <em>Macrohectopus </em>on the shores of the Angara River. The first hypothesis is that the amphipods could not cope with the current at the source of the river and were carried down the river, and since they are negatively affected by natural light (at the beginning of the morning), they became trapped and died. The second hypothesis is that the <em>Macrohectopus </em>were attracted and disoriented by the artificial light emanating from the nearby villages, before being carried by the current. The third hypothesis relates&nbsp;to the time frame in which this event was observed. This peculiar phenomenon was observed in mid-May, following the melting of the ice on Lake Baikal. Accordingly, <em>Macrohectopus </em>could have been feeding on the lower surface of the ice, or alternatively they could have been frozen in the ice as the ice floes were transported downstream. Each of the hypotheses we have presented does not necessarily exclude the others, but on the contrary may complement them. In this paper we do not exclude the possibility that there are other explanations for this phenomenon. However, if massive washing ashore of <em>Macrohectopus </em>occurs regularly, further research is needed, taking into account, among other things, the influence of washed ashore individuals on the food spectrum of aquatic organisms and waterfowl of the Angara River.</p> Maria A. Maslennikova Arina V. Lavnikova Yana K. Ermolaeva Natalya A. Kulbachnaya Sofya A. Biritskaya Anastasia I. Okholina Lidia B. Bukhaeva Dmitry I. Golubets Iya V. Milovidova Еugene A. Silow Dmitry Yu. Karnaukhov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 10 189–196 189–196 10.5281/zenodo.10924341 Viruses in natural populations of wild hop in the south of Western Siberia <p>Wild hops are abundant in the southern regions of Western Siberia, Russia, where the natural conditions are favorable for growing commercially valuable varieties. The genetic diversity present in wild hop populations serves as a valuable source of beneficial genes for developing new genotypes. However, before harnessing these traits, it's crucial to test the wild hops for the presence of harmful phytopathogenic viruses, which tend to accumulate in natural repositories. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of viral and viroid infections in wild hop populations in the Altai Territory and the Altai Republic. Plant material from wild hops (<em>Humulus</em><em> lupulus </em>L. 1753) was collected during expeditions from July 15 to August 15 in both 2022 and 2023, covering 18 districts. Using DAS-ELISA and real-time RT-PCR, we assessed 243 samples for the presence of 16 viruses and 1 viroid. The frequency of infected plants varied based on the sampling location and the specific pathogen. Notably, three particularly damaging hop viruses – <em>Hop latent virus </em>(HpLV), <em>Apple mosaic virus </em>(ApMV), and <em>Arabis mosaic virus </em>(ArMV) – were identified, infecting 24.5%, 8.2%, and 5.5% of the studied plants, respectively. HpLV was found throughout the region, primarily in the moderate-arid steppe and forest-steppe, while ApMV was detected in three adjacent districts with a frequency ranging from 11.2% to 45.5%. ArMV was found in half of the plants in a single location. Additionally, minor viruses such as <em>Strawberry latent ringspot </em>(SLRSV), <em>Tobacco necrosis virus </em>(TNV), and <em>Tobacco ringspot virus </em>(TRSV) appeared sporadically in different zones. Potato mosaic viruses S and Y, as well as <em>Potato leafroll virus </em>(PLRV), were widely distributed in wild hop populations, with high frequencies in all natural zones except the foothills. <em>Potato viruses M </em>(PVM), <em>Potato viruses A </em>(PVA), and <em>Potato viruses X </em>(PVX) were common in the steppe and forest-steppe zones. It's important to note that the presence of viral infection in plants did not necessarily correlate with the expression of disease symptoms. Notably, <em>Hop mosaic virus </em>(HpMV), <em>Petunia asteroid mosaic virus </em>(PetAMV), <em>Prunus necrotic ringspot virus </em>(PNRSV), and <em>Potato spindle tuber viroid </em>(PSTVd) were not detected. The existence of natural reservoirs of viral infection poses a threat to commercial hop cultivars in areas where they coexist. As such, it is imperative to monitor and control the spread of these dangerous viruses.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lyubov P. Khlebova Elena S. Brovko Olga V. Bychkova Olga N. Mironenko Anastasiya V. Nebylitsa Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 157–169 157–169 10.5281/zenodo.10892844 New records of Macroheterocera (Insecta, Lepidoptera) on the South of West Siberia. Result of expeditions in 2022–2023 <p>This article considers 12 species from the families of Geometridae, Notodontidae, Erebidae, Noctuidae reported from the territory of Omsk and Novosibirsk Regions of Russia. 5 species are new to Omsk Region, among them, <em>Horisme aemulata </em>(Hübner, 1813), <em>Herminia grisealis </em>([Denis &amp; Schiffermüller], 1775), <em>Hydraecia osseola </em>(Staudinger, 1882), <em>Euxoa hastifera </em>(Donzel, 1847), <em>Agrotis robusta </em>Eversmann, 1856. 7 species are new to Novosibirsk Region, among them, <em>Limeria macraria </em>Staudinger, 1892, <em>Scopula tessellaria </em>(Boisduval, 1840), <em>Cerura przewalskyi </em>(Alheraky, 1882), <em>Pachetra sagittigera </em>(Hufnagel, 1766), <em>Hadena christophi </em>(Möschler, 1862), <em>Mythimna anderreggii </em>(Boisduval, 1840), <em>Agro</em><em>tis robusta </em>Eversmann, 1856. The presence of <em>Phaiogramma etruscaria </em>(Zeller, 1849) in Novosibirsk Region confirmed by new materials.</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Sofya M. Saikina Vadim V. Ivonin Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-29 2024-03-29 10 147–156 147–156 10.5281/zenodo.10874866 First records of Apatura ilia ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) and Limenitis camilla (Linnaeus, 1764) in West Siberia <p>Two Nymphalidae species – <em>Apatura ilia </em>([Denis &amp; Schiffermüller], 1775) and <em>Limenitis camilla </em>(Linnaeus, 1764) are reported from the territory of West Siberia for the first time. At this moment we can observe the second wave of expansion of nemoral species of butterflies into Western Siberia from the European part of Russia. The driving factor of the range expansions discussed is no doubt the notorious global warming.</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Sofya M. Saikina Vladimir Yu. Teploukhov Pavel S. Sitnikov Dmitry E. Galich Oleg E. Kosterin Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-28 2024-03-28 10 107–116 107–116 10.5281/zenodo.10874345 Weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea) of the State National Natural Park "Ulytau" and adjacent territories, Kazakhstan. Report 1. <p>The results of primary studies of the fauna of weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea) in the "Ulytau" State National Natural Park and in adjacent territories are presented. In total, 54 species, 40 genera and four families of weevil beetles are recorded, including 2 species Anthribidae, 3 species Attelabidae, 10 species Brentidae and 39 species Curculionidae. In the territory of the National park, 53 species of weevils belonging to 41 genera from 4 families (Anthribidae, Attelabidae, Brentidae and Curculionidae) are recorded. For the adjacent territories, 39 species of weevils belonging to 30 genera from 3 families (Anthribidae, Brentidae and Curculionidae) are recorded. <em>Dryophthorus corticalis </em>(Paykull, 1792) is firstly recorded from Kazakhstan. The distribution in Kazakstan of several other species of weevils (<em>Platystomos</em><em> albinus </em>(Fabricius, 1758), <em>Perapion affine </em>(Kirby, 1808), <em>Allomalia quadrivirgata </em>(Costa, 1863), <em>Eremoxenus chan </em>Semenow-Tian-Schanskij, 1892, <em>Polydrusus piliferus </em>Hochhuth, 1847, <em>Orchestes alni </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), are <em>Orchestes jota </em>Fabricius, 1787) are clarified.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-28 2024-03-28 10 117–146 117–146 10.5281/zenodo.10874628 Daily vertical migrations of aquatic organisms and water transparency as indicators of the potential exposure of freshwater lakes to light pollution <p>Light pollution, which disrupts the vital functions of organisms, including aquatic organisms, has become widespread in recent years. One of the main biological features of aquatic organisms is the presence of daily vertical migrations (DVM). However, as a result of exposure to artificial lighting, organisms become visible to predators. This leads to disruption of the DVM of aquatic organisms and, accordingly, disruption of the functioning of the reservoir ecosystem. Water transparency plays an important role in predators detecting their prey under light pollution. Based on this, it was hypothesized that the susceptibility of freshwater lakes to light pollution may be indicated by both the presence and intensity of DVM of organisms and water transparency. The study was carried out on lakes Baikal, Hovsgol and Ladoga, which differ in water transparency and the intensity of DVM of amphipods. On the lakes at night, samples were taken using a net to determine the composition of organisms located in the water column, and underwater video observations were carried out at two depths using a video system with a lighting source. As a result, the greatest migratory activity of amphipods was observed in Lake Baikal both at a depth of 0.5-1 m and at 3-6.5 m. In Lake Ladoga, migration activity at both depths was equally weak, and in Hovsgol, little activity was observed at a depth of 3-6.5 m. A comparison of sampling data and video observations showed that the studied lakes contain organisms that can either be attracted to or avoid artificial light from the video system. Since Lake Baikal, of the presented lakes, has the highest water transparency and intensity of DVM of organisms, this lake may be the most vulnerable to increasing light pollution, including those associated with the growth of tourist flows.</p> Yana K. Ermolaeva Ekaterina M. Dolinskaya Sofya A. Biritskaya Maria A. Maslennikova Lidia B. Bukhaeva Arina V. Lavnikova Dmitry I. Golubets Natalya A. Kulbachnaya Anastasia I. Okholina Iya V. Milovidova Olga O. Rusanovskaya Evgeny A. Kurashov Еugene A. Silow Dmitry Yu. Karnaukhov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-26 2024-03-26 10 69–88 69–88 10.5281/zenodo.10863380 Modern pollen spectra of the Teletskoye Lake shore: early results <p>The article presents for the first time the results of an analysis of modern pollen spectra of the Teletskoye Lake shore sampled using 12 Tauber traps installed in various characteristic forest and meadow communities. Landscape descriptions have been performed for each sampling point, which increases the reliability of the interpretation of pollen spectra. Spectra are presented as a percentage of pollen from 27 identified taxa with a significant predominance of conifers, which are widespread in the composition of vegetation. Herb pollen is more diverse in the spectra compared to tree pollen but contributes less to their formation. The pollen of early flowering species is not represented in the spectra due to the late dates of trap installation. Based on the analysis, indicator taxa (<em>Betula </em>sect. <em>Betula</em>, <em>Pinus sylvestris</em>, <em>Larix</em>) marking the differentiation of natural conditions in the latitudinal and meridional parts of Lake Teletskoye were revealed mainly according to humidity regime.</p> Natalia A. Kuryatnikova Roman Yu. Biryukov Dmitry V. Zolotov Natalia S. Malygina Dmitry V. Chernykh Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-26 2024-03-26 10 89–105 89–105 10.5281/zenodo.10863443 New taxa of Plebejus eversmanni (Lang, 1884) and Polyommatus icarus (Rottemburg, 1775) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) <p>The paper presents the descriptions of four new taxa: <em>Plebejus eversmanni geminus </em>ssp. nova from Tian-Shan (Suusamyr Mts.), <em>P. eversmanni campulus </em>ssp. nova from the East Pamirs, <em>Polyommatus icarus lacuina </em>ssp. nova (Mongolia, Mongolian Altai, Sutai Uul Mt.) and <em>Polyommatus icarus incorona</em><em>tus </em>ssp. nova (Mongolia, Mongolian Altai, southern slopes, Mogoin-Gol r.).</p> Sergei V. Churkin Pavel V. Bogdanov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-25 2024-03-25 10 55 68 10.5281/zenodo.10862574 The Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) continues to expand its range in Eurasia <p>The article describes the distribution dynamics of the widely spread species <em>Vanessa atalanta </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae), which is for the first time reliably noted for a number of Siberian regions (Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Republic of Khakassia, Kemerovo Territory) and for Tajikistan (Western Pamir, the Bartang river valley).