Acta Biologica Sibirica http://journal.asu.ru/biol <div class="additional_content"> <p><strong><span style="font-size: small;">ISSN 2412-1908 (Online)</span></strong></p> <p><strong>We should like to inform our readers and authors that since January 1st, 2022 we are moving from Pensoft Publishers back to Altai State University portal. We extend our deep and sincere gratitude to the Pensoft team and L. Penev personally for productive and valuable cooperation.&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Please refer to <a href="http://abs.pensoft.net">http://abs.pensoft.net</a> for journal articles within 2020-2021.</p> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><strong>Acta Biologica Sibirica</strong> publishes original, previously unpublished articles on the following fields: Faunistics, Floristics, Biogeography, Biological systematics, Nature conservation and protected areas, Reviews of published articles and monographs on the above topics, Memorial articles. Preference is given to articles in English. There are no restrictions on the article volume and number of articles in the issue. In the fields of faunistics and floristics, we accept articles of two types: floral and faunal lists on any region of the world (areas, regions, countries, mountain ranges, national parks), and faunal and floral discoveries (finding new species for the regions, additions to previously published inventories…). We also accept articles on methodology of faunal and floral studies. 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We will publish one rolling volume consisting of a single issue per calendar year from 2020. All the articles will be continuously paginated and the universal digital object identifier (DOI) should be used for citations.</span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Altai State University en-US Acta Biologica Sibirica 2412-1908 <p><em>Acta Biologica Sibirica</em>&nbsp;is a golden publisher, as we allow self-archiving, but most importantly we are fully transparent about your rights.</p> <p>Authors may present and discuss their findings ahead of publication: at biological or scientific conferences, on preprint servers, in public databases, and in blogs, wikis, tweets, and other informal communication channels.</p> <p>ABS allows authors to deposit manuscripts (currently under review or those for intended submission to ABS) in non-commercial, pre-print servers such as ArXiv.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;(CC BY 4.0)&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> </ol> Biphyllidae (Coleoptera, Cucujoidea) – a new beetle family to the fauna of Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14588 <p>False skin beetle <em>Biphyllus lunatus </em>(Fabricius, 1787) is firstly recorded from Kazakhstan. The finds of <em>B. </em><em>lunatus </em>from Ulytau Oblast of Central Kazakhstan are currently the easthmost localities for this species and first record for Central Asia. The records of the beetles from family Biphyllidae were absent for Kazakhstan.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 10 1–7 1–7 10.5281/zenodo.10475177 Comparative anatomical study of underground and aboveground organs in Ferula tadshikorum Pimenov under natural and introduced environments http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14593 <p>A comparative study was conducted on the anatomical structure of the roots and leaves of <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em>, a rare plant species. The study included two groups: virginile plants introduced at the age of 4 years (located in the Tashkent Botanical Garden) and natural individuals aged 12-14 years (found in the Surkhandarya region, Babatag ridge). The main objective was to understand how the plant's anatomy changes with age and its adaptation to different environments. Common characteristics were identified in the leaves of both groups of plants. These included the isolateral palisade type of mesophyll, a rounded triangular shape around the central vein, and the presence of 2-layer elongated palisade tissue on the flattened lateral parts from the adaxial side. Regarding the root structure, significant differences were observed between the natural and introduced plants. In the natural samples, the woody part of the root exhibited groups of libriform cells, which seemed to be influenced by the edaphotype (soil conditions) and age of the plant. These findings suggest that the conductive system of the roots develops differently depending on the age and environment. The introduction of <em>Ferula tadshikorum </em>in the Tashkent Botanical Garden proved to be successful, as evident from the results.&nbsp;The leaves of the introduced plants showed adaptive characteristics, such as a thickened outer wall of the epidermis, collenchyma strands, bast fibers, and the isolateral palisade type of mesophyll. These adaptations are likely to help the plant cope with its new environment. In the roots of both natural and introduced plants, an important adaptive function was observed. The parenchymal cells were filled with starch grains, and there was an abundance of secretory ducts. This suggests that the root acts as an accumulating organ for organic substances, aiding the plant's survival and growth. In conclusion, the study provided valuable insights into the anatomical changes of <em>Ferula tadshikorum </em>at different stages of its life and in different environments. The observed adaptations in the leaves and roots contribute to the plant's ability to thrive in varying conditions.</p> Dilovar T. Khamraeva Dinara N. Tukhtaeva Olim K. Khojimatov Rainer W. Bussmann Copyright (c) 2024 2024-01-12 2024-01-12 10 9–29 9–29 10.5281/zenodo.10475286 Coenotic and biomorphological analysis of Lamiaceae in the West Siberian floristic province http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14577 <p>We analyzed the distribution, coenotic habitat, ecological preferences, and biomorphology of the 80 Lamiaceae species from 30 genera found in the West Siberian province. The plant species are primarily found in boreal and forest-steppe vegetation communities and are equally distributed in both lighted and shaded areas. Most species have a narrow range of humidity preferences. The study also highlights the diversity of life forms, with long-rhizomatous grasses being the most common, and morphological traits such as monocyclic elongated shoots, orthotropic growth direction, terminal arrangement of inflorescences, sympodial development, appearance of replacement axes due to basiton branching, and a long development period of more than three years. The research reveals that the diversity of life forms and biomorphological features of the shoot system play a significant role in determining the distribution of species in different ecological and coenotic conditions within the West Siberian province.</p> Vera A. Cheryomushkina Evgenia B. Talovskaya Anastasia E. Sharabarina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 10 1207–1225 1207–1225 10.5281/zenodo.10448401 Changes in Middle Ob fish diversity: an analytical review http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14566 <p>The Ob River is the largest river in Eurasia, and its ichthyofauna in the Middle Ob consists of species that inhabit not only the entire river but also the upper and lower reaches. This region faces numerous anthropogenic activities that pose a significant threat to aquatic biodiversity. Therefore, changes in fish species diversity in the Middle Ob can serve as an indicator of the overall ecosystem health. This study aims to analyze these changes and their potential causes. Materials and methods: This study presents an analytical review of the Middle Ob River ichthyofauna over the past 120 years. It assesses changes in fish species diversity and discusses various natural and anthropogenic factors. Results: The ichthyofauna of the Middle Ob basin currently includes 38 fish species from 2 classes, 9 orders, 12 families, and 30 genera. Over the past century, the number of species has increased by 27%, with 9 naturalized alien species and 1 extinct species. Additionally, there has been a significant decrease in the abundance of some commercial fish species. The ichthyofauna of the Middle Ob is influenced by hydraulic construction, pollution, overexploitation of aquatic resources (especially commercially valuable fish species), the expansion of alien species, anthropogenic alteration of the river bed, and climate change. Conclusion: While most factors affect the abundance of individual fish species, they do not significantly impact fish species diversity, with the exception of alien species and pollution.</p> Elena A. Interesova Viсtor K. Popkov Larisa G. Kolesnichenko Lydia Ya. Rakhmanova Vladimir I. Romanov Yuri V. Dyldin Sergey N. Kirpotin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 10 1189–1206 1189–1206 10.5281/zenodo.10435646 Genetic polymorphism assessment in a new lentil (Lens culinaris Medik., 1787) collection using ISSR markers http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14503 <p>ISSR markers were used in the study of the genetic diversity of 46 imported lentil varieties. The lentil collection had a strikingly high level of polymorphism (76%). The UBC 810 and UBC 809 primers have the highest polymorphism rates among the primers, exceeding 85.7%. The use of nine ISSR markers resulted in 69 pieces, with 76% displaying polymorphism. The computed average genetic diversity index ranged from 0.56 to 0.81, indicating a wide range of genetic variation among lentil genotypes. Accessions were classified into six unique groups as a consequence of cluster analysis. The most divergent genotypes within their respective clusters were identified as Flip 2010-96 and Flip 2011-41, Flip 2011-32 and Flip 2011-97, 10932 and Flip 2011-20, and Flip 2010-81 and Flip 2011-19. These findings bear noteworthy implications for the future of lentil breeding, cultivation, and protection. The observed genetic diversity imparts valuable insights that can be harnessed to fortify lentil crops, fostering resilience and adaptability. The identified distant genotypes present promising avenues for targeted breeding initiatives, facilitating the development of lentil varieties harboring diverse and desirable traits. In summation, this study contributes pivotal information to the scientific community, establishing a framework for subsequent research and progress in the improvement of lentil crops.</p> Shamsiya E. Mammadova Saltanat A. Aghayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 10 1181–1188 1181–1188 10.5281/zenodo.10421062 Aegilops tauschii Coss. molecular phylogeny in comparison with proteins electrophoretic polymorphism http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14436 <p>In the case of <em>Aegilops tauschii</em> the comparison of intraspecies molecular phylogeny based on DNA sequences of nuclear gene<em> Got2</em> with electrophoretic polymorphism of allozymes and hystone H1 proteins is actually a comparison of the one detailed phylogenetic tree with a set of low resolution trees. It could help to understand peculiarities of the species evolutionary history and role of cross-pollination in it. Proteins polymorphism patterns rather satisfactory corresponded to <em>Got2</em> DNA tree. Electrophoretic polymorphism of essentially polymorphic in <em>Ae. tauschii</em> subsp. <em>strangulata</em> protein encoding loci considered (<em>Ak, Est2, Got1, Got3, Hst2, Hst3</em>) and essentially polymorphic in <em>Ae. tauschii</em> subsp. <em>tauschii</em> locus <em>Fdp</em> displayed correspondence with the molecular phylogenetic tree: each allele was common or predominant on some branches of the tree and rare or absent on the other. In contrast, alleles of <em>Cat2</em> locus, <em>Cat2<sup>35</sup></em> and <em>Cat2<sup>140</sup></em>, were “scattered” sporadically through Ae. tauschii subsp. tauschii branches on phylogenetic tree. Also in <em>Ae. tauschii</em> subsp. <em>tauschii</em> a set of different extremely rare allozyme alleles, <em>Acph4<sup>113</sup>, Aco2<sup>110</sup>, Mdh1<sup>113</sup>, Nadhd1<sup>8</sup></em><sup>8</sup>, was found among three out of four accessions belonging to one of the relict clades of this subspecies on the molecular phylogenetic tree. The data obtained displayed that subsp. <em>tauschii</em>, now being relatively less polymorphic than subsp. <em>strangulata</em>, in ancient times had good opportunities for genetic exchange between its different phylogenetic lineages, all but one of which are relicts in present time. And the patterns of <em>Hst3<sup>977</sup></em> allele occurrences indicated cross-pollination between subsp. <em>tauschii</em> and subsp. <em>strangulata</em>.</p> Alexander J. Dudnikov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 10 1167–1180 1167–1180 10.5281/zenodo.10400957 Ecological and geographical studies of Poa versicolor (Poaceae) aggregate in Asian Russia and adjacent territories http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14359 <p>Aggregate <em>Pоа versicolor </em>(Poaceae) contains closely related xeromorphic species distributed mainly in temperate regions of Asia. The most common species are <em>P. transbaicalica</em>, <em>P. relaxa</em>, <em>P. ochotensis</em>,&nbsp; <em>P.&nbsp;</em> <em>botryoides </em>and <em>P. argunensis</em>. They play an important role in the structure of steppe communities, but this aggregate is known to be difficult for the systematics. The previous research of morphological diversity and distribution confirmed morphological and geographical diversification within the aggregate, however, their ecological-climatic niches were not studied. The goal of this study was to reveal whether the species of the <em>P. versicolor </em>aggregate occupied the equivalent or similar niches, or the morphological diversification was accompanied by niche change. Equivalence and similarity tests were used. A comparative study of the ecological-climatic niches showed that the niches only of the most similar pairs <em>P. transbaicalica </em>– <em>P. botryoides</em>, and <em>P. argunensis </em>– <em>P. botryoides </em>were identical or equivalent. All other pairs of species were not identical and confirmed the expected diversification, revealed by previous morphological and geographic analysis. Nevertheless, the studies using the background test, which takes into account environmental features, has revealed niche conservatism at the aggregate level. The ecological-climatic niches of five species within the <em>P. versicolor </em>aggregate proved to be similar, but not equivalent in all species. Thus, our data show that partial or complete geographic divergence and morphological diversification of species is not accompanied by diversification of their ecological niches.</p> Marina V. Olonova Tatyana S. Vysokikh Roman S. Romanets Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 10 1141–1166 1141–1166 10.5281/zenodo.10360637 Anthropogenic impacts on Ajinohur arid forests of Azerbaijan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14330 <p>Degradation of forest resources and deforestation, insufficient satisfaction of society's needs and demands for environmental, social and economic goods and services, insufficient participation of stakeholders and cross-sector collaboration in forestry practices are the main challenges of forest management in Azerbaijan. One of the main factors influencing and changing arid ecosystems is human economic activity. Ajinohur arid forests are located in the southern part of the Ajinohur foothills of Azerbaijan between the Alijanchay and Goychay rivers. The total area of the Ajinohur foothills is 152544.53 ha, where arid forests are 9379.61 ha (6.14%), and lowland forests are 5182.14 ha (3.4%), mainly mountain-steppe landscape prevails here (81.6%). The arid forests of the Ajinohur foothills are intensively used for agriculture, and therefore, are subject to strong anthropogenic impact. In this regard, in 2021–2022, we conducted research on the study of the current ecological state of arid forests, compiled maps using GIS technologies. It was established that, according to the degree of anthropogenic impact and the level of transformation, the landscapes of the Ajinohur arid forests are divided into the following groups: unaltered (7.2% of the total area), slightly modified (83.34%) and intensively modified (9.42%) landscapes. The ecological state of lowland forests is more unsatisfied compared to dry woodlands, where landscapes with a critical ecological state account for 57.31%.</p> Adama Togola Mahluga M. Yusifova Narmina A. Sadigova Aytekin A. Akhundova Leyli R. Karimova Kamala G. Nuriyeva Gunel R. Sariyeva Zarkhanim T. Agayeva Sabina A. Jafarzadeh Saltanat A. Aghayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-10 2023-12-10 10 1125–1140 1125–1140 10.5281/zenodo.10297250 Review of Semagystia monticola species group (Lepidoptera, Cossidae: Cossinae) with description of four new species from Central Asia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14326 <p>The article gives a revision of the <em>Semagystia monticola </em>(Groum-Grshimaïlo, 1890) species group (Lepidoptera, Cossidae, Cossinae). The group comprises nine valid species. Detailed data on the distribution of all the species are provided. Four new species from Central Asia are described: <em>S. churkini </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Kyrgyzstan, Moldo-Too Range, Kichine-Kindyk River), <em>S.</em> <em>fomichevi </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Tajikistan, Eastern Pamir Mts., Zulumart [Palangguzar] Mt. Rg.), <em>S. toropovi </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Kirgizia, Tschatkal Mt., Sary-Chelek lake), and <em>S. uvaydo </em>Yakovlev &amp; Shapoval, sp. n. (Type locality: Tajikistan, Darvaz Mts., Khozratishoh Range, Khaburobot pass). The article is illustrated with imagoes of specimens from different localities and male genitalia of all new species.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Roman V. Yakovlev Nazar A. Shapoval Galina N. Shapoval Artem E. Naydenov Polina D. Pavlova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-08 2023-12-08 10 1109–1123 1109–1123 10.5281/zenodo.10285509 Identification of fertility zones and assessment of potential crop yield based on biological farming approaches http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14289 <p>The biopotential productivity of agricultural land, along with the preservation of the biological diversity of adjacent landscapes through the development and implementation of high-tech agricultural technologies, is of critical concern in the current climatic changes and urbanization. The article reports the results of an integrated approach to the development of task maps for differentiated seeding and mineral fertilization using various tillage techniques (conventional subsurface tillage and no-till) in the experimental fields of two farms in the Altai Krai. The farms are located in the Aleiskaya soil and climate zone. The soils in the experimental fields showed a very low nitrate nitrogen content, which did not exceed 3.0 mg/kg of soil in the upper (0–10 cm) layer and 2.7 mg/kg of soil in the 10–20 cm layer. We revealed that one of the main indicators that affects soil fertility is the spatial differentiation of the humus content of humus and the main nutrients. Soil moisture was found to vary at different soil depths (11.4–25.3%), indicating a significant effect of soil fertility grades and autumn tillage techniques on moisture accumulation and distribution at different soil depths in spring, and consequently on the vegetation soil moisture regime and crop yield.