Acta Biologica Sibirica <div class="additional_content"> <p><strong><span style="font-size: small;">ISSN 2412-1908 (Online)</span></strong></p> <p><strong>We should like to inform our readers and authors that since January 1st, 2022 we are moving from Pensoft Publishers back to Altai State University portal. We extend our deep and sincere gratitude to the Pensoft team and L. Penev personally for productive and valuable cooperation.&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Please refer to <a href=""></a> for journal articles within 2020-2021.</p> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><strong>Acta Biologica Sibirica</strong> publishes original, previously unpublished articles on the following fields: Faunistics, Floristics, Biogeography, Biological systematics, Nature conservation and protected areas, Reviews of published articles and monographs on the above topics, Memorial articles. Preference is given to articles in English. There are no restrictions on the article volume and number of articles in the issue. In the fields of faunistics and floristics, we accept articles of two types: floral and faunal lists on any region of the world (areas, regions, countries, mountain ranges, national parks), and faunal and floral discoveries (finding new species for the regions, additions to previously published inventories…). We also accept articles on methodology of faunal and floral studies. 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We will publish one rolling volume consisting of a single issue per calendar year from 2020. All the articles will be continuously paginated and the universal digital object identifier (DOI) should be used for citations.</span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> en-US <p><em>Acta Biologica Sibirica</em>&nbsp;is a golden publisher, as we allow self-archiving, but most importantly we are fully transparent about your rights.</p> <p>Authors may present and discuss their findings ahead of publication: at biological or scientific conferences, on preprint servers, in public databases, and in blogs, wikis, tweets, and other informal communication channels.</p> <p>ABS allows authors to deposit manuscripts (currently under review or those for intended submission to ABS) in non-commercial, pre-print servers such as ArXiv.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;(CC BY 4.0)&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> </ol> (Alex Matsyura) (Alex Matsyura) Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 60 Aulacoseira capitalina sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta) from the Middle Miocene sediments of the Barguzin Valley, Baikal Rift Zone (Russia) <p>Using light and scanning electron microscopy, a new species <em>Aulacoseira capitalina </em>Titova et Usoltseva from the Middle Miocene deposits of the Barguzin Valley is described. It is shown that the new species is similar to other elliptical species in terms of elliptical valve face profile, diameter, deep ringleist, but differs in the shape of separating spines, the absence of ridge structure and the shape of rimoportulae. The finding of <em>A. capitalina </em>in the Middle Miocene deposits of the Barguzin Valley expands the range of distribution of elliptical species.</p> Lybov’ А. Titova, Abdulmonem I. Hassan, Marina V. Usoltseva Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Snow cover as a factor of radial growth of woody plants in different habitats of Altai <p>The dependence of the of annual ring width of woody plants in the Altai Mountains on such parameters of snow cover as maximum thickness, water reserve, dates of disappearance, and establishment and duration of occurrence of stable snow cover, is analyzed. The data of the state hydrometeorological stations (HMS) and the authors’ own dendrochronological materials were used for the analysis. The features of the response of the radial growth to the snow cover parameters for various trees, fir (<em>Abies sibirica </em>L.), Siberian larch (<em>Larix sibirica </em>L.), Siberian stone pine (<em>Pinus sibirica </em>Du Tour), and pine (<em>Pinus sylvestris </em>L.), depending on the geographical location, were established.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nikolay I. Bykov, Natalia V. Rygalova, Anna A. Shigimaga Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Composition and structure of macroinvertebrate communities of lakes in different altitudinal zones of Russian Altai <p>In 2002-2020, the composition and structure of benthic invertebrate communities from 36 lakes of the Russian Altai located at various (low, mid and high) altitudes were studied. Low-mountain and lowland lakes have a similar zoobenthos structure. With height, the taxonomic structure becomes more complicated, and the dominant taxa of macroinvertebrates change. The peculiar feature of bottom zoocenoses in mid- and high-altitude lakes is high frequency of occurrence and large contribution to the total biomass of crustaceans of the family Gammaridae. We described the trophic structure of zoobenthos and identified five main trophic groups. In terms of species number, the collector-detritus feeder and predator groups dominated in the trophic structure of all lakes. By biomass, the growing proportion of filter feeders and shredders was observed with increasing height.</p> Olga N. Vdovina, Liubov V. Yanygina, Dmitry M. Bezmaternykh Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The role of waterfalls in the structure of macroinvertebrate communities of the Tevenek River (Lake Teletskoye basin, Northeastern Altai) <p>Extreme waterfall conditions cause partition of aquatic ecosystems of waterfall streams into discrete zones. To assess the features of aquatic ecosystems that function in waterfall streams, macroinvertebrate communities of the Tevenek River (Lake Teletskoye basin, Northeastern Altai) were examined above and below the waterfall. The diversity, abundance, and biomass of macroinvertebrates were higher above than below the barriers. <em>Gammarus korbuensis </em>showed the most significant decrease in number (from 3.1 to 2.3 thousand ind./m2) probably due to the intensive use of amphipods as food for fish living in Lake Teletskoye. An additional factor in favor of the high species richness of macroinvertebrates in the upper reaches is the geomorphology of the waterfall river valley that contributes to the formation of more diverse conditions above the waterfalls. Hydrobiological studies of waterfall streams can help to understand the restructuring of benthic communities divided as a result of the human impact.</p> Liubov V. Yanygina, Petr A. Shipunov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Additions to the fauna of Heterocera (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of the Republic of Khakassia and of the South of Krasnoyarsk Region (South Siberia, Russia) with a comparison of the moths flight timing after 100 years of W. Kozhantshikov's research <p>Here we present additional data and the information about new records of Lepidoptera (Geometridae, Sphingidae, Lymantriidae, Erebidae s.str., Noctuidae, Arctiidae) from the Khakassia Republic and the South of Krasnoyarsk region. 45 species are reported for the fauna of both regions for the first time and the 4 species reliably confirmed. In our work, we use research records, collection of personal materials during 1986−2021 (collecting) seasons. As in works before, we acknowledge availability for several species, which were recorded here earlier doubtly. In addition, comparisons of moths flight activity 100 years agо and contemporary are given.</p> Roman E. Maksimov, Svyatoslav A. Knyazev, Alexey Yu. Matov, Ilya A. Makhov, Sergey M. Lostchev, Mikhail A. Ivanov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 25 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 New records of native and alien true bugs (Heteroptera) from Kemerovo Region, Western Siberia, Russia <p>The article provides first records of 20 true bugs species (Heteroptera) from seven families (Lygaeidae, Miridae, Tingidae, Acanthosomatidae, Berytidae, and Saldidae) in Kemerovo Region, Western Siberia, Russia. These species, except two, are known in other regions of the Asian part of Russia, thus, the novel data clarify their up-to-date distribution. Most of true bugs, including an alien <em>Hoplomachus thunbergii</em> (Fallén) (i.e. 70% of all species in the study) were found in two botanical gardens (Kuzbasskiy and Orbita) in Kemerovo Region, highlighting the importance of surveying such plantings when running faunal studies and inventories. Two alien species, <em>H. thunbergii</em> (fam. Miridae) and <em>Arocatus rufipes </em>Stål (fam. Lygaeidae) originating from the European and Far Eastern parts of Russia respectively, were found in the city of Kemerovo and represent novel records for the Asian part of Russia (the former species) and Siberia (the latter species). These species could be introduced to Kemerovo Region with plants for planting, plant material or transported with human vehicles. Further studies would be needed to confirm this hypothesis. Here we provide short synopses of the bionomics, distributional records and trophic associations for all species newly documented in Kemerovo Region. The images of adults and male genitalia are given for the majority of species.</p> Valentin V. Rudoi, Nikolay N. Vinokurov, Aleksey V. Korshunov, Dmitiy A. Efimov, Natalia I. Kirichenko Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 23 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 New records of geometrid moths of the subfamily Larentinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) from the Amurskaya Oblast, Russian Far East <p>An annotated list of 12 species of geometrid moths of the subfamily Larentiinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) found for the first time on the territory of Amurskaya Oblast, the Russian Far East, is given. There are: <em>Brabira artemidora </em>(Oberthür, 1884), <em>Acasis bellaria </em>(Leech, 1891), <em>Trichopteryx polycommata </em>([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775), <em>Idiotephria debilitata </em>(Leech, 1891), <em>Idiotephria evanescens </em>(Staudinger, 1897), <em>Thera variata </em>([Denis &amp; Schiffermüller], 1775), <em>Ecliptopera umbrosaria </em>(Motschulsky, 1861), <em>Triphosa dubitata </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), <em>Triphosa sericata </em>(Butler, 1879), <em>Operophtera relegata </em>Prout, 1908, <em>Hydrelia parvulata </em>(Staudinger, 1897), and <em>Venusia semistrigata </em>(Christoph, 1881). From them, for 9 East Asian species these finds strongly expand to north-west their previously known areas.</p> Aleksandr A. Kuzmin, Evgeniy A. Beljaev Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Thereuoneminae Verhoeff, 1905 (Chilopoda: Scutigeromorpha: Scutigeridae), a new subfamily for the Russian fauna <p><em>Thereuonema tuberculata </em>(Wood, 1862), genus <em>Thereuonema </em>Verhoeff, 1904, and subfamily Thereuoneminae Verhoeff, 1905 are recorded from Russia for the first time. A distribution map and illustrations are provided.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 11 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 First record of Ceutorhynchus rusticus Gyllenhal, 1837 (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from Altai Krai, Western Siberia <p>The first record of <em>Ceutorhynchus rusticus </em>Gyllenhal, 1837 (Curculionidae: Conoderinae: Ceutorhynchitae: Ceutorhynchini) from Altai Krai is given. The distribution map, illustrations and redescription of this species are presented. It is the first record from Altai Krai and the most southwestern finding in Siberia.</p> Andrei A. Legalov, Sergei V. Reshetnikov Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 06 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Species richness of scaled Chrysophytes in arctic waters in the Tiksi Region (Yakutia, Russia) <p>Searching for regularities in the species composition and diversity of scaled chrysophytes is crucial for monitoring Arctic waters within the concept of global climate change since these organisms are good indicators of environmental changes. Transmission electron microscopy allowed us to investigate the species diversity of scaled chrysophytes in 14 Arctic water bodies near the town of Tiksi (Yakutia) relative to hydrochemical gradients. We described a high species richness of scaled chrysophytes, 65 species from 6 genera: <em>Chrysosphaerella</em> (2), <em>Paraphysomonas </em>(8), <em>Lepidochromonas </em>(3), <em>Spiniferomonas</em> (10), <em>Mallomonas</em> (23), <em>Synura</em> (19). The water bodies we studied had a significantly different species composition. The composition of the species in the study area was confirmed to be affected by concentrations of water dissolved oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>), ion nitrate (NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>) and copper ion (Cu<sub>2</sub><sup>+</sup>) as well as by indicators of biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD and COD). The species richness (α richness) is proved to be higher within creasing concentrations of COD and O2, while increasing concentrations of copper ions (Cu2 +) in water led to its reduction. According to ecological and biogeographic data, ubiquitous and cosmopolitan species prevailed in the longitudinal group of the study area (60 %), while polyzonal species (55 %) predominated in the latitudinal group. A high share of Arctic boreal species (19 %) and the presence of typically boreal species (11 %) were identified in the latitudinal group. A biogeographical distribution of scaled chrysophytes typical of Arctic water bodies in contemporary conditions that reflect global warming trends was described. <strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Anna Bessudova, Viktor Gabyshev, Yurij Bukin, Olga Gabysheva, Yelena V. Likhoshway Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 04 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of the fire frequency of the southern taiga region of the Tomsk Oblast on the example of three forestries <p>An analysis of the burning of forests in the Tomsk region is given, using the example of three forest districts: Asinovsky, Shegarsky and Timiryazevsky. On the territories of forestries, the areas for detecting fires, the areas for eliminating fires, the type of territories covered and the causes of occurrence are determined. The peaks of fire activity in the forest areas for a ten-year period were determined. In total, during the study period, 569 landscape fires were registered on the territory of three forestries, the total area of detection was 3369.36 ha, the total area of liquidation was 6793.74 ha. The areas most prone to fires are directly forested 84.49% and non-forested 11.48%. A comparison was made of the territories of the Timiryazevsky forest district, where fires took place over the period 2012–2021, as well as the territories where artificial reforestation was carried out over the same time period. The dependence of artificial reforestation measures on the frequency of fires in forestry areas was revealed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Vladislav V. Perminov, Denis P. Kasymov Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 26 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 New records of lithobiid centipedes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from Middle Asia <p>The following taxa are new to the fauna of Uzbekistan: <em>Australobius </em>Chamberlin, 1920, <em>A. magnus </em>(Trotzina, 1894), <em>Hessebius </em>Verhoeff, 1941, <em>H. plumatus </em>Zalesskaja, 1978, <em>Lithobius praeditus </em>Zalesskaja, 1975, and <em>L. javanicus </em>(Zalesskaja, 1978). Order Lithobiomorpha is new to the Qashqadaryo and Surxondaryo regions of Uzbekistan; <em>A. magnus </em>is new to the Talas, Jalal-Abad, Chuy, and Batken regions of Kyrgyzstan. All the records are mapped.