</p> Sergey V. Chumakov Dmitry V. Goshko Alexey V. Korshunov Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 10 47 54 10.5281/zenodo.10814373 Additions to the list of Lepidoptera (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North Kazakhstan <p>The article presents the results of studying the fauna of Lepidoptera in the North Kazakhstan region in the field season of 2023. An annotated check-list includes 162 species from the families Psychidae, Plutellidae, Depressariidae, Autostichidae, Gelechiidae, Pterophoridae, Pyralidae, Crambidae, Tortricidae, Cossidae, Sesiidae, Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Satyridae, Drepanidae, Geometridae, Lasiocampidae, Lemoniidae, Endromididae, Sphingidae, Notodontidae, Arctiidae, Erebidae, Noctuidae. 47 species reported from the North Kazakhstan region for the first time.</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 31 45 10.5281/zenodo.10807127 Biphyllidae (Coleoptera, Cucujoidea) – a new beetle family to the fauna of Kazakhstan <p>False skin beetle <em>Biphyllus lunatus </em>(Fabricius, 1787) is firstly recorded from Kazakhstan. The finds of <em>B. </em><em>lunatus </em>from Ulytau Oblast of Central Kazakhstan are currently the easthmost localities for this species and first record for Central Asia. The records of the beetles from family Biphyllidae were absent for Kazakhstan.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 10 1–7 1–7 10.5281/zenodo.10475177 Comparative anatomical study of underground and aboveground organs in Ferula tadshikorum Pimenov under natural and introduced environments <p>A comparative study was conducted on the anatomical structure of the roots and leaves of <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em>, a rare plant species. The study included two groups: virginile plants introduced at the age of 4 years (located in the Tashkent Botanical Garden) and natural individuals aged 12-14 years (found in the Surkhandarya region, Babatag ridge). The main objective was to understand how the plant's anatomy changes with age and its adaptation to different environments. Common characteristics were identified in the leaves of both groups of plants. These included the isolateral palisade type of mesophyll, a rounded triangular shape around the central vein, and the presence of 2-layer elongated palisade tissue on the flattened lateral parts from the adaxial side. Regarding the root structure, significant differences were observed between the natural and introduced plants. In the natural samples, the woody part of the root exhibited groups of libriform cells, which seemed to be influenced by the edaphotype (soil conditions) and age of the plant. These findings suggest that the conductive system of the roots develops differently depending on the age and environment. The introduction of <em>Ferula tadshikorum </em>in the Tashkent Botanical Garden proved to be successful, as evident from the results.&nbsp;The leaves of the introduced plants showed adaptive characteristics, such as a thickened outer wall of the epidermis, collenchyma strands, bast fibers, and the isolateral palisade type of mesophyll. These adaptations are likely to help the plant cope with its new environment. In the roots of both natural and introduced plants, an important adaptive function was observed. The parenchymal cells were filled with starch grains, and there was an abundance of secretory ducts. This suggests that the root acts as an accumulating organ for organic substances, aiding the plant's survival and growth. In conclusion, the study provided valuable insights into the anatomical changes of <em>Ferula tadshikorum </em>at different stages of its life and in different environments. The observed adaptations in the leaves and roots contribute to the plant's ability to thrive in varying conditions.</p> Dilovar T. Khamraeva Dinara N. Tukhtaeva Olim K. Khojimatov Rainer W. Bussmann Copyright (c) 2024 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 10 9–29 9–29 10.5281/zenodo.10475286 Coenotic and biomorphological analysis of Lamiaceae in the West Siberian floristic province <p>We analyzed the distribution, coenotic habitat, ecological preferences, and biomorphology of the 80 Lamiaceae species from 30 genera found in the West Siberian province. The plant species are primarily found in boreal and forest-steppe vegetation communities and are equally distributed in both lighted and shaded areas. Most species have a narrow range of humidity preferences. The study also highlights the diversity of life forms, with long-rhizomatous grasses being the most common, and morphological traits such as monocyclic elongated shoots, orthotropic growth direction, terminal arrangement of inflorescences, sympodial development, appearance of replacement axes due to basiton branching, and a long development period of more than three years. The research reveals that the diversity of life forms and biomorphological features of the shoot system play a significant role in determining the distribution of species in different ecological and coenotic conditions within the West Siberian province.</p> Vera A. Cheryomushkina Evgenia B. Talovskaya Anastasia E. Sharabarina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 10 1207–1225 1207–1225 10.5281/zenodo.10448401 Changes in Middle Ob fish diversity: an analytical review <p>The Ob River is the largest river in Eurasia, and its ichthyofauna in the Middle Ob consists of species that inhabit not only the entire river but also the upper and lower reaches. This region faces numerous anthropogenic activities that pose a significant threat to aquatic biodiversity. Therefore, changes in fish species diversity in the Middle Ob can serve as an indicator of the overall ecosystem health. This study aims to analyze these changes and their potential causes. Materials and methods: This study presents an analytical review of the Middle Ob River ichthyofauna over the past 120 years. It assesses changes in fish species diversity and discusses various natural and anthropogenic factors. Results: The ichthyofauna of the Middle Ob basin currently includes 38 fish species from 2 classes, 9 orders, 12 families, and 30 genera. Over the past century, the number of species has increased by 27%, with 9 naturalized alien species and 1 extinct species. Additionally, there has been a significant decrease in the abundance of some commercial fish species. The ichthyofauna of the Middle Ob is influenced by hydraulic construction, pollution, overexploitation of aquatic resources (especially commercially valuable fish species), the expansion of alien species, anthropogenic alteration of the river bed, and climate change. Conclusion: While most factors affect the abundance of individual fish species, they do not significantly impact fish species diversity, with the exception of alien species and pollution.</p> Elena A. Interesova Viсtor K. Popkov Larisa G. Kolesnichenko Lydia Ya. Rakhmanova Vladimir I. Romanov Yuri V. Dyldin Sergey N. Kirpotin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 10 1189–1206 1189–1206 10.5281/zenodo.10435646 Genetic polymorphism assessment in a new lentil (Lens culinaris Medik., 1787) collection using ISSR markers <p>ISSR markers were used in the study of the genetic diversity of 46 imported lentil varieties. The lentil collection had a strikingly high level of polymorphism (76%). The UBC 810 and UBC 809 primers have the highest polymorphism rates among the primers, exceeding 85.7%. The use of nine ISSR markers resulted in 69 pieces, with 76% displaying polymorphism. The computed average genetic diversity index ranged from 0.56 to 0.81, indicating a wide range of genetic variation among lentil genotypes. Accessions were classified into six unique groups as a consequence of cluster analysis. The most divergent genotypes within their respective clusters were identified as Flip 2010-96 and Flip 2011-41, Flip 2011-32 and Flip 2011-97, 10932 and Flip 2011-20, and Flip 2010-81 and Flip 2011-19. These findings bear noteworthy implications for the future of lentil breeding, cultivation, and protection. The observed genetic diversity imparts valuable insights that can be harnessed to fortify lentil crops, fostering resilience and adaptability. The identified distant genotypes present promising avenues for targeted breeding initiatives, facilitating the development of lentil varieties harboring diverse and desirable traits. In summation, this study contributes pivotal information to the scientific community, establishing a framework for subsequent research and progress in the improvement of lentil crops.</p> Shamsiya E. Mammadova Saltanat A. Aghayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 10 1181–1188 1181–1188 10.5281/zenodo.10421062 Aegilops tauschii Coss. molecular phylogeny in comparison with proteins electrophoretic polymorphism <p>In the case of <em>Aegilops tauschii</em> the comparison of intraspecies molecular phylogeny based on DNA sequences of nuclear gene<em> Got2</em> with electrophoretic polymorphism of allozymes and hystone H1 proteins is actually a comparison of the one detailed phylogenetic tree with a set of low resolution trees. It could help to understand peculiarities of the species evolutionary history and role of cross-pollination in it. Proteins polymorphism patterns rather satisfactory corresponded to <em>Got2</em> DNA tree. Electrophoretic polymorphism of essentially polymorphic in <em>Ae. tauschii</em> subsp. <em>strangulata</em> protein encoding loci considered (<em>Ak, Est2, Got1, Got3, Hst2, Hst3</em>) and essentially polymorphic in <em>Ae. tauschii</em> subsp. <em>tauschii</em> locus <em>Fdp</em> displayed correspondence with the molecular phylogenetic tree: each allele was common or predominant on some branches of the tree and rare or absent on the other. In contrast, alleles of <em>Cat2</em> locus, <em>Cat2<sup>35</sup></em> and <em>Cat2<sup>140</sup></em>, were “scattered” sporadically through Ae. tauschii subsp. tauschii branches on phylogenetic tree. Also in <em>Ae. tauschii</em> subsp. <em>tauschii</em> a set of different extremely rare allozyme alleles, <em>Acph4<sup>113</sup>, Aco2<sup>110</sup>, Mdh1<sup>113</sup>, Nadhd1<sup>8</sup></em><sup>8</sup>, was found among three out of four accessions belonging to one of the relict clades of this subspecies on the molecular phylogenetic tree. The data obtained displayed that subsp. <em>tauschii</em>, now being relatively less polymorphic than subsp. <em>strangulata</em>, in ancient times had good opportunities for genetic exchange between its different phylogenetic lineages, all but one of which are relicts in present time. And the patterns of <em>Hst3<sup>977</sup></em> allele occurrences indicated cross-pollination between subsp. <em>tauschii</em> and subsp. <em>strangulata</em>.</p> Alexander J. Dudnikov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 10 1167–1180 1167–1180 10.5281/zenodo.10400957 Ecological and geographical studies of Poa versicolor (Poaceae) aggregate in Asian Russia and adjacent territories <p>Aggregate <em>Pоа versicolor </em>(Poaceae) contains closely related xeromorphic species distributed mainly in temperate regions of Asia. The most common species are <em>P. transbaicalica</em>, <em>P. relaxa</em>, <em>P. ochotensis</em>,&nbsp; <em>P.&nbsp;</em> <em>botryoides </em>and <em>P. argunensis</em>. They play an important role in the structure of steppe communities, but this aggregate is known to be difficult for the systematics. The previous research of morphological diversity and distribution confirmed morphological and geographical diversification within the aggregate, however, their ecological-climatic niches were not studied. The goal of this study was to reveal whether the species of the <em>P. versicolor </em>aggregate occupied the equivalent or similar niches, or the morphological diversification was accompanied by niche change. Equivalence and similarity tests were used. A comparative study of the ecological-climatic niches showed that the niches only of the most similar pairs <em>P. transbaicalica </em>– <em>P. botryoides</em>, and <em>P. argunensis </em>– <em>P. botryoides </em>were identical or equivalent. All other pairs of species were not identical and confirmed the expected diversification, revealed by previous morphological and geographic analysis. Nevertheless, the studies using the background test, which takes into account environmental features, has revealed niche conservatism at the aggregate level. The ecological-climatic niches of five species within the <em>P. versicolor </em>aggregate proved to be similar, but not equivalent in all species. Thus, our data show that partial or complete geographic divergence and morphological diversification of species is not accompanied by diversification of their ecological niches.