</p> Natalia V. Ovcharova Marina M. Silantieva Vladimir I. Belyaev Yuri A. Gulyanov Lyudmila V. Sokolova Tatiana G. Plutalova Irina Yu. Botvich Dmitriy V. Emelyanov Nikolai P. Belov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-06 2023-12-06 10 1083–1107 1083–1107 10.5281/zenodo.10255212 To the fauna of Geophilomorpha (Chilopoda) of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14212 <p>Genus <em>Stenotaenia</em> C.L. Koch, 1847 is new to the fauna of the Middle Asia. The following taxa are new to the fauna of Turkmenistan: family Mecistocephalidae, genus <em>Krateraspis </em>Lignau, 1929, <em>K. meinerti </em>(Sseliwanoff, 1881), and genus <em>Stenotaenia </em>C.L. Koch, 1847. Genus <em>Geophilus </em>Leach, 1814 and <em>G. lindbergi </em>(Loksa, 1971) are new to Uzbekistan. All new records are illustrated. An updated list of the chilopod species dwelling in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan is provided.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-03 2023-12-03 10 1073 1082 10.5281/zenodo.10239340 Assessment of landscape ecological stability in the border postvirgin regions of the Urals and Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14180 <p>In the steppe regions of the Urals and Siberia bordering the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK), there is a noticeable spatial dynamics of the land fund structure and the environmental sustainability of the territory, characterized by geographical peculiarities and confinement to international transport communications. The border municipalities of the Orenburg Oblast are characterized by a greater relative size of agricultural lands, agricultural lands, hayfields, and pastures with a smaller share of arable lands, perennial plantations, and non-agricultural lands. The index of landscape ecological stability (ILES, 1.13) is 0.29 p.p. higher than that of the oblast as a whole (0.84) and corresponds to a conditionally stable state. In the Altai Krai municipalities bordering with the RK there is an excess of the regional average relative values for the area of SPNA (specially protected nature areas), pastures, non-agricultural lands and fallow lands, a close share of agricultural land and a smaller share of agricultural land, arable land, perennial plantations and hay fields. The average ILES value (1.08) is 0.09 p.p. lower than in Altai Krai as a whole and 0.05 p.p. lower than in the border municipalities of the Orenburg Oblast. The location of bordering municipalities to international transport communications is accompanied by a trend towards decreasing ILES. To a greater extent, it is connected with the increasing share of arable land in the structure of land, especially in territories predisposed to the production of marginal crops (oilseeds, melons).</p> Yuriy A. Gulyanov Alexander A. Chibilyov Marina М. Silantieva Natalia V. Ovcharova Lyudmila V. Sokolova Yuriy A. Padalko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 10 1037–1060 1037–1060 10.5281/zenodo.10213047 Lepidoptera of South Ossetia (Northern Transcaucasia). Part IV. Microlepidoptera: Adelidae to Choreutidae http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14181 <p>A list of 143 species of Microlepidoptera from 27 families is provided, compiled based on the results of processing materials collected in 2021−2022; all species are recorded for the first time for the territory of South Ossetia.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sergey Yu. Sinev Vasiliy V. Anikin Vladimir I. Piskunov Aleksandr N. Streltzov Petr Y. Ustjuzhanin Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 10 1061–1072 1061–1072 10.5281/zenodo.10213217 The contribution of the "Darwin Initiative" collection in the Lake Baikal benthic diatom survey http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14110 <p>The joint Russian-British collection "Darwin Initiative. Benthic samples of Lake Baikal", was established at the end of the 1990s. Here we briefly overview the data on the survey of the Lake Baikal coastal diatom diversity obtained exclusively using the materials from the collection and methods of light and scanning electron microscopy. The collection contains over 500 initial samples taken at 53 stations of the lake littoral zone from depths 1–20 m. Studying the samples Russian and foreign algologists have identified many new for science diatom taxa, including over 20 genera and 750 species. Data on the collection survey are published in six monographs and atlases, and more than 20 scientific papers. The observed patterns of diversity, distribution, and levels of endemicity in different taxa of Lake Baikal benthic diatoms are discussed.</p> Tatyana A. Sherbakova Galina V. Pomazkina Dmitri Yu. Sherbakov Yelena V. Rodionova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-26 2023-11-26 10 1023–1035 1023–1035 10.5281/zenodo.10199611 First record of the invasive bark beetle Polygraphus proximus Blandford (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in the Republic of Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14104 <p>The four-eyed fir bark beetle, <em>Polygraphus</em> <em>proximus</em> Blandford, 1894 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), is an aggressive invasive species originating from Far East. Over the past two decades, it distributed across Siberia, traversed the Urals and invaded some regions of the European part of Russia. In the secondary range, the pest kills heathy tree stands of Siberian fir, <em>Abies sibirica </em>Ledeb. (Pinaceae), both in native forests and man-made plantings, resulting in profound ecological and economic consequences. Here we report the first documented occurrence of this invasive pest in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Infested Siberian fir trees were discovered in the forest nearby Karaguzhikha village (East Kazakhstan Region), approximately 43 km away from Novoaleiskoye village (Altai Territory, Russia), where the pest was detected in 2016. The presence of trees colonized by the invasive pest and dead trees with specific symptoms in the examined forest stand suggest that <em>P. proximus </em>has likely been present in northeastern Kazakhstan for around a decade. The illustrations of affected habitat, male and female beetles and their morphological features are provided, and the early data on the damage caused by <em>P.</em> <em>proximus </em>and the potential for range expansions are discussed. The monitoring would be required to define the actual frontier of the pest distribution in Kazakhstan. Furthermore, it is imperative to alert the relevant authorities in Kazakhstan about the potential threat posed by this invasive tree-killer to native fir stands in the country.</p> Natalia I. Kirichenko Valentin V. Rudoi Anton A. Efremenko Alexander V. Petrov Yuri N. Baranchikov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-25 2023-11-25 10 1003–1022 1003–1022 10.5281/zenodo.10199570 Specific peculiarities of woody-tree radial growth in icing areas of the Altai mountains http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14095 <p>The following features of the radial growth of <em>Picea obovata </em>L., <em>Larix sibirica </em>L., and <em>Pinus sibirica </em>Du Tour in the icing areas of Altai were analyzed: changes in growth along the trunk height, synchronicity of individual tree-ring chronologies, and sensitivity of generalized chronologies. The dependence of the width of the annual rings of the studied trees using such indicators as the volume and area of icing, the date of gathering of icing and the index of the intensity of icing formation was established. For the analysis, data from the state hydrometeorological station, remote sensing of Earth, literary sources, and materials from our own dendrochronological works were used.</p> Nikolay I. Bykov Natalia V. Rygalova Anna A. Shigimaga Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-23 2023-11-23 10 987–1001 987–1001 10.5281/zenodo.10255096 New data on the spitting spiders (Araneae: Scytodidae) of Southeast Asia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/14061 <p>A new species, <em>Dictis oranhutan </em>sp. n., is diagnosed and described from the Sumatra Island (Indonesia) based on a single male. The Pantropical <em>Scytodes fusca </em>Walckenaer, 1837 is recorded from this island for the first time. <em>Dictis elongata </em>Dankittipakul &amp; Singtripop, 2010, initially described from Thailand, is redescribed and recorded from Laos for the first time, representing the first record of the genus in this country. Detailed descriptions, digital photographs and a map of distributional records of Scytodidae in the Indomalayan Realm are provided.</p> Alexander A. Fomichev Mikhail M. Omelko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 10 975–986 975–986 10.5281/zenodo.10156248 Environmental impact on phytolith morphometric parameters by example crenate morphotype of Dactylis glomerata L. leaves (South of Western Siberia, Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13982 <p>Morphometric parameters of phytoliths are effectively applied in identifying fossil remains of cultivated grass species. The research of intraspecific trait variation it phytolith size and shape will expand the possibilities of applying morphometric studies. The aim of the study is to assess the degree of intraspecific variability of <em>D. glomerata </em>crenate phytoliths in response to coenotic and climatic factors. 6 habitats have been studied in the south of Western Siberia (Kulunda lowland and Altai mountains). A high amplitude of intraspecific and intrapopulation variability of morphometric characteristics of crenate phytoliths <em>D. glomerata </em>has been revealed. Most of the parameters correlate with the amount of annual precipitation. According to the totality of all 17 morphometric parameters, phytoliths of forest and herbaceous ecosystems differ from each other. Thus, crenate phytolith size and shape are influenced by climatic and coenotic factors.</p> Marina Yu. Solomonova Tatiana A. Zhembrovskaya Alena D. Lyashchenko Sergey D. Kotov Natalia Yu. Speranskaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-13 2023-11-13 10 953–973 953–973 10.5281/zenodo.10101537 Development and transformation of floodplain territories by ants http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13981 <p>The article provides an overview of the works devoted to the role of ants in the transformation of floodplain territories and the formation of a peculiar landscape. The importance of floodplain ecosystems characterized by high productivity has been repeatedly noted by numerous researchers. There is ample evidence of the significant contribution of ants to the development and transformation of natural and anthropogenic disturbed areas. However, the contribution of ants and the inhabitants associated with anthills to the formation and development of floodplain ecosystems in Siberia remains poorly understood. The study of the role of ants in the floodplain ecosystems of the Ob will allow us to assess their contribution to changes in the productivity of floodplain soils and predict options for agricultural development of floodplain ecosystems of Western Siberia.</p> Bogdan Mikhaleiko Sergey N. Kirpotin Andrei S. Babenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-12 2023-11-12 10 943–952 943–952 10.5281/zenodo.10101342 First record of Coryssomerus capucinus (Beck, 1817) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from Novosibirskaya Oblast, Western Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13933 <p>The first record of <em>Coryssomerus capucinus </em>(Beck, 1817) (Curculionidae: Conoderinae: Conoderitae: Coryssomerini) from Novosibirskaya Oblast is given. The distribution map in Siberia, illustrations and redescription of this species are presented. It is the first record from Novosibirskaya Oblast and the easternmost finding of <em>C. capucinus</em>.</p> Andrei A. Legalov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 10 915 920 10.5281/zenodo.10075914 New records of Lepidoptera from Kunashir Island (Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13937 <p>This article presents the first records of five species of moths and butterflies from Kunashir Island. We report on the first records of <em>Lampides boeticus </em>(Linnaeus, 1767), <em>Macroglossum saga </em>Butler, 1878, <em>Ampelophaga rubiginosa </em>Bremer &amp; Grey, 1853, <em>Catocala electa </em>(Vieweg, 1790), and <em>C. praegnax </em>Walker, 1858 from Kunashir Island. Additionally, we provide commentary on the distribution of <em>Bombyx mandarina </em>(Moore, 1872), <em>Caligula japonica </em>Moore, 1862, <em>C. jonasii </em>(Butler, 1877), <em>Macroglossum stel</em><em>latarum </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>M. pyrrhosticta </em>Butler, 1875, <em>Agrius convolvuli </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Catocala dula </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. lara </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. dissimilis </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. deuteronympha </em>Staudinger, 1861, <em>C. nupta </em>(Linnaeus, 1767), <em>C. fraxini </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Lymantria mathura </em>(Moore, 1866), and <em>Orgyia thyellina </em>(Butler, 1881).</p> Elizaveta A. Spitsyna Vitaly M. Spitsyn Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 10 921–935 921–935 10.5281/zenodo.10077549 First record of Dieckmanniellus nitidulus (Gyllenhal, 1838) (Coleoptera, Brentidae) from Altaiskii Krai, Western Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13940 <p>The first record of <em>Dieckmanniellus nitidulus</em> (Gyllenhal, 1838) (Brentidae: Nanophyinae: Nanophyini) from Altaiskii Krai is given. The distribution map, illustrations and redescription of this species are presented.</p> Andrei A. Legalov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 10 937 942 10.5281/zenodo.10078434 The checklist of geometrid moths (Lepidoptera) of Altai Krai with new regional records and tree pest overview http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13925 <p>Here we provide the checklist of geometrid moths for Altai Krai compiled based on original data, published records and exploration of the Geometridae collection stored in the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St Petersburg). The checklist accounts 262 species discovered in Altai Krai in 1897–2023. Among them, nine species collected during our field trips are documented for the region for the first time: <em>Eilicrinia cordiaria </em>(Hübner, 1790), <em>Charissa </em>(<em>Dysgnophos</em>) <em>turfosaria </em>(Wehrli, 1922), <em>Jankowskia bituminaria </em>(Lederer, 1853), <em>Apocheima hispidaria </em>([Denis &amp; Schiffermüller], 1775), <em>Macaria </em>(<em>Speranza</em>) <em>halituaria </em>(Guenée, 1858), <em>Scopula dignata </em>(Guenée, [1858]), <em>Cyclophora pendularia </em>(Clerck, 1759), <em>Eupithecia orphnata </em>W.Petersen, 1909 and <em>Eupithecia thalictrata </em>(Püngeler, 1902). Overall, 42 out of 262 geometrid species (i.e. 16%) from 29 genera are known as tree pests enabling to cause significant damage to their host plants in the region and beyond.</p> Artem E. Naydenov Yurij E. Perunov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-08 2023-11-08 10 885–914 885–914 10.5281/zenodo.10083633 An approach for spatial analysis on the medieval Ust-Voikar settlement (subarctic Western Siberia) using macroremains and non-pollen palynomorphs http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13909 <p>The settlement of Ust-Voikar is one of the unique multilayered archaeological sites of north-west Siberia. The settlement was inhabited in the late Middle Ages and the early modern period by the Ob Ugrian or northern Khanty ethnographic group. Due to the presence of a frozen cultural layer ruins of wooden residential buildings and other organic materials are well preserved. Plant macroremain, pollen and non-pollen palynomorph (NPP) analyses were applied to samples of the cultural layer from different parts of buildings and from space between them to establish the vegetation cover, plants used by the population, and differences between functional zones in the buildings. For the first time, the NPP analysis combined with statistical methods were used to clarify the settlement planning and human economic activity. Plant communities around the Ust-Voikar settlement were typical for the northern taiga subzone, some settlement's areas were overgrown with weed vegetation. Residents did not engage in agriculture and used local plant resources for construction, medicinal and food purposes. According to macroremain and NPP data were reconstructed (i) the use of spruce branches and cereal bedding indoors and outdoors on wet sites; (ii) the careful use of fire indoors; (iii) the presence of animals indoors; and (iv) whipworm infection. The cluster analysis and principal component analysis of NPPs helped to clarify the planning affiliations of several samples with the unclear origin and to suggest ways in which archaeological objects were used by the inhabitants.</p> Snezhana V. Zhilich Olga M. Korona Yuriy N. Garkusha Ivan K. Iakovlev Elena G. Lapteva Andrei V. Novikov Natalia A. Rudaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-07 2023-11-07 10 845–884 845–884 10.5281/zenodo.10072557 New records of Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky, 1871) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) in Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13908 <p>Dangerous invasive pest the City longhorn beetle <em>Aeolesthes sarta </em>(Solsky, 1871) is firstly recorded from West Kazakhstan. The finds of <em>A. sarta </em>from Mangystau Oblast of West Kazakhstan are currently the northernmost and westernmost localities for this species and new records for Central Asia. The finds of this species in Kyzylorda Oblast (Zhanakorgan, Baikenge and Shieli vill.) show gradual penetration of this species into the south and west of Kazakhstan, and Taraz into the southeast of the country. Thus, the species spreads across the territory of Kazakhstan both in the western and eastern directions. The reasons for the resettlement are both accidental importation with building wood and planting material, and climate warming, which allows it to gain a foothold in previously inaccessible habitats. The species composition of trees damaged by <em>A. sarta </em>in Kazakhstan is identified. The most populated trees were black poplar Populus nigra and silver poplar <em>P. alba</em>, silverberry <em>Elaeagnus angus</em><em>tifolia </em>and Siberian elm <em>Ulmus pumila</em>, the least populated were Sogdian ash <em>Fraxinus sogdiana</em>, honey locust <em>Gleditsia triacanthos </em>and ashleaf maple <em>Acer negundo</em>.