</p> Yurii V. Dyachkov Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 A new species of Acantholycosa Dahl, 1908 (Aranei: Lycosidae) from the highlands of Sikhote-Alin Mountains, Maritime Territory of Russia <p>A new species of wolf spider, <em>Acantholycosa voronoii </em>sp. nov., collected among isolated screes in the highlands of Sikhote-Alin Mountains, is diagnosed, illustrated and described based on both sexes. The new species is related to <em>A. irinae </em>Fomichev &amp; Omelko, 2020, a species recently described from a neighboring mountain; the two species differ in the conformation of copulatory organs and number of ventral spines on tibia I. A distribution map of all known <em>Acantholycosa </em>species in south of Maritime Territory is provided.</p> Mikhail M. Omelko, Alexander A. Fomichev Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 19 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 On the fauna of terrestrial bugs (Heteroptera: Cimicomorpha, Pentatomomorpha) of Altai Krai (Russia). II <p>In the paper based on materials of the Altai State University (Barnaul) and collections of the Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk), additional data on the distribution in the Altai Krai of 65 species of heteropterans from 13 families of the infraorders Cimicomorpha and Pentatomorpha are given. <em>Bothrostethus annulipes </em>(Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835) of the family Coreidae, presumably unintentionally introduced to Siberia, was found in Barnaul City area. Seven species are recorded for the first time for Altai Krai: <em>Agnocoris rubicundus </em>(Fallén, 1807), <em>Closterotomus samojedorum </em>(J. Sahlberg, 1878) (Miridae); <em>Lasiacantha hermani </em>Vásárhelyi, 1977, <em>Tingis cardui </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) (Tingidae); <em>Scolopostethus pilosus pilosus </em>Reuter, 1875, <em>Raglius alboacuminatus alboacuminatus </em>(Linnaeus, 1778) (Lygaeidae) and <em>Ventocoris halophilus </em>(Jakovlev, 1874) (Pentatomidae). Examples of aberrations of genital structures (male paramere and female parietal vaginal gland) detected in the Altai population of <em>Nabis brevis brevis </em>Scholtz, 1847 are discussed.</p> Nikolay N. Vinokurov, Valentin V. Rudoi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 13 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Review of the genus Dacne Latr. (Coleoptera, Erotylidae) from Kazakhstan <p>Pleasing fungus beetles <em>Dacne bipustulata </em>(Thunberg, 1781), <em>D. pontica </em>(Bedel, 1868), and <em>D. semirufula </em>(Reitter, 1897) from the family Erotylidae are firstly recorded in Kazakhstan. The data on the Erotylidae fauna of this genus fromthree protected areas of Almaty oblast are given. <em>D. semirufula </em>is recorded only in Almaty city and its neighborhoods. It is possible that it is adventive, the introduction took place relatively recently, and the beetle did not have time to settle outside the site of invasion. A key to known species of the genus <em>Dacne </em>from Kazakhstan is given. Information about some species of mushrooms, on which Erotylidae were collected, presented for the first time. <em>Pholiota vernalis </em>(Saccardo) A.H. Smit &amp; Hesler, 1968, <em>Psathyrella candolleana </em>(Fries) Maire, 1913 and <em>Gloeophyllum sepiarium </em>(Wulfen) P. Karsten, 1882 were recorded from Kazakhstan for <em>D. bipustulata</em>, <em>Pholiota vernalis </em>(Saccardo) A.H. Smit &amp; Hesler, 1968 and <em>P. candolleana </em>for <em>D. pontica </em>and <em>Fomitopsis betulina </em>(Bulliard) B.K. Cui, M.L. Han &amp; Y.C. Dai, 2016 and <em>Ganoderma applanatum </em>(Persoon) Patouillard, 1889 for <em>D. semirufula</em>.</p> Izbasar I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 12 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Annotated checklist of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Mali <p>Fifty-three species of Cerambycidae were collected in Mali between 2014 and 2020 as by-catches within NIH and IVCC projects for malaria vector ecology and control, 42 of them are new records for the country. An updated list of 89 species of cerambycid beetles of Mali is presented. Two species, <em>Niphotragulus occidentalis </em>Breuning, 1977 and <em>Sophronica sudanica </em>Breuning, 1962, are so far only known from Mali.</p> Robert H.-T. Beck, Alexey M. Prozorov, Tatiana A. Prozorova, Mohamed M. Traore, Sékou F. Traoré, Aidas Saldaitis, Gergely Petrányi, Julia S. Volkova, Roman V. Yakovlev, Edita E. Revay, Günter C. Müller Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 10 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Lepidoptera of South Ossetia (Northern Transcaucasia). Part I. Introduction and Superfamily Pyraloidea Latreille, 1809 <p>In the first part of the publication, we present the faunal list of Pyraloidea of South Ossetia, including 111 species of 64 genera, belonging to two families. For the first time, 96 species are reported for South Ossetia. <em>Scoparia manifestella </em>(Herrich-Schäffer, 1848) and <em>Scoparia perplexella </em>(Zeller, 1839) are found in the Caucasus for the first time, and the new species <em>Scoparia sinevi </em>Streltzov, 2022 is currently indicated as an endemic of South Ossetia.</p> Aleksandr N. Streltzov, Petr Ya. Ustjuzhanin, Roman V. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 09 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Ecological vs physiological host specificity: the case of the microsporidium Nosema pyrausta (Paillot) Weiser, 1961 <p>The microsporidium <em>Nosema pyrausta </em>(Paillot) Weiser, 1961 plays an important role in the mortality of the European corn borer <em>Ostrinia nubilalis </em>(Hübner, 1796), and shows high virulence to the beet webworm <em>Loxostege sticticalis </em>(Linnaeus, 1761). In contrast, the greater wax moth <em>Galleria mellonella </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) and the gypsy moth <em>Lymantria dispar </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) are referred to as resistant hosts, slightly susceptible to this microparasite. The goal of the present study was to test <em>N. pyrausta </em>against a broad range of lepidopteran species with different taxonomy, physiology, and ecology. The susceptibility to <em>N. pyrausta </em>spores fluctuated greatly among members of various families and superfamilies of Lepidoptera. As many as 13 species tested were found to be refractory (not able to support the development of the microsporidium), including three species of Yponomeutoidea, four species of Papilionoidea, one species of Pyraloidea, two species of Bombycoidea, and three species of Noctuoidea. The species found to be susceptible (with a high proportion of specimens displaying developed infection) included: <em>Evergestis forficalis </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) (Crambidae), <em>Aglais urticae </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) (Nymphalidae), and <em>Dendrolimus sibiricus </em>Chetverikov, 1908 (Lasiocampidae). The species newly found to be highly susceptible (high proportion of infected insects accompanied with high levels of&nbsp;early mortality) were: <em>Spodoptera exigua </em>(Hübner, 1808) (Noctuidae) and <em>Aglais io </em>(Linnaeus, 1758). Large quantities of spores can be produced in vivo using substitute laboratory host <em>A. urticae</em>. These results confirm previous observations that physiological host range of microsporidia (observed under experimental conditions) is broader than the ecological one (observed in nature).</p> Yuri S. Tokarev, Darya S. Kireeva, Anastasia N. Ignatieva, Aleksander A. Ageev, Aleksei V. Gerus, Olga N. Yaroslavtseva, Anastasia G. Kononchuk, Julia M. Malysh Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 09 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 First invasion of Ambrostoma superbum (Thunberg, 1787) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) in Western Siberia <p>The first invasion of <em>Ambrostoma superbum </em>(Thunberg, 1787) (Chrysomelidae: Chrysomelinae, Doryphorini) from Novosibirsk (Novosibirskaya Oblast) is recorded. The distribution map, illustrations and redescription of this species are presented. This species causes significant damage to <em>Ulmus pumila </em>L.</p> Andrei A. Legalov, Sergei V. Reshetnikov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 New, rare and vagrant damselflies and dragonflies (Insecta: Odonata) in the Kaliningrad Oblast, north-western Russia <p>The paper presents new remarkable records of selected rare and uncommon Odonata species found in the Kaliningrad Oblast based primarily on our surveys conducted since 2007. Two species, <em>Erythromma viridulum </em>(Charpentier, 1840) and <em>Anax ephippiger </em>(Burmeister, 1839) are new to the region. The total number of Odonata species currently known for the territory of the Kaliningrad Oblast amounted to 66. Among them, 61 species have been recorded on the Courish (Curonian) Spit of the Baltic Sea.</p> Nazar A. Shapoval, Galina N. Shapoval, Anatoly P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 New data on spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of the plain part of Altai Territory, Russia <p>The paper provides a list of 93 spider species collected from the plain part of Altai Territory; of them, 33 species are recorded for the first time and 12 are newly found in West Siberian Plain. Five species of the latter group are illustrated: <em>Euophrys uralensis </em>Logunov, Cutler et Marusik, 1993, <em>Gibbaranea ullrichi </em>(Hahn, 1835), <em>Parasyrisca marusiki </em>Kovblyuk, 2003, <em>Pardosa jaikensis </em>Ponomarev, 2007 and <em>Synema utotchkini </em>Marusik et Logunov, 1995. A new species, <em>Pardosa ogudovi </em>sp. n. (♂♀) is described.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alexander A. Fomichev Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Genetic variability and phenotypic diversity in populations of the Eurasian perch, Perca fluviatilis (Actinopterygii, Percidae) <p>The Eurasian perch <em>Perca fluviatilis </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) is a common species of fish in northern ecosystems. The species demonstrates high phenotypic diversity when it inhabits various types of water bodies. Here, we investigate whether there is a relationship between the genetic variability and phenotypic diversity in natural perch populations. <em>Perca fluviatilis </em>samples (<em>n </em>= 218) were collected from seven localities in the Ob-Irtysh river basin in western Siberia, Russia. We used color morphs and standard morphometric approach to study phenotypic diversity, allozyme and ISSR-PCR markers to study the genetic variability of the perch. In total, 19 types of perch colouration were found. The number of color morphs varied from 4 to 16 in different reservoirs. The sets of colour morphs and prevailing coloration types, as well as some morphometric characteristics, were significantly different in all studied populations. Low allozyme variability was identified in the perch. The average observed and expected allozyme heterozygosity was 0.003 and 0.056, respectively; 13% of the loci were polymorphic. The genetic diversity (<em>h</em>) of the markers (ISSR) was 0.31; from 53% to 96% of the bands were polymorphic. Genetic differentiation in the perch was high, especially in allozyme loci. The FST and GST values were 0.39 and 0.085 for allozyme and ISSR markers, respectively. The genetic variability indices of the perch did not correlate with phenotypic diversity. Our results suggest that the use of different phenotypic or genetic markers can provide extremely different information on the level of variability in the population.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Oxana N. Zhigileva, Anna G. Egorova Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Growing lupine and vetch in mixed crops <p>This paper aimed to determine the efficiency of growing spring vetch and narrowleaf lupine in mixed crops to produce grain forage. Further, the paper evaluated the influence of seeding quantities, component ratios, and weather conditions on yield and reaction in agrophytocenosis. Field tests and results processing complied with the appropriate methods. The paper examined weather conditions, quality of grain forage, yield, land equivalent ratio, competitiveness, and aggressivity of crops. Land equivalent ratio (LER) reached 1.41 to 1.77 when planting mixed legume grains at seeding quantity of 0.9 to 1.4 germinating seeds per hectare, where vetch amounts to 32%–42% of lupine content (0.38–0.45). The research demonstrated the resilience of crops to lodging and their suitability for thrashing. Under favorable humidification (Selyaninov hydrothermal coefficient (SCC) at 1.6), narrowleaf lupine grains constitute the bulk of the yield (65%), while at less favorable humidification (SCC 0.62), spring vetch generates most of the yield (80%). Neither crop demonstrates a significant advantage under moderately arid conditions. under unfavorable weather conditions, the competitiveness of vetch (CRba) relative to lupine elevates from 1.8 to 7.3, while its aggressiveness (CAba) decreases from 4.9 to 1.6. This suggests that there is positive alleopathy and environmental tolerance in lupine and vetch agrophytocenosis. The research demonstrated the possibility of efficiently growing spring vetch and narrowleaf lupin in mixed crops in the Middle Urals to produce high-protein grain concentrate. Further, the research established the optimal seeding quantity and component ratio and evaluated the influence of weather conditions on yield and changes in the proportion of harvested crops.