</p> Marina V. Olonova Tatyana S. Vysokikh Roman S. Romanets Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 10 1141–1166 1141–1166 10.5281/zenodo.10360637 Anthropogenic impacts on Ajinohur arid forests of Azerbaijan <p>Degradation of forest resources and deforestation, insufficient satisfaction of society's needs and demands for environmental, social and economic goods and services, insufficient participation of stakeholders and cross-sector collaboration in forestry practices are the main challenges of forest management in Azerbaijan. One of the main factors influencing and changing arid ecosystems is human economic activity. Ajinohur arid forests are located in the southern part of the Ajinohur foothills of Azerbaijan between the Alijanchay and Goychay rivers. The total area of the Ajinohur foothills is 152544.53 ha, where arid forests are 9379.61 ha (6.14%), and lowland forests are 5182.14 ha (3.4%), mainly mountain-steppe landscape prevails here (81.6%). The arid forests of the Ajinohur foothills are intensively used for agriculture, and therefore, are subject to strong anthropogenic impact. In this regard, in 2021–2022, we conducted research on the study of the current ecological state of arid forests, compiled maps using GIS technologies. It was established that, according to the degree of anthropogenic impact and the level of transformation, the landscapes of the Ajinohur arid forests are divided into the following groups: unaltered (7.2% of the total area), slightly modified (83.34%) and intensively modified (9.42%) landscapes. The ecological state of lowland forests is more unsatisfied compared to dry woodlands, where landscapes with a critical ecological state account for 57.31%.</p> Adama Togola Mahluga M. Yusifova Narmina A. Sadigova Aytekin A. Akhundova Leyli R. Karimova Kamala G. Nuriyeva Gunel R. Sariyeva Zarkhanim T. Agayeva Sabina A. Jafarzadeh Saltanat A. Aghayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-10 2023-12-10 10 1125–1140 1125–1140 10.5281/zenodo.10297250 Review of Semagystia monticola species group (Lepidoptera, Cossidae: Cossinae) with description of four new species from Central Asia <p>The article gives a revision of the <em>Semagystia monticola </em>(Groum-Grshimaïlo, 1890) species group (Lepidoptera, Cossidae, Cossinae). The group comprises nine valid species. Detailed data on the distribution of all the species are provided. Four new species from Central Asia are described: <em>S. churkini </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Kyrgyzstan, Moldo-Too Range, Kichine-Kindyk River), <em>S.</em> <em>fomichevi </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Tajikistan, Eastern Pamir Mts., Zulumart [Palangguzar] Mt. Rg.), <em>S. toropovi </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Kirgizia, Tschatkal Mt., Sary-Chelek lake), and <em>S. uvaydo </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Tajikistan, Darvaz Mts., Khozratishoh Range, Khaburobot pass). The article is illustrated with imagoes of specimens from different localities and male genitalia of all new species.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Roman V. Yakovlev Nazar A. Shapoval Galina N. Shapoval Artem E. Naydenov Polina D. Pavlova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-08 2023-12-08 10 1109–1123 1109–1123 10.5281/zenodo.10285509 Identification of fertility zones and assessment of potential crop yield based on biological farming approaches <p>The biopotential productivity of agricultural land, along with the preservation of the biological diversity of adjacent landscapes through the development and implementation of high-tech agricultural technologies, is of critical concern in the current climatic changes and urbanization. The article reports the results of an integrated approach to the development of task maps for differentiated seeding and mineral fertilization using various tillage techniques (conventional subsurface tillage and no-till) in the experimental fields of two farms in the Altai Krai. The farms are located in the Aleiskaya soil and climate zone. The soils in the experimental fields showed a very low nitrate nitrogen content, which did not exceed 3.0 mg/kg of soil in the upper (0–10 cm) layer and 2.7 mg/kg of soil in the 10–20 cm layer. We revealed that one of the main indicators that affects soil fertility is the spatial differentiation of the humus content of humus and the main nutrients. Soil moisture was found to vary at different soil depths (11.4–25.3%), indicating a significant effect of soil fertility grades and autumn tillage techniques on moisture accumulation and distribution at different soil depths in spring, and consequently on the vegetation soil moisture regime and crop yield.</p> Natalia V. Ovcharova Marina M. Silantieva Vladimir I. Belyaev Yuri A. Gulyanov Lyudmila V. Sokolova Tatiana G. Plutalova Irina Yu. Botvich Dmitriy V. Emelyanov Nikolai P. Belov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-06 2023-12-06 10 1083–1107 1083–1107 10.5281/zenodo.10255212 To the fauna of Geophilomorpha (Chilopoda) of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan <p>Genus <em>Stenotaenia</em> C.L. Koch, 1847 is new to the fauna of the Middle Asia. The following taxa are new to the fauna of Turkmenistan: family Mecistocephalidae, genus <em>Krateraspis </em>Lignau, 1929, <em>K. meinerti </em>(Sseliwanoff, 1881), and genus <em>Stenotaenia </em>C.L. Koch, 1847. Genus <em>Geophilus </em>Leach, 1814 and <em>G. lindbergi </em>(Loksa, 1971) are new to Uzbekistan. All new records are illustrated. An updated list of the chilopod species dwelling in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan is provided.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-03 2023-12-03 10 1073 1082 10.5281/zenodo.10239340 Assessment of landscape ecological stability in the border postvirgin regions of the Urals and Siberia <p>In the steppe regions of the Urals and Siberia bordering the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK), there is a noticeable spatial dynamics of the land fund structure and the environmental sustainability of the territory, characterized by geographical peculiarities and confinement to international transport communications. The border municipalities of the Orenburg Oblast are characterized by a greater relative size of agricultural lands, agricultural lands, hayfields, and pastures with a smaller share of arable lands, perennial plantations, and non-agricultural lands. The index of landscape ecological stability (ILES, 1.13) is 0.29 p.p. higher than that of the oblast as a whole (0.84) and corresponds to a conditionally stable state. In the Altai Krai municipalities bordering with the RK there is an excess of the regional average relative values for the area of SPNA (specially protected nature areas), pastures, non-agricultural lands and fallow lands, a close share of agricultural land and a smaller share of agricultural land, arable land, perennial plantations and hay fields. The average ILES value (1.08) is 0.09 p.p. lower than in Altai Krai as a whole and 0.05 p.p. lower than in the border municipalities of the Orenburg Oblast. The location of bordering municipalities to international transport communications is accompanied by a trend towards decreasing ILES. To a greater extent, it is connected with the increasing share of arable land in the structure of land, especially in territories predisposed to the production of marginal crops (oilseeds, melons).</p> Yuriy A. Gulyanov Alexander A. Chibilyov Marina М. Silantieva Natalia V. Ovcharova Lyudmila V. Sokolova Yuriy A. Padalko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 10 1037–1060 1037–1060 10.5281/zenodo.10213047 Lepidoptera of South Ossetia (Northern Transcaucasia). Part IV. Microlepidoptera: Adelidae to Choreutidae <p>A list of 143 species of Microlepidoptera from 27 families is provided, compiled based on the results of processing materials collected in 2021−2022; all species are recorded for the first time for the territory of South Ossetia.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sergey Yu. Sinev Vasiliy V. Anikin Vladimir I. Piskunov Aleksandr N. Streltzov Petr Y. Ustjuzhanin Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 10 1061–1072 1061–1072 10.5281/zenodo.10213217 The contribution of the "Darwin Initiative" collection in the Lake Baikal benthic diatom survey <p>The joint Russian-British collection "Darwin Initiative. Benthic samples of Lake Baikal", was established at the end of the 1990s. Here we briefly overview the data on the survey of the Lake Baikal coastal diatom diversity obtained exclusively using the materials from the collection and methods of light and scanning electron microscopy. The collection contains over 500 initial samples taken at 53 stations of the lake littoral zone from depths 1–20 m. Studying the samples Russian and foreign algologists have identified many new for science diatom taxa, including over 20 genera and 750 species. Data on the collection survey are published in six monographs and atlases, and more than 20 scientific papers. The observed patterns of diversity, distribution, and levels of endemicity in different taxa of Lake Baikal benthic diatoms are discussed.</p> Tatyana A. Sherbakova Galina V. Pomazkina Dmitri Yu. Sherbakov Yelena V. Rodionova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-26 2023-11-26 10 1023–1035 1023–1035 10.5281/zenodo.10199611 First record of the invasive bark beetle Polygraphus proximus Blandford (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in the Republic of Kazakhstan <p>The four-eyed fir bark beetle, <em>Polygraphus</em> <em>proximus</em> Blandford, 1894 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), is an aggressive invasive species originating from Far East. Over the past two decades, it distributed across Siberia, traversed the Urals and invaded some regions of the European part of Russia. In the secondary range, the pest kills heathy tree stands of Siberian fir, <em>Abies sibirica </em>Ledeb. (Pinaceae), both in native forests and man-made plantings, resulting in profound ecological and economic consequences. Here we report the first documented occurrence of this invasive pest in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Infested Siberian fir trees were discovered in the forest nearby Karaguzhikha village (East Kazakhstan Region), approximately 43 km away from Novoaleiskoye village (Altai Territory, Russia), where the pest was detected in 2016. The presence of trees colonized by the invasive pest and dead trees with specific symptoms in the examined forest stand suggest that <em>P. proximus </em>has likely been present in northeastern Kazakhstan for around a decade. The illustrations of affected habitat, male and female beetles and their morphological features are provided, and the early data on the damage caused by <em>P.</em> <em>proximus </em>and the potential for range expansions are discussed. The monitoring would be required to define the actual frontier of the pest distribution in Kazakhstan. Furthermore, it is imperative to alert the relevant authorities in Kazakhstan about the potential threat posed by this invasive tree-killer to native fir stands in the country.</p> Natalia I. Kirichenko Valentin V. Rudoi Anton A. Efremenko Alexander V. Petrov Yuri N. Baranchikov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-25 2023-11-25 10 1003–1022 1003–1022 10.5281/zenodo.10199570 Specific peculiarities of woody-tree radial growth in icing areas of the Altai mountains <p>The following features of the radial growth of <em>Picea obovata </em>L., <em>Larix sibirica </em>L., and <em>Pinus sibirica </em>Du Tour in the icing areas of Altai were analyzed: changes in growth along the trunk height, synchronicity of individual tree-ring chronologies, and sensitivity of generalized chronologies. The dependence of the width of the annual rings of the studied trees using such indicators as the volume and area of icing, the date of gathering of icing and the index of the intensity of icing formation was established. For the analysis, data from the state hydrometeorological station, remote sensing of Earth, literary sources, and materials from our own dendrochronological works were used.</p> Nikolay I. Bykov Natalia V. Rygalova Anna A. Shigimaga Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-23 2023-11-23 10 987–1001 987–1001 10.5281/zenodo.10255096 New data on the spitting spiders (Araneae: Scytodidae) of Southeast Asia <p>A new species, <em>Dictis oranhutan </em>sp. n., is diagnosed and described from the Sumatra Island (Indonesia) based on a single male. The Pantropical <em>Scytodes fusca </em>Walckenaer, 1837 is recorded from this island for the first time. <em>Dictis elongata </em>Dankittipakul &amp; Singtripop, 2010, initially described from Thailand, is redescribed and recorded from Laos for the first time, representing the first record of the genus in this country. Detailed descriptions, digital photographs and a map of distributional records of Scytodidae in the Indomalayan Realm are provided.</p> Alexander A. Fomichev Mikhail M. Omelko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 10 975–986 975–986 10.5281/zenodo.10156248 Environmental impact on phytolith morphometric parameters by example crenate morphotype of Dactylis glomerata L. leaves (South of Western Siberia, Russia) <p>Morphometric parameters of phytoliths are effectively applied in identifying fossil remains of cultivated grass species. The research of intraspecific trait variation it phytolith size and shape will expand the possibilities of applying morphometric studies. The aim of the study is to assess the degree of intraspecific variability of <em>D. glomerata </em>crenate phytoliths in response to coenotic and climatic factors. 