Acta Biologica Sibirica http://journal.asu.ru/biol <div class="additional_content"> <p><img style="width: 190px; float: left; margin-right: 15px;" title="Acta Biologica Sibirica" src="/public/site/images/admin/Sibirica1.jpg"></p> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><strong>ISSN 2412-1908 (Online)</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><br><strong>Acta Biologica Sibirica</strong> publishes original, previously unpublished articles on the following fields: Faunistics, Floristics, Biogeography, Biological systematics, Nature conservation and protected areas, Reviews of published articles and monographs on the above topics, Memorial articles. Preference is given to articles in English. There are no restrictions on the article volume and number of articles in the issue. In the fields of faunistics and floristics, we accept articles of two types: floral and faunal lists on any region of the world (areas, regions, countries, mountain ranges, national parks), and faunal and floral discoveries (finding new species for the regions, additions to previously published inventories…). We also accept articles on methodology of faunal and floral studies. The materials up to three pages are placed in the category Short Communication.</span></p> </div> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><strong>Acta Biologica Sibirica&nbsp;</strong>is covered in abstract and citation databases: <strong><em>Web of Science</em>&nbsp;<em>(BIOSIS Previews, Zoological Record)</em>; DOAJ; ProQuest;&nbsp;</strong></span><strong><em><span style="font-size: small;">Ulrich's Periodicals Directory; OpenAIRE;&nbsp;BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine;&nbsp;</span></em><em><span style="font-size: small;">Agricola;&nbsp;</span></em></strong><em><span style="font-size: small;"><strong>OAIsters; Agris;&nbsp;OCLC-WorldCat; HINARI; MIAR; OpenAIRE; CAB Abstracts;&nbsp;E-Library.ru</strong>.&nbsp;</span></em></p> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p><span style="font-size: small;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</span><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</span></p> </div> <p><a href="/index.php/biol/about/submissions#authorGuidelines"><strong><span style="font-size: small;">Author Guidelines</span></strong></a></p> <p><strong style="font-size: small;">Frequency</strong><span style="font-size: small;">: The journal is published four times a year in the “continuous publication” mode on 31 March, 30 June, 30 September, 31 December.</span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> en-US <p><em>Acta Biologica Sibirica</em>&nbsp;is a golden publisher, as we allow self-archiving, but most importantly we are fully transparent about your rights.</p> <p>Authors may present and discuss their findings ahead of publication: at biological or scientific conferences, on preprint servers, in public databases, and in blogs, wikis, tweets, and other informal communication channels.</p> <p>ABS allows authors to deposit manuscripts (currently under review or those for intended submission to ABS) in non-commercial, pre-print servers such as ArXiv.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;(CC BY 4.0)&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> </ol> amatsyura@gmail.com (Alex Matsyura) amatsyura@gmail.com (Alex Matsyura) Fri, 06 Sep 2019 13:41:58 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Morphology and morphometry of the tibial organ of males of the genus Dolichopus Latreille, 1796 (Dolichopodidae, Diptera) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/3916 <p>Morphologic and morphometric characteristics of generic level of the tibial organ of males Dolichopus Latreille, 1796, were investigated. On the basis of examined characteristics the subgeneric variability were investigated and groups of superspecific level were allocated.<br /><br /></p> O. P. Negrobov, M. A. Chursina, O. V. Selivanova Copyright (c) 2018 O. P. Negrobov, M. A. Chursina, O. V. Selivanova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/3916 Thu, 19 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Wormwoods of Buryatia: diversity analysis, ecological-geographical features, and chemotaxonomy of section Abrotanum http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6589 <p>The wormwoods of Buryatia includes 48 species and subspecies, which belong to three subgenus and seven sections (subgenus Artemisia, sections - <em>Artemisia</em>, <em>Abrotanum</em>, <em>Absinthium</em>; subgenus Dracunculus, sections - <em>Dracunculus</em>, <em>Campestris</em>, <em>Psammophilae</em>; subgenus Seriphidium, section –<em>Halophilum</em>. Most of the wormwoods of the region are xerophytes and mesoxerophytes, belonging to the steppe and forest-steppe ecological-coenotic groups (34 species, 70.8%), mainly from the sections of <em>Artemisia</em>, <em>Abrotanum</em>, and <em>Campestris</em>. Ecological-geographically, Central Asian, South Siberian, and North Asian species dominate, accounting for 45.8% of the total species composition with significant share of species with wide Eurasian distribution area (8 species, 16.6%). Endemism is peculiar to the species of psammophyte-steppe (<em>Artemisia ledebouriana</em>, <em>A. xylorhiza</em>) and mountain-steppe (<em>Artemisia subviscosa</em>) genesis (3 species, 6.25%). In the systematic relation, interpretations of a taxonomical variety on separate sections are ambiguous, among them there is <em>Campestris</em>, <em>Absinthium</em>, <em>Abrotanum</em>. In the section <em>Abrotanum</em> the identification of species close to <em>Artemisia gmelinii</em> is problematic. As a result of a detailed study of the composition of the essential oil, the additional chemotaxonomic criteria for the taxonomic status of <em>Artemisia messerschmidtiana </em>and<em> A. santolinifolia</em> were suggested. So, the presence of davanone components in the oil of <em>Artemisia santolinifolia</em> can be the taxonomic sign of this species. Specific components in high concentrations were also found in the composition of <em>Artemisia messerschmidtiana</em>, namely trans-Sabinene hydrate (2.4%), gamma-Terpinene (2.0%), and Germacrene D (1.6%).</p> B.B. Namzalov, S.V. Zhigzhitzhapova, N.G. Dubrovsky, A.B. Sakhyaeva, L.D. Radnaeva Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6589 Mon, 14 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Fish of Ara-Nur Lake (Transbaikal region) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6586 <p>We presented the list of fish species founded in the Lake Ara-Nur in 1998-1999. These data has not been published previously and no research was carried out in the lake since this study. The fish fauna included 11 species belonged to 7 families. The lake and basin of the River Khilok had low species diversity. Freshwater fish species of the boreal lowland were dominant in Ara-Nur fauna. Along with the limnetic fish species, we registered some fluvial fish species entered into the lake from the Northern Gorek River. Most of the fish are benthophage, the others are ichthyophagous and euryphagous; the majority of species are limnophylics. In our opinion, Lake Ara-Nur has great potential importance for fish spawning and wintering</p> E.P. Gorlacheva Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6586 Sun, 13 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Growth and development of Ferula tadshikorum Pimenov in culture http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6588 <p>We identified the optimal planting calendar for cultivation of Central Asian medicinal and endemic plant <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em>. The results of our experiment confirmed that <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em> has accelerated the growth rate like most introduced plant species. Taking into account <em>Ferula tadshikorum</em> lifespan, shortening its life cycle during the cultivation will has a positive economic effect on the rapid extraction of raw materials from underground organs.</p> D.T. Khamraeva, O.K. Khojimatov, A.I. Uralov Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6588 Sun, 13 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Fauna of Jewel Beetles (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) of Tyumen region http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6578 <p>The paper presents an annotated list of Jewel beetles of the Tyumen region, consisting of 30 species of 12 genera. Ten species: <em>Dicerca amphibia </em>Marseul, 1865, <em>Lamprodila decipiens</em> (Gebler, 1847), <em>Poecilonota variolosa</em> (Paykull, 1799), <em>Chrysobothris</em> <em>affinis</em> (Fabricius, 1794), <em>Agrilus fleischeri</em> Obenberger, 1925, <em>A. mendax </em>Mannerheim, 1837, <em>A. cyanescens</em> (Ratzeburg, 1837), <em>A. ribesi </em>Schaefer, 1946, <em>A. delphinensis </em>Abeille de Perrin, 1897, and <em>A. pratensis </em>(Ratzeburg, 1837) are recorded here for the first time in the region.</p> E.V. Sergeeva, V.A. Stolbov Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6578 Thu, 10 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The abundance and structure of population of pelagic amphipod Macrohectopus branickii in the coastal zone of Lake Baikal http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6574 <p><em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>is a unique inhabitant of the Lake Baikal’s pelagial zone that occupies the same ecological niche as Antarctic krill and mysids. However, many aspects of this species ecology are still unknown or disputable. In this study we attempt to clarify the peculiarities of the species distribution in the littoral zone. Since specimens of <em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>are active migrants and participate at daily vertical migrations to the water surface, we used the conus nets designed to catch <em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>during passive floating from the ice surface to the water column. Obtained data revealed the presence of <em>Macrohectopus branickii</em> at a depth over 47 m as well as the fact that migrating schools of the species are not able to enter the specific sites for a long time. We also discussed the capacity of <em>Macrohectopus branickii </em>to freeze into the ice and ecological significance of this specific phenomenon.