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 10 831–843 831–843 10.5281/zenodo.10069433 Reconstruction of root zone soil moisture according to the data from passive microwave radiometer and machine learning in the arid steppe region of Southern Western Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13907 <p>Our study focuses on reconstruction root zone soil moisture (RZSM) in the Kulunda plain, a representative dry steppe area in southern Western Siberia, using remote sensing data (RSD) and machine learning techniques. We employed modern machine learning methods with soil surface layer moisture data from the AMSR2 passive microwave radiometer as the primary predictor. Additionally, we incorporated data from local meteorological and soil hydrological stations, as well as gravity lysimeter data for 2015–2017. This choice of predictors was based on the extensive time series of continuous observations and the availability of selected meteorological parameters. Among the machine learning models we evaluated, Random Forest (RF) and Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGW) yielded the best results, achieving statistical metrics of R-squared (R2) values of 0.96 and 0.94, respectively, with corresponding root mean square error (RMSE) values of 0.34 and 0.41.</p> Andrei A. Bondarovich Egor Yu. Mordvin Nikita M. Pochyomin Anatoly A. Lagutin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-04 2023-11-04 10 805–829 805–829 10.5281/zenodo.10061576 Biology of Crocidura sibirica Dukelsky, 1930 in the southern West Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13856 <p>Our paper reflects the data of a comprehensive study of the main biological characteristics of the Siberian shrew <em>Crocidura sibirica </em>Dukelsky, 1930. 921 specimens were examined for the period 1978–2020. It has been found that the Siberian shrew is attracted to habitats that have been significantly disturbed by human activity (logging sites, hayfields, reclaimed coal dumps, burned areas), but avoids completely degraded areas and urban ecosystems. It reaches its maximum abundance in the low-mountain belt of the Kuznetsk Alatau in hay meadows. The population of the Siberian shrew is subject to cyclic fluctuations with a frequency of 3–4 years. Seasonal activity peaks in mid-August and September, with breeding in the second half of summer and early fall. Among the one-year-old animals, the predominance of males is observed. The diurnal activity of the Siberian shrew is polyphasic, mainly nocturnal. Peaks of highest activity were observed at 23–24 hours and 6–9 hours. In terms of running speed, digging ability, and swimming ability, the Siberian shrew is significantly inferior to its trophic competitors, the other shrews. In interspecific encounters, neutral, friendly interactions predominate; aggression is ritualized. In intraspecific encounters with large shrews, the Siberian shrew will occupy a shelter and attempt to drive an opponent from it. The food spectrum is based on the imaginal and larval stages of insects, arachnids, and centipedes. Among insects, ground beetle larvae, Brachycera, and Hymenoptera are the most preferred foods. The identified food spectrum corresponds to the biotopic distribution of invertebrates, indicating the absence of food selectivity. The trophic spectrum of the <em>C.</em> <em>sibirica </em>overlaps significantly with that of sympatric species of other shrews. Given the significant overlap of the spatial ecological niche, it can be assumed that the Siberian shrew avoids competitive interactions for food resources due to the mismatch of the peak of seasonal activity. Under the influence of competitive interactions with numerous species of the genus <em>Sorex</em>, the main features of the biology of the <em>C. sibirica </em>were formed.</p> Ekaterina M. Luchnikova Vadim B. Ilyashenko Alexander V. Kovalevskiy Kirill S. Zubko Evgeniya D. Vdovina Natalya S. Teplova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 10 783–803 783–803 10.5281/zenodo.10043264 New data on true bugs (Heteroptera) from the Tigirek Strict Reserve (Altai Krai, Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13849 <p>The paper contains data on 79 species of true bugs, collected by the third author at of the Tigirek Strict Reserve in 2013–2015, comprising 23 species new for the Asian part of Russia, Western Siberia, the Altai Krai and the reserve area. The species recorded for the first time include <em>Heterogaster artemisiae </em>Schilling, 1829 (Lygaeidae) for the Asian part of Russia, <em>Tingis </em>(<em>Tingis</em>) <em>crispata </em>(Herrich-Schaeffer, 1838) (Tingidae) for Siberia, and <em>Sacculifer picticeps </em>Kerzhner, 1959 (Miridae) for Western Siberia. Five new species were recorded for the Altai Krai: <em>Himacerus </em>(<em>Himacerus</em>) <em>apterus </em>(Fabricius, 1798) (Nabidae); <em>Charagochilus </em>(<em>Charagochilus</em>) <em>gyllenhalii </em>(Fallén, 1807) (Miridae); <em>Berytinus </em>(<em>Lizinus</em>) <em>crassipes </em>(Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835) (Berytidae); <em>Lamproplax membranea </em>Distant, 1883, <em>Trapezonotus </em>(<em>Gnopherus</em>) <em>anorus </em>(Flor, 1860) (Lygaeidae). For the fauna of the Tigirek Strict Reserve, the species recorded for the first time include <em>Nabis </em>(<em>Nabis</em>) <em>rugosus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) (Nabidae); <em>Deraeocoris </em>(<em>Deraeocoris</em>) <em>ater </em>(Jakovlev, 1889), <em>Halticus apterus apterus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Criocoris quadrimaculatus </em>(Fallén, 1807), <em>Europiella artemisiae </em>(Becker, 1864) (Miridae); <em>Acalypta marginata </em>(Wolff, 1804), <em>Dic</em><em>tyla humuli </em>(Fabricius, 1794) (Tingidae); <em>Camptotelus lineolatus lineolatus </em>(Schilling, 1829), <em>Drymus </em>(<em>Sylvadrymus</em>) <em>brunneus brunneus </em>(R.F. Sahlberg, 1848), <em>Trapezonotus </em>(<em>Trapezonotus</em>) <em>arenarius arenarius </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Megalonotus chiragra </em>(Fabricius, 1794) (Lygaeidae); <em>Stictopleurus viridicatus </em>(Uhler, 1872) (Rhopalidae); <em>Canthophorus impressus </em>(Horváth, 1880) (Cydnidae); <em>Eurygaster dilaticol</em><em>lis </em>Dorhn, 1860 (Scutelleridae); <em>Eurydema </em>(<em>Eurydema</em>) <em>gebleri gebleri </em>Kolenati, 1846 (Pentatomdiae). The material from the Tigirek Strict Reserve supports the distribution of <em>Stygnocoris rusticus </em>(Fallén,&nbsp;1807) (Lygaeidae) in the Altai Krai. The updated list of true bugs from the Tigirek Strict Reserve includes 199 species from 20 families.</p> Valentin V. Rudoi Nikolay N. Vinokurov Tatiana M. Krugova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-27 2023-10-27 10 755–782 755–782 10.5281/zenodo.10039143 The use of attractants in the application of food-baits against termites http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13787 <p>The article presents the results of scientific research on the identification of attractants in the development of food-baits against termites of the genus <em>Anacanthotermes</em>.</p> Zumrat Ganieva Mukhabbat Khashimova Kakhraman Rustamov Voxid Akhmedov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-12 2023-10-12 10 747–754 747–754 10.5281/zenodo.10121028 Morphological and molecular identification of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes in Surkhandarya region, Uzbekistan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13781 <p>Mosquitoes of the genus <em>Anopheles</em> Meigen, 1818 are representatives of blood-sucking insects from the family Culicidae. Some representatives of this genus carry malaria and distribute through humans. In Uzbekistan six species of malaria distributors have been recorded so far. Thus, investigating such kind of malaria distributors and determining the exact number of <em>Anopheles </em>species in order to prevent malaria epidemy in the republic is crucial. In this study we tried to study the species composition and ecology of mosquitoes of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>in Surkhandarya region and described the species characteristics of mosquitoes, both in terms of morphological and molecular genetic features. To reach our aim we collected samples of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>and conducted morphological, molecular-genetic and phylogenetic studies. According to results in the sampled collections of <em>Anopheles </em>mosquitoes, the ratio of males and females was 1:1. The nucleotide sequence data from the mtDNA of our sampled mosquitos were 99.8-100% similar with those of <em>An. hyrcanus </em>Pallas, 1771; <em>An. pulcherrimus </em>Theobald, 1902 and <em>An. superpictus </em>Grassi, 1899 derived from Genbank. Also, molecular genetic studies of adult mosquitoes from Surkhandarya region confirmed the data of their identification as identified by morphological characters. The sequences of their nucleotides were submitted to the database of the Genbank (NCBI). As a result of morphological studies of imago mosquitoes, it was found that 4 species of mosquitoes of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>occur in natural landscapes of Surkhandarya region: <em>An. claviger </em>Meigen, 1804; <em>An. hyrcanus</em>, <em>An. pulcherrimus </em>and <em>An. superpictus</em>.</p> Gavkhar Mardanova Alisher Khurramov Abdurahim Kuchboev Oybek Amirov Natalya Lebedeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-10 2023-10-10 10 729–745 729–745 10.5281/zenodo.8418793 Dynamics of ground beetle (Carabidae) populations at rock dumps in an open-pit coal mine: modeling the influence of environmental factors http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13721 <p>Mineral mining's adverse environmental effects encompass pollution of air, surface, and ground waters, as well as soil disruption. Kuzbass (south of West Siberia, Russia) exemplifies this impact due to open-pit coal mining, leading to the emergence of man-made landscapes like dumps and quarries. Mining firms undertake reclamation efforts on post-technogenic zones. Evaluating dump restoration involves assessing vegetation and animal components, including soil invertebrates and ground beetles, which are sensitive bioindicators of environmental health. The ecological balance of any species hinges on various environmental factors, both biotic and abiotic. Determining the most influential factors for a species' ecological niche is challenging. This study is part of an extensive investigation into the succession of ground-dwelling arthropods across varying-aged coal mine rock dumps in Kuzbass. Pitfall traps were employed from 2013 to 2022, yielding over 47,000 ground beetle specimens. A unique statistical model, computed in R, gauged the impact of environmental factors on ground beetle abundance. Predictors encompassed ground level temperature, hydrothermal coefficient (HTC), soil pH, Soil Organic Carbon (SOC), Total N, vegetation cover, turf extent, and succession stage. All these factors significantly influenced beetle numbers. Probabilistic graphical models effectively elucidated key relationships between species groups and environmental variables. Monitoring ground beetle community succession in technogenic zones necessitates comprehensive consideration of intricate environmental interactions.</p> Sergey L. Luzyanin Anatoly A. Saveliev Rifgat R. Shagidullin Raisa A. Sukhodolskaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-06 2023-10-06 10 709–727 709–727 10.5281/zenodo.8404574 Unveiling copepod diversity and faunal patterns in Middle Siberia: insights from Tiksi settlement vicinity http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13611 <p>The study addresses an uneven and incomplete understanding of copepod fauna in Middle Siberia, particularly in its northeastern region. While the microcrustacean composition in the Lena River Delta is well documented, the Tiksi settlement vicinity, nearby the Lena Delta, remains unexplored. This research focuses on characterizing copepod crustaceans in Tiksi's waters. The collected data enriches the microcrustacean distribution database in Arctic and Subarctic regions worldwide and facilitates an analysis of copepod faunal variation in northeastern Eurasia. A total of 64 copepod species were discovered near Tiksi, with 19 being newly identified for the region. Brackish water reservoirs and lakes demonstrated the greatest diversity within the fauna. The structure of copepod species complexes was consistent among water bodies of the same hydrological type. In brackish lagoons, bays, and lakes, species complexes exhibited intricate, multilevel functional and trophic structures. In contrast, rivers and streams displayed simplified complex structures. Around 20% of the examined fauna displayed East Asian-North American ranges, suggesting a connection to the ancient land of Beringia. Similarity among local Copepoda orders' faunas is linked to crustaceans' dispersal ability, with increasing similarity from Harpacticoida to Calanoida and Cyclopoida. Two distinct groups of regions with comparable faunas are recognized in northeastern Eurasia: European-Siberian, divided into European and Siberian branches, and Far Eastern. The potential existence of transitional zones between these groups is also discussed.</p> Aleksandr Novikov Ekaterina Abramova Anna Novichkova Elena Chertoprud Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-27 2023-09-27 10 683–708 683–708 10.5281/zenodo.8373633 Diversity, stratigraphy and ecology of diatoms and plant pollen in the Miocene-Pliocene sediments of the Vitim Plateau (Baikal region, Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13604 <p>We performed lithogeochemical and biostratigraphical studies of the core from the hole 8182 in the Northern paleovalley of Vitim Plateau. According to lithogeochemical characteristics of the sediments in the section, 5 members were found out. Three lower ones characterize the Dzhilinda suite, two upper ones – the Khoygot stratum. The analysis of biodiversity and fossil diatom algae distribution in the core resulted in revealing of 137 species and varieties of diatom algae related to 50 genera. Four diatom zones (DZ) were established by appearing or disappearing of index species. Ecological and geographic analysis showed domination of planktonic, indifferent, cosmopolite species. Palynological analysis revealed three pollen members with reconstruction of vegetation of forest type reflecting the vector of cooling and climate change from moderately warm one in Middle-Late Miocene to moderately cool in Early Pliocene.</p> Мarina Usoltseva Lyubov’ Titova Abdulmonem Hassan Svetlana Reshetova Еlena Rodionova Мarina Maslennikova Irina Chuvashova Sergei Rasskazov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-26 2023-09-26 10 643–682 643–682 10.5281/zenodo.8373408 Fauna and population of non-Passerine birds in the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River (Altai Territory, Bolsherechensky reserve) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13575 <p>The purpose of this paper is to provide additional information on the non-Passerine bird fauna and populations in the Bolsherechensky Nature Reserve, specifically within the Bolshaya Rechka River valley. Located in Altai Krai, the reserve occupies a typical territory of the Upper Ob forest massif. Protecting the habitats of rare and endangered bird species is one of the primary goals of the reserve. However, despite previous studies, our understanding of the avifauna and bird populations remains insufficient. To address this, we conducted bird surveys in the reserve during spring and summer of 2012, 2013, 2017, and 2021, specifically within the Bolshaya Rechka River valley. The results revealed that the summer breeding community of non-Passerine birds in the Bolsherechensky reserve consists of 48 species from 18 families and 12 orders. Additionally, we discovered 11 rare and endangered bird species previously unrecorded in the reserve. In particular, seven of these species lack specific distribution information in the latest regional Red Data Books, including the Black stork (<em>Ciconia nigra</em>), Oriental honey buzzard (<em>Pernis</em><em> ptilorhynchus</em>), Peregrine falcon (<em>Falco</em><em> peregrinus</em>), Red-footed falcon (<em>Falco vespertinus</em>), Common wood pigeon (<em>Columba palumbus</em>), Eurasian pygmy owl (<em>Glaucidium passerinum</em>), and European bee-eater (<em>Merops apiaster</em>). In general, our study significantly improves our knowledge of the non-Passerine bird fauna and population of non-Passerine birds in the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River within the Bolsherechensky Nature Reserve. The findings are valuable for the improvement of biodiversity protection measures.</p> Sergey V. Vazhov Alex V. Matsyura Viktor M. Vazhov Elena V. Cherdantseva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-24 2023-09-24 10 625–641 625–641 10.5281/zenodo.8370739 Monitoring the snow leopard population in the Altai Mountains (Chikhachev Ridge, Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13574 <p>The snow leopard population has been monitored on the Chikhacvhev Ridge for 10 years since 2011 using camera traps. In 2021, a male was recorded. We recorded several concurrent predatory species, like red fox, Pallas’s cat, wolverine, and brown bear, and prey species Altai marmots. The snow leopards performed visual and olfactory marking at their area. We concluded that snow leopards in this transboundary mountain area were active at temperatures up to 3°C in summer period.</p> Maksim R. Parkhomenko Tatyana V. Antonenko Alex V. Matsyura Sergey V. Spitsyn Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 10 617–624 617–624 10.5281/zenodo.8365455 Hybridisation in Colias butterflies (Lepidoptera, Pieridae): identification of natural hybrids using unlinked molecular markers http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13549 <p>In this report, we analyze a wild-caught <em>Colias </em>specimen from Kyrgyzstan with unusual wing pattern, which was provisionally identified as a natural hybrid between <em>Colias christophi helialaica </em>Schulte, 1988 and <em>Colias cocandica cocandica </em>Erschoff, 1874 due to its intermediate phenotype. Using one mitochondrial (<em>COI </em>barcode) and three nuclear (<em>Ca-ATPase</em>, <em>H3 </em>and <em>CAD </em>gene fragments) markers, we confirm its hybrid origin and demonstrate that this specimen is a hybrid between a female of <em>Colias christophi helialaica </em>and a male of <em>Colias cocandica cocandica</em>. Our study shows that an analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear molecular markers can successfully discriminate natural hybrids in such a taxonomically challenging group of butterflies as the genus <em>Colias</em>.</p> Nazar A. Shapoval Anatoly V. Krupitsky Roman V. Yakovlev Alexander V. Kir’yanov Galina N. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 10 605–616 605–616 10.5281/zenodo.8353128 Bruchidius marginalis (Fabricius, 1776) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae) – a species new to the Republic of Khakassia (Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13539 <p><em>Bruchidius marginalis</em>, a seed beetle, is found in various countries, the including the Baltic countries, Balkan peninsula, central, northern, and the western Europe, and Transcaucasian countries. In Russia, the species was previously noted in the south of its European part, Saratov and Kaliningrad regions. <em>Oxytropis pilosa</em>, a South Palearctic species, grows in central Europe, the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia, Mongolia, and Asia Minor. It is distributed in the steppe zone, insular steppes, forb and forb-grass steppes, and steppe meadows. A count of damaged <em>O. pilosa </em>seedlings was made and the percentage of fruit infection by seed-eating insects was calculated. The level of infestation in the <em>O. pilosa </em>fruits was 23%, and mass emergence of adults was observed in September. When examining leguminous plants for infection with seed-eating insects, a species of carpophage <em>Bruchidius marginalis </em>was identified, which is the first for the territory of the Republic of Khakassia.