6 habitats have been studied in the south of Western Siberia (Kulunda lowland and Altai mountains). A high amplitude of intraspecific and intrapopulation variability of morphometric characteristics of crenate phytoliths <em>D. glomerata </em>has been revealed. Most of the parameters correlate with the amount of annual precipitation. According to the totality of all 17 morphometric parameters, phytoliths of forest and herbaceous ecosystems differ from each other. Thus, crenate phytolith size and shape are influenced by climatic and coenotic factors.</p> Marina Yu. Solomonova Tatiana A. Zhembrovskaya Alena D. Lyashchenko Sergey D. Kotov Natalia Yu. Speranskaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-13 2023-11-13 10 953–973 953–973 10.5281/zenodo.10101537 Development and transformation of floodplain territories by ants <p>The article provides an overview of the works devoted to the role of ants in the transformation of floodplain territories and the formation of a peculiar landscape. The importance of floodplain ecosystems characterized by high productivity has been repeatedly noted by numerous researchers. There is ample evidence of the significant contribution of ants to the development and transformation of natural and anthropogenic disturbed areas. However, the contribution of ants and the inhabitants associated with anthills to the formation and development of floodplain ecosystems in Siberia remains poorly understood. The study of the role of ants in the floodplain ecosystems of the Ob will allow us to assess their contribution to changes in the productivity of floodplain soils and predict options for agricultural development of floodplain ecosystems of Western Siberia.</p> Bogdan Mikhaleiko Sergey N. Kirpotin Andrei S. Babenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-12 2023-11-12 10 943–952 943–952 10.5281/zenodo.10101342 First record of Coryssomerus capucinus (Beck, 1817) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from Novosibirskaya Oblast, Western Siberia <p>The first record of <em>Coryssomerus capucinus </em>(Beck, 1817) (Curculionidae: Conoderinae: Conoderitae: Coryssomerini) from Novosibirskaya Oblast is given. The distribution map in Siberia, illustrations and redescription of this species are presented. It is the first record from Novosibirskaya Oblast and the easternmost finding of <em>C. capucinus</em>.</p> Andrei A. Legalov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 10 915 920 10.5281/zenodo.10075914 New records of Lepidoptera from Kunashir Island (Russia) <p>This article presents the first records of five species of moths and butterflies from Kunashir Island. We report on the first records of <em>Lampides boeticus </em>(Linnaeus, 1767), <em>Macroglossum saga </em>Butler, 1878, <em>Ampelophaga rubiginosa </em>Bremer &amp; Grey, 1853, <em>Catocala electa </em>(Vieweg, 1790), and <em>C. praegnax </em>Walker, 1858 from Kunashir Island. Additionally, we provide commentary on the distribution of <em>Bombyx mandarina </em>(Moore, 1872), <em>Caligula japonica </em>Moore, 1862, <em>C. jonasii </em>(Butler, 1877), <em>Macroglossum stel</em><em>latarum </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>M. pyrrhosticta </em>Butler, 1875, <em>Agrius convolvuli </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Catocala dula </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. lara </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. dissimilis </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. deuteronympha </em>Staudinger, 1861, <em>C. nupta </em>(Linnaeus, 1767), <em>C. fraxini </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Lymantria mathura </em>(Moore, 1866), and <em>Orgyia thyellina </em>(Butler, 1881).</p> Elizaveta A. Spitsyna Vitaly M. Spitsyn Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 10 921–935 921–935 10.5281/zenodo.10077549 First record of Dieckmanniellus nitidulus (Gyllenhal, 1838) (Coleoptera, Brentidae) from Altaiskii Krai, Western Siberia <p>The first record of <em>Dieckmanniellus nitidulus</em> (Gyllenhal, 1838) (Brentidae: Nanophyinae: Nanophyini) from Altaiskii Krai is given. The distribution map, illustrations and redescription of this species are presented.</p> Andrei A. Legalov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 10 937 942 10.5281/zenodo.10078434 The checklist of geometrid moths (Lepidoptera) of Altai Krai with new regional records and tree pest overview <p>Here we provide the checklist of geometrid moths for Altai Krai compiled based on original data, published records and exploration of the Geometridae collection stored in the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St Petersburg). The checklist accounts 262 species discovered in Altai Krai in 1897–2023. Among them, nine species collected during our field trips are documented for the region for the first time: <em>Eilicrinia cordiaria </em>(Hübner, 1790), <em>Charissa </em>(<em>Dysgnophos</em>) <em>turfosaria </em>(Wehrli, 1922), <em>Jankowskia bituminaria </em>(Lederer, 1853), <em>Apocheima hispidaria </em>([Denis &amp; Schiffermüller], 1775), <em>Macaria </em>(<em>Speranza</em>) <em>halituaria </em>(Guenée, 1858), <em>Scopula dignata </em>(Guenée, [1858]), <em>Cyclophora pendularia </em>(Clerck, 1759), <em>Eupithecia orphnata </em>W.Petersen, 1909 and <em>Eupithecia thalictrata </em>(Püngeler, 1902). Overall, 42 out of 262 geometrid species (i.e. 16%) from 29 genera are known as tree pests enabling to cause significant damage to their host plants in the region and beyond.</p> Artem E. Naydenov Yurij E. Perunov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-08 2023-11-08 10 885–914 885–914 10.5281/zenodo.10083633 An approach for spatial analysis on the medieval Ust-Voikar settlement (subarctic Western Siberia) using macroremains and non-pollen palynomorphs <p>The settlement of Ust-Voikar is one of the unique multilayered archaeological sites of north-west Siberia. The settlement was inhabited in the late Middle Ages and the early modern period by the Ob Ugrian or northern Khanty ethnographic group. Due to the presence of a frozen cultural layer ruins of wooden residential buildings and other organic materials are well preserved. Plant macroremain, pollen and non-pollen palynomorph (NPP) analyses were applied to samples of the cultural layer from different parts of buildings and from space between them to establish the vegetation cover, plants used by the population, and differences between functional zones in the buildings. For the first time, the NPP analysis combined with statistical methods were used to clarify the settlement planning and human economic activity. Plant communities around the Ust-Voikar settlement were typical for the northern taiga subzone, some settlement's areas were overgrown with weed vegetation. Residents did not engage in agriculture and used local plant resources for construction, medicinal and food purposes. According to macroremain and NPP data were reconstructed (i) the use of spruce branches and cereal bedding indoors and outdoors on wet sites; (ii) the careful use of fire indoors; (iii) the presence of animals indoors; and (iv) whipworm infection. The cluster analysis and principal component analysis of NPPs helped to clarify the planning affiliations of several samples with the unclear origin and to suggest ways in which archaeological objects were used by the inhabitants.</p> Snezhana V. Zhilich Olga M. Korona Yuriy N. Garkusha Ivan K. Iakovlev Elena G. Lapteva Andrei V. Novikov Natalia A. Rudaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-07 2023-11-07 10 845–884 845–884 10.5281/zenodo.10072557 New records of Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky, 1871) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) in Kazakhstan <p>Dangerous invasive pest the City longhorn beetle <em>Aeolesthes sarta </em>(Solsky, 1871) is firstly recorded from West Kazakhstan. The finds of <em>A. sarta </em>from Mangystau Oblast of West Kazakhstan are currently the northernmost and westernmost localities for this species and new records for Central Asia. The finds of this species in Kyzylorda Oblast (Zhanakorgan, Baikenge and Shieli vill.) show gradual penetration of this species into the south and west of Kazakhstan, and Taraz into the southeast of the country. Thus, the species spreads across the territory of Kazakhstan both in the western and eastern directions. The reasons for the resettlement are both accidental importation with building wood and planting material, and climate warming, which allows it to gain a foothold in previously inaccessible habitats. The species composition of trees damaged by <em>A. sarta </em>in Kazakhstan is identified. The most populated trees were black poplar Populus nigra and silver poplar <em>P. alba</em>, silverberry <em>Elaeagnus angus</em><em>tifolia </em>and Siberian elm <em>Ulmus pumila</em>, the least populated were Sogdian ash <em>Fraxinus sogdiana</em>, honey locust <em>Gleditsia triacanthos </em>and ashleaf maple <em>Acer negundo</em>.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 10 831–843 831–843 10.5281/zenodo.10069433 Reconstruction of root zone soil moisture according to the data from passive microwave radiometer and machine learning in the arid steppe region of Southern Western Siberia <p>Our study focuses on reconstruction root zone soil moisture (RZSM) in the Kulunda plain, a representative dry steppe area in southern Western Siberia, using remote sensing data (RSD) and machine learning techniques. We employed modern machine learning methods with soil surface layer moisture data from the AMSR2 passive microwave radiometer as the primary predictor. Additionally, we incorporated data from local meteorological and soil hydrological stations, as well as gravity lysimeter data for 2015–2017. This choice of predictors was based on the extensive time series of continuous observations and the availability of selected meteorological parameters. Among the machine learning models we evaluated, Random Forest (RF) and Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGW) yielded the best results, achieving statistical metrics of R-squared (R2) values of 0.96 and 0.94, respectively, with corresponding root mean square error (RMSE) values of 0.34 and 0.41.</p> Andrei A. Bondarovich Egor Yu. Mordvin Nikita M. Pochyomin Anatoly A. Lagutin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-04 2023-11-04 10 805–829 805–829 10.5281/zenodo.10061576 Biology of Crocidura sibirica Dukelsky, 1930 in the southern West Siberia <p>Our paper reflects the data of a comprehensive study of the main biological characteristics of the Siberian shrew <em>Crocidura sibirica </em>Dukelsky, 1930. 921 specimens were examined for the period 1978–2020. It has been found that the Siberian shrew is attracted to habitats that have been significantly disturbed by human activity (logging sites, hayfields, reclaimed coal dumps, burned areas), but avoids completely degraded areas and urban ecosystems. It reaches its maximum abundance in the low-mountain belt of the Kuznetsk Alatau in hay meadows. The population of the Siberian shrew is subject to cyclic fluctuations with a frequency of 3–4 years. Seasonal activity peaks in mid-August and September, with breeding in the second half of summer and early fall. Among the one-year-old animals, the predominance of males is observed. The diurnal activity of the Siberian shrew is polyphasic, mainly nocturnal. Peaks of highest activity were observed at 23–24 hours and 6–9 hours. In terms of running speed, digging ability, and swimming ability, the Siberian shrew is significantly inferior to its trophic competitors, the other shrews. In interspecific encounters, neutral, friendly interactions predominate; aggression is ritualized. In intraspecific encounters with large shrews, the Siberian shrew will occupy a shelter and attempt to drive an opponent from it. The food spectrum is based on the imaginal and larval stages of insects, arachnids, and centipedes. Among insects, ground beetle larvae, Brachycera, and Hymenoptera are the most preferred foods. The identified food spectrum corresponds to the biotopic distribution of invertebrates, indicating the absence of food selectivity. The trophic spectrum of the <em>C.</em> <em>sibirica </em>overlaps significantly with that of sympatric species of other shrews. Given the significant overlap of the spatial ecological niche, it can be assumed that the Siberian shrew avoids competitive interactions for food resources due to the mismatch of the peak of seasonal activity. Under the influence of competitive interactions with numerous species of the genus <em>Sorex</em>, the main features of the biology of the <em>C. sibirica </em>were formed.