</p> D. Karnaukhov, S. Biritskaya, M. Teplykh, N. Silenko, E. Dolinskaya, E. Silow Copyright (c) 2019 D. Karnaukhov, S. Biritskaya, M. Teplykh, N. Silenko, E. Dolinskaya, E. Silow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6574 Mon, 07 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of genetic diversity among Iranian populations of Ficus carica L. (Moraceae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6534 <p><em>Ficus carica</em> L. is a species of Moraceae family that has been cultivated in different parts of the world from ancient time. Its fruit is eaten by human and has several medicinal properties. This species widely grows and cultivated in various parts of Iran. For this, in the current study, we investigated infraspecific genetic variation and population structure of <em>F. carica</em> in the country. 14 natural populations of <em>F. carica</em> were collected and their genomic DNA were extracted and tested with RAPD molecular technique. Parameters of population’s genetic diversity varied among the studied populations. In addition, AMOVA test revealed significant variations among the populations.&nbsp; The studied populations clustered separately in UPGMA tree of RAPD data, moreover PCA and MDS plots produced similar results. STRUCTURE analysis revealed the best number of k = 9. Based on Nei’s genetic distance, we had nine distinct groups. Genetic clustering patterns according to UPGMA trees of RAPD data and Nei’s genetic distance were more similar with the results of STRUCTURE analysis. The small amount of Nm) the product of the effective size of individual populations (N) and the rate of migration among them (m) (value showed limited gene flow among the studied populations, therefore it seems that high genetic variations among these populations may be related less or few amount of gene exchange among populations.</p> M.R. Zolfaghari, F. Salimpour, F. Sharifnia, S.J. Marandi Copyright (c) 2019 Zolfaghari, M.R., Salimpour, F., Sharifnia, F., Peyvandi, M., Marandi, S.J. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6534 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Contribution to the systematics and nomenclature of the checkerspots of the group Melitaea minerva Staudinger, 1881 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6535 <p>Wing pattern, male genitalia armatures and the COI-gene sequence within the checkerspots of the group <em>Melitaea minerva </em>are examined. The lectotypes of <em>M. asteroida variegata</em> and <em>M. asteroida maculata</em> are designated, it is shown that both taxa belong to <em>M. minerva</em> (subspecies of it), but not to <em>M. asteroida</em>. Basing on the DNA investigation (COI sequence) I made an assumption that the taxa <em>M. minerva</em> and <em>M. pallas </em>are conspecific. <em>M. solona</em> is not a separate species but forms a group of phenotypes &nbsp;characteristic for both <em>M. minerva</em> and <em>M. asteroida</em>. The male genitalia features are inapplicable for the species identification within the group <em>M. minerva</em>.</p> S.K. Korb Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6535 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New findings of rare vascular plants in Novosibirsk http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6536 <p>The first finding of <em>Centaurium pulchellum</em> in Novosibirsk Province is reported, as well of such plant species, rare in Novosibirsk surroundings, as <em>Paeonia anomala, Campanula trachelium, Cirsium palustre, Inula helenium, Iris pseudacorus, Hemerocallis minor</em>, made in 2019 within the City of Novosibirsk in two bogged areas (the Gladkoe and Kuchino Bogs, and the surroundings of the former), and in the Ob River floodplain. A large population of <em>Cypripedium macranthon</em> was found in unusual conditions of a boggy open stand of pine, larch and birch, with <em>Equisetum fluviatile</em> predominating in the grass layer. Importance of these natural ecosystems inside a city is duscussed for nature protection and research purpose.</p> O.E. Kosterin, N.V. Priydak, Y.S. Otmakhov, D.N. Shaulo Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6536 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New records of long-legged flies (Diptera, Dolichopodidae) from Morocco http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6514 <p>This paper provides new data on the distribution of 39 long-legged fly species (Diptera, Brachycera, Dolichopodidae) belonging to 19 genera from Morocco. Twelve species, <em>Gymnopternus assimilis </em>(Staeger, 1842), <em>Hercostomus apollo</em> (Loew, 1869),<em> Hercostomus morenae</em> (Strobl, 1899), <em>Medetera media</em> Parent, 1925, <em>Medetera pallipes</em> (Zetterstedt, 1843), <em>Medetera petrophiloides</em> Parent, 1925, <em>Medetera</em> aff. <em>roghii</em> Rampini et Canzoneri, 1979, <em>Micromorphus minusculus</em> Negrobov, 2000, <em>Sciapus</em> aff. <em>negrobovi</em> Naglis et Bartak, 2015, <em>Campsicnemus simplicissimus</em> Strobl, 1906, <em>Sympycnus pulicarius</em> (Fallén, 1823), and <em>Syntormon pilitibia</em> Grichanov, 2013 are newly added to the Moroccan insect fauna. In addition, available information on geographical distribution for each species is also included.</p> Mohamed Nourti, Igor Ya. Grichanov, Kawtar Kettani Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6514 Thu, 26 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A catalogue of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) of Azerbaijan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6433 <p>An annotated list of butterflies from Azerbaijan, containing 280 species, is presented. The classification and nomenclature in this work are accepted according to the key of Korb &amp; Bolshakov (2016). The full list of species composition of butterflies of Azerbaijan numbering 280 species for today is presented for the first time, and it was supplemented by new materials collected by the first author from 2012 to 2019. We came up with the list of the total species composition of butterflies in Azerbaijan, which currently includes 280 species from 6 families (Hesperiidae - 37, Papilionidae - 10, Pieridae - 28, Lycaenidae - 100, Riodinidae - 1, Nimphalidae - 104) for today was compiled. <em>We record Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758</em> as a new species for the fauna of the Caucasus. Our results will help to continue biodiversity study and expand the information on the distribution of the butterflies (Papilionoformes) in Azerbaijan and the Caucasus.</p> N.Y. Snegovaya, V.A. Petrov Copyright (c) 2019 Snegovaya, Petrov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6433 Sat, 21 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Florocenotic diversity of forest-steppe complex of the "Boizhy" tract (Stavropol upland, Prikalaus heights) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6366 <p>This paper provides an overview of the floristic diversity of the forest-steppe complex of the "Boizhy" tract in the Prikalaus-Buivolinsky landscape. The description of the relief of the territory and its forms is given, the bedrocks, soil types, etc. are noted. Despite its phytodiversity, the territory is not studied botanically. For the first time, a description of the vegetation cover of flat areas, slopes, beams, pots with the corresponding floristic series is given. The main dominants of the tree and shrub layer, as well as species with a broad ecological valence, are indicated. On the territory of the study area, xerophilic and petrophilic groups were identified, which form the basis of the rarity flora of the tract.</p> A.V. Likhvar Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6366 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 First records of invasive species Carabus cumanus Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 (Cleptera, Carabidae) in Kyzylorda oblast (South Kazakhstan) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6355 <p>Invasive species of the ground beetle <em>Carabus cumanus</em> Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 was found in the city of Kyzylorda in southern Kazakhstan. For the Kyzylorda oblast of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the south of the country as a whole, <em>C. cumanus</em> is indicated for the first time. The species invasion originated from the city of Almaty (south-eastern Kazakhstan), from where it has been known since 1998.</p> I.I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6355 Sun, 08 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Comparative analysis of the leaf anatomy of Phlox sibirica L. and Phlox sibirica var. borealis (Wherry) B. Boivin http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6356 <p>In this comparative research of the leaf anatomy of <em>Phlox sibirica</em> and <em>Phlox sibirica</em> var. <em>borealis</em>, we discovered that morphometric features of the leaf blades structure in 95 % of cases significantly differ at a significance level of P &lt; 0.05. Statistically significant differences were not found only in determining the stomatal index, the value of which also corresponds to other types of groundcover phlox. The studied taxa are characterized by collateral vascular bundles, an anomocytic type of the stomatal apparatus and elongated, winding epidermal cells. <em>Phlox sibirica</em> is distinguished by a better development of collenchyma strands, which provides sheet rigidity even with the loss of turgor, xylem, and the most photosynthetically active layer of mesophyll (cells of the upper layer). Thus, in the anatomical structure of the studied phloxes, the features characteristic of xerophytic-heliophytic species, more pronounced in <em>Phlox sibirica</em>, were revealed. The leaf anatomy of the studied taxa reflects their adaptation to conditions with an unfavorable water regime (ensures the maintenance of a normal water balance) and excessive lighting.