</p> Sofia V. Lopatina Sergey V. Lukyantsev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-13 2023-09-13 10 597–603 597–603 10.5281/zenodo.8333434 Jewel beetles (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) of Zhetysu Alatau (Kazakhstan) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13511 <p>Fifty-seven species and subspecies of jewel beetles (Buprestidae) from 20 genera, 11 tribes and 5 subfamilies (Julodinae, Polycestinae, Chrysochroinae, Buprestinae and Agrilinae) are recorded from Zhetysu (Dzhungar) Alatau Range. By species diversity at the subfamily level, the jewel beetles are distributed as follows: Julodinae – 1 species, Polycestinae – 5 species, Chrysochroinae - 14 species, Buprestinae – 14 species, Agrilinae – 22 species. At the genus level, <em>Agrilus </em>(15 species), <em>Sphenoptera </em>(9), <em>Acmaeoderella </em>(5), <em>Anthaxia </em>(5) and <em>Chrysobothris </em>(3) are the most abundant in the Zhetysu Alatau. The identified species of jewel beetles are confined to seven altitude belts and biotopes: the most populated is a shrub-steppe belt (25 species) followed by mountain-floodplain forests (14) and leaf-fir-forest belt (14), semidesert (11) and coniferous-forest (9) belts; medium-mountain mixedgrass belt (5) and subalpine meadows (2) demonstrate much poorer jewel beetle composition. Species of jewel beetles with known host plants are associated with arboreal and shrub plants from 21 families.</p> Aizhan M. Tleppaeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-10 2023-09-10 10 565–596 565–596 10.5281/zenodo.8327802 Interaction of microplastics and terrestrial and aquatic insects (bioaccumulation, degradation, ecotoxicological effects) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13502 <p>World production of convenient and durable materials made of synthetic plastics during the last 70 years caused the dispersal of microplastic particles in the environment. Microplastic pollution is the focus of interest worldwide due to its global distribution and adverse effects on living organisms. The largest number of studies addressing this issue explored the aquatic environment, yet terrestrial ecosystems also suffer from microplastic pollution. Insects are crucial for most terrestrial ecosystems. Few can compete with them in biomass productivity and species diversity, which makes them targets for studying the toxic bioaccumulation. This review article presents a systematic analysis of data on bioaccumulation, degradation of microplastics by aquatic and terrestrial entomofauna, and its ecotoxicological effects.</p> Mark Lee Anastasia V. Simakova Irina B. Babkina Ruslan T-o. Bagirov Yulia A. Frank Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-08 2023-09-08 10 549–564 549–564 10.5281/zenodo.8320656 Helminths of horses in Karakalpakstan: seasonal, spatial and age dynamics http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13494 <p>We studied 60 species of helminths from 29 genera, 17 families, 8 orders, 3 classes, and 2 phyla parasitize horses in various regions of Karakalpakstan. Horses have been shown to be hosts to 53 species of Nematoda, 5 species of Cestoda and 2 species of Trematoda. The prevalence of helminths ranges from 0.7% to 33.6% and the intensity of infection from 1 to 12,538 individuals. The article reveals the biocoenotic relationships between ungulates and their helminths established by trophic links and proves the character of formation of helminthofauna in ungulates under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors in the Aral Sea region. Additionally, the seasonal and age dynamics of horse infection with parascaridosis and setariasis in Karakalpakstan is determined.</p> Amaniyaz J. Kaniyazov Erkinjon B. Shakarboev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-07 2023-09-07 10 539–548 539–548 10.5281/zenodo.8317592 First record of Glycymeris taylori Angas, 1879 and two additional records of Azumapecten ruschenbergerii Tryon, 1869 and Lutraria australis Deshayes, 1855 from the north west of the Persian-Arabian Gulf http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13475 <p>The northwestern Persian-Arabian Gulf marine ecoregion has several bivalves recorded. The present study is to gather new bivalve distribution data from the Iraqi shore. From 2020 to 2021, three marine bivalves were found in the northwestern Arabian Gulf, Iraqi coast. <em>Glycymeris taylori </em>Angas, 1879 (family Glycymerididae) recorded for the first time from the Gulf, <em>Azumapecten ruschenbergerii </em>Tryon, 1869 (family Pectinidae) and <em>Lutraria australis </em>Deshayes, 1855 (family Mactridae). These new records illustrate the need for more concentrated marine diversity studies, particularly on bivalve groups in this biodiverse region.</p> Murtada D. Naser Amaal Gh. Yasser Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 10 521–527 521–527 10.5281/zenodo.8310919 Effect of precooking with sodium chloride and citric acid on residual amounts of lead and cadmium in rice http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13476 <p>Rice contamination with heavy metals has always been one of the main concerns of food health. The purpose of this research is to investigate the rice effect of the precooking process with sodium chloride and citric acid on the amounts of residual lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd). In the current study, eight brands of high-consumption rice were used in the Arak-Iran market and their amounts of Pb and Cd were measured using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Two rice brands, Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21, which contained the highest amounts of Pb and Cd, were selected and treated with soak (for 4h) and boiling (for 60 min) in 1% sodium chloride and 0.6% citric acid. The results showed that precooking Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21 rice samples with 1% NaCl reduced the amount of Pb by 15.7% and 16.2%, respectively. Furthermore, the amount of Cd was reduced by 10.5% and 10.8% for Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21, respectively. Furthermore, the results for precooking of Pakistani Moeid and Indian 21rice samples with 0.6 % citric acid showed a reduction in the amount of Pb by 9.3% and the amount of 8.9% and Cd by 11% and 9.6%, respectively. These numbers were in comparison with precooking rice with pure water. According to the results of this research, precooking rice samples with NaCl reduces the amount of Pb more effectively than that of Cd. Furthermore, precooking rice with citric acid reduces the amount of Pb and Cd by almost the same amount. In general, precooking rice with NaCl is more effective in reducing heavy metal contamination compared to citric acid.</p> Mohammad Reza Sangi Seyed Mehdi Talebi Mohaddeseh Hayatpour Alex Matsyura Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 10 529–538 529–538 10.5281/zenodo.8310970 Seasonal migrations of the Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava (Aves, Passeriformes) according to results of the trapping and ringing data for sixty-four years in the Eastern Baltic http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13473 <p>Based on the results of trapping and ringing Yellow Wagtail on the Courish (Curonian) Spit in Eastern Baltic in the amount of 3076 individuals during 1957–2020, the population numbers, the migration routes and wintering grounds are presented. The obtained seven recoveries of our rings account for only 0.23% of the efficiency of Yellow Wagtail ringing. The annual number of Yellow Wagtails captured varied widely over 64 years, from three to 206 individuals. The oscillations were wavelike in nature and showed different amplitudes. Of the seven birds with our rings found two birds in November and February were caught in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (West Africa), three birds during migration were found in Italy and two birds during the summer were found in Sweden and Finland. The length of the migration route from the Courish Spit to Nigeria was more than five thousand kilometers. The results of studying the migrations of this species in other countries and regions are discussed.</p> Vladimir A. Payevsky Anatoly P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-03 2023-09-03 10 509–519 509–519 10.5281/zenodo.8305565 New and interesting findings of the Lepidoptera from Astrakhan and Volgograd Territories (Southern Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13466 <p>Two species of moths, <em>Drasteria christophi </em>(Alphéraky, 1895) (Erebidae) and <em>Protarchanara abrupta </em>Eversmann, 1854 (Noctuidae), are reported from Russia for the first time; seventeen species of Notodontidae and Noctuidae are found as new for the fauna of Astrakhan and Volgograd Territories (Southern Russia).</p> Sergei A. Rybalkin Roman V. Yakovlev Balázs Benedek Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-31 2023-08-31 10 491–499 491–499 10.5281/zenodo.8290178 Rare and differential stenotopic plant species from mountain peat bogs in the Teletskoye Lake basin (Republic of Altai, Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13467 <p>The article presents new localities of five rare stenotopic bog plant species (<em>Drosera anglica</em>, <em>D. rotundifolia</em>, <em>Utricularia intermedia</em>, <em>U. minor </em>and <em>Eriophorum gracile</em>), of which three species are new for Northern Altai within the Republic of Altai (<em>Drosera anglica</em>, <em>Utricularia intermedia </em>and <em>U. minor</em>). The altitudinal distribution of 19 characteristic plant species of three bog massifs of the Teletskoye Lake basin located in different altitudinal subbelts and stripes of the forest belt is analyzed. Based on the analysis performed, differential bog species were identified that marked the limits of altitudinal stripes and subbelts within the forest belt.</p> Dmitry V. Zolotov Dmitry V. Chernykh Roman Yu. Biryukov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-31 2023-08-31 10 501–508 501–508 10.5281/zenodo.8297552 Fire-induced changes in the dielectric constant of lichens in plateau palsas of the Nadym-Pur interfluve http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13427 <p>The paper analyzed the complex permittivity of lichens of the genus <em>Cladonia </em>sampled from areas disturbed by fire and from undisturbed plateau palsas in the Nadym-Pur interfluve, Western Siberia. The complex permittivity at microwave-frequency range was estimated by coaxial line measurement using an Agilent E8363B vector network analyzer. The real and imaginary parts of the permittivity of lichens in the disturbed areas were found to be significantly lower than ones of lichens from undisturbed areas. The linear dependence of the complex permittivity on water content is more pronounced in the lichen sampled from the disturbed areas. The obtained patterns can be used for radargram interpretation.</p> Tatiana D. Kochetkova Uliana Yu. Shavrina Vladislav S. Murashkin Viktor A. Nikitkin Maria A. Volkova Larisa G. Kolesnichenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-12 2023-08-12 10 479–490 479–490 10.5281/zenodo.8232611 New records of lichens from the Russian Far East. IV. The lichens of limestone outcrops of the southern part of the Russian Far East http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13426 <p>The new records of the lichens of limestone outcrops in the southern part of the Russian Far East (Primorye Territory and Sakhalin Region) are presented. Among them, <em>Catillaria detractula</em>, <em>Gyalecta jenensis</em>, <em>Myriolecis semipallida</em>, <em>Physconia jacutica</em>, <em>Sarcogyne regularis</em>, <em>Thyrea confusa</em>, <em>Verrucaria caerulela</em>, <em>V. viridula </em>and <em>Xanthoria calcicola </em>are newly reported for the Russian Far East; <em>Acarospora glaucocarpa</em>, <em>A. macrospora</em>, <em>Lecanora valesiaca</em>, <em>Protoblastenia calva </em>and <em>Thelidium decipiens </em>are newly reported for the southern part of the Russian Far East. <em>Xanthocarpia crenulatella </em>is a new species for Sakhalin Region. Diagnostic traits of the species, peculiarities of the material from the Russian Far East, distribution, ecology and comparison with the closest species are given.</p> Evgeny A. Davydov Polina Yu. Ryzhkova Ivan V. Frolov Irina A. Galanina Lidia S. Yakovchenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-11 2023-08-11 10 451–477 451–477 10.5281/zenodo.8223656 Relationship between the content of basic chemical elements and ecological and trophic groups of microorganisms in peat oligotrophic frozen soil http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13419 <p>The paper analyzed the number of ecological-trophic groups of microorganisms and the elemental composition of the active, permafrost and thawed layers of a typical flat mount frozen peatlands (plateau palsa) in the Nadym-Pur interfluves, Western Siberia, with part of it affected by fire. The number of ecological-trophic groups was found to change after permafrost thaw. The study revealed a relationship between the number of microorganisms and the content of some chemical elements in the soil profile of the plateau palsa in the Nadym-Pur interfluve. A statistically significant relationship was found between the most probable number of microorganisms (CFU/g) in different peat layers and the pH, the ash content and the content of calcium, magnesium, strontium, and iron.</p> Viktor A. Nikitkin Inna V. Lushchaeva Evgeniya S. Rabtsevich Ellina G. Nikitkina Irina I. Volkova Artem G. Lim Sergey N. Kirpotin Larisa G. Kolesnichenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-10 2023-08-10 10 417–431 417–431 10.5281/zenodo.8219777 Composition, structure and formation factors of macroinvertebrate communities in low-mountain lakes of the Russian Altai http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13420 <p>Recent data suggests a significant difference in physical and biological properties between low-mountain lakes and high-mountain or lowland water bodies. However, the taxonomic composition and structure of bottom invertebrates in low-mountain lakes of Altai remain unknown. Due to climate change and growing anthropogenic impact, studying the composition and structure of macrozoobenthos in these lakes is becoming increasingly urgent. In 2022, a study was conducted on macrozoobenthos from foothill lakes of the Russian Altai, specifically Kireevo in the Krasnogorsk region, Aya (Aiskoye) in the Altai region, Koksha and Svetloye in the Soviet region, Kolyvanskoye in the Zmeinogorsk region, and Beloye in the Kuryinsky region of Altai Krai. The study identified 152 species from 9 classes, including Turbellaria (1), Nematoda (1), Oligochaeta (17), Hirudinea (5), Bivalvia (2), Gastropoda (8), Arachnida (10), Crustacea (2), and Insecta (106). Of the insects, the order Diptera (69 species, including 59 chironomids) had the greatest species diversity. Additionally, the orders Trichoptera (16), Coleoptera (7), Ephemeroptera (5), Odonata (4), Heteroptera (4), and Megaloptera (1) were identified. Most of the studied lakes in the Russian Altai (Aya, Beloye, Kireevo, and Kolyvanskoye) had a taxonomic composition of macrozoobenthos similar to lowland lakes. Two lakes (Koksha and Svetloye) had a combination of features from both lowland and high-mountain lakes. The content of organic substances and their decomposition products in water, as well as substrate type, were the most significant factors determining the development of macroinvertebrate communities in the studied lakes.</p> Dmitry M. Bezmaternykh Olga N. Vdovina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-10 2023-08-10 10 433–449 433–449 10.5281/zenodo.8219818 Morphology and population size structure of Pantocsekiella teletskoyensis (Bacillatiophyta) in the deep mountain lake http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13400 <p>The new and rare small-celled centric diatom species <em>Pantocsekiella teletskoyensis </em>Genkal et Mitrofanova was recently identified from <em>Cyclotella</em> <em>delicatula</em> Genkal, previously described in the phytoplankton of Lake Teletskoye (Altai, Russia). The identification of <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>was based on the analysis of numerous scanning electron microscopy images since the beginning of a recent phytoplankton study in the lake. The investigation of the species revealed a wider variability of its qualitative morphological features such as valve relief, presence of granules on valve face, rimoportula position, and structure of alveoli. As a result, new data on the morphological variation of this species allowed for the refinement of its diagnosis. In addition, a comparison of the morphological features of <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>and other small-celled centric diatoms of <em>Pantocsekiella </em>and <em>Cyclotella </em>genera found in various water bodies across Europe, Asia, and America showed that <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>is most similar to <em>C. minuscula</em>, that was previously described from the deep-water Lake Ohrid located on the border of Northern Macedonia and Albania. We also conducted numerous measurements of <em>P. teletskoyensis </em>valve diameters, which enabled us to estimate the cell size in the population ranging from 3.02 up to 7.98 µm. The study of <em>teletskoyensis</em> population structure revealed that the group of 4.00-4.99 µm was consistently the most numerous among size groups with a step of 1 µm in all the months studied.</p> Sergei I. Genkal Elena Yu. Mitrofanova Copyright (c) 2023 Genkal, Mitrofanova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 10 403 415 10.5281/zenodo.8192366 First record of the assassin bugs Zelus renardii Kolenati, 1857 (Heteroptera, Reduviidae) in Uzbekistan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/13288 <p>This study was conducted in Tashkent in 2022 – 2023. As a result of this study, the species <em>Zelus renardii </em>Kolenati, 1857, was discovered for the first time for the fauna of Uzbekistan. <em>Zelus renardii </em>is an invasive species that has recently been actively spreading in new territories for it. Most likely, the samples we found were imported to Uzbekistan from Turkey.</p> Dilshod M. Musaev Askar G. Akhmedov Gulnara S. Mirzaeva Bakhtiyor R. Kholmatov Makhset Zh. Medetov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-05 2023-07-05 10 397–402 397–402 10.5281/zenodo.8105295 New data on the distribution of Red-breasted goose and Lesser white-fronted goose in the south of the Gydan Peninsula http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12961 <p>The Red-breasted goose <em>Branta ruficollis </em>(Pallas, 1769) and the Lesser white-fronted goose <em>Anser eryth</em><em>ropus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) are rare bird species nesting in the Arctic tundra zone of Eurasia usually in association with Peregrine falcons <em>Falco peregrinus </em>Tunstull, 1771. The Red-breasted goose, which has a vulnerable status according to the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), currently has a positive population trend. The Lesser white-fronted goose with the same status, on the contrary, is declining in numbers. Both species are under the scrutiny of geese specialists. To identify the possible nesting of these species, suitable steep banks of the Indik'yakha River were surveyed in the south of the Gydan Peninsula. In 2019, six nesting aggregations of Red-breasted goose were discovered with a total number of 11 pairs in association with Peregrine falcons. In 2021, only two nesting localities with three pairs of geese were found in the same area, and in 2022 three localities each with a pair of geese. In addition, in 2022, three nesting sites of Lesser white-fronted goose were registered, also with a pair of birds in each place. In one case, the Lesser white-fronted goose and the Red-breasted goose nested in one place together. The new findings of their nesting are the southernmost nesting sites in the south of the Gydan Peninsula, providing important information for their conservation management and monitoring needs to continue.