</p> Ekaterina M. Luchnikova Vadim B. Ilyashenko Alexander V. Kovalevskiy Kirill S. Zubko Evgeniya D. Vdovina Natalya S. Teplova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 10 783–803 783–803 10.5281/zenodo.10043264 New data on true bugs (Heteroptera) from the Tigirek Strict Reserve (Altai Krai, Russia) <p>The paper contains data on 79 species of true bugs, collected by the third author at of the Tigirek Strict Reserve in 2013–2015, comprising 23 species new for the Asian part of Russia, Western Siberia, the Altai Krai and the reserve area. The species recorded for the first time include <em>Heterogaster artemisiae </em>Schilling, 1829 (Lygaeidae) for the Asian part of Russia, <em>Tingis </em>(<em>Tingis</em>) <em>crispata </em>(Herrich-Schaeffer, 1838) (Tingidae) for Siberia, and <em>Sacculifer picticeps </em>Kerzhner, 1959 (Miridae) for Western Siberia. Five new species were recorded for the Altai Krai: <em>Himacerus </em>(<em>Himacerus</em>) <em>apterus </em>(Fabricius, 1798) (Nabidae); <em>Charagochilus </em>(<em>Charagochilus</em>) <em>gyllenhalii </em>(Fallén, 1807) (Miridae); <em>Berytinus </em>(<em>Lizinus</em>) <em>crassipes </em>(Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835) (Berytidae); <em>Lamproplax membranea </em>Distant, 1883, <em>Trapezonotus </em>(<em>Gnopherus</em>) <em>anorus </em>(Flor, 1860) (Lygaeidae). For the fauna of the Tigirek Strict Reserve, the species recorded for the first time include <em>Nabis </em>(<em>Nabis</em>) <em>rugosus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) (Nabidae); <em>Deraeocoris </em>(<em>Deraeocoris</em>) <em>ater </em>(Jakovlev, 1889), <em>Halticus apterus apterus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Criocoris quadrimaculatus </em>(Fallén, 1807), <em>Europiella artemisiae </em>(Becker, 1864) (Miridae); <em>Acalypta marginata </em>(Wolff, 1804), <em>Dic</em><em>tyla humuli </em>(Fabricius, 1794) (Tingidae); <em>Camptotelus lineolatus lineolatus </em>(Schilling, 1829), <em>Drymus </em>(<em>Sylvadrymus</em>) <em>brunneus brunneus </em>(R.F. Sahlberg, 1848), <em>Trapezonotus </em>(<em>Trapezonotus</em>) <em>arenarius arenarius </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Megalonotus chiragra </em>(Fabricius, 1794) (Lygaeidae); <em>Stictopleurus viridicatus </em>(Uhler, 1872) (Rhopalidae); <em>Canthophorus impressus </em>(Horváth, 1880) (Cydnidae); <em>Eurygaster dilaticol</em><em>lis </em>Dorhn, 1860 (Scutelleridae); <em>Eurydema </em>(<em>Eurydema</em>) <em>gebleri gebleri </em>Kolenati, 1846 (Pentatomdiae). The material from the Tigirek Strict Reserve supports the distribution of <em>Stygnocoris rusticus </em>(Fallén,&nbsp;1807) (Lygaeidae) in the Altai Krai. The updated list of true bugs from the Tigirek Strict Reserve includes 199 species from 20 families.</p> Valentin V. Rudoi Nikolay N. Vinokurov Tatiana M. Krugova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-27 2023-10-27 10 755–782 755–782 10.5281/zenodo.10039143 The use of attractants in the application of food-baits against termites <p>The article presents the results of scientific research on the identification of attractants in the development of food-baits against termites of the genus <em>Anacanthotermes</em>.</p> Zumrat Ganieva Mukhabbat Khashimova Kakhraman Rustamov Voxid Akhmedov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-12 2023-10-12 10 747–754 747–754 10.5281/zenodo.10121028 Morphological and molecular identification of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes in Surkhandarya region, Uzbekistan <p>Mosquitoes of the genus <em>Anopheles</em> Meigen, 1818 are representatives of blood-sucking insects from the family Culicidae. Some representatives of this genus carry malaria and distribute through humans. In Uzbekistan six species of malaria distributors have been recorded so far. Thus, investigating such kind of malaria distributors and determining the exact number of <em>Anopheles </em>species in order to prevent malaria epidemy in the republic is crucial. In this study we tried to study the species composition and ecology of mosquitoes of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>in Surkhandarya region and described the species characteristics of mosquitoes, both in terms of morphological and molecular genetic features. To reach our aim we collected samples of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>and conducted morphological, molecular-genetic and phylogenetic studies. According to results in the sampled collections of <em>Anopheles </em>mosquitoes, the ratio of males and females was 1:1. The nucleotide sequence data from the mtDNA of our sampled mosquitos were 99.8-100% similar with those of <em>An. hyrcanus </em>Pallas, 1771; <em>An. pulcherrimus </em>Theobald, 1902 and <em>An. superpictus </em>Grassi, 1899 derived from Genbank. Also, molecular genetic studies of adult mosquitoes from Surkhandarya region confirmed the data of their identification as identified by morphological characters. The sequences of their nucleotides were submitted to the database of the Genbank (NCBI). As a result of morphological studies of imago mosquitoes, it was found that 4 species of mosquitoes of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>occur in natural landscapes of Surkhandarya region: <em>An. claviger </em>Meigen, 1804; <em>An. hyrcanus</em>, <em>An. pulcherrimus </em>and <em>An. superpictus</em>.</p> Gavkhar Mardanova Alisher Khurramov Abdurahim Kuchboev Oybek Amirov Natalya Lebedeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-10 2023-10-10 10 729–745 729–745 10.5281/zenodo.8418793 Dynamics of ground beetle (Carabidae) populations at rock dumps in an open-pit coal mine: modeling the influence of environmental factors <p>Mineral mining's adverse environmental effects encompass pollution of air, surface, and ground waters, as well as soil disruption. Kuzbass (south of West Siberia, Russia) exemplifies this impact due to open-pit coal mining, leading to the emergence of man-made landscapes like dumps and quarries. Mining firms undertake reclamation efforts on post-technogenic zones. Evaluating dump restoration involves assessing vegetation and animal components, including soil invertebrates and ground beetles, which are sensitive bioindicators of environmental health. The ecological balance of any species hinges on various environmental factors, both biotic and abiotic. Determining the most influential factors for a species' ecological niche is challenging. This study is part of an extensive investigation into the succession of ground-dwelling arthropods across varying-aged coal mine rock dumps in Kuzbass. Pitfall traps were employed from 2013 to 2022, yielding over 47,000 ground beetle specimens. A unique statistical model, computed in R, gauged the impact of environmental factors on ground beetle abundance. Predictors encompassed ground level temperature, hydrothermal coefficient (HTC), soil pH, Soil Organic Carbon (SOC), Total N, vegetation cover, turf extent, and succession stage. All these factors significantly influenced beetle numbers. Probabilistic graphical models effectively elucidated key relationships between species groups and environmental variables. Monitoring ground beetle community succession in technogenic zones necessitates comprehensive consideration of intricate environmental interactions.</p> Sergey L. Luzyanin Anatoly A. Saveliev Rifgat R. Shagidullin Raisa A. Sukhodolskaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-06 2023-10-06 10 709–727 709–727 10.5281/zenodo.8404574 Unveiling copepod diversity and faunal patterns in Middle Siberia: insights from Tiksi settlement vicinity <p>The study addresses an uneven and incomplete understanding of copepod fauna in Middle Siberia, particularly in its northeastern region. While the microcrustacean composition in the Lena River Delta is well documented, the Tiksi settlement vicinity, nearby the Lena Delta, remains unexplored. This research focuses on characterizing copepod crustaceans in Tiksi's waters. The collected data enriches the microcrustacean distribution database in Arctic and Subarctic regions worldwide and facilitates an analysis of copepod faunal variation in northeastern Eurasia. A total of 64 copepod species were discovered near Tiksi, with 19 being newly identified for the region. Brackish water reservoirs and lakes demonstrated the greatest diversity within the fauna. The structure of copepod species complexes was consistent among water bodies of the same hydrological type. In brackish lagoons, bays, and lakes, species complexes exhibited intricate, multilevel functional and trophic structures. In contrast, rivers and streams displayed simplified complex structures. Around 20% of the examined fauna displayed East Asian-North American ranges, suggesting a connection to the ancient land of Beringia. Similarity among local Copepoda orders' faunas is linked to crustaceans' dispersal ability, with increasing similarity from Harpacticoida to Calanoida and Cyclopoida. Two distinct groups of regions with comparable faunas are recognized in northeastern Eurasia: European-Siberian, divided into European and Siberian branches, and Far Eastern. The potential existence of transitional zones between these groups is also discussed.</p> Aleksandr Novikov Ekaterina Abramova Anna Novichkova Elena Chertoprud Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-27 2023-09-27 10 683–708 683–708 10.5281/zenodo.8373633 Diversity, stratigraphy and ecology of diatoms and plant pollen in the Miocene-Pliocene sediments of the Vitim Plateau (Baikal region, Russia) <p>We performed lithogeochemical and biostratigraphical studies of the core from the hole 8182 in the Northern paleovalley of Vitim Plateau. According to lithogeochemical characteristics of the sediments in the section, 5 members were found out. Three lower ones characterize the Dzhilinda suite, two upper ones – the Khoygot stratum. The analysis of biodiversity and fossil diatom algae distribution in the core resulted in revealing of 137 species and varieties of diatom algae related to 50 genera. Four diatom zones (DZ) were established by appearing or disappearing of index species. Ecological and geographic analysis showed domination of planktonic, indifferent, cosmopolite species. Palynological analysis revealed three pollen members with reconstruction of vegetation of forest type reflecting the vector of cooling and climate change from moderately warm one in Middle-Late Miocene to moderately cool in Early Pliocene.</p> Мarina Usoltseva Lyubov’ Titova Abdulmonem Hassan Svetlana Reshetova Еlena Rodionova Мarina Maslennikova Irina Chuvashova Sergei Rasskazov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-26 2023-09-26 10 643–682 643–682 10.5281/zenodo.8373408 Fauna and population of non-Passerine birds in the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River (Altai Territory, Bolsherechensky reserve) <p>The purpose of this paper is to provide additional information on the non-Passerine bird fauna and populations in the Bolsherechensky Nature Reserve, specifically within the Bolshaya Rechka River valley. Located in Altai Krai, the reserve occupies a typical territory of the Upper Ob forest massif. Protecting the habitats of rare and endangered bird species is one of the primary goals of the reserve. However, despite previous studies, our understanding of the avifauna and bird populations remains insufficient. To address this, we conducted bird surveys in the reserve during spring and summer of 2012, 2013, 2017, and 2021, specifically within the Bolshaya Rechka River valley. The results revealed that the summer breeding community of non-Passerine birds in the Bolsherechensky reserve consists of 48 species from 18 families and 12 orders. Additionally, we discovered 11 rare and endangered bird species previously unrecorded in the reserve. In particular, seven of these species lack specific distribution information in the latest regional Red Data Books, including the Black stork (<em>Ciconia nigra</em>), Oriental honey buzzard (<em>Pernis</em><em> ptilorhynchus</em>), Peregrine falcon (<em>Falco</em><em> peregrinus</em>), Red-footed falcon (<em>Falco vespertinus</em>), Common wood pigeon (<em>Columba palumbus</em>), Eurasian pygmy owl (<em>Glaucidium passerinum</em>), and European bee-eater (<em>Merops apiaster</em>). In general, our study significantly improves our knowledge of the non-Passerine bird fauna and population of non-Passerine birds in the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River within the Bolsherechensky Nature Reserve. The findings are valuable for the improvement of biodiversity protection measures.</p> Sergey V. Vazhov Alex V. Matsyura Viktor M. Vazhov Elena V. Cherdantseva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-24 2023-09-24 10 625–641 625–641 10.5281/zenodo.8370739 Monitoring the snow leopard population in the Altai Mountains (Chikhachev Ridge, Siberia) <p>The snow leopard population has been monitored on the Chikhacvhev Ridge for 10 years since 2011 using camera traps. In 2021, a male was recorded. We recorded several concurrent predatory species, like red fox, Pallas’s cat, wolverine, and brown bear, and prey species Altai marmots. The snow leopards performed visual and olfactory marking at their area. We concluded that snow leopards in this transboundary mountain area were active at temperatures up to 3°C in summer period.