</p> A.N. Butenkova, T.N. Belyaeva Copyright (c) 2019 Butenkova, Belyaeva https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6356 Sun, 08 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Limodorum abortivum var. viride Fateryga & Kreutz (Orchidaceae) in the Crimea http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6357 <p>The variety <em>Limodorum abortivum</em> var. <em>viride</em> is known from five localities of the Crimean South Coast. Communities of <em>Quercus pubescens</em> represent all of them, while <em>L. abortivum</em> var.<em> abortivum </em>grows in various forest types. <em>Limodorum abortivum</em> var. <em>viride</em> differs from the nominotypical variety by shorter, thinner, and completely green floral stem and somewhat smaller flowers. At the same time, the difference in inflorescence density was not confirmed by Student’s t-test. This variety is similar in morphological parameters and the habitat to <em>L. abortivum</em> var. <em>gracile</em> described from Greece. However, <em>L. abortivum</em> var. <em>gracile</em> differs from <em>Limodorum abortivum</em> var. <em>viride</em> by nearly white flowers. It is supposed that the both varieties are similar due to origination in similar conditions.</p> V.V. Fateryga, A.V. Fateryga Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6357 Sun, 08 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 To the study of the Imperial Eagle in the Altai http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6350 <p>Summarized information on the distribution, abundance, and ecology of the Imperial Eagle <em>Aquila</em><em> heliaca</em> in Altai is given. Altai refers to the territory of the Altai Territory (168 thousand km<sup>2</sup>) and the Altai Republic (92.6 thousand km<sup>2</sup>), which had the status of the Gorno-Altai Autonomous Region within the Altai Territory of the RSFSR until 1991 within its current borders. Altai is one of the few Russian regions where the Imperial Eagle inhabits almost all natural zones, with the exception of highlands. The population of the species is declining in the Altai Territory, but is still in relatively good condition in the Altai Republic. Nesting groups are characterized by uneven spatial distribution. This is due to the gravity of the Imperial Eagle to meadow-steppe areas with an intense pasture load.</p> V.M. Vazhov, R.F. Bakhtin Copyright (c) 2019 Vazhov, Bakhtin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6350 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the distribution of spider wasps (Hymenoptera, Pompilidae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6351 <p>An annotated list of spider wasps collected in the circumpolar region of Western Siberia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District) for the first time is given. The six species are listed, of them five species are newly recorded from Tyumen Prov. and Episyron rufipes (Linnaeus, 1758) is newly recorded from Western Siberia.</p> R.T-o. Baghirov Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6351 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Chemotaxonomic study of Spiraea aemiliana compared to the closely species S. betulifolia and S. beauverdiana http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6352 <p>The composition and content of phenolic compounds in the leaves of <em>Spiraea aemiliana</em> Schneid. from 2 natural populations growing on the Island of Kunashir were studied by HPLC. The chromatographic profiles of <em>S. aemiliana</em> and closely related species <em>S. betulifolia</em> Pall and <em>S. beauverdiana</em> Schneid. were compared. Nineteen compounds were detected in 40 % water-ethanol extracts from the leaves of <em>S. aemiliana</em>. Of these, сhlorogenic, p-сoumaric and cinnamic acids, quercetin, kaempferol, hyperoside, isoquercitrin rutin, avicularin, astragalin and dihydroquercetin (taxifolin) were identified. A specific compound in the leaves of <em>S. aemiliana</em> is isoquercitrin, not identified in other closely related species. The chromatographic profiles of <em>S. aemiliana</em> and <em>S. betulifolia</em> are generally very similar. This is additional evidence of the opinion of scientists about the taxonomic rank of <em>S. aemiliana</em> as a subspecies, variation, or form of <em>S. betulifolia</em>. <em>S. aemiliana</em> (the sum of phenolic compounds varies from 16.4 to 23.,88 mg/g) is more similar to <em>S. beauverdiana</em> in the quantitative content of phenolic compounds. Leaves of <em>S. aemiliana</em> contain a lot of hyperoside (up to 9.50 mg/g), which is almost twice as much as that of <em>S. beauverdiana</em> (up to 4.3 mg/g) and 6 times that of <em>S. betulifolia</em> (up to 1.55 mg/g). The revealed difference in the hyperoside content between the three <em>Spiraea</em> taxa is statistically significant.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> V.A. Kostikova, A.A. Kuznetsov, E.D. Tishchenko, A.N. Fayzylkhakova Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6352 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Morphological and taxonomic analysis of the polymorphic complex Spiraea betulifolia ‒ Spiraea beauverdiana in Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6353 <p>The authors have studied the diversity of genus <em>Spiraea</em> L., <em>Calospira</em> C. Coch section in terms of the morphological characters on the basis of 32 natural populations. The key has been made for the identification of species. Two species of <em>Calospira </em>section spirea grow in the Asian part of Russia (<em>S. betulifolia</em> Pall. and <em>S. beauverdiana </em>C.K. Schneid.), which most probably used to be two ecotypes of the same species some time ago. <em>S. betulifolia </em>Pall. subsp.<em> aemiliana </em>(C.K. Schneid.) H. Hara subspecies grows on the Islands in the Asian part of Russia (Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands). Its distinctive features are small round or spatulate (obovate) lamina and the absence of the inflorescence follicles pubescence, as well as a few metrical characteristics, the average values of which do not overlap with <em>S. betulifolia</em> and <em>S. beauverdiana </em>average values. This taxon has a trend towards stabilization of morphological characteristics, but has not yet sufficiently separated from&nbsp;<em>S. betulifolia</em>.</p> V.A. Kostikova, A.A. Kuznetsov, V.I. Troshkina, A.P. Belanova Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6353 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Biometric parameters of some mammals in Kochkor valley http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6354 <p>Such prominent zoologists as N. A. Severtsov (1877), D. N. Kashkarov (1923–1926), V. N. Shnitnikov (1936), D.P. Dementiev (1938-1955) initiated the study of animals in the Kochkor valley, as well as the territory of&nbsp; Kyrgyzstan. As a result of their research, the species composition, distribution and biological features of some species of animals were revealed. Based on the above, the relevance of studying the biota of the Kochkor valley was recognized and the purpose of this study was: clarification of mammalian fauna; determination of the biometric parameters of some mammalian species.</p> T.I. Imanaliev Copyright (c) 2019 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6354 Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Classification of ecological-coenotic groups. Different procedural approaches (the case of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area–Yugra vascular plant flora) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6194 <p>The comparative expert and statistical estimation were executed for ecological-coenotical groups system and coenomorphs of A.L. Belgard by example of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area – Yugra vascular plant flora. Both systems have given appropriate estimations, correspond to principal abiotic factors gradients and groups locations in phytometer scales. For both classifications identical principal abiotic factors have been detected, but systems differ for inverse ordination vectors of this factors gradients. For the region is recommend using of joint meadow and joint paludal groups, separate oligotrophic bog and ruderal groups and specified of sylvatic group.</p> N.N. Nazarenko, E.Yu. Pasechnyuk Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6194 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Addition to the flora of vascular plants of the cluster "Aryskannyg", nature reserve "Uvs Nuur Basin" (Tyva Republic) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6196 <p>The article provides information on the previously undetected species of vascular plants for the territory of the State Nature Biosphere Reserve "Uvs Nuur basin" and for the cluster "Aryskannyg".