</p> Andrey V. Bezgodov, Konstantin A. Maron Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 26 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Flora of the Ushkurmynker ridge and adjacent territories (East Kazakhstan), Report 1 <p>For the first time, a list of higher vascular plants of the natural flora of the Ushkurmynker ridge is presented. The list is based on literature data and materials collected during our field surveys and includes 127 species belonging to 94 genera and 37 families. 21 species are rare and endemic for the Altai mountainous country and the Southern Altai. In addition, the following species are registered in the Southern Altai for the first time: <em>Smelowskia calycina </em>(Steph.) C. A. Mey., <em>Draba ochroleuca </em>Bge., <em>Ribes glabrum </em>(Hedl.) Sennikov., <em>Thymus schischkinii </em>Serg., <em>Doronicum oblongifolium </em>DC., <em>Saussurea leucophylla </em>Schrenk., <em>Saussurea krylovii </em>Schischk. et Serg. The most numerous is the Asteraceae family, which includes 20 species. <em>Potentilla </em>is the genera largest of the presented and includes 5 species. We also registered many families that were represented by 1–2 species.</p> Gleb A. Bolbotov, Aleksey A. Kechaykin, Alexander I. Shmakov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 23 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Phytochemical investigation of Cousinia pterocaulos (C.A. Mey.) Rech. f. (Asteraceae) <p><em>Cousinia pterocaulos </em>(C.A. Mey.) Rech. f., is an endemic species of the Asteraceae family in Iran and Transcaucasia, which is naturally distributed in northern regions of Iran. In the current study, we evaluated the composition of essential oil, total flavonoids and phenolic compounds, and free radical scavenging activity of <em>C. pterocaulos </em>extract. Plant materials were collected from a natural population of<em> C. pterocaulos</em> in Mazandaran, and identified based on description provided in Flora Iranica. Essential oil from aerial parts of this plant was extracted using Cleavinger type apparatus and analyzed its composition using GC and GC/MS apparatus. Moreover, the methanolic extracts from aerial parts were used to determine its total flavonoid and phenolic compounds and also capacity in scavenging the stable DPPH free radicals. The results indicated that total phenolic and flavonoids contents in this species is relatively small compared with other <em>Cousinia</em> species. Meanwhile, its capacity in scavenging free radicals is relatively higher than other species that were reported in previous studies. Furthermore, the main essential oil composition was 4,6-Heptadiyn-3-one (43.8%), which has not been detected in other <em>Cousinia</em> species. These findings revealed that each <em>Cousinia </em>species has a specific phytochemical property, leading to a unique biological activity.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Samira Hazrati, Ebrahim Salimi-Sabour, Faraz Mojab, Seyed Mehdi Talebi, Alex Matsyura Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 20 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Diversity of helminth fauna in teleost fish within the Tver region <p>Helminths affect multicellular animals of all types except echinoderms and sponges. In particular, within Volga reservoirs, the infestation of commercial fish by Pseudophyllidea larvae, <em>Opisthorchis felineus </em>(Rivolta, 1884) metacercaria, and other parasitic worms has increased significantly. This poses a threat of growing infestations in humans. The Vazuz Reservoir is a part of the large Vazuz hydrotechnical system connected with the Moscow River and is actively used for water supply to the Western and Southwestern districts of the capital. The investigated impounding reservoir is located on the border of the Tver, Moscow and Smolensk Regions. Most of the population in these regions actively promotes fishing as a hobby. Helminth fauna monitoring is relevant due to the active catch fish consumption by the population. The purpose of this study was to assess epizootic helminthiasis within the Zubtsovsky District of the Tver Region due to the special activity of using the Vazuz Reservoir by professional and amateur fishers. The objects of the study were three commercial fish species widely represented in this water area: river perch <em>Perca fluviatilis </em>Linnaeus, 1758, common roach <em>Rutilus rutilus </em>(Linnaeus, 1758), and common bream <em>Abramis brama </em>Linnaeus, 1758. The fish were caught at two points of the Vazuz Reservoir right branch and frozen for further study in the laboratory of the Zoology Department of the Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy. An incomplete helminthological dissection revealed representatives of the flatworm type at various stages of development, which were subsequently identified. The fish in the carp family, namely <em>Abramis brama</em>, had the highest prevalence in percentage terms.</p> Lyudmila S. Drozdova, Georgy M. Shemyakin, Fyodor A. Demin Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 09 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Unique plant community with Osmorhiza aristata Rafin. in ecosystems of ribbon pine forests in the south of Western Siberia <p>The article presents the results of a geobotanical study of the plant communities with the participation of a relic species <em>Osmorhiza aristata </em>Rafin. on the territory of the Barnaul Ribbon Forest (Altai Krai). The study of <em>Osmorhiza aristata </em>population was carried out during three growing seasons of 2019–2021. The phytocoenotic relationship in the conditions of habitats in Siberia, morphological characters, and origin were determined, which make it possible to suggest the natural origin of the species in the territory of the hemiboreal lowland forests in the south of Western Siberia. We determined the species composition of the forest communities in the areas of <em>Osmorhiza aristata </em>growth. In these communities, the number of higher vascular plants totals 30 species. The habitat characteristics of <em>Osmorhiza aristata </em>in the ribbon pine forests were identified. The species under consideration is included in the Red Data Book of Altai Krai (2016), the Red Data Book of the Altai Republic (2007), the Red Data Book of Kuzbass (2021), as well as in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation (2008). Before 2019, there were four growing areas of <em>Osmorhiza aristata </em>known in the spruce-fir forests of Western Altai. The species was not found in the lowland part of the region. We established a new locality of the stenotopic species <em>Osmorhiza aristata</em>, which is not characteristic of the local flora, in the territory of Western Siberia.</p> Natalia V. Ovcharova, Tatiana A. Terekhina, Natalia V. Elesova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 31 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 New localities of protected lichen species on the Salair Ridge in Altai Territory <p>New localities of eight lichen species included in the Red Data Book of the Altai Territory, <em>Lobaria pulmonaria</em>, <em>Ramalina roesleri</em>, <em>R. sinensis</em>, <em>Graphis scripta</em>, <em>Heterodermia speciosa</em>, <em>Nephroma bellum</em>, <em>Ramalina vogulica</em>, and <em>Usnea longissima </em>are reported for the Salair Ridge. The last five species recorded to the Salair Ridge within Altai Territory for the first time. Localities and ecological preferences are indicated for each species.</p> Evgeny A. Davydov, Lole Y. Smirnova, Yulia V. Storozhenko, Maria V. Zyatnina, Polina Y. Ryzhkova, Lidia S. Yakovchenko Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 07 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The composition, structure and functional characteristics of macrobenthos in the coastal zone of the Primorsky Krai (Sea of Japan) <p>The intense anthropogenic load and the high economic exploitation of marine biological resources in the coastal part of the Primorsky Krai (Sea of Japan) cause a comprehensive study of the marine environment and biota conditions. Macrobenthos is one of the essential components that determines the normal functioning of the marine ecosystem. We studied the composition, structure, and quantitative characteristics of macrobenthos and their functions. We grouped all coastal zones into four groups: (1) open areas subject to the influence of the prevailing river flow and minimal impact of the marine fleet; (2) open areas of the north-eastern and northern coasts, where the accumulation of organic matter (OM) is not observed; (3) water areas with naturally elevated OM content and local anthropogenic impact; and (4) the most polluted territories, subject to the intense chronic influence of factors of accumulation of OM, mainly of anthropogenic origin. The Golden Horn Bight is the water area subjected to the most significant anthropogenic impact, while the Kievka, Udobnaya, and Rudnaya Bights, on the eastern coast of Primorsky Krai, are the areas with the smallest level of anthropogenic press. The water areas of Nakhodka, Vladimira, Vostok, and Troitca Bight, enriched in organic matter, occupied the intermediate position. We revealed that the most significant components of macrobenthos-macrophytes and bivalves-cease to work as an effective biological filter, and the transformation of incoming pollution in the water area is too slow in conditions of chronic pollution of coastal marine ecosystems. The heterotrophic community feeds on a significant amount of introduced organic matter, often of toxic origin, the nature of which probably affects the functioning of mass groups of organisms, reducing the indicators of biodiversity and abundance.</p> Yulia A. Galysheva, Tatiana V. Boychenko, Anna V. Radovets Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 06 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Influence of supercritical fluid extraction on lignocellulosic plant matrix and extractive substance yield <p>Natural substances of plant origin are widely used in pharmacies. However, the quantitative content of biologically active substances in plant cells is insignificant and the currently available extraction methods do not allow for the complete extraction of biologically active substances as a result of the strong lignocellulose matrix of the cell. Therefore, it is necessary to look for new extraction methods that increase the yield of extractive substances from plant raw materials. This paper is devoted to the effect of supercritical fluid extraction on the quantitative content of extractives contained in a plant cell. The study aims to establish the effect of supercritical fluid extraction on the lignocellulose matrix and the yield of extractive substances. The plant biomass of the vegetative part of the narrow-leaved cypress (<em>Chamaenerion angustifolium </em>L., Scop., 1771); roots and rhizomes of the stinky bug (<em>Actaea cimicifuga </em>Schipcz., J Compton); roots and rhizomes of the golden root (<em>Rhodiola rosea </em>L., 1753) were used as research objects. The extractive substances were extracted by sequential liquid extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, and a combination of these methods. To extract the maximum amount of extractives, the following solvents were used: a nonpolar solvent (hexane, 70% ethanol) and a highly polar solvent (water). Extraction of plant materials with supercritical CO₂ was carried out in a SFEU-5/2 laboratory setup with the following parameters: pressure (P), 350 bar; temperature (T), 60 °C; extraction time (t), 180 min. The comparison of the yield of extractive substances obtained by sequential liquid extraction and aqueous alcoholic extraction with the preliminary processing of raw materials with supercritical CO₂ shows that treatment with supercritical carbon dioxide activates the plant matrix; therefore, the content of the extracted components increases.</p> Alexandra V. Zakharchenko, Natalya G. Bazarnova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 03 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Results of studying the fauna of Lepidoptera in the North Kazakhstan region (Republic of Kazakhstan) in 2019-2021 <p>The article presents the results of studying the fauna of Lepidoptera in the North Kazakhstan region in the field seasons of 2019-2021. The annotated list includes 219 species, including 37 species given for the first time for the North Kazakhstan region.</p> Ivan A. Zuban, Svyatoslav A. Knyazev, Nadezhda V. Schevchuk, Yuliya N. Korobeinikova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 03 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 A new species of the genus Pediasia Hübner, 1825 (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea, Crambidae) from the Eastern Palaearctic <p>The article is an illustrated description of <em>Pediasia arctica </em><strong>sp. nov. </strong>from the polar regions of the Eastern Palearctic. Morphologically, the new species is closest to the North American <em>Pediasia browerellus </em>(Klots, 1942), however, it is significantly different from the latter in the structure of the male genital apparatus. <em>Pediasia arctica </em>has a longer and more curved aedeagus, while its costal process of the valva is longer and thinner. Outwardly, among the Palearctic species, the new species is most similar to the Central Asian <em>Pediasia alaica </em>(Rebel, 1907) and <em>Pediasia zellerella </em>(Staudinger, 1900) which have a darker gray color and a contrasting pattern of the forewings; there are also significant differences in the structure of the male genitalia. <em>Pediasia arctica </em>inhabits flat tundra of various types from Taimyr to Chukotka. The specimens of the type series were collected in July.