</p> Maksim R. Parkhomenko Tatyana V. Antonenko Alex V. Matsyura Sergey V. Spitsyn Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 10 617–624 617–624 10.5281/zenodo.8365455 Hybridisation in Colias butterflies (Lepidoptera, Pieridae): identification of natural hybrids using unlinked molecular markers <p>In this report, we analyze a wild-caught <em>Colias </em>specimen from Kyrgyzstan with unusual wing pattern, which was provisionally identified as a natural hybrid between <em>Colias christophi helialaica </em>Schulte, 1988 and <em>Colias cocandica cocandica </em>Erschoff, 1874 due to its intermediate phenotype. Using one mitochondrial (<em>COI </em>barcode) and three nuclear (<em>Ca-ATPase</em>, <em>H3 </em>and <em>CAD </em>gene fragments) markers, we confirm its hybrid origin and demonstrate that this specimen is a hybrid between a female of <em>Colias christophi helialaica </em>and a male of <em>Colias cocandica cocandica</em>. Our study shows that an analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear molecular markers can successfully discriminate natural hybrids in such a taxonomically challenging group of butterflies as the genus <em>Colias</em>.</p> Nazar A. Shapoval Anatoly V. Krupitsky Roman V. Yakovlev Alexander V. Kir’yanov Galina N. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 10 605–616 605–616 10.5281/zenodo.8353128 Bruchidius marginalis (Fabricius, 1776) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae) – a species new to the Republic of Khakassia (Russia) <p><em>Bruchidius marginalis</em>, a seed beetle, is found in various countries, the including the Baltic countries, Balkan peninsula, central, northern, and the western Europe, and Transcaucasian countries. In Russia, the species was previously noted in the south of its European part, Saratov and Kaliningrad regions. <em>Oxytropis pilosa</em>, a South Palearctic species, grows in central Europe, the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia, Mongolia, and Asia Minor. It is distributed in the steppe zone, insular steppes, forb and forb-grass steppes, and steppe meadows. A count of damaged <em>O. pilosa </em>seedlings was made and the percentage of fruit infection by seed-eating insects was calculated. The level of infestation in the <em>O. pilosa </em>fruits was 23%, and mass emergence of adults was observed in September. When examining leguminous plants for infection with seed-eating insects, a species of carpophage <em>Bruchidius marginalis </em>was identified, which is the first for the territory of the Republic of Khakassia.</p> Sofia V. Lopatina Sergey V. Lukyantsev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-13 2023-09-13 10 597–603 597–603 10.5281/zenodo.8333434 Jewel beetles (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) of Zhetysu Alatau (Kazakhstan) <p>Fifty-seven species and subspecies of jewel beetles (Buprestidae) from 20 genera, 11 tribes and 5 subfamilies (Julodinae, Polycestinae, Chrysochroinae, Buprestinae and Agrilinae) are recorded from Zhetysu (Dzhungar) Alatau Range. By species diversity at the subfamily level, the jewel beetles are distributed as follows: Julodinae – 1 species, Polycestinae – 5 species, Chrysochroinae - 14 species, Buprestinae – 14 species, Agrilinae – 22 species. At the genus level, <em>Agrilus </em>(15 species), <em>Sphenoptera </em>(9), <em>Acmaeoderella </em>(5), <em>Anthaxia </em>(5) and <em>Chrysobothris </em>(3) are the most abundant in the Zhetysu Alatau. The identified species of jewel beetles are confined to seven altitude belts and biotopes: the most populated is a shrub-steppe belt (25 species) followed by mountain-floodplain forests (14) and leaf-fir-forest belt (14), semidesert (11) and coniferous-forest (9) belts; medium-mountain mixedgrass belt (5) and subalpine meadows (2) demonstrate much poorer jewel beetle composition. Species of jewel beetles with known host plants are associated with arboreal and shrub plants from 21 families.</p> Aizhan M. Tleppaeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-10 2023-09-10 10 565–596 565–596 10.5281/zenodo.8327802 Interaction of microplastics and terrestrial and aquatic insects (bioaccumulation, degradation, ecotoxicological effects) <p>World production of convenient and durable materials made of synthetic plastics during the last 70 years caused the dispersal of microplastic particles in the environment. Microplastic pollution is the focus of interest worldwide due to its global distribution and adverse effects on living organisms. The largest number of studies addressing this issue explored the aquatic environment, yet terrestrial ecosystems also suffer from microplastic pollution. Insects are crucial for most terrestrial ecosystems. Few can compete with them in biomass productivity and species diversity, which makes them targets for studying the toxic bioaccumulation. This review article presents a systematic analysis of data on bioaccumulation, degradation of microplastics by aquatic and terrestrial entomofauna, and its ecotoxicological effects.</p> Mark Lee Anastasia V. Simakova Irina B. Babkina Ruslan T-o. Bagirov Yulia A. Frank Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-08 2023-09-08 10 549–564 549–564 10.5281/zenodo.8320656 Helminths of horses in Karakalpakstan: seasonal, spatial and age dynamics <p>We studied 60 species of helminths from 29 genera, 17 families, 8 orders, 3 classes, and 2 phyla parasitize horses in various regions of Karakalpakstan. Horses have been shown to be hosts to 53 species of Nematoda, 5 species of Cestoda and 2 species of Trematoda. The prevalence of helminths ranges from 0.7% to 33.6% and the intensity of infection from 1 to 12,538 individuals. The article reveals the biocoenotic relationships between ungulates and their helminths established by trophic links and proves the character of formation of helminthofauna in ungulates under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors in the Aral Sea region. Additionally, the seasonal and age dynamics of horse infection with parascaridosis and setariasis in Karakalpakstan is determined.</p> Amaniyaz J. Kaniyazov Erkinjon B. Shakarboev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-07 2023-09-07 10 539–548 539–548 10.5281/zenodo.8317592 First record of Glycymeris taylori Angas, 1879 and two additional records of Azumapecten ruschenbergerii Tryon, 1869 and Lutraria australis Deshayes, 1855 from the north west of the Persian-Arabian Gulf <p>The northwestern Persian-Arabian Gulf marine ecoregion has several bivalves recorded. The present study is to gather new bivalve distribution data from the Iraqi shore. From 2020 to 2021, three marine bivalves were found in the northwestern Arabian Gulf, Iraqi coast. <em>Glycymeris taylori </em>Angas, 1879 (family Glycymerididae) recorded for the first time from the Gulf, <em>Azumapecten ruschenbergerii </em>Tryon, 1869 (family Pectinidae) and <em>Lutraria australis </em>Deshayes, 1855 (family Mactridae). These new records illustrate the need for more concentrated marine diversity studies, particularly on bivalve groups in this biodiverse region.</p> Murtada D. Naser Amaal Gh. Yasser Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 10 521–527 521–527 10.5281/zenodo.8310919 Effect of precooking with sodium chloride and citric acid on residual amounts of lead and cadmium in rice <p>Rice contamination with heavy metals has always been one of the main concerns of food health. The purpose of this research is to investigate the rice effect of the precooking process with sodium chloride and citric acid on the amounts of residual lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd). In the current study, eight brands of high-consumption rice were used in the Arak-Iran market and their amounts of Pb and Cd were measured using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Two rice brands, Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21, which contained the highest amounts of Pb and Cd, were selected and treated with soak (for 4h) and boiling (for 60 min) in 1% sodium chloride and 0.6% citric acid. The results showed that precooking Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21 rice samples with 1% NaCl reduced the amount of Pb by 15.7% and 16.2%, respectively. Furthermore, the amount of Cd was reduced by 10.5% and 10.8% for Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21, respectively. Furthermore, the results for precooking of Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21rice samples with 0.6 % citric acid showed a reduction in the amount of Pb by 9.3% and the amount of 8.9% and Cd by 11% and 9.6%, respectively. These numbers were in comparison with precooking rice with pure water. According to the results of this research, precooking rice samples with NaCl reduces the amount of Pb more effectively than that of Cd. Furthermore, precooking rice with citric acid reduces the amount of Pb and Cd by almost the same amount. In general, precooking rice with NaCl is more effective in reducing heavy metal contamination compared to citric acid.</p> Mohammad Reza Sangi Seyed Mehdi Talebi Mohaddeseh Hayatpour Alex Matsyura Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 10 529–538 529–538 10.5281/zenodo.8310970 Seasonal migrations of the Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava (Aves, Passeriformes) according to results of the trapping and ringing data for sixty-four years in the Eastern Baltic <p>Based on the results of trapping and ringing Yellow Wagtail on the Courish (Curonian) Spit in Eastern Baltic in the amount of 3076 individuals during 1957–2020, the population numbers, the migration routes and wintering grounds are presented. The obtained seven recoveries of our rings account for only 0.23% of the efficiency of Yellow Wagtail ringing. The annual number of Yellow Wagtails captured varied widely over 64 years, from three to 206 individuals. The oscillations were wavelike in nature and showed different amplitudes. Of the seven birds with our rings found two birds in November and February were caught in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (West Africa), three birds during migration were found in Italy and two birds during the summer were found in Sweden and Finland. The length of the migration route from the Courish Spit to Nigeria was more than five thousand kilometers. The results of studying the migrations of this species in other countries and regions are discussed.</p> Vladimir A. Payevsky Anatoly P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-03 2023-09-03 10 509–519 509–519 10.5281/zenodo.8305565 New and interesting findings of the Lepidoptera from Astrakhan and Volgograd Territories (Southern Russia) <p>Two species of moths, <em>Drasteria christophi </em>(Alphéraky, 1895) (Erebidae) and <em>Protarchanara abrupta </em>Eversmann, 1854 (Noctuidae), are reported from Russia for the first time; seventeen species of Notodontidae and Noctuidae are found as new for the fauna of Astrakhan and Volgograd Territories (Southern Russia).</p> Sergei A. Rybalkin Roman V. Yakovlev Balázs Benedek Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-31 2023-08-31 10 491–499 491–499 10.5281/zenodo.8290178 Rare and differential stenotopic plant species from mountain peat bogs in the Teletskoye Lake basin (Republic of Altai, Russia) <p>The article presents new localities of five rare stenotopic bog plant species (<em>Drosera anglica</em>, <em>D. rotundifolia</em>, <em>Utricularia intermedia</em>, <em>U. minor </em>and <em>Eriophorum gracile</em>), of which three species are new for Northern Altai within the Republic of Altai (<em>Drosera anglica</em>, <em>Utricularia intermedia </em>and <em>U. minor</em>). The altitudinal distribution of 19 characteristic plant species of three bog massifs of the Teletskoye Lake basin located in different altitudinal subbelts and stripes of the forest belt is analyzed. Based on the analysis performed, differential bog species were identified that marked the limits of altitudinal stripes and subbelts within the forest belt.</p> Dmitry V. Zolotov Dmitry V. Chernykh Roman Yu. Biryukov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-31 2023-08-31 10 501–508 501–508 10.5281/zenodo.8297552 Fire-induced changes in the dielectric constant of lichens in plateau palsas of the Nadym-Pur interfluve <p>The paper analyzed the complex permittivity of lichens of the genus <em>Cladonia </em>sampled from areas disturbed by fire and from undisturbed plateau palsas in the Nadym-Pur interfluve, Western Siberia. The complex permittivity at microwave-frequency range was estimated by coaxial line measurement using an Agilent E8363B vector network analyzer. The real and imaginary parts of the permittivity of lichens in the disturbed areas were found to be significantly lower than ones of lichens from undisturbed areas. The linear dependence of the complex permittivity on water content is more pronounced in the lichen sampled from the disturbed areas. The obtained patterns can be used for radargram interpretation.</p> Tatiana D. Kochetkova Uliana Yu. Shavrina Vladislav S. Murashkin Viktor A. Nikitkin Maria A. Volkova Larisa G. Kolesnichenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-12 2023-08-12 10 479–490 479–490 10.5281/zenodo.8232611 New records of lichens from the Russian Far East. IV. The lichens of limestone outcrops of the southern part of the Russian Far East <p>The new records of the lichens of limestone outcrops in the southern part of the Russian Far East (Primorye Territory and Sakhalin Region) are presented. Among them, <em>Catillaria detractula</em>, <em>Gyalecta jenensis</em>, <em>Myriolecis semipallida</em>, <em>Physconia jacutica</em>, <em>Sarcogyne regularis</em>, <em>Thyrea confusa</em>, <em>Verrucaria caerulela</em>, <em>V. viridula </em>and <em>Xanthoria calcicola </em>are newly reported for the Russian Far East; <em>Acarospora glaucocarpa</em>, <em>A. macrospora</em>, <em>Lecanora valesiaca</em>, <em>Protoblastenia calva </em>and <em>Thelidium decipiens </em>are newly reported for the southern part of the Russian Far East. <em>Xanthocarpia crenulatella </em>is a new species for Sakhalin Region. Diagnostic traits of the species, peculiarities of the material from the Russian Far East, distribution, ecology and comparison with the closest species are given.