</p> A.M. Samdan Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6196 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Distribution of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the agrolandscape of Northwestern Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6209 <p>The agrolandscape in Northwestern Russia (fields and field borders, forest edges and separate forest plots) include 12 species of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), which belong to four genera. On the fields of different farm crops, we have collected 8 different ant species. <em>Myrmica</em> <em>rubra</em> and <em>Lasius</em> <em>niger</em> are the basic species on the fields. These are eurytopic species, capable of building nests in the ground. <em>M</em>. <em>rubra</em> and <em>L</em>. <em>niger</em> are much rarer on the cultivated lands than on the surrounding biotopes – field borders and forest edges.</p> O.G. Guseva, A.G. Koval Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6209 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 On the distribution of Campsicnemus armatus (Zetterstedt, 1849) species group (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6210 <p>The <em>Campsicnemus armatus</em> species group differs from the other groups in simple male legs, but with the mid tibia bearing a comb-like posteroventral row of blunt-ended bristles. It includes the Palaearctic <em>Campsicnemus armatus </em>(Zetterstedt, 1849), <em>C. pumilio </em>(Zetterstedt, 1843), <em>C. vtorovi </em>Negrobov et Zlobin, 1978, and <em>C. caffer </em>Curran, 1926, known from northern and southern Africa. <em>C. armatus</em> var. <em>deserti </em>Vaillant, 1953 (unavailable name) from Algeria is associated with <em>C. caffer</em>, which is now spread in the two zoogeographical Regions. New records are given for <em>C. armatus</em>, <em>C. vtorovi</em> and <em>C. caffer</em>. Modified couplets in a key to Palearctic species of <em>Campsicnemus</em> and a new key to Afrotropical species of the genus are provided. Photographs of male antenna and mid tibia of species of the <em>Campsicnemus armatus</em> group are published for the first time.</p> I.Ya. Grichanov Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6210 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Аdditions to the fauna of Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) and Heteroptera of the Sikhote-Alin State Nature Biosphere Reserve (Russian Far East) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6211 <p>The paper presents new materials on Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) and Heteroptera of the Sikhote–Alinsky State Reserve collected in 2017-2018. For the fauna of cicadas, data on 31 species are given, of which 22 species are first recorded for the Reserve. The fauna of Heteroptera is supplemented with 35 species and now includes 195 species. For the first time, <em>Gerris brachynotus</em> and <em>Kalama koreana</em> (Lee, 1967) are recorded for the Primorsky Territory, and the endemic <em>Oncochila loginovae</em> Golub, 1982 was also found.</p> N.N. Vinokurov, E.V. Kanyukova, K.A. Ostapenko, M.E. Sergeev Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6211 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Vegetation of the high mountains of the North-East Tuva Republic http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6212 <p>High-mountain vegetation of North-West Tuva is characterized by great diversity. We identified 10 associations and one subassociation belonging to six classes of the ecological-floristic classification. This is caused by dissimilarity of climatic conditions determined formation of two types of high-mountain landscapes — alpine and goltsy. Other researchers earlier described most of syntaxa. For the first time we described two associations and one subassociation. <em>Сallianthemo sajanensis–Geranietum krylovii</em> ass. nova hoc loco association is placed in <em>Violo altaicae–Festucion krylovianae</em> Ermakov et Zibzeev 2012 prov. provisional alliance and <em>Lagoto integrifoliae–Caricetum ensifoliae</em> ass. nova hoc loco association — in <em>Anemonastro–Festucion ovinae</em> Chytrý et al. 1993 alliance. Both associations are included in <em>Violo altaicae–Festucetalia krylovianae</em> Ermakov et Zibzeev 2012 prov. provisional order of <em>Juncetea trifidi</em> Hadač in Klika et Hadač 1944 class. Communities of <em>Сallianthemo sajanensis–Geranietum krylovii</em> ass. nova hoc loco are restricted to gentle plains and concave moderately steep mountain slopes of various exposures of subalpine and montane-tundra belts of North-West Tuva. Associations <em>Lagoto integrifoliae–Caricetum ensifoliae</em> ass. nova hoc loco are typical of the mountain tundra belt of the humid sector of North-East Tuva and occur on gentle slopes of the mountains and mountain terraces. Subassociation (<em>S.o.–R.q.</em>) <em>pedicularietosum fissae</em> subass. nova hoc loco is placed in <em>Rhodiolion quadrifidae</em> Hilbig 2000 alliance, <em>Rhodioletalia quadrifidae</em> Hilbig 2000 order, <em>Rhodioletea quadrifidae</em> Hilbig 2000 class. Coenoses of (<em>S.o.–R.q.</em>) <em>pedicularietosum fissae</em> subassociation are restricted to the mountain tundra belt of the humid sector of North-East Tuva and occur on the slopes of southern and southwestern exposures. We registered that the high-mountain vegetation of North-East Tyva mainly connected to magmatic acid rocks. The western border of subalpine meadow areas is on the western and southwestern slopes of East Sayanfacing, the Todzha Basin.</p> M. Yu. Telyatnikov, D.N. Shaulo, S.A. Prystyazhnyuk, A.I. Shmakov Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6212 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the systematics and fauna of Dolichopus subpennatus D'Assis Fonseca, 1976 and Dolichopus pennatus Meigen, 1824 (Dolichopodidae, Diptera) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6193 <p>The differential diagnosis between <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> and <em>Dolichopus pennatus</em> is given. The morphology of the hypopygium of <em>Dolichopus pennatus</em> and <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> is studied for the first time. New features are distinguished by the structure of the ventral episternum of the thorax, metanotum and the morphology of the hypopygium. The form of the 3rd antenna segment cannot be used to distinguish between species due to intraspecific variability. The data on the fauna of <em>Dolichopus pennatus</em> and <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> are given<em>. Dolichopus pennatus</em> is for the first time indicated by the Arkhangelsk and Sverdlovsk regions. <em>Dolichopus subpennatus</em> is first indicated for Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine, Leningrad, Voronezh, Kursk, and Perm regions of Russian Federation, and also for Altai.</p> O.V. Selivanova, O.P. Negrobov, O.O. Maslova Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6193 Wed, 03 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Eucocconeis P.T. Cleve (Bacillariophyta) representatives in water bodies and streams of West Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6168 <p>The results of the analysis of literature and original data on ecology and geographical distribution of 5 <em>Eucocconeis</em> P.T. Cleve species in the algal flora of West Siberia are given. Information relevant to halobility, active water reaction, saprogenity and geographical distribution is presented for each of species.</p> Yu.V. Naumenko Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6168 Tue, 02 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The current species composition and ecological-geographical characteristics of plankton communities in the littoral zone of some lakes of the Uldza-Torey basin (Trans-Baikal Territory) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6163 <p>We studied the taxonomic structure and ecological characteristics of the plankton in the coastal zone of some mineral lakes and reservoirs of the Uldza-Torey basin (Transbaikal Territory) in August 2018. We established that the lake plankton had low species diversity: there were 47 species of microalgae and 43 species of invertebrates. Ecological-geographical analysis (geography and habitat) showed the prevalence of widespread species of algae and invertebrates in plankton. We registered species of the plankton-benthic complex in the phytoplankton and eurybiont species in the zooplankton. The use of cluster analysis allowed us to identify algo- and zoocenoses with similar taxonomic composition.</p> N.A. Tashlykova, E.Yu. Afonina Copyright (c) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/6163 Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Occurrence of snow leopard Panthera uncia (Scherber, 1775) in the territory of the Katon-Karagai National Park (South-West Altai, East Kazakhstan) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5929 <p>The note provides information on the new meeting of the snow leopard <em>Panthera&nbsp; uncia</em> (Scherber, 1775) on the territory of the Katon-Karagai National Park (South-West Altai, East Kazakhstan). This rare mammal species listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)</p> A.U. Gabdullina, Zh.B. Amanbaev Copyright (c) 2019 Gabdullina, Amanbaev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5929 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the spider fauna (Arachnida, Aranei) of the Altai Territory http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5930 <p>A checklist of 30 spider species recorded from the Tigirek State Nature Reserve (the Altai Territory) is provided, of which four species are recorded from the reserve for the first time and one is new to the Altai Mts. Also, the family Uloboridae was first recorded for the reserve.