</p> Alexander N. Streltzov Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Toxic properties and allelopathic activity of Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. <p><em>Melilotus officinalis </em>(L.) Pall., known as yellow sweetclover (Fabaceae), is widely used in medicine and agriculture. At the same time, yellow sweetclover is a weed and invasive plant in Siberia. In Russia, <em>M. officinalis </em>is cultivated as a valuable medicinal, fodder and honey plant. Its widespread use is due to its high ecological plasticity. In recent years, an interest in cultivation of <em>M. officinalis </em>as a low maintenance multipurpose crop has increased in biological agriculture. The herb <em>M. officinalis </em>contains a rich complex of biologically active compounds. However, along with positive properties, this species, though with a rich chemical composition and high physiological activity, is toxic towards different groups of living organisms. The toxic effect of <em>M. officinalis </em>extracts is primarily due to the presence of coumarin. A high allelopathic activity of <em>M. officinalis </em>was revealed. The phytotoxic effect of herb extracts on germination of crop and weed seeds was studied in detail. Data on the fungicidal and insecticidal activity of <em>M. officinalis </em>were obtained. Laboratory and in situ studies showed that the aboveground part of <em>M. officinalis </em>is a potential source of biopesticides with a broad-spectrum effect (bioherbicidal, insecticidal and fungicidal).</p> Svetlana I. Mikhailova, Valeria Yu. Andreeva, Nadezhda S. Zinner, Elena S. Gulik, Svetlana A. Suchkova, Mikhail V. Belousov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Catalogue of Lepidoptera of Omsk Region (Russia). Microlepidoptera. Families: Eriocraniidae, Nepticulidae, Opostegidae, Adelidae, Prodoxidae, Incurvariidae, Psychidae, Tineidae, Roeslerstammiidae, Bucculatricidae, Gracillariidae, Yponomeutidae, Argyresthi <p>A total of 781 species of Microlepidoptera belonging to 41 families are reported for the territory of Omsk Region. The most numerous is the Tortricidae family represented by 255 species, then Crambidae (94 species), Gelechiidae (70), Pyralidae (66), Pterophoridae (44), Depressariidae (32), Gracillariidae (29), Tineidae (25), Elachistidae (14), Adelidae and Elachistidae (8 species in each family), Yponomeutidae, Ypsolophidae, Ethmiidae and Cosmopterigidae (7 species in each family), Scythrididae and Oecophoridae (6 species in each family), Eriocraniidae (4), Nepticulidae, Momphidae and Epermeniidae (3 species in each family), Prodoxidae, Glyphipterigidae, Lyonetiidae and Choreutidae (2 species in each family), Opostegidae, Incurvariidae, Roeslerstammiidae, Argyresthiidae, Plutelliidae, Acrolepiidae, Bedelliidae, Parametriotidae, Chimabachidae, Cryptolechiidae, Batrachedridae, Blastobasidae, Autostichidae, Galacticidae (1 species in each family). 10 species are new to the Omsk Region.<em> Agonopterix purpurea</em> (Haworth, 1811) and <em>Aethes flagellana</em> (Duponchel, 1836) are reported from the territory of Omsk Region as new to the Asian Part of Russia; Fomoria weaveri (Stainton, 1855) reported from the territory of West Siberia for the first time.</p> Svyatoslav A. Knyazev Copyright (c) Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Protection of rare and protected species of flora in large petrochemical projects <p>The paper presents a comprehensive assessment of vegetation biodiversity at the construction site of the ZapSibNeftekhim production complex in the city of Tobolsk, Tyumen Region, Russia. In this paper, we (1) study the biogenic and salt composition of the soil; (2) label the revealed samples, (3) record the geographical coordinates; (4) use the method of translocation (transfer) of the rare and endangered flora representatives found at the construction site of the ZapSibNeftekhim and the associated facilities, as well as the removal of such species from the original habitat, and their transportation to new habitats. In total, 149 individuals of 13 flora species were transferred during the work:<br>(1) <em>Malaxis monophyllos </em>L., (2) <em>Listera ovata </em>(L.) R. Br., (3) <em>Dactylorhiza maculata</em> (L.) Soo, (4) <em>Allium microdictyon Prokh</em>., (5) <em>Centaurea phrygia </em>L., (6) <em>Phegopteris connectilis</em> (Michx.) Watt, (7) <em>Polyporus badius</em> (Pers.) Schwein., (8) <em>Iris sibirica</em> L., (9) <em>Daphne mezereum</em> L., (10) <em>Lilium pilosiusculum</em> (Freyn) Miscz., (11) <em>Cinna latifolia</em> (Trev.) Griseb., (12) <em>Platant herabifolia</em> (L.) Rich., (13) <em>Heterodermia japonica</em> (M.Sato) Swinscow et Krog. In addition, we took into account all the biological characteristics of the transferred flora species and their environmental requirements during monitoring activities. Adaptation of almost all translocated specimens was successful. Research in this area contributes to a deeper understanding of the processes of anthropogenic transformation of floristic complexes and should be the basis for environmental monitoring of disturbed habitats. These studies allow approaching the solution of problems of rational use, conservation and restoration of life-support resources in ecosystems, integrity, productivity, and biodiversity of biological resources.</p> Elena I. Popova, Stanislav I. Kozlov Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Morphology and morphometry of the tibial organ of males of the genus Dolichopus Latreille, 1796 (Dolichopodidae, Diptera) <p>Morphologic and morphometric characteristics of generic level of the tibial organ of males Dolichopus Latreille, 1796, were investigated. On the basis of examined characteristics the subgeneric variability were investigated and groups of superspecific level were allocated.<br /><br /></p> O. P. Negrobov, M. A. Chursina, O. V. Selivanova Copyright (c) 2018 O. P. Negrobov, M. A. Chursina, O. V. Selivanova Thu, 19 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Description of a new species of Chrysina Kirby, 1828 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) from optima group, based on morphological characters and mtDNA COX I molecular marker <p>A new species of the genus Chrysina Kirby, 1828 is decribed from Panama. <em>Chrysina valentini</em> sp.n. is related to <em>Chrysina tricolor</em> (Ohaus, 1922) and <em>Chrysina optima</em> (H. W. Bates, 1888) in morphology and mtDNA COX I molecular marker. Three related species differ in elytra colour, elytral striae, and number of tubercles on foreleg femur. The morphological divergence of the compared species is supported by distances in mtDNA COI molecular marker.</p> A.S. Zubov, N.V. Ivshin , A. Yu. Titarenko, D.A. Romanov Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 An annotated list of fish-like vertebrates and fishes of upper Irtysh River basin (Eastern Kazakhstan) with comments on their taxonomy and zoogeography <p>The complete list of fish-like vertebrates and fishes living in reservoirs and watercourses of the basin of the Upper Irtysh is given. The list contains 43 species belonging to 7 orders, 10 families and 30 genera. All currently registered species whose validity has been reviewed in the relevant systematic audits are included. Three types of taimen <em>Hucho taimen</em> Pallas, 1773, nelma <em>Stenodus leucichthys nelma</em> Pallas, 1773, and Siberian sturgeon <em>Acipenser baerii</em> Brandt, 1869 are included in the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In the basin of the Upper Irtysh, the rare valuable species are in need of preservation of the gene pool because of the possibility of loss. In addition to those listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan we need to include some more species, namely the Pacific lamprey <em>Lethenteron camtschaticum</em> Tilesius, 1811, sterlet <em>Acipenser ruthenus </em>Linnaeus, 1758, and Markakol lenok <em>Brachymystax savinovi</em> Mitrofanov 1959. For each species, taxonomic comments, conservation status, and distribution are provided, abundance and comments value are indicated. Latin and Russian names are given.</p> A. A. Yevseyeva, G. A. Bolbotov, O. I. Kirichenko Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Population structure of Bezoar goat in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan <p>During 2012-2016 we conducted a study of the population structure of the bezoar goat within the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The average annual number of bezoar goat was 1174 individuals. The age structure of the population was represented by 533 (37%) young and adult individuals, 283 (19.6%) fertile females, by 229 (15.8%) calves, and by 129 young animals (8.9%). Females made up 45%, males - 24%, in other age groups the gender was not determined. The ratio of the number of calves (195 individuals) and females (283 individuals) or the birth index was 0.81. The average population density of bezoar goat was 14 individuals per 1000 ha.</p> A. F. Mammadov, A. B. Bayramov Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Remote sensing of forest belt flooded areas <p>The article deals with the application of remote sensing data in the study of flooding of forests on the example of band boron in Novichikhinsky forestry of the Altai Krai. The results of research are presented, in particular, using the method of object-oriented classification of space images of the earth's surface, which combines the possibility of clustering, qualitatively distinguishes connected objects in the image, and classification with training, which allows to refer the selected objects to pre-defined classes. According to remote sensing data, the areas of flooding and the forest pathology state of the Barnaul belt forest were estimated.</p> L.E. Dolgacheva, I.N. Rotanova Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A faunistic study of the Dolichopodidae (Diptera, Brachycera) in Fars Province of Iran <p>We provide new data on the distribution of 14 long-legged fly species (Diptera, Brachycera, Dolichopodidae) belonging to 10 genera from the Fars Province, Southern Iran. The genera <em>Diaphorus</em> Meigen, 1824, <em>Dolichopus</em> Latreille, 1796, <em>Hydrophorus </em>Fallén, 1823, and <em>Syntormon </em>Loew, 1857 are recorded in the Fars Province for the first time. <em>Dolichopus</em> <em>lairdi</em> Olejnicek, Mohsen &amp; Ouda, 1995 is newly added to the Iranian insect fauna. Four species, <em>Asyndetus albifrons</em> Loew, 1869, <em>Asyndetus fallahzadehi</em> Grichanov, 2019, <em>Chrysotus suavis</em> Loew, 1857, and <em>Medetera</em> <em>pallipes </em>(Zetterstedt, 1843) were the most abundant in the collected material. Available information on geographical distribution and short taxonomic comments for each species are also included.</p> Sh. Rezaei, I. Ya. Grichanov, M. Fallahzadeh, A. F. Dousti, N. Saghaei Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Gymnodinium baicalense and Gymnodinium coeruleum (Dinophyta) outbreaks in Lake Baikal <p>This paper presents data on the abundance of the two most abundant dinophytic algae species <em>Gymnodinium baicalense</em> and <em>Gymnodinium coeruleum</em> recorded in the spring of 2019. Data on the accumulation thickness of the planktonic algae over the different depths are presented.</p> D. Karnaukhov, N. Zausaeva, Ya. Ermolaeva, E. Dolinskaya, S. Biritskaya, M. Teplykh, N. Silenko, S. Shimaraeva, E. Silow Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Alien flora of the Novosibirsk Region <p>For the first time synopsis of 305 alien species of the Novosibirsk Region has been completed, 34 of them are invasive ones. Ecological features, distribution in administrative regions are shown, the method of introduction and the degree of naturalization in the region are noted. The collections of the Central Siberian Botanical Garden were critically processed; the distribution of 74 species was specified, 19 of them are rare for the region.</p> E. Yu. Zykova Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 First record of Poa scabriculmis N. R. Cui (Poaceae) for the flora of Pan Himalayas <p><em>Poa scabriculmis</em> N.R. Cui, 1987, is known as endemic species of alpines of Kunlun Mountains (Xinjiang Province, NW China). Later, in Flora of China, it was treated as subspecies of polytypical species <em>P. albertii</em> Regel, and sinonimized with other four relative species. In this work we restore the status of this species and present its new occurrence in Sichuan province (China). This paper present taxonomic notes, morphological description, habitat, and the current geographic distribution for <em>P. scabriculmis</em></p> M. Olonova Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The first record of Microtus subterraneus (de Sélys-Longchamps, 1836) (Rodentia, Cricetidae) for Mordovia, Russia <p>The species composition and abundance of small mammals in the National Park “Smolny” (Republic of Mordovia, Russia) were studied in 2018 and 2019. Eight species of rodents (Rodentia) and four species of insectivores (Eulipotyphla) were captured. One individual of European pine vole<em> Microtus subterraneus</em> was captured for the first time in the territory of Mordovia. This record testifies the easternmost occurrence of <em>M. subterraneus</em>.</p> N. Yu. Kirillova, B. Kryštufek, A.A. Kirillov, A.B. Ruchin, G. F. Grishutkin Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in shells organic matrix of alien mollusk Viviparus viviparus (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Novosibirsk reservoir <p>Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes is widely used in environmental studies for exploring the structure of trophic networks, assess the role of various resources in the nutrition of individual specimens and determine the trophic level of consumers. The shell grows steadily over the lifetime of the mollusc and reflects the nutritional characteristics of individuals at different ages. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in shells of alien mollusks <em>Viviparus viviparus</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) collected in the Novosibirsk reservoir were examined in this study. Statistically significant differences in isotopic composition of shell fragments corresponding to annual growth in different years were noted. The&nbsp;assumption was made about significant role of interannual differences in trophic conditions of the reservoir in the formation of the isotopic signature of mollusk shells.&nbsp; The results of this work can be used in environmental and paleolimnological studies of mollusk nutrition, in the reconstruction of long-term changes in the ecological conditions of water bodies.