</p> Igor G. Korobitsyn Oleg Yu. Tyutenkov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-14 2023-05-14 10 379–386 379–386 10.5281/zenodo.7927528 Long-term and seasonal dynamics of zooplankton in hypergaline lake Kulundinskoye (Kulunda Steppe, Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12962 <p>The paper investigates the effects of natural environmental factors on the long-term (2000–2020) and seasonal (April–October) dynamics of zooplankton in the hypergaline Lake Kulundinskoye, located in the Kulunda steppe of Altai Krai, Russia. Sixteen key indicators of zooplankton structure, including abundance and biomass of major taxonomic groups such as Rotifera, Cladocera, Copepoda, and Anostraca, as well as individual stages of a life cycle and sex ratio in <em>Artemia </em>population, were studied in relation to 17 hydrophysical and hydrochemical indicators such as temperature, density, pH, total salinity, hardness, alkalinity, and other parameters. Monthly data for 2017–2020 and average annual data for 2000–2020 were analyzed to identify the impact of environmental factors on zooplankton structure. The study also examined the influence of these factors on the <em>Artemia </em>crustacean population, which dominates the zooplankton in this lake. The hydrophysical and hydrochemical regime of Lake Kulundinskoye can vary significantly from year to year, which affects the zooplankton indicators. Statistical analysis showed that monthly hydrophysical and hydrochemical data are more reliable than averaged data for the research period (April-October) in determining the impact of environmental factors on zooplankton structure. The results indicate that the changes in zooplankton structure are mainly due to the stimulating effect of increased salinity on the <em>Artemia </em>population and its depressing influence on other taxa. The long-term dynamics of zooplankton is characterized by a complex cyclicity of water salinity and productivity of the <em>Artemia </em>population, which is influenced by periodic changes in the moisture content of the lake catchment.</p> Lyubov’ V. Vesnina Dmitry M. Bezmaternykh Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-14 2023-05-14 10 387–396 387–396 10.5281/zenodo.7927562 Additions to the Catalogue of Lepidoptera of Omsk Region. Pyraloidea. http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12952 <p>The list of 19 species of Pyraloid moths new to the fauna of Omsk Region is given. 13 of them are new to the West Siberia and 5 are recorded from the Asian part of Russia for the first time, namely, <em>Insalebria serraticornella </em>(Zeller, 1839), <em>Pseudophycita deformella </em>(Möschler, 1866), <em>Epischnia prodromella </em>(Hübner, 1799), <em>Ratasa alienalis </em>(Eversmann, 1844), <em>Pyrausta rectefascialis </em>Toll, 1936. The second record of <em>Krombia bimedia </em>(Filipjev, 1924) in Russia is given.</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Sergey Yu. Sinev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-10 2023-05-10 10 369–377 369–377 10.5281/zenodo.7902235 Discovery of the ogre-faced spiders (Aranei: Deinopidae) in Sumatra (Indonesia), with description of a new species http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12944 <p>A new species, <em>Asianopis gorochovi </em>sp. n. is diagnosed and described from the Sumatra Island based on a single male. The family Deinopidae C. L. Koch, 1850 is recorded from Sumatra for the first time. Detailed description, digital photographs and distributional map are provided.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alexander A. Fomichev Mikhail M. Omelko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-06 2023-05-06 10 361–368 361–368 10.5281/zenodo.7895543 Three new for the fauna of West Kazakhstan species of the orders Mantodea, Orthoptera and Embioptera http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12939 <p>Three species of orthopteroid insects (Insecta, Polyneoptera) are recorded from West Kazakhstan for the first time. The Asian giant mantes <em>Hierodula tenuidentata </em>Saussure, 1869 (Mantodea) and the Turkistan webspinner <em>Embia tartara </em>Saussure, 1896 (Embioptera) are found in Mangystau oblast. It is possible that this species was able to spread north due to climate warming. The ant-loving cricket <em>Myrmecophilus acervorum </em>(Panzer, 1799) (Orthoptera) is recorded from Atyrau oblast. Probably both species were imported in this region with planting material. Moreover, the order Embioptera and families Myrmecophilidae and Embiidae are recorded from West Kazakhstan for the first time.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 10 349–359 349–359 10.5281/zenodo.7889226 An annotated checklist of gall-forming poplar aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae, Pemphigini) of the Asian part of Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12932 <p>Here we overviewed the taxonomic diversity and compiled the checklist of gall-forming poplar aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae, Pemphigini) in the Asian part of Russia. Overall, 20 species, i.e. 18 <em>Pemphigus </em>and two <em>Thecabius </em>spp. were proven to have distribution in this macroregion. Based on our field study, following seven species represented novel geographical records. Among them, <em>Pem. iskanderkuli </em>Narzikulov is new for Asian Russia as per the record in Tuva Republic, and six species, <em>Pem. matsumurai </em>Monzen, <em>Pem. microsetosus </em>Aoki, <em>Pem. plicatus </em>Dolgova, <em>Pem. populi </em>Courchet, <em>Pem. protospirae </em>Lichtenstein, <em>Th. latisensorius </em>Hori, are new for some administrative regions of Siberia and/or the Russian Far East. <em>Pemphigus passeki </em>Börner, <em>Pem. spyrothecae </em>Passerini are alien species for the Asian part of Russia. Eight species, <em>Pem. borealis </em>Tullgren, <em>Pem. bursarius </em>(Linnaues), <em>Pem. matsumurai </em>Monzen, <em>Pem. populi </em>Courchet, <em>Pem. passeki </em>Börner, <em>Pem. protospirae </em>Lichtenstein, <em>Pem. spyrothecae </em>Passerini, <em>Th. affinis </em>(Kaltenbach), were documented in the Asian part of Russia as pests of poplars.</p> Nikita S. Babichev Yuri N. Baranchikov Svetlana V. Kuzhuget Stanislav Yu. Kniazev Maria K. Dementeva Elena I. Malikova Natalia I. Kirichenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-03 2023-05-03 10 317–347 317–347 10.5281/zenodo.7886763 Soils and vegetation of the riverside floodplain in the hydrological continuum of the southern tundra within the Pur–Taz interfluve (Western Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12928 <p>Climate warming has significantly impacted the ecosystems of the Subarctic and Arctic. It has most strongly affected highly productive ecosystems, including those formed in river floodplains. Due to the initially high (background) values of NDVI, remote monitoring methods are not suitable for detecting changes in the biological productivity of floodplain vegetation. Research for both individual regions and landscapes is needed. However, for the floodplains of many rivers in Western Siberia, there are no primary descriptions of soils and vegetation. We have studied the soils and vegetation of the riverside floodplains in the lower reaches of the Taz River within the Pur–Taz interfluve. The studies were carried out within the hydrological continuum from the stream to the main Taz River. A regular change in soils and vegetation along the hydrological continuum was established, with fluvial processes intensifying. Ecosystems with the greatest diversity of plants, with thick layered soils such as Pantofluvic Fluvisol (Polyarenic, Polysiltic, Humic), are formed in the valleys of the tributaries of the Taz River on the natural riverside levee. The floodplain of the Taz River is distinguished by small differences in the heights of topographic elements, loamy soil texture, waterlogging and permafrost. The soils of the studied hydrological continuum were assigned to two Reference Soil Groups (Gleysol and Fluvisol). To describe the diversity of basic soil properties, six principal qualifiers and nine supplementary qualifiers were used. An assumption was made about the replacement of willow bushes by alder bushes during the warming period with the growth of some species of forbs (<em>Parasenecio hastatus</em>). The study made it possible to outline ways of further studying the floodplains of the Subarctic of Western Siberia.</p> Sergey V. Loiko Nina V. Klimova Ivan V. Kritckov Darya M. Kuzmina Sergey P. Kulizhsky Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-02 2023-05-02 10 293–315 293–315 10.5281/zenodo.7879848 Spatial heterogeneity of soil acidity properties in peatlands of Western Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12926 <p>The formation of significant amounts of low molecular weight (LMW) water-soluble organic compounds, which are highly reactive compounds of a non-specific nature, is a feature of the biogeocenoses of the North. Soil acidity, which in turn depends on LMW organic acids content, regulates the migration ability of compounds in landscapes and the bioavailability of nutrients. With an increase in the active layer thickness of peat soils in Western Siberia in the course of climate warming, new portions of LMW water-soluble organic compounds will enter, which will be quickly processed by microorganisms into CH4 and CO2. Five key sites were considered, located within thawed oligotrophic, frozen mound and polygonal bogs. The analysis of zonal patterns of acidity changes in the waters of peat soils indicates an increase in the pH in the series: northern taiga&lt;forest tundra&lt;southern tundra. A feature of the most acidic soils of the northern taiga is the high content of low molecular weight organic acids, the accumulation of which is determined by the species diversity of the vegetation cover and high humidity. The decrease in the content of acids in the soils of the southern tundra is due to changes in climatic conditions and, accordingly, the quality and quantity of organic material involved in the processes of mineralization and humification. Relationships between the pH of the soil solution and such parameters as the specific conductivity, the content of dissolved organic carbon, and the specific UV-absorbency (SUVA245) were revealed. Comparison of the acidity indices of peat soils of the zonal series of the European Northeast with similar ones obtained for the study area of Western Siberia showed that, at the same values of actual acidity, the exchangeable acidity values of peat soils of Western Siberia are slightly lower.</p> Tatiana V. Raudina Georgyi I. Istigechev Sergey V. Loiko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-01 2023-05-01 10 279–292 279–292 10.5281/zenodo.7878897 Primary phytochemical screening and spectroscopic assessment of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12923 <p>Chicory (<em>Cichorium intybus </em>L.) is a key source of valuable primary and secondary metabolites (inulin, vitamins, essential oil). The spectrum of medicinal action of chicory includes antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, choleretic, diuretic, sedative, and appetite stimulating activities. Plant tissue and cell culture allow the production of high yields of plants, biomass, and valuable metabolites throughout the year. In our research, we produced aseptic plants from two Russian breeding (<em>Yaroslavsky </em>and <em>Petrovsky</em>), performed their primary phytochemical screening, and established the quantitative content of particular elements and substance groups using IR spectroscopy. It has been found that a high yield of viable aseptic plants of the <em>Yaroslavsky </em>cultivar can be achieved by seed treatment with 8% sodium hypochlorite for 10 minutes or 37% hydrogen peroxide for 5 minutes. For the <em>Petrovsky </em>cultivar, it is advisable to germinate nonsterile seeds and then introduce them into the culture by washing the seedlings in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, followed by sterilization with 8% sodium hypochlorite for 5 minutes and washing with plants the antibiotic solution (0.8% gentamicin) for 15 minutes. All studied classes of compounds (tannins and phenols, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, glycosides, reducing sugars, and proteins) are present in aseptic plants of <em>C. intybus</em>; however, differences appear depending on the extractants (water and ethanol). IR spectroscopy has shown a higher content of moisture, fiber, and starch in seeds and a higher content of macronutrients, fat, ash, and proteins in aseptic plants.</p> Elizaveta P. Zotova Mikhail Yu. Cherednichenko Elena A. Kalashnikova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-29 2023-04-29 10 265–277 265–277 10.5281/zenodo.7865780 New and noteworthy records of Plants, Lichens and Lepidoptera in Altai Territory and Republic of Altai (Southern Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12921 <p>New localities for six species of plants (<em>Achillea schmakovii</em>, <em>Botrychium lunaria</em>, <em>Cystopteris altajensis</em>, <em>Euphrasia</em> <em>altaica</em>, <em>Agrostis</em> <em>tuvinica</em> and <em>Calamagrostis</em> × <em>thyrsoidea</em>), five species of lichens (<em>Bacidina</em> <em>phacodes</em>, <em>Leptogium burnetiae</em>, <em>Melanelixia albertana</em>, <em>Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla</em>, <em>Tetramelas chloroleucus</em>) and nine species of Lepidoptera (<em>Parnassius apollo</em>, <em>Lampides boeticus</em>, <em>Limenitis sydyi</em>, <em>Man</em><em>iola jurtina</em>, <em>Erebia kindermanni</em>, <em>Eudia pavonia</em>, <em>Proserpinus proserpina</em>, <em>Macroglossum stellatarum</em>, <em>Catocala elocata</em>) are reported for Altai Territory and Republic of Altai. Lichens <em>Bacidina phacodes</em>, <em>Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla</em>, <em>Tetramelas chloroleucus </em>and Lepidoptera <em>Lampides boeticus</em>, <em>Maniola jurtina</em>, <em>Proserpinus proserpina </em>and <em>Catocala elocata </em>are reported as new for Altai Territory, <em>Macroglos</em><em>sum stellatarum </em>and <em>Limenitis sydyi </em>are new for the Republic of Altai. Localities and ecological preferences are indicated for each species.</p> Evgeny A. Davydov Petr Kosachev Pavel Golyakov Timofei Zalutsky Egor Svirin Oleg Kudrov Polina Pavlova Yulia Storozhenko Lidia Yakovchenko Roman Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-28 2023-04-28 10 243–264 243–264 10.5281/zenodo.7865738 A review of the genus Inguromorpha Edwards, 1888 (Lepidoptera, Cossidae) with description of eight new species http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12913 <p>The article presents an illustrated catalog of the genus <em>Inguromorpha </em>Edwards, 1888 (Lepidoptera: Cossidae, Hypoptinae), which includes 22 species. The following new combinations are established: <em>Inguromorpha centrosoma </em>(Dyar, 1925) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha clathrata </em>(Dognin, 1910) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha clymene </em>(Schaus, 1921) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha crassiplaga </em>(Schaus, 1905) <strong>comb. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha racana </em>(Dognin, 1920) <strong>comb. nov. </strong>Eight new species are described: <em>Inguromorpha arawaka </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha bachmanni </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha catarinea </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromor</em><em>pha muisca </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha paraguaica </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha scutulata </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha texasensis </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Inguromorpha willinki </em>Naydenov, Yakovlev &amp; Penco <strong>sp. nov. </strong>The distributional maps for all the species of the genus are provided.</p> Artem E. Naydenov Roman V. Yakovlev Fernando C. Penco Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-27 2023-04-27 10 209–242 209–242 10.5281/zenodo.7865698 Soil-ecological conditions of the north taiga flat-mound bog, Western Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12903 <p>Of particular interest in the north of Western Siberia are frozen flat-mound bogs. Being formed in a transitional climatic zone, on the southern front of the permafrost zone, these frozen peatlands may turn out to be highly reactive upon thawing and deliver high amounts of solutes to the hydrological network. A detailed study of a flat-mound bog was carried out in a key area of about 3 hectares (Purovsky district, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug). The soil-ecological conditions of the site are described, as well as the effect of spatial heterogeneity on the composition and properties of soils. Using topographic mapping and photogrammetry, it was identified that the bog surface is characterized by distinct microtopography (mounds-hollows-thermokarst subsidence with a percentage areas ratio of 49:30:21, respectively). Small-scale variations in ecohydrological settings, microtopography, and vegetation affect the distribution of nutrients, organic carbon in soils, and DOC (dissolved organic carbon) in bog waters. The main soil types are Dystric Hemic Cryic Histosols and Dystric Hemic Histosols (Gelic) found on mounds and in subsidence, respectively. If the peat thickness decreases to 40– 60 cm, then Spodic Histic Turbic Cryosols (Albic, Arenic) and Histic Turbic Cryosols (Albic, Arenic) form. In hollows and fens, Dystric Epifibric Histosols, Spodic Histic Turbic Cryosols (Arenic), and Gleyic Histic Entic Podzols (Turbic) are the most common. The proportion of soils with frozen peat is no more than 20% of the area of the key site and permafrost lies deeper, in the underlying rocks. It was found that carbon stocks within the key area vary from 31.1 to 91.3 kg/m2. The maximum values are observed in transit subsidences/hollows between mounds, where water is discharged. Concentrations of macro-microelements in bog waters vary depending on microform types. For some elements (e.g., DOC, Fe, Al, B, Si, Ti, V, Rb, Sb, Cs, REEs (rare earth elements), Pb, Th, U), they are approximately equal or 1.5–2 higher on the mounds. The export of DOC and other elements in permafrost areas is primarily controlled by the residence time of water and movement ways along the profile. In addition to this, the physicochemical properties of peat and biomass, which are also higher on mounds, influence the distribution and accumulation of nutrients.