</p> V.V. Sidorov, M.S. Galyuta Copyright (c) 2019 Sidorov, Galyuta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5930 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The communities of macrozoobenthos in tundra water bodies in low reaches of the Indigirka River (Northern Yakutia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5931 <p>Taxonomic composition of zoobenthos, density, biomass, species diversity, and composition of the dominant complex of southern tundra water bodies in the lower reaches of the Indigirka River are discussed in the article. In this research, we considered 51 reservoirs: 8 lakes, 2 grass-Hypnum bogs, and 41 small tundra reservoirs. The composition of zoobenthos includes 17 invertebrate taxa of 3 types and 7 classes. The types of <em>Mollusca</em> and <em>Arthropoda</em> represent the majority regards zoobenthos diversity. Communities of <em>Amphipoda, Mollusca, Arachnida, Trichoptera, Plecoptera, Diptera</em> arevdominated by density and biomass. The community of Lake Dukarskoe had the highest value of Shannon index. Macrozoobenthos of the studied reservoirs has high faunistic similarity due to the periodic exchange of species. This mechanism contributes to the mutual enrichment of benthic waters in reservoirs and the maintenance of their diversity in the subarctic tundra.</p> A.P. Burnasheva, N.K. Potapova Copyright (c) 2019 Burnasheva, Potapova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5931 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Algae-pollen monitoring in Altai Biosphere Reserve (Altai Republic, Russia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5932 <p>The results of study of primary biological aerosols (pollen and algae spectra) in the precipitation deposited on the territory of the Altai Biosphere Reserve (Altai Republic, Russia) from July to October 2017 are presented.&nbsp;In the analyzed samples, 28 taxa of pollen grains and algae were revealed. Using of the HYSPLIT model the main regions-suppliers of pollen and algae on the area of Altai Biosphere Reserve for the specified period were determined.</p> E.Yu. Mitrofanova, N.A. Kuriatnikova, N.S. Malygina, О. Demberel Copyright (c) 2019 E.Yu. Mitrofanova, N.A. Kuriatnikova, N.S. Malygina, Otgonbaiar Demberel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5932 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera), sampled with use of light trap on the Curonian Spit: the materials of the sixth season http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5933 <p>Field light-trapping on the territory of the national park “The Curonian Spit” (samples at the territory of the field ornithological station “Fringilla”) in 2018 provided rich material of the beetles. Totally 10719 specimens of Coleoptera identified as belonging to 173 species from 118 genera and 30 families were caught in an ecotone zone between the white dune complex and the middle-aged pine forest. Among them, seven species, <em>Hygrotus polonicus</em> (Aubé, 1842), <em>Berosus spinosus</em> (Steven, 1808), <em>Bledius tricornis</em> (Herbst, 1784), <em>Platystethus arenarius</em> (Geoffroy, 1785), <em>Atheta boletophila</em> (Thomson, 1856), <em>Euplectus piceus</em> Motschulsky, 1835 and <em>Telmatophilus schoenherrii</em> (Gyllenhal, 1808), are recorded for the Kaliningrad Region for the first time. The different indexes of biodiversity were calculated. The comparison with the analogical by methods and locality results of 2011 year are presented. The materials on pine chafer (<em>Polyphylla fullo</em>) were specially analyzed. The number of males collected through light trap is much more than the number of females. The males show different frequency of two color forms with the sharp and stable dominance of dark coloration under bright coloration (the ratio is 2:1). The color forms in females are represented by equal ratio.</p> V.I. Alekseev, A.P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2019 Alekseev, Shapoval https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5933 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Vascular plants of the Yov plateau (Northern Urals) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5934 <p>The results of the Yov plateau flora study are presented in the article. The Yov plateau is located at the junction of the Konzhakovsky and Serebryansky mountain ranges of the Kytlym mountain plexus in the Northern Urals (Sverdlovsk Region, Russian Federation). Among the landscapes of the Northern Urals, the Yov plateau is distinguished by one of the richest in composition of rare protected plant species. As a result of field research, viewing of the herbarium and analysis of literary sources, 156 species, subspecies and notovids of vascular plants, including 2 species from the Red Book of the Russian Federation (2008) (<em>Rhodiola rosea</em>, <em>Saussurea uralensis</em>) and 14 species from the Red Book of the Sverdlovsk Region (2008), were registered on the Yov plateau. Two species, <em>Botrychium lanceolatum</em> and <em>Saussurea × igoschinae</em>, are recommended for inclusion in the new edition of the Red Book of the Sverdlovsk Region (Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Sverdlovskoi oblasti, 2018). Mineral development and road construction threaten the preservation of the Yov plateau landscape and populations of rare species. Yov plateau needs special protection measures.</p> E.V. Pismarkina, M.S. Knyasev, A.G. Bystrushkin Copyright (c) 2019 Pismarkina, Knyasev, Bystrushkin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5934 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Flora of the Regional Reserve “Tavolzhansky” (Tyumen Region) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5935 <p>Based on research materials in 2016 and 2018, a list of the flora of vascular plants of the regional natural reserve "Tavolzhansky" (Sladkovsky district, Tyumen region), which is a part of the wetland of international importance "Lakes of Tobol-Ishim forest-steppe", was updated. The revealed flora includes 228 species of vascular plants from 154 genera and 47 families. In this flora, 101 species are new to the territory of reserve, and 37 species are new to the Sladkovsky district. The conspectus of the identified flora with indicating the abundance and occurrence of species is given. The growth of 8 plant species protected in the Tyumen region was detected within the studied territory, and the condition of their populations was assessed. It was proposed to expand the territory of the reserve with include the entire water area of the lake Solyonoje, within is located the Tavolzhan island. This will contribute to the preservation of populations of not only protected plant species, but also waterfowl and near-water birds.</p> O.A. Kapitonova Copyright (c) 2019 Kapitonova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5935 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Global data on biodiversity of the Altai mountain country, presented in the world's scientific depositories http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5937 <p>The Altai mountain country (AMC) is the highest uplift of North Asia, its biodiversity level is three times richer than Western Siberia. The biodiversity of the AMC territory has been explored for 200 years. At the same time, the greatest number of finds falls on the last 30 years since the beginning of a detailed study of the Altai mountainous country by specialists of the South-Siberian Botanical Garden of AltSU (Barnaul) under the guidance of the Botanical Institute named after. V.L. Komarova (St. Petersburg). In this study, botanical and geographic zoning of the AMC territory was performed with the use of open GIS systems (GeoJSON). A list of 42 world scientific depositories containing the information on animals, plants and fungi findings of AMC placed in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) was obtained. The gained information serves as a basis for systematists-researchers of the AMC territory flora and fauna to search for locations of materials storage in their research objects, as well as familiarity with their digital copy by a remote method. The described algorithm is effective and can be applied for other territories.</p> A.V. Vaganov, A.I. Shmakov, P.D. Gudkova Copyright (c) 2019 Vaganov, Shmakov, Gudkova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5937 Sun, 23 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Biological features of rare species of Iridaceae Juss. family in flora of Uzbekistan ex situ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5926 <p>Features of generative and vegetative reproduction of 6 rare species of Iridaceae listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan (2009) (<em>Crocus alatavicus</em>, <em>Gladiolus italicus</em>, <em>Juno hippolyti</em>, <em>J. orchioides</em>, <em>J. svetlanae</em> and <em>J. magnifica</em>) were studied under conditions of introduction in the Tashkent Botanical garden. It was shown that species with a wide range (<em>Crocus alatavicus, Gladiolus italicus, Juno orchioides</em>) were the most labile, less labile - species with a narrow range (<em>Juno magnifica</em>) and endemics of Uzbekistan (<em>J. hippolyti</em> and <em>J</em>. <em>svetlanae</em>).</p> M.D. Turgunov, V.P. Pechenitsyn, N.Yu. Beshko, A.I. Uralov, D.A. Abdullaev Copyright (c) 2019 Turgunov, M.D., Pechenitsyn, V.P., Beshko, N,Yu., Uralov, A.I., Abdullaev, D.A. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5926 Sat, 22 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Type specimens of the names of the families Betulaceae, Ranunculaceae, Asparagaceae and Tofieldiaceae taxa in collection of M. G. Popov Herbarium (NSK) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5927 <p>The article contains the information on type specimens of the names of 11 taxa of the families Betulaceae (<em>Betula</em>), Ranunculaceae (<em>Anemone, Caltha, Delphinium</em>), Asparagaceae (<em>Asparagus</em>) and Tofieldiaceae (<em>Tofieldia</em>) kept in M. G. Popov Herbarium of the Central Siberian Botanical Garden of SB RAS (NSK), including 5 holotypes, 4 isotypes, 3 paratypes, 1 authentic specimen. A new combination: <em>Asparagus gibbus</em> Bunge var<em>. baicalensis</em> (N. V. Vlassova) N. V. Vlassova, comb. nov. is given. The protologue, type category, text of the original label are cited for each specimen.</p> V.M. Doronkin, N.V. Vlasova, E.A. Pinzhenina Copyright (c) 2019 Doronkin, Vlasova, Pinzhenina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5927 Sat, 22 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The first record of Libellula depressa Linnaeus, 1758 (Odonata: Libellulidae) in Siberia, Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5928 <p><em>Libellula depressa</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) was recorded from the NW foothills of Altai Mts. at the Inya River near the Chineta Village (51.34° N, 83.05° E) in Kranoshchekovo District of Altayskiy Kray Province, Russia. This record was made for the first time in the territory of Russia, eastward of Urals and in 150 km NNE of the closest locality in East Kazakhstan in Ust’-Kamenogorsk (Oskemen).</p> O.E. Kosterin, A.V. Gribkov Copyright (c) 2019 Kosterin, Gribkov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5928 Sat, 22 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A new subspecies of Chrysochroa margotana Novak, 1992 (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) from Myanmar http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5783 <p>The paper provides the description of a new subspecies of <em>Chrysochroa margotana</em> Novak, 1992 from Burma and restoration of <em>C. margotana</em> Novak, 1992 as a valid specie name as a result of morphological analysis of close species from subgenus <em>Chrooxantha</em>, group <em>mniszechi</em> (<a href="#Hołyński">Holynski, 2009</a>).</p> A.S. Zubov, A.Yu. Titarenko Copyright (c) 2019 Zubov, Titarenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5783 Mon, 17 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Species diversity of tree plantations in industrial enterprise protective zones (Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5495 <p>Some 49 species of woody plants were identified among the tree plantations in sanitary protection zones of industrial enterprises in Zaporizhzhya (southeastern Ukraine); 10 species of tree plants are present in all the sanitary protection zones. The number of plant species in protective plantings varies considerably from 11 ("Zaporizhskloflus") to 30 species ("Zaporizhstal"). The similarity of the species composition in plantations was assessed using the Jaccard and Sørensen indices. We calculated the species richness by Margaleff and Shannon indices, the dominance indices were calculated according to Simpson and Berger-Parker. The vast majority of forest belts in the sanitary protection zones of Zaporizhzhya industrial enterprises require the species enrichment, taking into account the tolerance of species to various pollutants.&nbsp;</p> A.V. Sklyarenko, V.P. Bessonova Copyright (c) 2019 Sklyarenko, A.V., Bessonova, V.P. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5495 Tue, 26 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0700 First records of long-legged flies (Diptera, Dolichopodidae) from Fars Province of Iran http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5184 <p>This paper provides data on distribution of 9 long-legged fly species (Diptera, Brachycera, Dolichopodidae) belonging to 6 genera from Fars province, southern Iran. Four species, Asyndetus albifrons Loew, 1869, Asyndetus chaetifemoratus Parent, 1925, Medetera media Parent, 1925 and Sciapus adumbratus (Becker, 1902) are newly added to the Iranian insect fauna. In addition, available information for each species and comments on geographical distribution and taxonomy are also included.</p> S. Rezaei, I. Ya. Grichanov, M. Fallahzadeh Copyright (c) 2019 S. Rezaei, I.Ya. Grichanov, M. Fallahzadeh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5184 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Investigation of biodiversity and distribution of rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in the agrolandscape in Northwestern Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5185 <p>62 species of 38 genera of Staphylinidae were found on the field of wheat and on adjacent semi-natural habitats in the Leningrad Region. They vary by the occupied areas and their abundance on various parts of agrolandscape. <em>Philonthus cognatus</em> Steph., <em>Dinaraea angustula</em> (Gyll.) and <em>Aloconota gregaria</em> (Er.) have shown to be the most numerous species on the wheat field, whereas <em>Drusilla canaliculata</em> (F.) and <em>Zyras humeralis</em> (Grav.) are the most abundant in adjacent habitats. The population of the rove beetles varies significantly between the field and adjacent semi-natural habitats</p> O. G. Guseva Copyright (c) 2019 O.G. Guaseva https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5185 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 On rear true bugs (Heteroptera) of Siberia and the South of Russian Far East http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5186 <p>The annotated list contains information on the distribution of 43 rare species from 11 families of true bugs in Eastern Siberia and the Russian Far East. Of these for the first time is recorded for the Altai Republic <em>Plinthisus vestitus</em> Jakovlev, 1889, Novosibirsk District – <em>Stygnocoris cimbricus</em> (Gredler, 1870), Krasnoyarsk Territory<em> – Megalonotus antennatus</em> (Schilling, 1929) and Yakutia – <em>Salda muelleri </em>(Gmelin, 1790),<em> Microvelia reticulata</em> (Burmeister, 1835), <em>Aradus betulinus</em> Fallén, 1829, <em>Megalonotus chiragra</em> (Fabricius, 1794), <em>Nemocoris falleni</em> R.F. Sahlberg, 1848, <em>Graphosoma lineatum</em> (Linnaeus, 1758). Plant bug <em>Leptopterna dolabrata</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) is recorded for the Primorsky Territory as introduced pest of cereals and perennial grasses.</p> N. N. Vinokurov Copyright (c) 2019 Vinokurov N.N. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5186 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the distribution of fungus gnats (Diptera: Bolitophilidae, Keroplatidae) in Tyva Republic (Russia, Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5187 <p>An annotated list is given and the distribution of 13 species of fungus gnats of the families Bolitophilidae and Keroplatidae, collected from Tuva in Eastern Siberia, is provided. As a result of our study, 11 species were added to the list of fungus gnats of Tuva</p> Sh. V. Donchak, E. Yu. Subbotina, Yu. V. Maximova Copyright (c) 2019 Sh.V. Dongak, E.Yu. Subbotina, Yu.V. Maximova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5187 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The genus Alchemilla L., 1753 (Rosaceae) in the Tyva Republic (Russia, Southern Siberia) flora http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5188 <p>Based on revision of the principal herbarium collections of Russia, 34 <em>Alchemilla</em>-species in the flora of Tyva Republic were registered. With a high probability we can expect the detection of another species (<em>A. krylovii</em>). For the first time, 20 species were registered for the region. <em>A. inversa</em>, that was described from this territory, and, moreover, <em>A. pachyphylla,</em> which had not been taken into account in earlier review by mistake, were also included in the list. For three species (<em>A. aperta, A. bungei, A. dasyclada</em>), cited earlier on the basis of erroneous definitions, the presence in the territory of Tyva was confirmed. Three species (<em>A. rigescens, A. monticola, A. rubens</em>), noted in previous reviews, are proposed to be excluded from the list due to redefinition of samples. Nomenclature citations, the data on the distribution of species in the natural areas of Republic, their preferred habitats, on their occurrence, an appurtenance to the groups of ecological and chorological elements. A key for species included in the list was constructed.</p> A. V. Chkalov Copyright (c) 2019 A.V. Chkalov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5188 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New data on the distribution of digger wasps of the genus Ammophila W. Kirby, 1798 (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5189 <p>An annotated list is given and the distribution of five species of digger wasps genus <em>Ammophila</em>, collected in the circumpolar regions of Western Siberia (in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District) in 2017, is specified.</p> R. T.-o Baghirov, A. A. Nesterovich Copyright (c) 2019 Baghirov, R.T-o., & Nesterovich, A.A. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5189 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The composition of algae in the Lake Arakhley during spring-summer period (Transbaikal region) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5190 <p>According to the materials of hydrobiological examination of the Lake Arakhley spring and summer 2017 are presented: taxonomic structure, a list of identified microalgae, as well as the composition of the dominant complex. It is established that phytoplankton of the lake has 97 taxa below the genus. Its basis (86.6%) is made up of representatives of four phyla: Bacillariophyta, Chlorophyta, Chrysophyta and Cyanobacteria. The most commonly encountered species were: <em>Lindavia comta, Fragilaria crotonensis, F. radians, Ulnaria </em><em>ulna</em><em>, Cocconeis placentula, Nitzschia graciliformis, Chrysococcus rufescens, Dinobryon cylindricum, </em><em>D</em><em>. </em><em>divergens</em><em>, D. sertularia, Kephyrion spirale, Oocystis marssonii</em>.