</p> L. V. Yanygina, D.D. Volgina Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Fruits polymorphism of European water chestnut populations in the Altai Krai <p>The article considers the results of morphometric analysis of <em>Trapa natans</em> fruits from different populations in Altai Krai. It estimates the level of the fruits polymorphism within and among the populations. The hydrological features of water bodies as water caltrop habitats are assessed.</p> I.S. Chupina, M.M. Silantyeva Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Invasive and potentially invasive plant species in State Nature Biosphere Reserves of the Altai Republic (Russia) <p>In the Altaiskiy and Katunskiy State Nature Biosphere Reserves we registered 44 alien plant species, which were considered in Siberia as invasive and potentially invasive. Among them, there were 30 xenophytes and 14 ergasiophytes species. <em>Rumex acetosella</em> L., <em>Impatiens glandulifera </em>Royle<em>, Galinsoga ciliata</em> (Rafin.) Blake, and <em>Strophiostoma sparsiflorum </em>(Mikan ex Pohl) Turcz. are considered invasive in the Altaiskiy Reserve because they actively spread there in natural and seminatural plant communities and habitats. Most of the species had appeared in the territories of the reserves before their establishment as a result of agricultural activity or appeared after their establishment because of activity of the reserves themselves. Despite of a big amount of tourists in the reserves, the invasive and potentially invasive plants are absent on the ecological paths at present.</p> I.A. Artemov, E. Yu. Zykova Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The leaf-rollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) of Omsk Province, Russia <p>We reported a total of 247 species from the family Tortricidae for the territory of Omsk Province, among them 139 species were registered in Omsk Province for the first time, 46 species were recorded in the West Siberian Plain for the first time. One species <em>Cochylimorpha armeniana</em> Joannis, 1891 is new for the Russian fauna.</p> S.A. Knyazev, V.V. Dubatolov Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on Altai fauna of rove beetles (Philonthus Stephens, 1829 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)) <p>The article presents the results of the study of the fauna of the rove beetles of the genus <em>Philonthus</em> in the part of the territory of the south of Western Siberia that includes mountainous and adjacent areas in the east of the Altai Krai and the Altai Republic. A list of 38 species with the points where material was collected is represented. A comparative analysis of the fauna of <em>Philonthus</em> of the research area and adjacent regions was performed using the Sørensen-Dice coefficient. We obtained the greatest degree of similarity with the fauna of Kuznetsk Alatau (<em>Ics </em>= 0.29), what can be explained by the similarity of natural conditions. In general, the relative proximity of the faunas of the compared places was noted, which is determined by species ecology, most of which are associated with azonal dispersed microhabitats.</p> A. Psarev Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New records of click beetle Compsolacon crenicollis (Ménétriés, 1832) (Coleoptera: Elateridae) from Stavropol Area and Georgia <p>New records of the click beetle <em>Compsolacon crenicollis</em> (Ménétriés, 1832) (Coleoptera: Elateridae) for the Central Cis-Caucasus territory, Stavropol Area (Mikhailovsk City) and the Trans-Caucasus, Georgia (Tsalka District, KhramGES village) are reported. The ecological peculiarities of this species are presented and discussed.</p> V.O. Kozminykh Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of leaf flavonoid composition of some Iranian Cotoneaster Medik. (Rosaceae) species <p>The genus <em>Cotoneaster </em>consists of unarmed shrubs that naturally distributed in north parts of Iran. It is a problematic genus, and there are many discussions about its species number in Iran as well the World. Recently, M Khatamsaz has been listed 19 species of it in Iran. In the current research, we studied leaf flavonoid composition of seven<em> Cotoneaster</em> species from Iran. These species were harvested from the northern provinces of the country and their leaf ethanolic extracts were subjected to HPLC, for detection the types and amounts of their flavonoid compounds. We identified four flavonoid compounds: rutin, myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol. The concentration of these flavonoids differed between the species, moreover amount of each flavonoid also varied among the studied species. All of them were registered in the studied species, except for myricetin, which was not observed in <em>C. nummularius</em>. The highest amount of flavonoids were detected in<em> C. nummularius, </em>while<em> C. </em>discolor had the lowest one<em>. </em>The evaluated species divided into four distinct group in UPGMA tree. According to CA-Joined plot, each group was characterized by species amount of flavonoid(s). All of evaluated species belonged to the same section of the genus, therefore our findings revealed that the flavonoid data were useful at sectional level for identification of the species.</p> Zeynab Lotfi, Fahimeh Salimpour, Fariba Sharifnia, Sedigheh Arbabian, Maryam Peyvandi Copyright (c) 2019 Wed, 11 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Systematic structure of urban flora in various habitats of Orel oblast <p>The results of a long-term comprehensive study of ecological and biological features of urban flora of various habitats of the cities of the Orel (Oryol) oblast: Orel, Mtsensk, Livny, Bolkhov, Maloarkhangelsk, Novosil, and Dmitrovsk are presented in the article. Flora of the city Orel has a population of 913 species, Livny – 786, Mtsensk – 777, Bolkhov – 780, Novosil – 775, Maloarhangelsk – 776, and the Dmitrovsk – 777 species. In the course of research, the taxonomic structure of urban flora is characterized as one of the indicators of floras zonal and ecological-topological confinement. Comparison of complete floristic lists of Orel oblast cities revealed high floristic similarity, which indicates a significant concordance of urban flora and smoothing of zonal distinctions. We also determined large degree of similarity between aboriginal and adventive fraction of flora in various cities. The high correlation between the systematic structure of the dominant families in different habitats is associated with the conformity of regional flora and indicates the close interaction of natural and urban flora.</p> T.M. Khromova, O. Yu. Emelyanova Copyright (c) 2019 Tue, 10 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Occasional photographic records of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea) in Cambodia. 2. Ratanakiri and Mondulkiri Provinces of Eastern Cambodia, 2013-2018. <p>In this article I presented the casual photographic records of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) made along with the studies on the Odonata fauna in 33 localities of two eastern provinces of Cambodia, Ratanakiri and Mondilkiri in 2013-2018. The butterflies were photographed in purely natural conditions without any restriction of their freedom and mobility, using two cameras, Olympus Camedia C8080 and Canon EOS 350D, the latter with the lens Sigma AF 24-70 mm F2.8 EX DG MACRO. Coordinates were obtained with Garmine eTrex H personal GPS navigator and revised with Google Earth; elevations were retrieved from Google Earth. In total, I identified 118 and provisionally identified five species; 19 species (<em>Abisara </em>cf. <em>bifasciata,</em><em> Poritia</em> cf. <em>hewitsoni, </em><em>Ahmetia achaja, Arhopala nicevillei, Sinthusa chandrana, </em><em>Virachola </em>sp. cf.<em> kessuma, </em><em>Zizeera maha, Tirumala limniace, Junonia hierta, </em><em>Yoma sabina, </em><em>Terinos clarissa, Euripus nyctelius, Lethe rohria, Bibasis sena, Caprona agama, C. alida, Aeromachus </em>cf. <em>pygmaeus, Gangara thyrsis, </em>and<em> Udaspes folus</em>) and one subspecies (<em>Kallima inachus alboinachus</em>) are reported for Cambodia for the first time. I also illustrated these species as well as some more provisionally identified and unidentified for this region.</p> O.E. Kosterin Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 01 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Rare and endangered plant species and rare plant communities of specially protected natural areas in Altai Krai <p>The article describes results of years of research vegetation cover 10 specially protected natural reservations (SPNR) Altai Region. We identified 38 rare and endangered plant species from the Red Book of Altai Region and 11 from the Red Book of Russia. We described 28 rare plant communities in the Altai Region, Siberia, and Russia. Among them we registered 11 steppe communities (out of eight PAs), 11 forest (out of two PAs), five floodplain (out of one PAs), and one marsh community (out of one PAs). This should be the basis for monitoring the rare and endangered plant species as well as rare and vulnerable plant communities.</p> М.М. Silantyeva, N.V. Elesova, N. Yu. Speranskaya Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 01 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Expansion of invasive seed beetle Megabruchidius dorsalis Fahreus, 1839 (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) in the Turkestan Region (South Kazakhstan) <p>An invasive seed beetle species <em>Megabruchidius dorsalis</em> Fahreus, 1839 has been known since 2016 in southeastern Kazakhstan (Almaty city and surrounding area) and now it could be registered everywhere where it host plants grow. In Turkestan oblast, we previously found it only in Shymkent city, and we assumed that it could be further settled in suburbs and in Turkestan oblast (Temreshev, 2017b). In Turkestan region (southern Kazakhstan) we found this species in the city of Kentau and its surroundings. The individuals we found were of different sexes. The <em>Gleditsia triacanthos</em> seeds we collected were damaged by 10% only. This allows us to conclude that the species has already been introduced in the Kentau urban agglomeration, but has not yet reached its maximum abundance and continues to gradually settle within it. This indicates an expansion of the pest range within the south of the country. The invasion of the species came from the city of Shymkent (southern Kazakhstan), where the species in turn came from Almaty (southeast Kazakhstan), from where it has been known since 2016.</p> I.I. Temreshev, A.M. Makezhanov Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 23 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Distribution and population densities of selected uncommon bird species in Zambezi riparian forest, NE Namibia <p>A territory mapping method has been employed in 2015 to assess the population density of 8 non-passerine and 10 passerine uncommon bird species breeding in a peri-urban riparian forest (280 ha) along Zambezi River (7 km long) near Katima Mulilo NE Namibia. The population densities (pairs per 100 ha) are estimated as follows: Trumpeter Hornbill: 1.4, Schalow’s Turaco: 2.9, Green-backer Heron: 1.1, Little Bittern: 0.4, Lesser Jacana: 0.4, African Finfoot: 0.4, White-crowned Lapwing: 0.7, Long-billed Crombec: 3.9, Yellow White-eye: 4.3, Scarlet-chested Sunbird: 0.7, African Golden Oriole: 2.9, Black-headed Oriole: 0.7, Violet-backed Starling: 0.7, Pied Wagtail: 8.6, Ashy Flycatcher: 0.4, Black Flycatcher: 0.4, Hartlaub’s Babbler: 4.3.</p> Grzegorz Kopij Copyright (c) 2019 Sat, 23 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New records of Heterocera (Insecta, Lepidoptera) from the Republic of Khakassia and South of Krasnoyarsk region (South Siberia, Russia) <p>Here we presented the new data and new records of Lepidoptera (<em>Crambidae, Cossidae, Lasiocampidae, Drepanidae, Geometridae, Notodontidae, Noctuidae s.l.,</em> <em>Arctiidae</em>) from the Khakassia Republic and the South of Krasnoyarsk region. A total of 147 species are reported for the fauna of both regions for the first time, based on the literature records and personal data collected in 1999−2019. We collected the moths in Khakassia and South of Krasnoyarsk region in more than 40 localities, from the steppe zone to the alpine area of the West Sayan, the Kuznetsky Alatau, and foothills of East Sayan Mountains. Specimens were collected in the daylight by standard methods using butterfly net and in the night, using mercury lamp Sylvania (250W) and inverter generator (1000W). All collected materials preserved in private collections of R.E. Maksimov in Abakan (RMA), M.A. Ivanov in Krasnoyarsk (MIK), and in private collection of S.A. Knyazev in Omsk (SKO). The presence of several species have been considered doubtful before our study. We suggested that the regional list of Heterocera of Khakassia and South of the Krasnoyarsk region should be considerably revised. The great share of the specimens mentioned in this article is presented on the websiite “The Nature of South Siberia” (<a href=""></a>).</p> R. E. Maksimov, M. A. Ivanov, S. A. Knyazev Copyright (c) 2019 Wed, 20 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Butterflies of Athgarh Forest Division, Odisha, Eastern India, with notes on some significant records <p>The present paper deals with first annotated list of butterflies from Athgarh Forest Division, Odisha, India. 136 species belongs to six families were recorded during January 2015 to September 2015. Notes on some of the significant record of butterflies for the region, were provided along with their distribution. Among the recorded 136 species of butterflies, 14 species are legally protected under Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.