</p> Tatiana V. Raudina Georgyi I. Istigechev Sergey V. Loiko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-24 2023-04-24 10 195–208 195–208 10.5281/zenodo.7854816 Check list of hover flies (Diptera, Syrphidae) of west part of Zarafshan mountain ridge http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12894 <p>The article, based on materials from the author's collections for 2017−2022 and partly on the collections of the Samarkand State University (Samarkand) and the Samarkand Museum of Local Lore, provides the first data on the distribution of 79 species of syrphids from 3 subfamilies in the Western part of the Zarafshan ridge. Ten species have been recorded for the first time in Uzbekistan: <em>Chrysotoxum kirghizorum </em>Peck, 1974, <em>Eupeodes asiaticus </em>(Peck, 1972), <em>Scaeva dignota </em>(Rondani, 1857), <em>Syrphus rec</em><em>tus </em>Osten Sacken, 1875, <em>Xanthogramma hissarica </em>Violovitsh, 1975, <em>Chrysogaster cemiteriorum </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Cheilosia aerea </em>Dufour, 1848, <em>Ch. lola </em>Zimina, 1970, <em>Ch. stackelbergi </em>Barkalov &amp; Peck, 1994, and <em>Volucella bella </em>Barkalov, 2003. In addition, one genus – <em>Neocnemodon </em>Goffe, 1944 recorded for the first time for Uzbekistan.</p> Mukhammadtuychi R. Rakhimov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-19 2023-04-19 10 167–193 167–193 10.5281/zenodo.7835401 First record of Triplax russica (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera, Erotylidae) from Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12880 <p>Pleasing fungus beetle <em>Triplax russica </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) from the family Erotylidae is firstly recorded from Kazakhstan. A key to known species of the genus <em>Triplax </em>from Kazakhstan is given. Birch brittlegill <em>Russula betularum </em>Hora, stinking russula <em>Russula foetens </em>Pers., 1796, are recorded from Kazakhstan for <em>T. russica</em>.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-15 2023-04-15 10 147–155 147–155 10.5281/zenodo.7825636 Myriapoda (Chilopoda, Diplopoda) of the South Ossetia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12882 <p>Myriapoda of the South Ossetia comprises not less than 13 species: 8 Chilopoda species (belong to 6 genera, 5 families, and 3 orders) and 5 Diplopoda species (belong to 4 genera, 2 families, and 2 orders). Class Chilopoda and 1 species of Diplopoda are new to the regional list.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Roman V. Zuev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-04-15 2023-04-15 10 157–165 157–165 10.5281/zenodo.7825736 Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of extracts of Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach. and Cladonia arbuscula (Wallr.) Flot. http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12693 <p>Lichens are symbiotic nature and produce unique secondary extracellular metabolites with high biological activity. In this paper, we compared the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of two lichen species. Furthermore, we determined the quantitative content of antioxidants of low molecular weight and antimicrobial activity of 40% of the water ethyl extracts of <em>Cetraria islandica </em>and <em>Cladonia arbuscula </em>lichens depending on the layers’ treatment methods and the ratio of dilution of the dry extract with water. Live parts of dried lichens collected in an ecologically clean area of Yakutia were used for extraction. The antioxidant activity of the water-ethanol extract of lichens was performed using a spectrophotometric method. Antimicrobial activity was established using the discodiffusion method in agar in various dilutions of dry lichen extract. The highest antioxidants of low molecular weight were found in <em>Cetraria islandica </em>in distilled water with solid to solvent ratio of 1:1 and in the <em>Cladonia arbuscula </em>extract – in a ratio of 1:5. At the same time, preliminary mechanochemical processing of lichen layer raw materials from lichen layers (particle size up to 1 mm) was shown to increase the yield of low-molecular antioxidants by up to 50% compared to coarse grinding (particle size 2 mm). The antibacterial activity of the studied lichens was tested in <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>, <em>Streptococcus pyogenes</em>, <em>Escherichia coli </em>by diluting the dry extract with water 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5. The most significant antibacterial effect was found in the extract of the studied lichens in a 1:1 ratio. The diameter of the bacteriostatic zone in <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>, <em>Streptococcus pyogenes </em>and <em>Escherichia coli </em>under the action of <em>Cetraria islandica </em>was 12±0.14 mm, 11±0.12 mm, and 12±0.13 mm, respectively. The suppression of the growth zone with <em>Cladonia arbuscula </em>against <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>, <em>Streptococcus pyogenes</em>,&nbsp;<em>Escherichia coli </em>was 15±0.18 mm, 12±0.20 mm, and 13±0.20 mm in diameter, respectively. The results were in accordance with the action of oxacillin but were more effective than the action of penicillin, which served as a control.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Marianna I. Soloveva Sargylana S. Kuzmina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-22 2023-03-22 10 139–146 139–146 10.5281/zenodo.7751287 Water mites (Acariformes: Hydrachnidia, Halacaroidea) of the Malaya Sosva Nature Reserve (Western Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12687 <p>The paper presents data on the fauna of water mites (Acariformes, Hydrachnidia, Halacaroidea) of the Malaya Sosva State Nature Reserve (Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug), located in the middle taiga zone of Western Siberia. The study covered the species composition, biotopic distribution and ecological features of water mites in different lentic ecosystems of the Nature Reserve. The research is based on 36 studied water bodies, which represented the main types of stagnant waters common on the Nature Reserve territory: lakes, floodplain ponds, temporary ponds and sphagnum bogs. The study revealed 51 species of Hydrachnidia and two species of Halacaroidea in different lentic water bodies. Most of the mites belonged to species typical of different types of stagnant and low flowing waters rich in submerged vegetation. Lakes of different types and permanent floodplain ponds were the richest in number of species and the number of mites. In these water bodies, three species of water mites prevailed, namely, <em>Limnesia koenikei </em>Piersig, 1894, <em>Piona pusilla </em>Neumann, 1875, and <em>Piona carnea </em>Koch, 1836. The number and species richness of mites were low in temporary ponds, but their fauna was based on specific spring species characteristic of astatic ponds. The fauna of the sphagnum bogs was the poorest, in which one species of Halacaroidea was the eudominant – <em>Porolohmannella violacea </em>Kramer, 1879. <em>Unionicola parvipora </em>is recorded for the fauna of Russia for the first time.</p> Maria O. Filimonova Vitaly A. Stolbov Sergey S. Tupicyn Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 10 127–138 127–138 10.5281/zenodo.7751128 First records of six species of Lepidoptera from Kunashir Island (Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12653 <p>This article presents the first records of six species of moths and butterflies from Kunashir Island. We report on the first records of <em>Aemene obscura </em>(Leech, 1889) from Russia (Kunashir Island), as well as <em>Catocala dula </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. lara </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>C. dissimilis </em>Bremer, 1861, <em>Sphragifera sigillata </em>(Menetries, 1859), and <em>Argynnis sagana </em>Doubleday, [1847] from Kunashir Island. Additionally, we provide commentary on distribution of <em>Aberrasine aberrans </em>(Butler, 1877).</p> Elizaveta A. Spitsyna Vitaly M. Spitsyn Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 10 105–112 105–112 10.5281/zenodo.7725416 Composition and structure of the fauna of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of the Zerafshan Range http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12654 <p>The article presents the results of studying the fauna of ground beetles in the western part of the Zerafshan Range (Uzbekistan). The Carabidae list includes 81 species from 41 genera, 18 tribes and nine subfamilies. The ecological diversity of the ground beetle fauna is analyzed on three parts of the ridge. The greatest diversity of Carabidae is noted in the Karatepo Mountains (74 species), and the smallest in the Zirabulak-Ziyadin Mountains (54 species). The fauna of the ground beetles of the Chakalikalyan and Karatepa Mountains are closer to each other (Jaccard index – 0.79, Chekanovsky-Sørensen coefficient – 0.89). The lowest value of the similarity coefficients was noted between the Chakalikalyan and Zirabulak-Ziadin Mountains (0.64; 0.78). The most numerous are <em>Anchomenus dorsalis </em>(10.46%), <em>Calathus ambiguus </em>(8.23%), <em>Amara aenea </em>(7.48%) and <em>Harpalus rufipes </em>(6.03%).</p> Fazlitdin Khalimov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 10 113–125 113–125 10.5281/zenodo.7725474 Taxonomic diversity and structure of phytoplankton in heterotypic lakes of Kulunda basin (Altai Krai) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12587 <p>In 2001–2021, the taxonomic composition and structure of phytoplankton in the heterotypic lakes of the Kulunda basin were studied. By the average and maximum depths and the way of salt accumulation, these lakes belong to deep-water brine, medium-deep brine, shallow-water brine, shallow-water self-sediment and drying up in summer period types of reservoirs. 241 species, 5 varieties and 3 forms of algae from 7 divisions, 17 classes, 7 subclasses, 44 orders, 78 families, and 130 genera were identified. The greatest taxonomic diversity was noted in the divisions Cyanobacteria, Chlorophyta, and Ochrophyta; the most classes (5) were in the division Ochrophyta; the most taxa with a rank above the family were in the subdivision Diatomeae (3 classes, 4 subclasses, 14 orders) and the division Chlorophyta (3 classes, 11 orders). In the spectrum of families, 12 ones (of 78) are leading with 34.6% of the total number of genera and 48.5% of the total number of species. The taxa spectrum is characterized by one-, two- and three-species families. The largest number of species in phytoplankton was found mostly in deep- and medium-deep lakes with a wide variety of biotopes both horizontally and vertically. The dependence of the number of species in the phytoplankton of the lakes on various environmental factors and features of the reservoirs (morphometric characteristics, water and air temperature, precipitation, salinity, pH, the Wolf number, some anions and cations) was analyzed. It was revealed that the correlation was higher for the smaller on area and volume water bodies, and less – for the larger and deeper ones.</p> Yulia N. Kosacheva Elena Yu. Mitrofanova Petr A. Kosachev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-24 2023-02-24 10 85–104 85–104 10.5281/zenodo.7680184 Fauna and population of passerine birds in the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River (Altai Territory, Bolsherechensky Reserve) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12573 <p>The aim of the work is to supplement the current data on the fauna and population of passerine birds on the Nature Reserve "Bolsherechensky", located in the Altai Territory in the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River. The territory of the preserve is typical for the Verkhneobskiy forest area. One of the primary duties of the Nature Reserve is to protect the habitats of rare and endangered bird species. However, the modern avifauna in the reserve, despite several previous reports, remains underestimated and not sufficiently studied. Our work has been carried out over the spring and summer of 2012, 2013, 2017 and 2021. The number of species was estimated based on their density obtained during the survey, and a point scale was used to describe the species. We concluded that the summer (breeding) passerine bird populations of the Nature Reserve "Bolsherechensky" consist of 12 families and 35 species, while the presence of 15 rare bird species was registered in the Reserve. Our results will enrich the data bank on the fauna and the population of passerine birds of the lower reaches of the Bolshaya Rechka River in the Nature Reserve "Bolsherechensky", which can be used to improve biodiversity conservation measures.</p> Sergey V. Vazhov Alex V. Matsyura Viktor M. Vazhov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-19 2023-02-19 10 71–84 71–84 10.5281/zenodo.7680150 Phytoplankton of the Ket River (Tomsk Region) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12557 <p>The characteristic of the phytoplankton of the Ket River (Tomsk region) is given based on the results of studies in July 2019 and 2021. The species composition and taxonomic structure of phytoplankton were established; a complex of dominant species was identified, and the abundance, biomass and biodiversity indices of phytoplanktocenosis were calculated. Green algae (Chlorophyta) and significant number of euglenids (Euglenophyta) form the basis of phytoplankton species richness. The dominant complex is formed by centric diatoms and cyanoprokaryotes. Biodiversity indices indicate high species richness, average complexity and balanced structure of phytoplanktocenosis. Trophic status of the river corresponds to eutrophic category of waters, the water quality corresponds to class 3 "satisfactory purity".</p> Olga P. Bazhenova Natalya N. Barsukova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-12 2023-02-12 10 55–69 55–69 10.5281/zenodo.7680101 New data on the zooplankton of watercourses of the National Park “Krasnoyarsk Stolby” http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12556 <p>Based on natural materials collected by the authors in 2020-2022, data on zooplankton in the watercourses of the “Krasnoyarsk Stolby” National Park are summarized. A list of 85 species is given: 38 species and subspecies of rotifers, 26 species of cladocerans, 11 species of cyclops, and 10 species of harpacticidae. For the first time, 24 species of rotifers, 10 species of cladocerans, 14 species of copepods were discovered or identified to species.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nadezhda I. Yermolaeva Gleb V. Fetter Eugenia Yu. Zarubina Elena F. Tropina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-02-10 2023-02-10 10 35–54 35–54 10.5281/zenodo.7680059 Search for new sources of bioactive compounds in the flora of Southern Siberia and evaluation of the potential for their use http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12524 <p>The paper addresses the issue of the search for plants containing bioactive compounds and evaluation of the potential for their use. A methodology and an algorithm have been developed to conduct comprehensive studies using methods of taxonomy and plant ecology, phytochemistry, botanical geography, and resource studies. The developed algorithm has been implemented for large taxa of the family <em>Asteraceae </em>Dumort. 1820 from the flora of Southern Siberia (tribe <em>Cynareae </em>Lam. ex DC. 1813 and genus <em>Artemisia </em>L., 1753). Four groups of plants were identified, and recommendations on their use were elaborated. The group of promising species included 20 representatives of the tribe <em>Cynareae </em>(from the genera <em>Saussurea </em>DC. 1979, <em>Serratula </em>L. 1753, <em>Centaurea </em>L. 1753, <em>Cirsium </em>Mill. 1754) and 15 species of the genus <em>Artemisia</em>. The algorithm enabled identification of 30 species of the tribe <em>Cynareae </em>and 8 species of the genus <em>Artemisia </em>that need special conservation measures.</p> Alexander S. Revushkin Evgenia A. Kasterova Daria S. Chigodaikina Larisa N. Zibareva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 10 23–34 23–34 10.5281/zenodo.7679976 Isolation and identification of Saprolegnia spp. from infected sturgeon caviar http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12522 <p>Saprolegniosis is considered one of the most common fungal diseases in freshwater aquaculture, affecting eggs and fish of all ages, and is causing great economic losses worldwide. In sturgeon aquaculture, highest harm is caused by caviar saprolegniosis (byssus), a mycotic disease of caviar, which is characterized by damage through saprolegnium fungi during hatchery incubation. The main infectious agents are aquatic mold fungi of the genus <em>Saprolegnia </em>spp. A sample of water mold was isolated from infected eggs of a hybrid of Russian sturgeon (<em>Acipenser gueldenstaedtii</em>) with kaluga (<em>Huso dauricus</em>) with characteristic signs of the disease. Microscopic examination of an isolated oomycete revealed morphological features characteristic of <em>Saprolegnia </em>spp., but no oogonia or antheridia were found, which complicates further species identification. To identify the isolated pathogen, molecular tools such as PCR and sequencing of a DNA section including 18S rRNA, ITS1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS2 and 28S rRNA were used to distinguish between different species of aquatic molds. Analysis of the obtained nucleotide sequence showed more than 99% identity with the previously known DNA sequences of <em>S. parasitica</em>. According to the results of phylogenetic analysis, the obtained nucleotide sequence was in the same group with the known sequences of <em>S. parasitica </em>and separated from other species belonging to <em>S. ferax</em>, <em>S. diclina</em>, <em>S. delica</em>, and <em>S. australis</em>.</p> Ekaterina P. Anokhina Anna A. Tolkacheva Nina A. Pryakhina Mikhail Yu. Syromyatnikov Olga S. Korneeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-30 2023-01-30 10 13–21 13–21 10.5281/zenodo.7679902 Expansion of the secondary range of Polygraphus proximus Blandford (Coleoptera; Curculionidae, Scolytinae): invasion of Khamar-Daban mountains (Republic of Buryatia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12515 <p>The four-eyed fir bark beetle <em>Polygraphus</em> <em>proximus</em> Blandford, 1894 (Coleoptera; Curculionidae, Scolytinae) is an alien Far-Eastern stem pest rapidly spreading in the dark coniferous forests of Siberia. In 2021 we conducted a forest pathology research of Khamar-Daban fir forests in south coast of Baikal Lake. The main aim was to inspect the territory for populations of this species. We found three localities with <em>P. proximus </em>on two out of four transects and based upon photo materials represented by stuff of the Baikal Nature Reserve revealed another locality inhabited by the species. The characteristics of <em>P. </em><em>proximus </em>populations such as occurrence, production, population density and the population growth rate in new localities were estimated. Since of our previous forest pathological inspection in 2014 it had spread eastward in Baikal region by at least 95 km. The highest site of <em>P. proximus </em>population was the slope of the valley of the Bolshoi Mamai River at an altitude of 1030 m above sea level. The estimated average speed of spread was about of 13-14 km per year. However, the most presumable invasion pathway of this species is the Trans-Siberian Railway. Thus, genetic analysis of sampled insects for the COI marker (mtDNA) revealed haplogroup I that previously was found as dominant variant in populations of Kemerovo and Tomsk Provinces. Despite the scattered distribution of <em>P. proximus&nbsp;</em>in Khamar-Daban fir forests the high population growth rate allows us to expect the formation of outbreaks during next decade.