</p> N. A. Tashlykova Copyright (c) 2019 N.A. Tashlykova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5190 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 New records of true bugs (Heteroptera) from Khakasia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5191 <p>The paper contains data of 15 species of heteropterous insects from 8 families for the first time found for Khakassia.</p> S. V. Kuzhuget Copyright (c) 2019 S.V. Kuzhuget https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5191 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Distribution of ground beetles of the genus Amara Bonelli, 1810 (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in the agrolandscape in Northwestern Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5192 <p>The article investigates the abundance of beetles of the genus <em>Amara</em> in the agrolandscape of the Leningrad Region. In the period from 2004 to 2010, 14 <em>Amara</em> species were collected by pitfall trapping. <em>Amara fulva</em> (O.F. Müll.) is the most common species in the potato and clean fallow fields, <em>Amara similata</em> (Gyll.) – in the grain and grasses fields, and <em>A</em>.<em> communis</em> (Pz.) ˗ in adjacent semi-natural habitats respectively. The cluster analysis shows that assemblages of ground beetles of the genus <em>Amara</em> in fields of different crops, field boundaries, and adjacent habitats are separated from each other. In the agrolandscape, the population of beetles of the genus Amara reaches its greatest species richness and abundance in perennial grassfields. In addition, to our best knowledge, this research was a first time when <em>Amara ingenua</em> (Duft.) was observed feeding on the flowering spikelets of timothy grass (<em>Phleum pratense</em> L.).</p> O. G. Guseva, A. G. Koval Copyright (c) 2019 O.G. Guseva, A.G. Koval https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5192 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Hairy Fungus Beetles (Coleoptera, Mycetophagidae) of the Almaty Oblast (Sout-East Kazakhstan) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5193 <p>The hairy fungus beetles (Coleoptera: Mycetophagidae) in Almaty oblast of Kazakhstan is reviewed including diagnoses, illustrations, distributions, and natural history. Total 7 species and 3 genera were identified - <em>Mycetophagus quadripustulatus, M. quadriguttatus, M. fulvicollis, M. multipunctatus, M. piceus, Litargus connexus</em> and <em>Typhaea stercorea</em>. The data on the fauna of hairy fungus beetles of 3 protected areas of Almaty oblast are given. In the State national natural park "Ile-Alatau" all 3 genera and 7 species of Mycetophagidae found in Almaty oblast are noted. For the State national natural park Altyn-Emel, 3 genera and 5 species are indicated: <em>M. quadripustulatus, M. quadriguttatus, M. piceus, Litargus connexus</em> and <em>T. stercorea</em>. In the State national natural park "Zhongar-Alatau" 2 genera and 4 species were found: <em>M. quadripustulatus, M. quadriguttatus, M. multipunctatus</em> and <em>T. stercorea</em>. At present, the State national natural park “Ile-Alatau” is the richest in species diversity of hairy fungus beetles from the three specially protected natural territories in which research was conducted. Information about some species of fungi, on which hairy fungus beetles were marked, is presented for the first time. <em>M. quadriguttatus</em> has not previously been reported on <em>Agaricus campestris, Russula betularum, Pleurotus dryinus, P. ostreatus, Сoprinellus domesticus, Lepista personata</em>. <em>M. quadripustulatus</em> - not recorded on the fungi <em>Bjerkandera fumosa, L. personata, Cortinarius purpurascens, P. dryinus</em> and <em>Agaricus bitorquis</em>. <em>M. piceus</em> &nbsp;- on <em>B. fumosa, C. purpurascens</em> and <em>P. dryinus</em>. <em>M. multipunctatus</em> &nbsp;- on <em>Trametes ochracea, L. personata, C. purpurascens, A. bitorquis, R. betularum, Lycoperdon pratense</em> and <em>P. dryinus</em>. <em>M. fulvicollis</em> on T<em>. ochracea, Cerioporus squamosus, Scleroderma citrinum</em> &nbsp;and <em>P. ostreatus</em>. <em>Litargus connexus</em> - on <em>L. personata, C. purpurascens, T. ochracea</em> and <em>P. ostreatus</em>. <em>T. stercorea</em> - on <em>Antrodia serialis, C. purpurascens, T. ochracea, C. squamosus </em>and <em>Byssonectria terrestris</em>.</p> I. I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2019 I.I. Temreshev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5193 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Description of a new species of Chrysina Kirby, 1828 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) from resplendens group, based on morphological characters and mtDNA COX I molecular marker http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5194 <p>A new species of the genus <em>Chrysina </em>Kirby, 1828 is decribed from Panama. <em>Chrysina kalinini </em>sp.n. is related to <em>Chrysina resplendens </em>(Boucard, 1875) in habitus, male genitalia morphology and mtDNA COX I molecular marker). The two closely related species differ in the shape of pronotum, mesosternal process and male genitalia. mtDNA COI molecular marker analysis gives a reliable distance for the compared species.</p> A. S. Zubov, N. V. Ivshin, A. Yu. Titarenko, B. V. Andrianov Copyright (c) 2019 Zubov, A.S., Ivshin, N.V. Titarenko, A.Yu., & Andrianov, B.V. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5194 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Determination of saxitoxin in water of Lake Baikal http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5195 <p>Samples of surface water were taken in the littoral zone of the Aya and Tutay Bays (the west shore of Lake Baikal), Mukhor Bay (the Maloe More Strait), Posolsky Sor Bay and near Turka village (the east shore of the lake) during the cyanobacterial bloom in summer 2018. Saxitoxin was determined by a procedure based on chemical modification of saxitoxin with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and the following identification of saxitoxin hydrazone by means of liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. A modified procedure was proposed for the samples with a low predicted concentration of saxitoxin. It was demonstrated that the concentration of saxitoxin in all the samples was lower than the maximum allowable concentration for drinking water (&lt; 3 μg/L).</p> G. A. Fedorova, A. V. Kuzmin, I. N. Zubkov, I. V. Tikhonova, I. R. Shtykova, T. V. Butina, O. I. Belykh, M. A. Grachev Copyright (c) 2019 Fedorova, G.A., Kuzmin, A.V., Zubkov, I.N., Tikhonova, I.V., Shtykova, Y.R., Butina T.V., Belykh O.I., & Grachev M.A. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5195 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Occasional photographic records of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) in Cambodia. 1. The coastal Cardamom foothills (SW Cambodia), 2010-2018 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5196 <p>Results are presented of occasional photographic records of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) made along with studies on the Odonata fauna in 63 localities of four coastal provinces of SW Cambodia (Koh Kong, Preah Sihanouk, Kampot and Kep) in 2010-2018. In total, 151 identified and 15 provisionally identified species are listed; 39 identified species (<em>Troides helena, Graphium agetes, Prioneris philomone, Abisara echerias, Arhopala abseus, A. aedias, A. aida, A. alitaeus, A. atosia, A. avatha, A. bazaloides, A. elopura, Cigaritis lohita, Sinthusa nasaka, Lampides boeticus, Udara selma, Zizeera karsandra, Danaus affinis, Euploea phaenareta, Parantica agleoides, Cyrestis themire, Euthalia malaccana, E. phemius, Discophora timora, Lethe mekara, Badamia exclamationis, Burara harisa, Odina decorata, Tagiades menaka, Ancistroides nigrita, Gangara lebadea, Halpe zola, Hyrtaotis adrastus, Lotongus calathus, Matapa aria, M. sasivarna, Pirdana hyela, Suastus minutus, Thoressa masoni</em>) and 8 provisionally identified species (<em>Poritia</em> cf. <em>erycinoides, Nacaduba</em> cf. <em>pavana, </em>?<em>Cephrenes acalle, Erionota </em>cf<em>. torus, Halpe</em> cf<em>. hauxvillei, Notocrypta</em> cf. <em>clavata, Potanthus</em> cf. <em>subochraceus</em>, ?<em>Polytremis lubricans</em>) are for the first time reported for Cambodia. These, as well as some other provisionally identified and unidentified species are illustrated. The only not so expected record is a Sondaic species <em>Arhopala athada</em>.</p> O. E. Kosterin Copyright (c) 2019 Kosterin, O.E. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5196 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Morphological and ecological-biological features of the spontaneous hybrid Acer platanoides L. × A. truncatum Bunge http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5197 <p>The article gives a description of the spontaneous hybrid <em>Acer platanoides</em> L. × <em>A. truncatum</em>, Bunge revealed during introductions research in the Botanical Garden of SFedU. The prerequisite for the emergence of closely related hybrids was the use of the method of genus complexes in the creation of a collection. Interspecies hybrids are detected in polymorphic genera: <em>Acer</em>, <em>Berberis</em>, <em>Corylus</em>, <em>Crataegus</em>, <em>Lonicera</em>, <em>Sorbus</em>. The economic interest is represented by a spontaneous hybrid <em>A. platanoides</em> × <em>A. truncatum</em>. The following are given: morphological description of the hybrid and parental species, their basic ecological and biological properties (winter hardiness, drought resistance, resistance to diseases and pests, seeds reproductive capacity), seasonal development rhythm, characteristics of seeds and decorative qualities.