</p> Evgeny A. Davydov Polina Yu. Ryzhkova Ivan V. Frolov Irina A. Galanina Lidia S. Yakovchenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-11 2023-08-11 10 451–477 451–477 10.5281/zenodo.8223656 Relationship between the content of basic chemical elements and ecological and trophic groups of microorganisms in peat oligotrophic frozen soil <p>The paper analyzed the number of ecological-trophic groups of microorganisms and the elemental composition of the active, permafrost and thawed layers of a typical flat mount frozen peatlands (plateau palsa) in the Nadym-Pur interfluves, Western Siberia, with part of it affected by fire. The number of ecological-trophic groups was found to change after permafrost thaw. The study revealed a relationship between the number of microorganisms and the content of some chemical elements in the soil profile of the plateau palsa in the Nadym-Pur interfluve. A statistically significant relationship was found between the most probable number of microorganisms (CFU/g) in different peat layers and the pH, the ash content and the content of calcium, magnesium, strontium, and iron.</p> Viktor A. Nikitkin Inna V. Lushchaeva Evgeniya S. Rabtsevich Ellina G. Nikitkina Irina I. Volkova Artem G. Lim Sergey N. Kirpotin Larisa G. Kolesnichenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-10 2023-08-10 10 417–431 417–431 10.5281/zenodo.8219777 Composition, structure and formation factors of macroinvertebrate communities in low-mountain lakes of the Russian Altai <p>Recent data suggests a significant difference in physical and biological properties between low-mountain lakes and high-mountain or lowland water bodies. However, the taxonomic composition and structure of bottom invertebrates in low-mountain lakes of Altai remain unknown. Due to climate change and growing anthropogenic impact, studying the composition and structure of macrozoobenthos in these lakes is becoming increasingly urgent. In 2022, a study was conducted on macrozoobenthos from foothill lakes of the Russian Altai, specifically Kireevo in the Krasnogorsk region, Aya (Aiskoye) in the Altai region, Koksha and Svetloye in the Soviet region, Kolyvanskoye in the Zmeinogorsk region, and Beloye in the Kuryinsky region of Altai Krai. The study identified 152 species from 9 classes, including Turbellaria (1), Nematoda (1), Oligochaeta (17), Hirudinea (5), Bivalvia (2), Gastropoda (8), Arachnida (10), Crustacea (2), and Insecta (106). Of the insects, the order Diptera (69 species, including 59 chironomids) had the greatest species diversity. Additionally, the orders Trichoptera (16), Coleoptera (7), Ephemeroptera (5), Odonata (4), Heteroptera (4), and Megaloptera (1) were identified. Most of the studied lakes in the Russian Altai (Aya, Beloye, Kireevo, and Kolyvanskoye) had a taxonomic composition of macrozoobenthos similar to lowland lakes. Two lakes (Koksha and Svetloye) had a combination of features from both lowland and high-mountain lakes. The content of organic substances and their decomposition products in water, as well as substrate type, were the most significant factors determining the development of macroinvertebrate communities in the studied lakes.</p> Dmitry M. Bezmaternykh Olga N. Vdovina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-10 2023-08-10 10 433–449 433–449 10.5281/zenodo.8219818 Morphology and population size structure of Pantocsekiella teletskoyensis (Bacillatiophyta) in the deep mountain lake <p>The new and rare small-celled centric diatom species <em>Pantocsekiella teletskoyensis </em>Genkal et Mitrofanova was recently identified from <em>Cyclotella</em> <em>delicatula</em> Genkal, previously described in the phytoplankton of Lake Teletskoye (Altai, Russia). The identification of <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>was based on the analysis of numerous scanning electron microscopy images since the beginning of a recent phytoplankton study in the lake. The investigation of the species revealed a wider variability of its qualitative morphological features such as valve relief, presence of granules on valve face, rimoportula position, and structure of alveoli. As a result, new data on the morphological variation of this species allowed for the refinement of its diagnosis. In addition, a comparison of the morphological features of <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>and other small-celled centric diatoms of <em>Pantocsekiella </em>and <em>Cyclotella </em>genera found in various water bodies across Europe, Asia, and America showed that <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>is most similar to <em>C. minuscula</em>, that was previously described from the deep-water Lake Ohrid located on the border of Northern Macedonia and Albania. We also conducted numerous measurements of <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>valve diameters, which enabled us to estimate the cell size in the population ranging from 3.02 up to 7.98 µm. The study of <em>teletskoyensis</em> population structure revealed that the group of 4.00-4.99 µm was consistently the most numerous among size groups with a step of 1 µm in all the months studied.</p> Sergei I. Genkal Elena Yu. Mitrofanova Copyright (c) 2023 Genkal, Mitrofanova 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 10 403 415 10.5281/zenodo.8192366 First record of the assassin bugs Zelus renardii Kolenati, 1857 (Heteroptera, Reduviidae) in Uzbekistan <p>This study was conducted in Tashkent in 2022 – 2023. As a result of this study, the species <em>Zelus renardii </em>Kolenati, 1857, was discovered for the first time for the fauna of Uzbekistan. <em>Zelus renardii </em>is an invasive species that has recently been actively spreading in new territories for it. Most likely, the samples we found were imported to Uzbekistan from Turkey.</p> Dilshod M. Musaev Askar G. Akhmedov Gulnara S. Mirzaeva Bakhtiyor R. Kholmatov Makhset Zh. Medetov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-05 2023-07-05 10 397–402 397–402 10.5281/zenodo.8105295 New data on the distribution of Red-breasted goose and Lesser white-fronted goose in the south of the Gydan Peninsula <p>The Red-breasted goose <em>Branta ruficollis </em>(Pallas, 1769) and the Lesser white-fronted goose <em>Anser eryth</em><em>ropus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) are rare bird species nesting in the Arctic tundra zone of Eurasia usually in association with Peregrine falcons <em>Falco peregrinus </em>Tunstull, 1771. The Red-breasted goose, which has a vulnerable status according to the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), currently has a positive population trend. The Lesser white-fronted goose with the same status, on the contrary, is declining in numbers. Both species are under the scrutiny of geese specialists. To identify the possible nesting of these species, suitable steep banks of the Indik'yakha River were surveyed in the south of the Gydan Peninsula. In 2019, six nesting aggregations of Red-breasted goose were discovered with a total number of 11 pairs in association with Peregrine falcons. In 2021, only two nesting localities with three pairs of geese were found in the same area, and in 2022 three localities each with a pair of geese. In addition, in 2022, three nesting sites of Lesser white-fronted goose were registered, also with a pair of birds in each place. In one case, the Lesser white-fronted goose and the Red-breasted goose nested in one place together. The new findings of their nesting are the southernmost nesting sites in the south of the Gydan Peninsula, providing important information for their conservation management and monitoring needs to continue.</p> Igor G. Korobitsyn Oleg Yu. Tyutenkov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-14 2023-05-14 10 379–386 379–386 10.5281/zenodo.7927528 Long-term and seasonal dynamics of zooplankton in hypergaline lake Kulundinskoye (Kulunda Steppe, Russia) <p>The paper investigates the effects of natural environmental factors on the long-term (2000–2020) and seasonal (April–October) dynamics of zooplankton in the hypergaline Lake Kulundinskoye, located in the Kulunda steppe of Altai Krai, Russia. Sixteen key indicators of zooplankton structure, including abundance and biomass of major taxonomic groups such as Rotifera, Cladocera, Copepoda, and Anostraca, as well as individual stages of a life cycle and sex ratio in <em>Artemia </em>population, were studied in relation to 17 hydrophysical and hydrochemical indicators such as temperature, density, pH, total salinity, hardness, alkalinity, and other parameters. Monthly data for 2017–2020 and average annual data for 2000–2020 were analyzed to identify the impact of environmental factors on zooplankton structure. The study also examined the influence of these factors on the <em>Artemia </em>crustacean population, which dominates the zooplankton in this lake. The hydrophysical and hydrochemical regime of Lake Kulundinskoye can vary significantly from year to year, which affects the zooplankton indicators. Statistical analysis showed that monthly hydrophysical and hydrochemical data are more reliable than averaged data for the research period (April-October) in determining the impact of environmental factors on zooplankton structure. The results indicate that the changes in zooplankton structure are mainly due to the stimulating effect of increased salinity on the <em>Artemia </em>population and its depressing influence on other taxa. The long-term dynamics of zooplankton is characterized by a complex cyclicity of water salinity and productivity of the <em>Artemia </em>population, which is influenced by periodic changes in the moisture content of the lake catchment.</p> Lyubov’ V. Vesnina Dmitry M. Bezmaternykh Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-14 2023-05-14 10 387–396 387–396 10.5281/zenodo.7927562 Additions to the Catalogue of Lepidoptera of Omsk Region. Pyraloidea. <p>The list of 19 species of Pyraloid moths new to the fauna of Omsk Region is given. 13 of them are new to the West Siberia and 5 are recorded from the Asian part of Russia for the first time, namely, <em>Insalebria serraticornella </em>(Zeller, 1839), <em>Pseudophycita deformella </em>(Möschler, 1866), <em>Epischnia prodromella </em>(Hübner, 1799), <em>Ratasa alienalis </em>(Eversmann, 1844), <em>Pyrausta rectefascialis </em>Toll, 1936. The second record of <em>Krombia bimedia </em>(Filipjev, 1924) in Russia is given.</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Sergey Yu. Sinev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 10 369–377 369–377 10.5281/zenodo.7902235 Discovery of the ogre-faced spiders (Aranei: Deinopidae) in Sumatra (Indonesia), with description of a new species <p>A new species, <em>Asianopis gorochovi </em>sp. n. is diagnosed and described from the Sumatra Island based on a single male. The family Deinopidae C. L. Koch, 1850 is recorded from Sumatra for the first time. Detailed description, digital photographs and distributional map are provided.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alexander A. Fomichev Mikhail M. Omelko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-06 2023-05-06 10 361–368 361–368 10.5281/zenodo.7895543 Three new for the fauna of West Kazakhstan species of the orders Mantodea, Orthoptera and Embioptera <p>Three species of orthopteroid insects (Insecta, Polyneoptera) are recorded from West Kazakhstan for the first time. The Asian giant mantes <em>Hierodula tenuidentata </em>Saussure, 1869 (Mantodea) and the Turkistan webspinner <em>Embia tartara </em>Saussure, 1896 (Embioptera) are found in Mangystau oblast. It is possible that this species was able to spread north due to climate warming. The ant-loving cricket <em>Myrmecophilus acervorum </em>(Panzer, 1799) (Orthoptera) is recorded from Atyrau oblast. Probably both species were imported in this region with planting material. Moreover, the order Embioptera and families Myrmecophilidae and Embiidae are recorded from West Kazakhstan for the first time.