</p> Ivan Kerchev Roman Bykov Yury Ilinsky Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-27 2023-01-27 10 1–11 1–11 10.5281/zenodo.7679805 Landscape diversity as an attraction basis in the design of tourist and recreational areas (the case of Bolshaya Belokurikha) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12576 <p>The article discusses the assessment of landscape diversity and biodiversity in a projected tourist-recreational territory. Bolshaya Belokurikha, located at the junction of the Altai plains and mountains, is used as a case study to illustrate the significance of these factors. The study area covers a 40 km section from Makaryevka to Krasny Gorodok villages, which attracts more than 250 thousand tourists annually due to its favorable climatic conditions and landscape diversity. The authors use modern methods, including mathematical modeling and spatial data analysis, to develop a GIS model of landscape diversity using the Shannon method of numerical entropy estimation. The model is presented as an isolinear map for cartographic visualization. The authors emphasize the importance of natural and ecological elements in the tourist frame of the projected area. They also propose considering landscape diversity as a stimulating factor for tourism development and as a basis for sustainable development of tourist territories in a two-level design, which includes the tourist-recreational complex and tourist area. To efficiently use the potential of the territory and ensure maximum preservation of existing landscapes, the authors suggest using constructed maps and GIS models of landscape diversity and biodiversity as a basis for functional zoning of the territory. This approach would help identify areas suitable for tourist development while also preserving the flora and fauna species diversity. Overall, the article provides a comprehensive approach to the sustainable development of tourist-recreational territories. By using modern methods and GIS models, the authors demonstrate how landscape diversity and biodiversity can be integrated into the planning and management of tourist areas, leading to a more sustainable and responsible approach to tourism development.</p> Alexander Dunets Evgeny Krupochkin Nadezhda Kurepina Olga Baryshnikova Natalia Yurochkina Copyright (c) 2022 Alexander Dunets, Evgeny Krupochkin, Nadezhda Kurepina, Olga Baryshnikova, Natalia Yurochkina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 10 918 928 10.5281/zenodo.7686800 Above-ground phytomass and chemical composition dynamics of Stipeta Zalesskii phytocenosis in Ural-Ilek interfluves http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12443 <p>We carried our investigationsin one of the typical phytocenosesof the Trans-Volga-Kazakhstan herb bunchgrass steppes underprotected regime conditions. Forb-fescue-feather grass steppe community (<em>Stipa</em><em> zalesskii</em>, <em>S. lessingiana</em>, <em>Herbae stepposae</em>) with <em>Helictotrichon desertorum </em>(Less.) Nevski and petrophytous elementswere considered as a model. The dynamics of the above-ground phytomass stocks of this community was on the “Burtinskaya steppe” site in the Orenburg State Nature Reserve using thesquare sample cut method. The content of the main macroelements N, K, Na, Ca, P, and Mg is determined. The Federal State Budgetary Institution and the State Agrochemical Service Center “Orenburgsky” conducted the analysis of the plant samples.The resultsobtained were compared with the available literary data. Statistical analysis using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test (α=0.05) in Statistica 6.1 revealed significant differences in the content of some macroelements between the drought year 2015 and the wet year 2016. The share of cereals (dominant community <em>Stipa zalesskii </em>Wilensky, codominant <em>S. lessingiana </em>Trin. &amp; Rupr.), both in living above-ground phytomass and in dead grass, have been prevailing. The following series of accumulation of elements: N&gt;K&gt;Na&gt;Ca&gt;P&gt;Mg was common for both fractures in most reference periods. The above-ground phytomass stocks in the examined community ranged from 335 g/m² to 404 g/m² in 2015 and from 525 g/m² to 678 g/m² in 2016. The findings obtained complement the available data for grasslands and pastures, present the opportunity to assess them comparatively with reference to standard and steppe zones, and serve as the foundation for further monitoring.</p> Neilya V. Dusaeva Olga G. Kalmykova Gulnara Kh. Dusaeva Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 857–870 857–870 10.5281/zenodo.7749918 Ontogenetic changes in the live weight of Saker falcon (Falco cherrug) chicks during the artificial feeding from hatching to transferring http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12458 <p>The dynamics of changes in the live weight of saker falcon (<em>Falco cherrug</em>) chicks in the early postnatal period and the comparison of the growth energy of chicks of different morphometric groups during artificial feeding from hatching to transferring were investigated. The average period of minimum live weight gain in saker falcon chicks was 144–192 hours. The chicks with a smaller initial weight compensated it with higher growth energy on days 6–7 compared to the larger chicks.</p> Sergey I. Snigirev Lidiya B. Mendel Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 871–878 871–878 10.5281/zenodo.7686849 Fatty acid profile and biochemical properties of Dracocephalum palmatum Steph. ex Willd in extreme climate conditions http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12462 <p>The composition of fatty acids in the general lipid balance of <em>Dracocephalum palmatum </em>Steph. Ex Willd that is found in extreme climatic conditions (Northern Pole of Cold) was researched by thinlayer and gas-liquid chromatography. This research aims to study the fatty acid profile of the perennial species <em>Dracocephalum palmatum </em>used as a medicinal herb in traditional medicine. We established that polyunsaturated fatty acids [FA], and more specifically linoleic and alpha-Linoleic acids, are prevalent in the lipidic constitution. The exceptional resilience of arctic and boreal plants is attributed to their flexible energy system that includes carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. The latter are crucial in the energy balance of plants because they function as the main accumulator of spare energy and can create optimal conditions in cell membranes, unlike carbohydrates and proteins. Polyunsaturated fatty acids [PFA] present in the lipid layer allow the membranes to stay in the liquid state. Fat oxidation releases an amount of water that is considerably greater than that released by the combustion of carbohydrates and proteins. This research reveals that the fluidity of membranes in the arctic plant in question is optimal due to a high level of unsaturated lipids. The high amount of unsaturated FA in <em>Dracocephalum palmatum </em>lipids is attributed to the plant adapting to its poor growing conditions. We assume that late flowering plants with a higher than average level of PFA (linoleic and linolenic acids) higher than average play an important role in the conservation of reaction energy resources of animals in the northern environment.</p> Vasiliy V. Nokhsorov Nadezhda К. Chirikova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 879–885 879–885 10.5281/zenodo.7749908 Time-series analysis of zooplankton diversity in upper reaches of the Ob River http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12468 <p>Long-term data sets on various ecosystem parameters serve as the basis for environmental monitoring. Time series analysis is used to identify the structure of dynamic series and their prediction. The demographic characteristics of zooplankton are well suited to analyze seasonal and interannual changes in ecosystems. Since the dynamics of species richness and river flow are often interdependent, we studied zooplankton biodiversity in the upper reaches of the Ob River in relation to the phases of the water regime. A six-year sampling of zooplankton was performed from surface water from the Ob River at two stations near the city of Barnaul. In total, 203 species and forms of zooplankton were detected. In all phases of the water cycle, Rotifera dominated in species number. To analyze the species diversity of zooplankton, we used 20 indices, of which 10 were not random on both coasts and could be used in monitoring. The species diversity of zooplankton in a sample, according to Margalef and Menhinick indices, was the highest during the recession of the second flood wave. The generalized measures of diversity (Williams polydominance and Shannon indices, and Fischer alpha) showed their maximum during the recession of the second wave of high water and in the summer low water period. Statistically significant declines in trends of some species diversity are evidence of small changes in the structure of the zooplankton. Time series analysis in the assessment of community biodiversity helps to select indices suitable for predicting ecosystem state, as well as to identify related changes in the community.</p> Olga Burmistrova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 887–901 887–901 10.5281/zenodo.7729018 Sulfur content in needles of cedar (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) and siberian fir (Abies sibirica Ledeb.) of the Southern Baikal Region: Influence of industrial emissions http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12475 <p>The paper presents the results of studying the sulfur content in the needles of cedar and Siberian fir of the Southern Baikal Region, carried out in the 2014–2015 period. The research aims to determine whether Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM) are the primary stress factor of abiotic nature, which leads to the degradation of cedar and Siberian fir stands in the Southern Baikal Region. The authors have determined that the primary factor is the long-term impact of the emission of pollutants from heat power companies in the Irkutsk Region, as indicated by numerous studies using mathematical modeling methods. The research demonstrates that the assimilation organs of the cedar are more sensitive to the effects of sulfur dioxide compared to the needles of Siberian fir. Therefore, cedar needles can be considered as a more sensitive indicator of atmospheric pollution with sulfur dioxide. The authors have established that the primary source of contamination of Siberian fir needles is the SO₂ emission from the heat and power enterprises of the Irkutsk Region and not the emission of sulfur-containing compounds of the BPPM. The authors found that in the period from 2010 to 2019, the total SO₂ emissions from large industrial companies were an order of magnitude lower than the volumes of SO₂ emissions from heat power companies in the Irkutsk Region. These emissions will provoke a further deterioration in the state of the boreal forests of the Southern Baikal Region.</p> Ludmila V. Kanitskaya Olga I. Gorbunova Olga A. Belykh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 10 903–917 903–917 10.5281/zenodo.7728950 Morphophysiological characterization of Bupleurum aureum in natural populations of the Republic of Tatarstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12355 <p>We have carried out comprehensive studies of the natural populations of <em>Bupleurum aureum </em>under the conditions of the Republic of Tatarstan. Therefore, we used population research, morphometric, and physiological methods in this research. In addition, we studied the morphophysiological heterogeneity of the natural populations of <em>Bupleurum aureum</em>, the dynamics of the population size over three years in the forests of various natural zones of the Republic of Tatarstan. For all cenopopulations, a proportional contribution of aboveground biomass to the achievement of the generative sphere can be observed, even with a significant deterioration in the growth of particular plants. We noted a decrease in plant size in low illuminated and nitrogen-poor soils (1 CP). However, plants had the best indicators of raw material quality, flavonoids content in terms of rutin, as well as soluble phenolic compounds. Powerful plants were formed under optimal conditions in deciduous forests of the forest-steppe zone, but the content of flavonoids in all parts of the plants was insignificant. However, for plants in this natural zone, a higher content of tannins was recorded. Within the republic, the species was sufficiently stable, had high plasticity, and was self-renewable. However, this species needs to be preserved, so collection of its raw materials is not recommended due to the small area of forest within which <em>Bupleurum </em>grows.&nbsp;We suggested creating artificial plantings of this species with the recreation of conditions that ensure the synthesis and accumulation of various groups of phenolic compounds.</p> Olga A. Timofeeva Svetlana A. Dubrovnaya Landysh Z. Khusnetdinova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-23 2022-12-23 10 843–855 843–855 10.5281/zenodo.7749924 New habitats of three rare orchid species in the Altai Republic (upper Biya River basin) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12313 <p>Many species of Orchidaceae Juss. are known as beautifully flowering plants, having medicinal, food, decorative, and other qualities. All this draws attention to orchids and promotes their extermination. The expansion of the tourism and recreational development of the Altai Republic and the economic activity of the population aggravate the processes of reduction of rare species of the Orchidaceae Juss. In this sense, the search for new orchid locations is relevant. The purpose of this work is to supplement the database on habitats of rare orchid species in the Altai Republic. Five new habitats of three orchid species were established in the northeast Altai in the basin of the upper Biya River. <em>Cypripedium guttatum </em>Sw. <em>Cypripedium macranthon </em>Sw., and <em>Dactylorhiza fuchsii </em>(Druce) Soo (<em>Orchis fuchsii </em>(Druce), information that is missing in the third edition of the Altai Republic Regional Red Book. Two orchid locations were found in the lower reaches of the Tuloy River valley, a third was found in the lower reaches of the Tondoshka River, the fourth was registered near the Turochak village and the fifth was observed on the left bank of the Biya River near the village Verkh-Biysk. All new habitats were registered in the Turochaksky district of the Altai Republic.</p> Sergei V. Vazhov Alex V. Matsyura Gennady G. Rusanov Victor M. Vazhov Alina I. Shtekhman Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 10 821–829 821–829 10.5281/zenodo.7686816 Locomotor activity of the Holarctic molluscs Radix auricularia (from Lake Baikal) in various light pollution conditions http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12320 <p>Light pollution is a modern environmental problem. The scale of light pollution is increasing yearly and is negatively affecting the functioning of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Of the aquatic ecosystems, marine ecosystems are the most studied, while there is very little information on the effect of artificial lighting on freshwater ecosystems. Among freshwater aquatic organisms, there are relatively little data on the effect of artificial light on crustaceans and fish, while we could find no meaningful data on the effect of artificial light on molluscs are practically absent. Here we test whether different types of artificial lighting, differing in their spectra, affect the activity of the Holarctic mollusc <em>Radix auricularia</em>. For this, we used two light sources (with warm and cold light) and a 1-m long aquarium. We found that both light sources affect individuals of this species, but the effects of this exposure are different. Artificial lighting (depending on the spectral characteristics) can increase the activity of molluscs of this species or reduce it. In the long term, the impact on the ecosystem will depend on the type of water body where light pollution is present, where individuals of this species live, and the type of light sources.</p> Dmitry Yu. Karnaukhov Maria A. Maslennikova Yana K. Ermolaeva Ekaterina M. Dolinskaya Sofya A. Biritskaya Viktoria A. Pushnica Lidia B. Bukhaeva Arina V. Lavnikova Dmitry I. Golubets Еugene A. Silow Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 10 831–841 831–841 10.5281/zenodo.7749928 Checklist of longicorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) of Omsk Region (Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12310 <p>An annotated check-list of the longicorn beetles of Omsk Region is given. The list based on literature data and collecting materials of authors. 41 species are new to the fauna of Omsk Region.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sofya M. Saikina Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Konstantin B. Ponomarev Vladimir Yu. Teploukhov Tatyana F. Kosheleva Vladimir V. Dubatolov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-21 2022-12-21 10 793–819 793–819 10.5281/zenodo.7750926 Biological features of Amaranthus blitum L. and A. retroflexus L. invading potato plantings http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12309 <p>The paper addressed the study of some biological features of two weed species of <em>Amaranthus </em>L. – a widespread species <em>A. retroflexus </em>L. confined to Siberia and a rare species <em>Amaranthus blitum </em>L. Plants of different vital status were found in populations of two species invading potato plantations. The paper reports the morphometric parameters of normally developed and small plants of both species. The features of seed germination and the degree of seedling development were revealed. Laboratory experiments were performed to find out the effect of aqueous extracts of the herb <em>Melilotus officinalis </em>(L.) Pallas on germination and development of seedlings of two <em>Amaranthus </em>species. The root elongation bioassay of <em>Amaranthus blitum </em>seedlings showed a higher phytotoxic effect of the <em>Melilotus officinalis </em>extract compared to <em>Helianthus annuus </em>L. and <em>Helianthus tuberosus </em>L. extracts.</p> Svetlana I. Mikhailova Anastasiya A. Burenina Svetlana B. Romanova Tatyana P. Astafurova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-20 2022-12-20 10 781–791 781–791 10.5281/zenodo.7750933 Invertebrates of Siberia, a potential source of animal protein for innovative food production. 