</p> Arajush Payra, Suraj K. Dash, Udit P. Das, Himanshu S. Palei, Arun K. Mishra Copyright (c) 2019 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Wormwoods of Buryatia: diversity analysis, ecological-geographical features, and chemotaxonomy of section Abrotanum <p>The wormwoods of Buryatia includes 48 species and subspecies, which belong to three subgenus and seven sections (subgenus Artemisia, sections - <em>Artemisia</em>, <em>Abrotanum</em>, <em>Absinthium</em>; subgenus Dracunculus, sections - <em>Dracunculus</em>, <em>Campestris</em>, <em>Psammophilae</em>; subgenus Seriphidium, section –<em>Halophilum</em>. Most of the wormwoods of the region are xerophytes and mesoxerophytes, belonging to the steppe and forest-steppe ecological-coenotic groups (34 species, 70.8%), mainly from the sections of <em>Artemisia</em>, <em>Abrotanum</em>, and <em>Campestris</em>. Ecological-geographically, Central Asian, South Siberian, and North Asian species dominate, accounting for 45.8% of the total species composition with significant share of species with wide Eurasian distribution area (8 species, 16.6%). Endemism is peculiar to the species of psammophyte-steppe (<em>Artemisia ledebouriana</em>, <em>A. xylorhiza</em>) and mountain-steppe (<em>Artemisia subviscosa</em>) genesis (3 species, 6.25%). In the systematic relation, interpretations of a taxonomical variety on separate sections are ambiguous, among them there is <em>Campestris</em>, <em>Absinthium</em>, <em>Abrotanum</em>. In the section <em>Abrotanum</em> the identification of species close to <em>Artemisia gmelinii</em> is problematic. As a result of a detailed study of the composition of the essential oil, the additional chemotaxonomic criteria for the taxonomic status of <em>Artemisia messerschmidtiana </em>and<em> A. santolinifolia</em> were suggested. So, the presence of davanone components in the oil of <em>Artemisia santolinifolia</em> can be the taxonomic sign of this species. Specific components in high concentrations were also found in the composition of <em>Artemisia messerschmidtiana</em>, namely trans-Sabinene hydrate (2.4%), gamma-Terpinene (2.0%), and Germacrene D (1.6%).</p> B.B. Namzalov, S.V. Zhigzhitzhapova, N.G. Dubrovsky, A.B. Sakhyaeva, L.D. Radnaeva Copyright (c) 2019 Mon, 14 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Fish of Ara-Nur Lake (Transbaikal region) <p>We presented the list of fish species founded in the Lake Ara-Nur in 1998-1999. These data has not been published previously and no research was carried out in the lake since this study. The fish fauna included 11 species belonged to 7 families. The lake and basin of the River Khilok had low species diversity. Freshwater fish species of the boreal lowland were dominant in Ara-Nur fauna. Along with the limnetic fish species, we registered some fluvial fish species entered into the lake from the Northern Gorek River. Most of the fish are benthophage, the others are ichthyophagous and euryphagous; the majority of species are limnophylics. In our opinion, Lake Ara-Nur has great potential importance for fish spawning and wintering</p> E.P. Gorlacheva Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 13 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Growth and development of Ferula tadshikorum Pimenov in culture <p>We identified the optimal planting calendar for cultivation of Central Asian medicinal and endemic plant <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em>. The results of our experiment confirmed that <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em> has accelerated the growth rate like most introduced plant species. Taking into account <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em> lifespan, shortening its life cycle during the cultivation will has a positive economic effect on the rapid extraction of raw materials from underground organs.</p> D.T. Khamraeva, O.K. Khojimatov, A.I. Uralov Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 13 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Fauna of Jewel Beetles (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) of Tyumen region <p>The paper presents an annotated list of Jewel beetles of the Tyumen region, consisting of 30 species of 12 genera. Ten species: <em>Dicerca amphibia </em>Marseul, 1865, <em>Lamprodila decipiens</em> (Gebler, 1847), <em>Poecilonota variolosa</em> (Paykull, 1799), <em>Chrysobothris</em> <em>affinis</em> (Fabricius, 1794), <em>Agrilus fleischeri</em> Obenberger, 1925, <em>A. mendax </em>Mannerheim, 1837, <em>A. cyanescens</em> (Ratzeburg, 1837), <em>A. ribesi </em>Schaefer, 1946, <em>A. delphinensis </em>Abeille de Perrin, 1897, and <em>A. pratensis </em>(Ratzeburg, 1837) are recorded here for the first time in the region.</p> E.V. Sergeeva, V.A. Stolbov Copyright (c) 2019 Thu, 10 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The abundance and structure of population of pelagic amphipod Macrohectopus branickii in the coastal zone of Lake Baikal <p><em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>is a unique inhabitant of the Lake Baikal’s pelagial zone that occupies the same ecological niche as Antarctic krill and mysids. However, many aspects of this species ecology are still unknown or disputable. In this study we attempt to clarify the peculiarities of the species distribution in the littoral zone. Since specimens of <em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>are active migrants and participate at daily vertical migrations to the water surface, we used the conus nets designed to catch <em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>during passive floating from the ice surface to the water column. Obtained data revealed the presence of <em>Macrohectopus branickii</em> at a depth over 47 m as well as the fact that migrating schools of the species are not able to enter the specific sites for a long time. We also discussed the capacity of <em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>to freeze into the ice and ecological significance of this specific phenomenon.</p> D. Karnaukhov, S. Biritskaya, M. Teplykh, N. Silenko, E. Dolinskaya, E. Silow Copyright (c) 2019 D. Karnaukhov, S. Biritskaya, M. Teplykh, N. Silenko, E. Dolinskaya, E. Silow Mon, 07 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of genetic diversity among Iranian populations of Ficus carica L. (Moraceae) <p><em>Ficus carica</em> L. is a species of Moraceae family that has been cultivated in different parts of the world from ancient time. Its fruit is eaten by human and has several medicinal properties. This species widely grows and cultivated in various parts of Iran. For this, in the current study, we investigated infraspecific genetic variation and population structure of <em>F. carica</em> in the country. 14 natural populations of <em>F. carica</em> were collected and their genomic DNA were extracted and tested with RAPD molecular technique. Parameters of population’s genetic diversity varied among the studied populations. In addition, AMOVA test revealed significant variations among the populations.&nbsp; The studied populations clustered separately in UPGMA tree of RAPD data, moreover PCA and MDS plots produced similar results. STRUCTURE analysis revealed the best number of k = 9. Based on Nei’s genetic distance, we had nine distinct groups. Genetic clustering patterns according to UPGMA trees of RAPD data and Nei’s genetic distance were more similar with the results of STRUCTURE analysis. The small amount of Nm) the product of the effective size of individual populations (N) and the rate of migration among them (m) (value showed limited gene flow among the studied populations, therefore it seems that high genetic variations among these populations may be related less or few amount of gene exchange among populations.</p> M.R. Zolfaghari, F. Salimpour, F. Sharifnia, S.J. Marandi Copyright (c) 2019 Zolfaghari, M.R., Salimpour, F., Sharifnia, F., Peyvandi, M., Marandi, S.J. Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Contribution to the systematics and nomenclature of the checkerspots of the group Melitaea minerva Staudinger, 1881 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) <p>Wing pattern, male genitalia armatures and the COI-gene sequence within the checkerspots of the group <em>Melitaea minerva </em>are examined. The lectotypes of <em>M. asteroida variegata</em> and <em>M. asteroida maculata</em> are designated, it is shown that both taxa belong to <em>M. minerva</em> (subspecies of it), but not to <em>M. asteroida</em>. Basing on the DNA investigation (COI sequence) I made an assumption that the taxa <em>M. minerva</em> and <em>M. pallas </em>are conspecific. <em>M. solona</em> is not a separate species but forms a group of phenotypes &nbsp;characteristic for both <em>M. minerva</em> and <em>M. asteroida</em>. The male genitalia features are inapplicable for the species identification within the group <em>M. minerva</em>.</p> S.K. Korb Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New findings of rare vascular plants in Novosibirsk <p>The first finding of <em>Centaurium pulchellum</em> in Novosibirsk Province is reported, as well of such plant species, rare in Novosibirsk surroundings, as <em>Paeonia anomala, Campanula trachelium, Cirsium palustre, Inula helenium, Iris pseudacorus, Hemerocallis minor</em>, made in 2019 within the City of Novosibirsk in two bogged areas (the Gladkoe and Kuchino Bogs, and the surroundings of the former), and in the Ob River floodplain. A large population of <em>Cypripedium macranthon</em> was found in unusual conditions of a boggy open stand of pine, larch and birch, with <em>Equisetum fluviatile</em> predominating in the grass layer. Importance of these natural ecosystems inside a city is duscussed for nature protection and research purpose.</p> O.E. Kosterin, N.V. Priydak, Y.S. Otmakhov, D.N. Shaulo Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New records of long-legged flies (Diptera, Dolichopodidae) from Morocco <p>This paper provides new data on the distribution of 39 long-legged fly species (Diptera, Brachycera, Dolichopodidae) belonging to 19 genera from Morocco. Twelve species, <em>Gymnopternus assimilis </em>(Staeger, 1842), <em>Hercostomus apollo</em> (Loew, 1869),<em> Hercostomus morenae</em> (Strobl, 1899), <em>Medetera media</em> Parent, 1925, <em>Medetera pallipes</em> (Zetterstedt, 1843), <em>Medetera petrophiloides</em> Parent, 1925, <em>Medetera</em> aff. <em>roghii</em> Rampini et Canzoneri, 1979, <em>Micromorphus minusculus</em> Negrobov, 2000, <em>Sciapus</em> aff. <em>negrobovi</em> Naglis et Bartak, 2015, <em>Campsicnemus simplicissimus</em> Strobl, 1906, <em>Sympycnus pulicarius</em> (Fallén, 1823), and <em>Syntormon pilitibia</em> Grichanov, 2013 are newly added to the Moroccan insect fauna. In addition, available information on geographical distribution for each species is also included.</p> Mohamed Nourti, Igor Ya. Grichanov, Kawtar Kettani Copyright (c) 2019 Thu, 26 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A catalogue of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) of Azerbaijan <p>An annotated list of butterflies from Azerbaijan, containing 280 species, is presented. The classification and nomenclature in this work are accepted according to the key of Korb &amp; Bolshakov (2016). The full list of species composition of butterflies of Azerbaijan numbering 280 species for today is presented for the first time, and it was supplemented by new materials collected by the first author from 2012 to 2019. We came up with the list of the total species composition of butterflies in Azerbaijan, which currently includes 280 species from 6 families (Hesperiidae - 37, Papilionidae - 10, Pieridae - 28, Lycaenidae - 100, Riodinidae - 1, Nimphalidae - 104) for today was compiled. <em>We record Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758</em> as a new species for the fauna of the Caucasus. Our results will help to continue biodiversity study and expand the information on the distribution of the butterflies (Papilionoformes) in Azerbaijan and the Caucasus.</p> N.Y. Snegovaya, V.A. Petrov Copyright (c) 2019 Snegovaya, Petrov Sat, 21 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Florocenotic diversity of forest-steppe complex of the "Boizhy" tract (Stavropol upland, Prikalaus heights) <p>This paper provides an overview of the floristic diversity of the forest-steppe complex of the "Boizhy" tract in the Prikalaus-Buivolinsky landscape. The description of the relief of the territory and its forms is given, the bedrocks, soil types, etc. are noted. Despite its phytodiversity, the territory is not studied botanically. For the first time, a description of the vegetation cover of flat areas, slopes, beams, pots with the corresponding floristic series is given. The main dominants of the tree and shrub layer, as well as species with a broad ecological valence, are indicated. On the territory of the study area, xerophilic and petrophilic groups were identified, which form the basis of the rarity flora of the tract.</p> A.V. Likhvar Copyright (c) 2019 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 First records of invasive species Carabus cumanus Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 (Cleptera, Carabidae) in Kyzylorda oblast (South Kazakhstan) <p>Invasive species of the ground beetle <em>Carabus cumanus</em> Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 was found in the city of Kyzylorda in southern Kazakhstan. For the Kyzylorda oblast of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the south of the country as a whole, <em>C. cumanus</em> is indicated for the first time. The species invasion originated from the city of Almaty (south-eastern Kazakhstan), from where it has been known since 1998.</p> I.I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 08 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Comparative analysis of the leaf anatomy of Phlox sibirica L. and Phlox sibirica var. borealis (Wherry) B. Boivin <p>In this comparative research of the leaf anatomy of <em>Phlox sibirica</em> and <em>Phlox sibirica</em> var. <em>borealis</em>, we discovered that morphometric features of the leaf blades structure in 95 % of cases significantly differ at a significance level of P &lt; 0.05. Statistically significant differences were not found only in determining the stomatal index, the value of which also corresponds to other types of groundcover phlox. The studied taxa are characterized by collateral vascular bundles, an anomocytic type of the stomatal apparatus and elongated, winding epidermal cells. <em>Phlox sibirica</em> is distinguished by a better development of collenchyma strands, which provides sheet rigidity even with the loss of turgor, xylem, and the most photosynthetically active layer of mesophyll (cells of the upper layer). Thus, in the anatomical structure of the studied phloxes, the features characteristic of xerophytic-heliophytic species, more pronounced in <em>Phlox sibirica</em>, were revealed. The leaf anatomy of the studied taxa reflects their adaptation to conditions with an unfavorable water regime (ensures the maintenance of a normal water balance) and excessive lighting.