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 10 349–359 349–359 10.5281/zenodo.7889226 An annotated checklist of gall-forming poplar aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae, Pemphigini) of the Asian part of Russia <p>Here we overviewed the taxonomic diversity and compiled the checklist of gall-forming poplar aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae, Pemphigini) in the Asian part of Russia. Overall, 20 species, i.e. 18 <em>Pemphigus </em>and two <em>Thecabius </em>spp. were proven to have distribution in this macroregion. Based on our field study, following seven species represented novel geographical records. Among them, <em>Pem. iskanderkuli </em>Narzikulov is new for Asian Russia as per the record in Tuva Republic, and six species, <em>Pem. matsumurai </em>Monzen, <em>Pem. microsetosus </em>Aoki, <em>Pem. plicatus </em>Dolgova, <em>Pem. populi </em>Courchet, <em>Pem. protospirae </em>Lichtenstein, <em>Th. latisensorius </em>Hori, are new for some administrative regions of Siberia and/or the Russian Far East. <em>Pemphigus passeki </em>Börner, <em>Pem. spyrothecae </em>Passerini are alien species for the Asian part of Russia. Eight species, <em>Pem. borealis </em>Tullgren, <em>Pem. bursarius </em>(Linnaues), <em>Pem. matsumurai </em>Monzen, <em>Pem. populi </em>Courchet, <em>Pem. passeki </em>Börner, <em>Pem. protospirae </em>Lichtenstein, <em>Pem. spyrothecae </em>Passerini, <em>Th. affinis </em>(Kaltenbach), were documented in the Asian part of Russia as pests of poplars.</p> Nikita S. Babichev Yuri N. Baranchikov Svetlana V. Kuzhuget Stanislav Yu. Kniazev Maria K. Dementeva Elena I. Malikova Natalia I. Kirichenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 10 317–347 317–347 10.5281/zenodo.7886763 Soils and vegetation of the riverside floodplain in the hydrological continuum of the southern tundra within the Pur–Taz interfluve (Western Siberia) <p>Climate warming has significantly impacted the ecosystems of the Subarctic and Arctic. It has most strongly affected highly productive ecosystems, including those formed in river floodplains. Due to the initially high (background) values of NDVI, remote monitoring methods are not suitable for detecting changes in the biological productivity of floodplain vegetation. Research for both individual regions and landscapes is needed. However, for the floodplains of many rivers in Western Siberia, there are no primary descriptions of soils and vegetation. We have studied the soils and vegetation of the riverside floodplains in the lower reaches of the Taz River within the Pur–Taz interfluve. The studies were carried out within the hydrological continuum from the stream to the main Taz River. A regular change in soils and vegetation along the hydrological continuum was established, with fluvial processes intensifying. Ecosystems with the greatest diversity of plants, with thick layered soils such as Pantofluvic Fluvisol (Polyarenic, Polysiltic, Humic), are formed in the valleys of the tributaries of the Taz River on the natural riverside levee. The floodplain of the Taz River is distinguished by small differences in the heights of topographic elements, loamy soil texture, waterlogging and permafrost. The soils of the studied hydrological continuum were assigned to two Reference Soil Groups (Gleysol and Fluvisol). To describe the diversity of basic soil properties, six principal qualifiers and nine supplementary qualifiers were used. An assumption was made about the replacement of willow bushes by alder bushes during the warming period with the growth of some species of forbs (<em>Parasenecio hastatus</em>). The study made it possible to outline ways of further studying the floodplains of the Subarctic of Western Siberia.</p> Sergey V. Loiko Nina V. Klimova Ivan V. Kritckov Darya M. Kuzmina Sergey P. Kulizhsky Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 10 293–315 293–315 10.5281/zenodo.7879848 Spatial heterogeneity of soil acidity properties in peatlands of Western Siberia <p>The formation of significant amounts of low molecular weight (LMW) water-soluble organic compounds, which are highly reactive compounds of a non-specific nature, is a feature of the biogeocenoses of the North. Soil acidity, which in turn depends on LMW organic acids content, regulates the migration ability of compounds in landscapes and the bioavailability of nutrients. With an increase in the active layer thickness of peat soils in Western Siberia in the course of climate warming, new portions of LMW water-soluble organic compounds will enter, which will be quickly processed by microorganisms into CH4 and CO2. Five key sites were considered, located within thawed oligotrophic, frozen mound and polygonal bogs. The analysis of zonal patterns of acidity changes in the waters of peat soils indicates an increase in the pH in the series: northern taiga&lt;forest tundra&lt;southern tundra. A feature of the most acidic soils of the northern taiga is the high content of low molecular weight organic acids, the accumulation of which is determined by the species diversity of the vegetation cover and high humidity. The decrease in the content of acids in the soils of the southern tundra is due to changes in climatic conditions and, accordingly, the quality and quantity of organic material involved in the processes of mineralization and humification. Relationships between the pH of the soil solution and such parameters as the specific conductivity, the content of dissolved organic carbon, and the specific UV-absorbency (SUVA245) were revealed. Comparison of the acidity indices of peat soils of the zonal series of the European Northeast with similar ones obtained for the study area of Western Siberia showed that, at the same values of actual acidity, the exchangeable acidity values of peat soils of Western Siberia are slightly lower.</p> Tatiana V. Raudina Georgyi I. Istigechev Sergey V. Loiko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-01 2023-05-01 10 279–292 279–292 10.5281/zenodo.7878897 Primary phytochemical screening and spectroscopic assessment of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) <p>Chicory (<em>Cichorium intybus </em>L.) is a key source of valuable primary and secondary metabolites (inulin, vitamins, essential oil). The spectrum of medicinal action of chicory includes antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, choleretic, diuretic, sedative, and appetite stimulating activities. Plant tissue and cell culture allow the production of high yields of plants, biomass, and valuable metabolites throughout the year. In our research, we produced aseptic plants from two Russian breeding (<em>Yaroslavsky </em>and <em>Petrovsky</em>), performed their primary phytochemical screening, and established the quantitative content of particular elements and substance groups using IR spectroscopy. It has been found that a high yield of viable aseptic plants of the <em>Yaroslavsky </em>cultivar can be achieved by seed treatment with 8% sodium hypochlorite for 10 minutes or 37% hydrogen peroxide for 5 minutes. For the <em>Petrovsky </em>cultivar, it is advisable to germinate nonsterile seeds and then introduce them into the culture by washing the seedlings in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, followed by sterilization with 8% sodium hypochlorite for 5 minutes and washing with plants the antibiotic solution (0.8% gentamicin) for 15 minutes. All studied classes of compounds (tannins and phenols, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, glycosides, reducing sugars, and proteins) are present in aseptic plants of <em>C. intybus</em>; however, differences appear depending on the extractants (water and ethanol). IR spectroscopy has shown a higher content of moisture, fiber, and starch in seeds and a higher content of macronutrients, fat, ash, and proteins in aseptic plants.</p> Elizaveta P. Zotova Mikhail Yu. Cherednichenko Elena A. Kalashnikova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-29 2023-04-29 10 265–277 265–277 10.5281/zenodo.7865780 New and noteworthy records of Plants, Lichens and Lepidoptera in Altai Territory and Republic of Altai (Southern Siberia) <p>New localities for six species of plants (<em>Achillea schmakovii</em>, <em>Botrychium lunaria</em>, <em>Cystopteris altajensis</em>, <em>Euphrasia</em> <em>altaica</em>, <em>Agrostis</em> <em>tuvinica</em> and <em>Calamagrostis</em> × <em>thyrsoidea</em>), five species of lichens (<em>Bacidina</em> <em>phacodes</em>, <em>Leptogium burnetiae</em>, <em>Melanelixia albertana</em>, <em>Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla</em>, <em>Tetramelas chloroleucus</em>) and nine species of Lepidoptera (<em>Parnassius apollo</em>, <em>Lampides boeticus</em>, <em>Limenitis sydyi</em>, <em>Man</em><em>iola jurtina</em>, <em>Erebia kindermanni</em>, <em>Eudia pavonia</em>, <em>Proserpinus proserpina</em>, <em>Macroglossum stellatarum</em>, <em>Catocala elocata</em>) are reported for Altai Territory and Republic of Altai. Lichens <em>Bacidina phacodes</em>, <em>Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla</em>, <em>Tetramelas chloroleucus </em>and Lepidoptera <em>Lampides boeticus</em>, <em>Maniola jurtina</em>, <em>Proserpinus proserpina </em>and <em>Catocala elocata </em>are reported as new for Altai Territory, <em>Macroglos</em><em>sum stellatarum </em>and <em>Limenitis sydyi </em>are new for the Republic of Altai. Localities and ecological preferences are indicated for each species.</p> Evgeny A. Davydov Petr Kosachev Pavel Golyakov Timofei Zalutsky Egor Svirin Oleg Kudrov Polina Pavlova Yulia Storozhenko Lidia Yakovchenko Roman Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-28 2023-04-28 10 243–264 243–264 10.5281/zenodo.7865738 A review of the genus Inguromorpha Edwards, 1888 (Lepidoptera, Cossidae) with description of eight new species <p>The article presents an illustrated catalog of the genus <em>Inguromorpha </em>Edwards, 1888 (Lepidoptera: Cossidae, Hypoptinae), which includes 22 species. The following new combinations are established: <em>Inguromorpha centrosoma </em>(Dyar, 1925) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha clathrata </em>(Dognin, 1910) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha clymene </em>(Schaus, 1921) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha crassiplaga </em>(Schaus, 1905) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha racana </em>(Dognin, 1920) <strong>comb. nov. </strong>Eight new species are described: <em>Inguromorpha arawaka </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha bachmanni </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha catarinea </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromor</em><em>pha muisca </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha paraguaica </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha scutulata </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha texasensis </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha willinki </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov. </strong>The distributional maps for all the species of the genus are provided.</p> Artem E. Naydenov Roman V. Yakovlev Fernando C. Penco Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-27 2023-04-27 10 209–242 209–242 10.5281/zenodo.7865698 Soil-ecological conditions of the north taiga flat-mound bog, Western Siberia <p>Of particular interest in the north of Western Siberia are frozen flat-mound bogs. Being formed in a transitional climatic zone, on the southern front of the permafrost zone, these frozen peatlands may turn out to be highly reactive upon thawing and deliver high amounts of solutes to the hydrological network. A detailed study of a flat-mound bog was carried out in a key area of about 3 hectares (Purovsky district, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug). The soil-ecological conditions of the site are described, as well as the effect of spatial heterogeneity on the composition and properties of soils. Using topographic mapping and photogrammetry, it was identified that the bog surface is characterized by distinct microtopography (mounds-hollows-thermokarst subsidence with a percentage areas ratio of 49:30:21, respectively). Small-scale variations in ecohydrological settings, microtopography, and vegetation affect the distribution of nutrients, organic carbon in soils, and DOC (dissolved organic carbon) in bog waters. The main soil types are Dystric Hemic Cryic Histosols and Dystric Hemic Histosols (Gelic) found on mounds and in subsidence, respectively. If the peat thickness decreases to 40– 60 cm, then Spodic Histic Turbic Cryosols (Albic, Arenic) and Histic Turbic Cryosols (Albic, Arenic) form. In hollows and fens, Dystric Epifibric Histosols, Spodic Histic Turbic Cryosols (Arenic), and Gleyic Histic Entic Podzols (Turbic) are the most common. The proportion of soils with frozen peat is no more than 20% of the area of the key site and permafrost lies deeper, in the underlying rocks. It was found that carbon stocks within the key area vary from 31.1 to 91.3 kg/m2. The maximum values are observed in transit subsidences/hollows between mounds, where water is discharged. Concentrations of macro-microelements in bog waters vary depending on microform types. For some elements (e.g., DOC, Fe, Al, B, Si, Ti, V, Rb, Sb, Cs, REEs (rare earth elements), Pb, Th, U), they are approximately equal or 1.5–2 higher on the mounds. The export of DOC and other elements in permafrost areas is primarily controlled by the residence time of water and movement ways along the profile. In addition to this, the physicochemical properties of peat and biomass, which are also higher on mounds, influence the distribution and accumulation of nutrients.</p> Tatiana V. Raudina Georgyi I. Istigechev Sergey V. Loiko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-24 2023-04-24 10 195–208 195–208 10.5281/zenodo.7854816