1. The keelback slugs (Gastropoda: Limacidae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12303 <p>The use of terrestrial invertebrates occurring in Siberia as a source of nutrients is an innovative form of new quality food production in North Asia. The species available for this production should be qualified by necessary criteria; for example, they should be common in the region and easily obtainable, free from restriction or prohibition as rare or protected species, adapted to regional environmental conditions, and their bodies should be free from toxins and allergens. They should also be unpretentious in terms of housing, consumption of cheap and suitable feed which provides a satisfactory increase in biomass and contains necessary nutrients in the required ratio. Several local species of terrestrial molluscs and insects fit these criteria and have been were selected as model species, such as the yellow slug <em>Limacus flavus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) which has been studied in detail. Individuals of this slug were collected from a subterranean vegetable store in the city of Novosibirsk, and reared for 5 months under laboratory conditions with different lighting, humidity and temperature. Standard vegetables for winter storage, carrot, cabbage and potato (the preferred ingredient), were provided to the slugs. The most effective factors for the development of body weight and size of the slugs were registered in the dark under moderate humidity and temperature. Average weight and length of slugs at the beginning of the experiment in March 2022 were 0.62 gram and 3.42 mm, and at the end of the experiment in August 2022 were 3.67 gram and 5.76 mm (respectively x 5.9 and x 1.7). Therefore, basement and underground cold premises lacking constant lighting and provided with potato waste as a feeding substrate appear to be optimal for raising and rearing this slug species; naturally this would be of particular interest for food production in regions with cold climate conditions.</p> Sergei E. Tshernyshev Irina B. Babkina Vera P. Modyaeva Margarita D. Morozova Elena Yu. Subbotina Mikhail V. Shcherbakov Anastasia V. Simakova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 10 749–762 749–762 10.5281/zenodo.7750942 Dynamics of the bioclimatic potential of agroecological zones of the Altai Territory in the conditions of modern climatic and anthropogenic changes http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12307 <p>The steppe zone is characterized by high dynamism of environmental conditions including sharp climatic fluctuations that affect both the possibilities of agriculture and the state of steppe landscapes. Further development of agriculture without taking into account changing climatic and environmental factors increases risks both for steppe ecosystems and for the sustainability of agriculture. The field production of the agro-climatic zones of the Altai Territory is characterized by the high variability of gross yields associated with the dynamics of precipitation, air temperature, and soil fertility. Under the current conditions, the analysis of the temporal and spatial dynamics of bioclimatic potential is of high practical importance for the development and implementation of adaptive agricultural technologies. A retrospective analysis was carried out and a modern bio-climatic characteristic of model territories representing various agroecological zones was compiled for this purpose. The object of research was data on average daily, average monthly, and average annual air temperatures, the level of precipitation, the water vapor pressure, and relative humidity. Statistical processing of analytical data was carried out in Excel. Calculations revealed significant temporal and spatial dynamics of the BCP. Spatially, it is characterized by a significant decrease in a north-western orientation. The lowest average values, 1.71-1.81 units, were observed in the Kulunda and Rubtsovskaya agroecological zones, with a coefficient of variation of more than 20.0%. The Zarinskaya and Aleyskaya agroecological zones were characterized by the highest values of BCP, and the Predgornaya zone presented maximum values of BCP, at the level of 2.70 units with high stability. Temporally, the BCP of the Zarinskaya, Kulunda, and Priobskaya agroclimatic zones is characterized by a negative trend; in other zones, its almost zero balance is noted. A sufficiently expressed difference in the BCP of various agroecological zones has an impact on the realization of the biological potential of cultivated crops. Analysis of the level of development of the vegetative mass of spring wheat by determining NDVI confirmed this assumption. For a systematic assessment of the influence of climatic and anthropogenic factors on the production process of field crops and the development of measures for the rational use of agricultural landscapes, it is advisable to determine the potential yield according to the BCP, determine the degree of its implementation in the economic harvest and justify techniques for leveling limiting factors in agrotechnology of individual agroecological zones.</p> Yuriy A. Gulyanov Alexander A. Chibilyov Marina М. Silantieva Sergey V. Levykin Ilya G. Yakovlev Grigoriy V. Kazachkov Natalia V. Ovcharova Lyudmila V. Sokolova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 10 763–780 763–780 10.5281/zenodo.7750937 The state of agrocenosises and hayfield meadows in farm units of Prialeisk soil and climate zone (Altai Krai) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12297 <p>This paper presents the results of the estimation of agrocenoses and hayfield meadows of Prialeisk soil and climate zone in Altai krai. For the period 2001-2021 there is a pronounced trend for increasing yields in almost all crops. The exception includes only permanent grasses for green feed which is explained by aridization of the climate and the established agrotechnology in recent decades. Data analysis shows that planting acreages have decreased for such crops as spring wheat (from 107.3 thousand ha in 2001 to 59.7 thousand ha in 2021), oat (from 8.6 thousand ha in 2001 to 6.2 thousand ha in 2021) and permanent grasses (from 15.4 thousand ha in 2001 to 4.8 thousand ha in 2021). When estimating the monitoring areas with agrocenoses on the water index calculated using Sentinel-2 data it was identified that for sainfoin, linen, sunflower, lucerne and corn the range of NDWI values ranged from -0.2 to 0.4. Whereas they were drought tolerant crops, stress was insignificant. Hayland haylages as forage lands did not have any negative index values. For oat and soy, the index indicators were lower, the values ranged from -0.2 to 0.25. A value range for wheat varied from -0.2 to 0.3. Buckwheat was rich in phytomass and the NDWI value range was from -0.1 to 0.45. That gave evidence of the sufficient water availability of the crop. Agrocenoses productivity depended on the level of the area moistening and the soil and climate conditions were fairly homogeneous on the selected territories as correlation between ARVI and NDWI values was 0.9. According to the satellite data the most productive ones were oat crops with sainfoin and buckwheat.</p> Natalia V. Ovcharova Marina M. Silantieva Elena Yu. Zhukova Ludmila V. Sokolova Natalia V. Elesova Vadim I. Riabtsev Aleksandr K. Zakrevskiy Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-17 2022-12-17 10 733–748 733–748 10.5281/zenodo.7750948 New records of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera) from the South of West Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12286 <p>The article presents 13 species of Noctuoidea superfamily from Omsk and Novosibirsk regions of Russia. 6 species are new to Omsk region, 8 species are new to Novosibirsk region. 4 species are new to the Russian part of the West Siberian Plain, among them, <em>Schrankia balneorum </em>(Alphéraky, 1880), <em>Spodoptera exigua </em>(Hübner, 1808), <em>Leucochlaena fallax </em>(Staudinger, 1870), <em>Mythimna anderreggii </em>(Boisduval, 1840).</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Vadim V. Ivonin Sofya M. Saikina Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-16 2022-12-16 10 721–731 721–731 10.5281/zenodo.7728560 A checklist of bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae and Platypodidae) from Siberia and the Russian Far East http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12230 <p>Currently, 185 species of the family Scolytidae and three species of the family Platypodidae are recorded from Asian Russia. In total, 99 species of bark beetles are found in Siberia and 168 species in the Russian Far East. Platypodidae are known anly from the south of the the Russian Far East. Two species of Scolytidae are found in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, 13 species in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, 19 species in Tyumen Oblast, four species in Kurgan Oblast, three species in Omsk Oblast, 37 species in Tomsk Oblast, 28 species in Novosibirsk Oblast, 32 species in Kemerovo Oblast, 25 species in Altay Krai, 53 species in Altai Republic, 62 species in Krasnoyarsk Krai, 11 species in Republic of Khakassia, 24 species in Tyva Republic, 55 species in Irkutsk Oblast, 61 species in Buryatiya Republic, 40 species in Zabaikalskii Krai, 52 species in Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, 25 species in Kamchatka Oblast, one species in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, 19 species in Magadan Oblast, 45 species in Amur Oblast, one species in Jewish Autonomous Oblast, 67 species in Khabarovsk Krai, 130 species in Primorsky Krai, 87 species in Sakhalin Is. and 68 species in Kuriles Isl.</p> Andrei A. Legalov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 10 623–646 623–646 10.5281/zenodo.7726527 Lepidoptera of South Ossetia (Northern Transcaucasia). Part II. Cossidae, Limacodidae, Erebidae (Lymantriinae, Arctiinae, Syntominae, Notodontinae), Lasiocampidae, Lemoniidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Drepanidae and Cimeliidae http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12231 <p>In the third part of the publication, we present the faunal list of nine families of the Macrolepidoptera of South Ossetia, including 4 species of Cossidae, 2 species of Limacodidae, 40 species of Erebidae, 15 species of Sphingidae, 6 species of Lasiocampidae, 1 species of Saturniidae and Lemoniidae, 5 species of Drepanidae and 1 species of Cimeliidae. Fifty nine species are reported for South Ossetia for the first time.</p> Aleksandr N. Streltzov Petr Ya. Ustjuzhanin Pavel S. Morozov Artem E. Naydenov Vitaly M. Spitsyn Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 10 647–654 647–654 10.14258/abs.v8.e40 Phenotypic plasticity of the stem epidermis in the bluegrasses (Poa L.) of section Stenopoa Dumort. (Poaceae). I. Mesomorphic species http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12232 <p>Section <em>Stenopoa</em> Dumort. is one of the largest representatives of the bluegrass genus (<em>Poa </em>L.). Despite relative antiquity, <em>P. palustris </em>L. and <em>P. nemoralis </em>L. have not been perserved in original states. Their ongoing evolution and hybridization has increased their diversity and has complicated the system. This obligate to search for new morphological characters, suitable for taxa discrimination, as well as for phylogenetic relationships. It is well known, that studying of grasses is difficult, bluegrass in particular. The reasons for this are next: their vegetative and reproductive organs structure is extremely uniform; the number of characters used in taxonomy is small as well as the number of these characters states. Meanwhile, characters of epidermis structure are widely used in the systematics and diagnostics of grasses. These characters consist of a presence or an absence of pubescence along the veins, lower lemmas keel and callus, and an rachilla. The main goal of the current work is to assess the variability of epidermis sculptural features, that determine the degree of stems and sheaths roughness of mesomorphic bluegrasses in <em>Stenopoa </em>section; and to assess the possibility of using these characters in taxonomy. Anatomical surfaces' study of stems and lower leaf sheaths was carried out with a Biolam-1 binocular light microscope (Russia) and a SEC SNE-4500M (SEM) scanning electron microscope (South Korea). Studies of diversity of stem and leaf epidermis structure on mass and serial herbarium materials showed that the change in the roughness degree has partly continual, partly discrete character. Sculptural formations are represented by a variety of crown cells, pricles, and bristles, that in fact are short stiff hairs. Thus, the characters of epidermis structure cannot be used as discriminators for mesomorphic bluegrasses of the <em>Stenopoa </em>section. These characters can act as additional ones and mark the evolutionary branches of <em>P. palustris </em>and <em>P. nemoralis </em>along with such morphological features as the length of the ligule and the rachilla pubescence.</p> Marina V. Olonova Valeriia D. Shiposha Roman S. Romanets Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 10 655–672 655–672 10.5281/zenodo.7728551 Phenotypic plasticity of the stem epidermis in the bluegrasses (Poa L.) of section Stenopoa Dumort. (Poaceae). II. Xeromorphic species http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12240 <p>Section <em>Stenopoa </em>is one of the most significant among the bluegrasses, and its proper identifying is important task. The epidermal characters, which determine the degree of roughness of the bluegrasses, are used widely in botanical literature, but the information on bluegrasses characters is controversial frequently. This work is devoted to the study of xeromorphic representatives of the section. The aim of this work was to assess the variability of the sculptural features of the epidermis, which determine the degree of roughness of the stems within xeromorphic bluegrass of the <em>Stenopoa </em>section, and the possibility of using these characters in taxonomy. The types of epidermal trychomes and their variability and frequencies within the populations of 12 species were researched using SEM and light microscope. As a result of the study, no species-specific types of epidermal structure were revealed. In all the studied species, with the exception of the Central Asian hybridogenic species <em>Poa psilolepis</em>, the epidermis of the stem and leaf sheaths contained crown cells and pricles or bristles in varying proportions. Under the panicle only crown cells or pricles directed upwards were observed. The most species showed high interpopulation and intrapopulation variability. At the same time, the Central Asian species were distinguished by less polymorphism and a small number of deviated individuals in the populations. The conducted studies cast doubt on the possibility of widespread use of epidermal sculpture as a discriminator for xeromorphic <em>Stenopoa </em>species, including for distinguishing between the Siberian <em>P. stepposa </em>and the European <em>P. erythropoda</em>.</p> Marina V. Olonova Valeriia D. Shiposha Roman S. Romanets Harsh Singh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 10 673–692 673–692 10.5281/zenodo.7726567 Review of the Dyspessa salicicola (Eversmann, 1848) species group (Lepidoptera, Cossidae: Cossinae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12241 <p>The article gives a revision on the species group <em>Dyspessa salicicola </em>(Eversmann, 1848) (Lepidoptera, Cossidae, Cossinae). The group comprises six valid taxa, namely <em>D. salicicola salicicola</em>, <em>D. salicicola aschabadensis </em>Daniel, 1953, <em>D. saissanica </em>Yakovlev, 2014, <em>D. kostjuki </em>Yakovlev, 2005, <em>D. arabesca </em>Yakovlev, 2005 and <em>D. muelleri </em>Yakovlev, sp. nov. (type locality: “Nord Jordanien, Totes Meer-Ostufer, Wadi Ibn Hammad”), united by a specific habitus (the yellow forewing with a remarkable pattern of spots). Detailed data on the distribution of all the species are provided, short diagnoses are given. The article is illustrated with images of specimens from different localities and male genitalia of all the considered taxa.</p> Roman V. Yakovlev Nazar A. Shapoval Galina N. Shapoval Artem E. Naydenov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 10 693–712 693–712 10.14258/abs.v8.e43 What is Semagystia clathrata (Christoph, 1884) (Lepidoptera, Cossidae: Cossinae)? http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12262 <p>The article gives a redescription of the little studied species, <em>Semagystia clathrata </em>(Christoph, 1884) (Lepidoptera, Cossidae: Cossinae). For the first time, we provide the images of the male and female adults from various portions of the distribution range, and describe the male genitalia. The species is reported for the first time for the fauna of Kazakhstan (Mangystau Region). The species distribution map is presented, the article is illustrated with nine figures.</p> Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 10 713–719 713–719 10.14258/abs.v8.e44 Ecological preferences and abundances of populations of protected lichens in linden forests on the Salair Ridge in Altai Territory http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12229 <p>For a comprehensive assessment of the habitats of rare and vulnerable lichen species, the <em>Tilia sibirica </em>forest in the Zarinsky Districts of the Altai Territory was studied. Plant communities were described on 25 sample plots. Seven species of lichens listed in the Red data book of the Altai Territory were found in the studied forests: <em>Graphis scripta</em>, <em>Heterodermia speciosa</em>, <em>Lobaria pulmonaria</em>, <em>Nephroma bellum</em>, <em>Ramalina roesleri</em>, <em>R. sinensis</em>, and <em>R. vogulica</em>. New quantitative data on cenopopulations of the studied lichen species in Salair region have been obtained. Ecological preferences are indicated for each species and the abundance of populations (dm2/ha) are calculated. Linden forest is shown to have a high conservation value regarding lichens.</p> Evgeny A. Davydov Natalia V. Elesova Irina A. Khrustaleva Yulia V. Storozhenko Lidia S. Yakovchenko Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-13 2022-12-13 10 611–622 611–622 10.5281/zenodo.7726509 Biological features of the formation of Festuca rubra L. (Poaceae) seed productivity on the southeast of Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/12228 <p>The article presents the results of seven sorts of <em>Festuca rubra </em>L. seed productivity of lawn significance, representing three subspecies and two local wild-growing forms. The onset of the main phenological phases in the first two years of plant life was analyzed, taking into account the weather conditions of the experience setting area, and a comparison between samples representing three subspecies was made. The correlation between the four signs of the reproductive sphere has been studied. The best indicators of seed productivity with high semination rate were noted in the varieties Phrida and Aida from the subspecies <em>commutata </em>and s. Echo from subspecies <em>rubra</em>. The significant relationship between the number and weight of seeds per panicle was revealed for all varieties. A strong variation of the relationship strength between potential and real seed productivity was noted. It has been established that mature fruiting plants of the first and second year are best able to realize their seed potential. Starting from the third year of seed production, the intensity of generative shoots formation in individual development and the yield of seeds from the registration area in row sowing sharply decreases.</p> Irina V. Khussainova Galina A. Zueva Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-12 2022-12-12 10 595–610 595–610 10.5281/zenodo.7726496