</p> A.N. Butenkova, T.N. Belyaeva Copyright (c) 2019 Butenkova, Belyaeva Sun, 08 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Limodorum abortivum var. viride Fateryga & Kreutz (Orchidaceae) in the Crimea <p>The variety <em>Limodorum abortivum</em> var. <em>viride</em> is known from five localities of the Crimean South Coast. Communities of <em>Quercus pubescens</em> represent all of them, while <em>L. abortivum</em> var.<em> abortivum </em>grows in various forest types. <em>Limodorum abortivum</em> var. <em>viride</em> differs from the nominotypical variety by shorter, thinner, and completely green floral stem and somewhat smaller flowers. At the same time, the difference in inflorescence density was not confirmed by Student’s t-test. This variety is similar in morphological parameters and the habitat to <em>L. abortivum</em> var. <em>gracile</em> described from Greece. However, <em>L. abortivum</em> var. <em>gracile</em> differs from <em>Limodorum abortivum</em> var. <em>viride</em> by nearly white flowers. It is supposed that the both varieties are similar due to origination in similar conditions.</p> V.V. Fateryga, A.V. Fateryga Copyright (c) 2019 Sun, 08 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 To the study of the Imperial Eagle in the Altai <p>Summarized information on the distribution, abundance, and ecology of the Imperial Eagle <em>Aquila</em><em> heliaca</em> in Altai is given. Altai refers to the territory of the Altai Territory (168 thousand km<sup>2</sup>) and the Altai Republic (92.6 thousand km<sup>2</sup>), which had the status of the Gorno-Altai Autonomous Region within the Altai Territory of the RSFSR until 1991 within its current borders. Altai is one of the few Russian regions where the Imperial Eagle inhabits almost all natural zones, with the exception of highlands. The population of the species is declining in the Altai Territory, but is still in relatively good condition in the Altai Republic. Nesting groups are characterized by uneven spatial distribution. This is due to the gravity of the Imperial Eagle to meadow-steppe areas with an intense pasture load.</p> V. M. Vazhov, R. F. Bakhtin Copyright (c) 2019 Vazhov, Bakhtin Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the distribution of spider wasps (Hymenoptera, Pompilidae) <p>An annotated list of spider wasps collected in the circumpolar region of Western Siberia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District) for the first time is given. The six species are listed, of them five species are newly recorded from Tyumen Province. The <em>Episyron rufipes</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) is newly recorded from Western Siberia.</p> R.T-o. Baghirov Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Chemotaxonomic study of Spiraea aemiliana compared to the closely species S. betulifolia and S. beauverdiana <p>The composition and content of phenolic compounds in the leaves of <em>Spiraea aemiliana</em> Schneid. from 2 natural populations growing on the Island of Kunashir were studied by HPLC. The chromatographic profiles of <em>S. aemiliana</em> and closely related species <em>S. betulifolia</em> Pall and <em>S. beauverdiana</em> Schneid. were compared. Nineteen compounds were detected in 40 % water-ethanol extracts from the leaves of <em>S. aemiliana</em>. Of these, сhlorogenic, p-сoumaric and cinnamic acids, quercetin, kaempferol, hyperoside, isoquercitrin rutin, avicularin, astragalin and dihydroquercetin (taxifolin) were identified. A specific compound in the leaves of <em>S. aemiliana</em> is isoquercitrin, not identified in other closely related species. The chromatographic profiles of <em>S. aemiliana</em> and <em>S. betulifolia</em> are generally very similar. This is additional evidence of the opinion of scientists about the taxonomic rank of <em>S. aemiliana</em> as a subspecies, variation, or form of <em>S. betulifolia</em>. <em>S. aemiliana</em> (the sum of phenolic compounds varies from 16.4 to 23.,88 mg/g) is more similar to <em>S. beauverdiana</em> in the quantitative content of phenolic compounds. Leaves of <em>S. aemiliana</em> contain a lot of hyperoside (up to 9.50 mg/g), which is almost twice as much as that of <em>S. beauverdiana</em> (up to 4.3 mg/g) and 6 times that of <em>S. betulifolia</em> (up to 1.55 mg/g). The revealed difference in the hyperoside content between the three <em>Spiraea</em> taxa is statistically significant.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> V.A. Kostikova, A.A. Kuznetsov, E.D. Tishchenko, A.N. Fayzylkhakova Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Morphological and taxonomic analysis of the polymorphic complex Spiraea betulifolia ‒ Spiraea beauverdiana in Russia <p>The authors have studied the diversity of genus <em>Spiraea</em> L., <em>Calospira</em> C. Coch section in terms of the morphological characters on the basis of 32 natural populations. The key has been made for the identification of species. Two species of <em>Calospira </em>section spirea grow in the Asian part of Russia (<em>S. betulifolia</em> Pall. and <em>S. beauverdiana </em>C.K. Schneid.), which most probably used to be two ecotypes of the same species some time ago. <em>S. betulifolia </em>Pall. subsp.<em> aemiliana </em>(C.K. Schneid.) H. Hara subspecies grows on the Islands in the Asian part of Russia (Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands). Its distinctive features are small round or spatulate (obovate) lamina and the absence of the inflorescence follicles pubescence, as well as a few metrical characteristics, the average values of which do not overlap with <em>S. betulifolia</em> and <em>S. beauverdiana </em>average values. This taxon has a trend towards stabilization of morphological characteristics, but has not yet sufficiently separated from&nbsp;<em>S. betulifolia</em>.</p> V.A. Kostikova, A.A. Kuznetsov, V.I. Troshkina, A.P. Belanova Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Biometric parameters of some mammals in Kochkor valley <p>Such prominent zoologists as N. A. Severtsov (1877), D. N. Kashkarov (1923–1926), V. N. Shnitnikov (1936), D.P. Dementiev (1938-1955) initiated the study of animals in the Kochkor valley, as well as the territory of&nbsp; Kyrgyzstan. As a result of their research, the species composition, distribution and biological features of some species of animals were revealed. Based on the above, the relevance of studying the biota of the Kochkor valley was recognized and the purpose of this study was: clarification of mammalian fauna; determination of the biometric parameters of some mammalian species.</p> T.I. Imanaliev Copyright (c) 2019 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Classification of ecological-coenotic groups. Different procedural approaches (the case of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area–Yugra vascular plant flora) <p>The comparative expert and statistical estimation were executed for ecological-coenotical groups system and coenomorphs of A.L. Belgard by example of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area – Yugra vascular plant flora. Both systems have given appropriate estimations, correspond to principal abiotic factors gradients and groups locations in phytometer scales. For both classifications identical principal abiotic factors have been detected, but systems differ for inverse ordination vectors of this factors gradients. For the region is recommend using of joint meadow and joint paludal groups, separate oligotrophic bog and ruderal groups and specified of sylvatic group.</p> N.N. Nazarenko, E.Yu. Pasechnyuk Copyright (c) Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Addition to the flora of vascular plants of the cluster "Aryskannyg", nature reserve "Uvs Nuur Basin" (Tyva Republic) <p>The article provides information on the previously undetected species of vascular plants for the territory of the State Nature Biosphere Reserve "Uvs Nuur basin" and for the cluster "Aryskannyg".</p> A.M. Samdan Copyright (c) Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Distribution of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the agrolandscape of Northwestern Russia <p>The agrolandscape in Northwestern Russia (fields and field borders, forest edges and separate forest plots) include 12 species of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), which belong to four genera. On the fields of different farm crops, we have collected 8 different ant species. <em>Myrmica</em> <em>rubra</em> and <em>Lasius</em> <em>niger</em> are the basic species on the fields. These are eurytopic species, capable of building nests in the ground. <em>M</em>. <em>rubra</em> and <em>L</em>. <em>niger</em> are much rarer on the cultivated lands than on the surrounding biotopes – field borders and forest edges.</p> O.G. Guseva, A.G. Koval Copyright (c) Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 On the distribution of Campsicnemus armatus (Zetterstedt, 1849) species group (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) <p>The <em>Campsicnemus armatus</em> species group differs from the other groups in simple male legs, but with the mid tibia bearing a comb-like posteroventral row of blunt-ended bristles. It includes the Palaearctic <em>Campsicnemus armatus </em>(Zetterstedt, 1849), <em>C. pumilio </em>(Zetterstedt, 1843), <em>C. vtorovi </em>Negrobov et Zlobin, 1978, and <em>C. caffer </em>Curran, 1926, known from northern and southern Africa. <em>C. armatus</em> var. <em>deserti </em>Vaillant, 1953 (unavailable name) from Algeria is associated with <em>C. caffer</em>, which is now spread in the two zoogeographical Regions. New records are given for <em>C. armatus</em>, <em>C. vtorovi</em> and <em>C. caffer</em>. Modified couplets in a key to Palearctic species of <em>Campsicnemus</em> and a new key to Afrotropical species of the genus are provided. Photographs of male antenna and mid tibia of species of the <em>Campsicnemus armatus</em> group are published for the first time.</p> I.Ya. Grichanov Copyright (c) Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Аdditions to the fauna of Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) and Heteroptera of the Sikhote-Alin State Nature Biosphere Reserve (Russian Far East) <p>The paper presents new materials on Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) and Heteroptera of the Sikhote–Alinsky State Reserve collected in 2017-2018. For the fauna of cicadas, data on 31 species are given, of which 22 species are first recorded for the Reserve. The fauna of Heteroptera is supplemented with 35 species and now includes 195 species. For the first time, <em>Gerris brachynotus</em> and <em>Kalama koreana</em> (Lee, 1967) are recorded for the Primorsky Territory, and the endemic <em>Oncochila loginovae</em> Golub, 1982 was also found.</p> N.N. Vinokurov, E.V. Kanyukova, K.A. Ostapenko, M.E. Sergeev Copyright (c) Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Vegetation of the high mountains of the North-East Tuva Republic <p>High-mountain vegetation of North-West Tuva is characterized by great diversity. We identified 10 associations and one subassociation belonging to six classes of the ecological-floristic classification. This is caused by dissimilarity of climatic conditions determined formation of two types of high-mountain landscapes — alpine and goltsy. Other researchers earlier described most of syntaxa. For the first time we described two associations and one subassociation. <em>Сallianthemo sajanensis–Geranietum krylovii</em> ass. nova hoc loco association is placed in <em>Violo altaicae–Festucion krylovianae</em> Ermakov et Zibzeev 2012 prov. provisional alliance and <em>Lagoto integrifoliae–Caricetum ensifoliae</em> ass. nova hoc loco association — in <em>Anemonastro–Festucion ovinae</em> Chytrý et al. 1993 alliance. Both associations are included in <em>Violo altaicae–Festucetalia krylovianae</em> Ermakov et Zibzeev 2012 prov. provisional order of <em>Juncetea trifidi</em> Hadač in Klika et Hadač 1944 class. Communities of <em>Сallianthemo sajanensis–Geranietum krylovii</em> ass. nova hoc loco are restricted to gentle plains and concave moderately steep mountain slopes of various exposures of subalpine and montane-tundra belts of North-West Tuva. Associations <em>Lagoto integrifoliae–Caricetum ensifoliae</em> ass. nova hoc loco are typical of the mountain tundra belt of the humid sector of North-East Tuva and occur on gentle slopes of the mountains and mountain terraces. Subassociation (<em>S.o.–R.q.</em>) <em>pedicularietosum fissae</em> subass. nova hoc loco is placed in <em>Rhodiolion quadrifidae</em> Hilbig 2000 alliance, <em>Rhodioletalia quadrifidae</em> Hilbig 2000 order, <em>Rhodioletea quadrifidae</em> Hilbig 2000 class. Coenoses of (<em>S.o.–R.q.</em>) <em>pedicularietosum fissae</em> subassociation are restricted to the mountain tundra belt of the humid sector of North-East Tuva and occur on the slopes of southern and southwestern exposures. We registered that the high-mountain vegetation of North-East Tyva mainly connected to magmatic acid rocks. The western border of subalpine meadow areas is on the western and southwestern slopes of East Sayanfacing, the Todzha Basin.</p> M. Yu. Telyatnikov, D.N. Shaulo, S.A. Prystyazhnyuk, A.I. Shmakov Copyright (c) Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the systematics and fauna of Dolichopus subpennatus D'Assis Fonseca, 1976 and Dolichopus pennatus Meigen, 1824 (Dolichopodidae, Diptera) <p>The differential diagnosis between <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> and <em>Dolichopus pennatus</em> is given. The morphology of the hypopygium of <em>Dolichopus pennatus</em> and <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> is studied for the first time. New features are distinguished by the structure of the ventral episternum of the thorax, metanotum and the morphology of the hypopygium. The form of the 3rd antenna segment cannot be used to distinguish between species due to intraspecific variability. The data on the fauna of <em>Dolichopus pennatus</em> and <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> are given<em>. Dolichopus pennatus</em> is for the first time indicated by the Arkhangelsk and Sverdlovsk regions. <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> is first indicated for Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine, Leningrad, Voronezh, Kursk, and Perm regions of Russian Federation, and also for Altai.</p> O.V. Selivanova, O.P. Negrobov, O.O. Maslova Copyright (c) Wed, 03 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Eucocconeis P.T. Cleve (Bacillariophyta) representatives in water bodies and streams of West Siberia <p>The results of the analysis of literature and original data on ecology and geographical distribution of 5 <em>Eucocconeis</em> P.T. Cleve species in the algal flora of West Siberia are given. Information relevant to halobility, active water reaction, saprogenity and geographical distribution is presented for each of species.</p> Yu.V. Naumenko Copyright (c) Tue, 02 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The current species composition and ecological-geographical characteristics of plankton communities in the littoral zone of some lakes of the Uldza-Torey basin (Trans-Baikal Territory) <p>We studied the taxonomic structure and ecological characteristics of the plankton in the coastal zone of some mineral lakes and reservoirs of the Uldza-Torey basin (Transbaikal Territory) in August 2018. We established that the lake plankton had low species diversity: there were 47 species of microalgae and 43 species of invertebrates. Ecological-geographical analysis (geography and habitat) showed the prevalence of widespread species of algae and invertebrates in plankton. We registered species of the plankton-benthic complex in the phytoplankton and eurybiont species in the zooplankton. The use of cluster analysis allowed us to identify algo- and zoocenoses with similar taxonomic composition.</p> N.A. Tashlykova, E.Yu. Afonina Copyright (c) Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Occurrence of snow leopard Panthera uncia (Scherber, 1775) in the territory of the Katon-Karagai National Park (South-West Altai, East Kazakhstan) <p>The note provides information on the new meeting of the snow leopard <em>Panthera&nbsp; uncia</em> (Scherber, 1775) on the territory of the Katon-Karagai National Park (South-West Altai, East Kazakhstan). This rare mammal species listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)</p> A.U. Gabdullina, Zh.B. Amanbaev Copyright (c) 2019 Gabdullina, Amanbaev Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the spider fauna (Arachnida, Aranei) of the Altai Territory <p>A checklist of 30 spider species recorded from the Tigirek State Nature Reserve (the Altai Territory) is provided, of which four species are recorded from the reserve for the first time and one is new to the Altai Mts. Also, the family Uloboridae was first recorded for the reserve.</p> V.V. Sidorov, M.S. Galyuta Copyright (c) 2019 Sidorov, Galyuta Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The communities of macrozoobenthos in tundra water bodies in low reaches of the Indigirka River (Northern Yakutia) <p>Taxonomic composition of zoobenthos, density, biomass, species diversity, and composition of the dominant complex of southern tundra water bodies in the lower reaches of the Indigirka River are discussed in the article. In this research, we considered 51 reservoirs: 8 lakes, 2 grass-Hypnum bogs, and 41 small tundra reservoirs. The composition of zoobenthos includes 17 invertebrate taxa of 3 types and 7 classes. The types of <em>Mollusca</em> and <em>Arthropoda</em> represent the majority regards zoobenthos diversity. Communities of <em>Amphipoda, Mollusca, Arachnida, Trichoptera, Plecoptera, Diptera</em> arevdominated by density and biomass. The community of Lake Dukarskoe had the highest value of Shannon index. Macrozoobenthos of the studied reservoirs has high faunistic similarity due to the periodic exchange of species. This mechanism contributes to the mutual enrichment of benthic waters in reservoirs and the maintenance of their diversity in the subarctic tundra.</p> A.P. Burnasheva, N.K. Potapova Copyright (c) 2019 Burnasheva, Potapova Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Algae-pollen monitoring in Altai Biosphere Reserve (Altai Republic, Russia) <p>The results of study of primary biological aerosols (pollen and algae spectra) in the precipitation deposited on the territory of the Altai Biosphere Reserve (Altai Republic, Russia) from July to October 2017 are presented.&nbsp;In the analyzed samples, 28 taxa of pollen grains and algae were revealed. Using of the HYSPLIT model the main regions-suppliers of pollen and algae on the area of Altai Biosphere Reserve for the specified period were determined.</p> E.Yu. Mitrofanova, N.A. Kuriatnikova, N.S. Malygina, О. Demberel Copyright (c) 2019 E.Yu. Mitrofanova, N.A. Kuriatnikova, N.S. Malygina, Otgonbaiar Demberel Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera), sampled with use of light trap on the Curonian Spit: the materials of the sixth season <p>Field light-trapping on the territory of the national park “The Curonian Spit” (samples at the territory of the field ornithological station “Fringilla”) in 2018 provided rich material of the beetles. Totally 10719 specimens of Coleoptera identified as belonging to 173 species from 118 genera and 30 families were caught in an ecotone zone between the white dune complex and the middle-aged pine forest. Among them, seven species, <em>Hygrotus polonicus</em> (Aubé, 1842), <em>Berosus spinosus</em> (Steven, 1808), <em>Bledius tricornis</em> (Herbst, 1784), <em>Platystethus arenarius</em> (Geoffroy, 1785), <em>Atheta boletophila</em> (Thomson, 1856), <em>Euplectus piceus</em> Motschulsky, 1835 and <em>Telmatophilus schoenherrii</em> (Gyllenhal, 1808), are recorded for the Kaliningrad Region for the first time. The different indexes of biodiversity were calculated. The comparison with the analogical by methods and locality results of 2011 year are presented. The materials on pine chafer (<em>Polyphylla fullo</em>) were specially analyzed. The number of males collected through light trap is much more than the number of females. The males show different frequency of two color forms with the sharp and stable dominance of dark coloration under bright coloration (the ratio is 2:1). The color forms in females are represented by equal ratio.</p> V.I. Alekseev, A.P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2019 Alekseev, Shapoval Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Vascular plants of the Yov plateau (Northern Urals) <p>The results of the Yov plateau flora study are presented in the article. The Yov plateau is located at the junction of the Konzhakovsky and Serebryansky mountain ranges of the Kytlym mountain plexus in the Northern Urals (Sverdlovsk Region, Russian Federation). Among the landscapes of the Northern Urals, the Yov plateau is distinguished by one of the richest in composition of rare protected plant species. As a result of field research, viewing of the herbarium and analysis of literary sources, 156 species, subspecies and notovids of vascular plants, including 2 species from the Red Book of the Russian Federation (2008) (<em>Rhodiola rosea</em>, <em>Saussurea uralensis</em>) and 14 species from the Red Book of the Sverdlovsk Region (2008), were registered on the Yov plateau. Two species, <em>Botrychium lanceolatum</em> and <em>Saussurea × igoschinae</em>, are recommended for inclusion in the new edition of the Red Book of the Sverdlovsk Region (Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Sverdlovskoi oblasti, 2018). Mineral development and road construction threaten the preservation of the Yov plateau landscape and populations of rare species. Yov plateau needs special protection measures.</p> E.V. Pismarkina, M.S. Knyasev, A.G. Bystrushkin Copyright (c) 2019 Pismarkina, Knyasev, Bystrushkin Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Flora of the Regional Reserve “Tavolzhansky” (Tyumen Region) <p>Based on research materials in 2016 and 2018, a list of the flora of vascular plants of the regional natural reserve "Tavolzhansky" (Sladkovsky district, Tyumen region), which is a part of the wetland of international importance "Lakes of Tobol-Ishim forest-steppe", was updated. The revealed flora includes 228 species of vascular plants from 154 genera and 47 families. In this flora, 101 species are new to the territory of reserve, and 37 species are new to the Sladkovsky district. The conspectus of the identified flora with indicating the abundance and occurrence of species is given. The growth of 8 plant species protected in the Tyumen region was detected within the studied territory, and the condition of their populations was assessed. It was proposed to expand the territory of the reserve with include the entire water area of the lake Solyonoje, within is located the Tavolzhan island. This will contribute to the preservation of populations of not only protected plant species, but also waterfowl and near-water birds.</p> O.A. Kapitonova Copyright (c) 2019 Kapitonova Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Global data on biodiversity of the Altai mountain country, presented in the world's scientific depositories <p>The Altai mountain country (AMC) is the highest uplift of North Asia, its biodiversity level is three times richer than Western Siberia. The biodiversity of the AMC territory has been explored for 200 years. At the same time, the greatest number of finds falls on the last 30 years since the beginning of a detailed study of the Altai mountainous country by specialists of the South-Siberian Botanical Garden of AltSU (Barnaul) under the guidance of the Botanical Institute named after. V.L. Komarova (St. Petersburg). In this study, botanical and geographic zoning of the AMC territory was performed with the use of open GIS systems (GeoJSON). A list of 42 world scientific depositories containing the information on animals, plants and fungi findings of AMC placed in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) was obtained. The gained information serves as a basis for systematists-researchers of the AMC territory flora and fauna to search for locations of materials storage in their research objects, as well as familiarity with their digital copy by a remote method. The described algorithm is effective and can be applied for other territories.</p> A.V. Vaganov, A.I. Shmakov, P.D. Gudkova Copyright (c) 2019 Vaganov, Shmakov, Gudkova Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Biological features of rare species of Iridaceae Juss. family in flora of Uzbekistan ex situ <p>Features of generative and vegetative reproduction of 6 rare species of Iridaceae listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan (2009) (<em>Crocus alatavicus</em>, <em>Gladiolus italicus</em>, <em>Juno hippolyti</em>, <em>J. orchioides</em>, <em>J. svetlanae</em> and <em>J. magnifica</em>) were studied under conditions of introduction in the Tashkent Botanical garden. It was shown that species with a wide range (<em>Crocus alatavicus, Gladiolus italicus, Juno orchioides</em>) were the most labile, less labile - species with a narrow range (<em>Juno magnifica</em>) and endemics of Uzbekistan (<em>J. hippolyti</em> and <em>J</em>. <em>svetlanae</em>).</p> M.D. Turgunov, V.P. Pechenitsyn, N.Yu. Beshko, A.I. Uralov, D.A. Abdullaev Copyright (c) 2019 Turgunov, M.D., Pechenitsyn, V.P., Beshko, N,Yu., Uralov, A.I., Abdullaev, D.A. Sat, 22 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Type specimens of the names of the families Betulaceae, Ranunculaceae, Asparagaceae and Tofieldiaceae taxa in collection of M. G. Popov Herbarium (NSK) <p>The article contains the information on type specimens of the names of 11 taxa of the families Betulaceae (<em>Betula</em>), Ranunculaceae (<em>Anemone, Caltha, Delphinium</em>), Asparagaceae (<em>Asparagus</em>) and Tofieldiaceae (<em>Tofieldia</em>) kept in M. G. Popov Herbarium of the Central Siberian Botanical Garden of SB RAS (NSK), including 5 holotypes, 4 isotypes, 3 paratypes, 1 authentic specimen. A new combination: <em>Asparagus gibbus</em> Bunge var<em>. baicalensis</em> (N. V. Vlassova) N. V. Vlassova, comb. nov. is given. The protologue, type category, text of the original label are cited for each specimen.</p> V.M. Doronkin, N.V. Vlasova, E.A. Pinzhenina Copyright (c) 2019 Doronkin, Vlasova, Pinzhenina Sat, 22 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The first record of Libellula depressa Linnaeus, 1758 (Odonata: Libellulidae) in Siberia, Russia <p><em>Libellula depressa</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) was recorded from the NW foothills of Altai Mts. at the Inya River near the Chineta Village (51.34° N, 83.05° E) in Kranoshchekovo District of Altayskiy Kray Province, Russia. This record was made for the first time in the territory of Russia, eastward of Urals and in 150 km NNE of the closest locality in East Kazakhstan in Ust’-Kamenogorsk (Oskemen).</p> O.E. Kosterin, A.V. Gribkov Copyright (c) 2019 Kosterin, Gribkov Sat, 22 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A new subspecies of Chrysochroa margotana Novak, 1992 (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) from Myanmar <p>The paper provides the description of a new subspecies of <em>Chrysochroa margotana</em> Novak, 1992 from Burma and restoration of <em>C. margotana</em> Novak, 1992 as a valid specie name as a result of morphological analysis of close species from subgenus <em>Chrooxantha</em>, group <em>mniszechi</em> (<a href="#Hołyński">Holynski, 2009</a>).</p> A.S. Zubov, A.Yu. Titarenko Copyright (c) 2019 Zubov, Titarenko Mon, 17 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Species diversity of tree plantations in industrial enterprise protective zones (Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine) <p>Some 49 species of woody plants were identified among the tree plantations in sanitary protection zones of industrial enterprises in Zaporizhzhya (southeastern Ukraine); 10 species of tree plants are present in all the sanitary protection zones. The number of plant species in protective plantings varies considerably from 11 ("Zaporizhskloflus") to 30 species ("Zaporizhstal"). The similarity of the species composition in plantations was assessed using the Jaccard and Sørensen indices. We calculated the species richness by Margaleff and Shannon indices, the dominance indices were calculated according to Simpson and Berger-Parker. The vast majority of forest belts in the sanitary protection zones of Zaporizhzhya industrial enterprises require the species enrichment, taking into account the tolerance of species to various pollutants.&nbsp;</p> A.V. Sklyarenko, V.P. Bessonova Copyright (c) 2019 Sklyarenko, A.V., Bessonova, V.P. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0700