</p> O. I. Fedorinova, B. L. Kozlovskiy, M. V. Kuropyatnikov Copyright (c) 2019 Fedorinova, O.I. Kozlovskiy, B.L. & Kuropyatnikov, M.V. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5197 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Infraspecific morphological variations of Salvia limbata in Iran http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5209 <p><em>Salvia limbata </em>is an aromatic herb of Lamiaceae, which distributed in different parts of Iran. Studies have revealed that this species has several benefit compounds for human health. In this study, we investigated infra‒specific morphological difference in this species. In total, 21 inflorescence morphological features were evaluated in eight populations; ten individuals were evaluated per each population. Data were analysed using SPSS and MVSP softwares. Morphological traits highly differed among the studied populations and ANOVA test revealed significant differences among most of them. According to UPGMA tree, PCA and PCO plots of morphological characteristics, we reported four distinct phenotypes among the studied populations. CA. Joined plot revealed each of these group were characterized by special traits, which were useful in identification of them. Two phenotypes were monotypic, while the rest were composed of two to four populations. This species has a relative large geographical distribution, the distribution of its populations in diverse area will prevent the focus of natural selection in a given direct. Therefore different phenotypes were found in its different populations.</p> S.M. Talebi, P. Yadegari, S. Behzadpour, A. V. Matsyura Copyright (c) 2019 Talebi, S.M., Yadegari, P. Behzadpour, S., & Matsyura, A. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5209 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Insect biodiversity as indicators of environmental condition of territories of South Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5347 <p>The results of visual field surveys of the composition of indicator insect species and their abundance, expressed in points, for natural and anthropogenic transformed territories of southern Kazakhstan are presented. The information content of various indices of the species diversity of insects was found at a five-point estimate of abundance. For the studied territories, the most informative indicators on the range of variability were the number of registered species, as well as the polydominance index and the index of Margalef. Under standard visual accounting conditions used, a linear dependence of the type y = 2.8x was established between the number of all marked indicator species, as well as the number of species from individual orders (x) and their numbers in points (y). The data obtained suggest that the diversity of indicator insect species may be the simple and informative regional indicator of the ecological status of individual territories.</p> S. G. Slivinsky, V. L. Kazenas, I. I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2019 Slivinsky, G.G., Kazenas, V.L., Temreshev, I.I. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5347 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A list of Lepidopterans (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North Kazakhstan. Part 3. http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5348 <p>Based on the faunistic studies in North Kazakhstan in 2017-2018, a list of 246 species is given. 124 species are for the first time reported for the North Kazakhstan region</p> S. A. Knyzev, I. A. Zuban' Copyright (c) 2019 Knyazev, S.A., Zuban’, A.I. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5348 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Ecological and biological evaluation of varietal resources Paeonia L. in Ukraine http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5350 <p>The present state of the trends of the use of herbaceous species of <em>Paeonia </em>L. was studied and their prospects for greening the Podillya area were determined. The cultivars and hybrids of peony culture are investigated, entered in the State Register of Ukraine and analyzed the dynamics of their creation over the years. The analysis of researches and publications of cultivars of milky-flowered breeding breeding in our country was carried out. The decorative properties of the herbaceous peony varieties (<em>Paeonia lactiflora </em>Pall.) Were analyzed and the characteristics of the varieties represented by the originator of the varieties represented by all indicators were studied. According to the results of the research, <em>Paeonia </em>L. varieties, which are entered in the State Register on a set of indicators that determine their decorative and economic and biological qualities, are recommended as objects for the enrichment of the plant variety for planting the Ukraine. The analysis of species and grade composition of <em>Paeonia </em>L.</p> V. A. Mazur, H. V. Pantsyreva, K. V. Mazur, V. V. Monarkh Copyright (c) 2019 Mazur, V.A., Pantsyreva, H.V., Mazur, K.V., Monarkh, V.V. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5350 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 On peculiarities of the ground spider fauna (Aranei: Gnaphosidae Pocock, 1898) of the Altai Mountains http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5351 <p>A checklist of 114 species in 15 genera of the Gnaphosidae recorded from Altai Mts is provided. A level of endemism and taxonomic composition of the Altai fauna are compared with those of other mountain regions of Northern Eurasia. A significance of the Altai Mts as a center for species diversity of several gnaphosid genera is evaluated. Comparative data on species diversity and distribution of ground spiders across different regions and altitudinal zones of the Altai Mts are provided. Regional gnaphosid faunas of the Altai are compared. A high level of endemism and its possible causes are discussed.</p> A. A. Fomichev Copyright (c) 2019 Fomichev, A.A. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5351 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Diversity structure of phytoseiid mites in urban plant habitats http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5378 <p>We founded that <em>E.&nbsp;finlandicus</em> and <em>K. aberrans</em> formed the nucleus of Phytoseiidae community on the plants of urbanized environment in the result of study of 93 plant species (55 species of tree-and-shrub (58.9%) and 38 species of herbaceous plants (41.1%). Our research was carried out in plantations along the main and secondary municipal highways, near residential area and industrial buildings, on private plots of the private building area, in city parks and squares of Kyiv, Uman, Brovary, and Vasylkiv (Ukraine). The peculiarities of their distribution among urban plant associations, which differ from each other by different characteristics (population, area, degree of urbanization) were determined. Both species - <em>E. finlandicus </em>and<em> K. aberrans</em> have a rather extended range of indicators of relative biotope contiguity (-0.91&lt;Fij&lt;0.43 and -0.93Fij&lt;0.96) that indicated their property to inhabit large number of plants. The indicator of <em>K. aberrans </em>occurrence, which was the highest in the city with the smallest degree of urbanization (Vasylkiv), decreased in the city with the maximum possible degree of urbanization (Kyiv). This indicator of <em>E. finlandicus</em> on the contrary increased along the gradient from a smaller city to the metropolitan city. <em>K. aberrans</em> inhabit a large number of plant species (33 species), while preferred plants from Rosacea family. <em>E. finlandicus</em> dominated by number of urban plant species it inhabited (75 species, 79.78%), absolute number of individuals in collected samples of predatory mites (504), occurrences index (Is = 74.49%), and by index of Palii-Kovnatsi (Di = 51.42%). The dominance of <em>E. finlandicus</em> species was registered in both groups of plants. The distribution of Phytoseiidae’s was primarily connected with the possibility of their movement along the surface of the substrate. Speed of mites moving was not the same in different species and depended on their morphology and plant morphology. Both species lived and laid eggs on the underside of the leaf. <em>K. aberrans</em> was more commonly found near the central vein of the leaf, while <em>E. finlandicus</em> was observed more evenly on the leaf plate, which can be explained by it higher vagility. <em>K. aberrans</em> could inhabit high number on fruit varieties of plants with pubescence leaves. Morphological features of plant leaves did not affect the spread of <em>E. finlandicus </em>species, therefore, they could be considered more "universal". However, it reached a higher quantity on the plants with a smooth surface of a leaf plate. Certain temperature, illumination regime, air and soil humidity caused the differences in mites spreading at various habitats.</p> S. L. Grabovska, I. I. Mykolaiko, V. P. Mykolaiko, T. M. Myronyuk Copyright (c) 2019 Grabovska, S.L., Mykolaiko, I.I., Mykolaiko, V.P., Myronyuk, T.M. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/5378 Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0700 First records of invasive pests Almond bud mite Acalitus phloeocoptes (Nalepa, 1890) (Acari, Trombidiformes, Eriophyidae) in Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4860 <p>Almond bud mite Acalitus phloeocoptes (Nalepa, 1890) - dangerous pest of fruits trees, was first discovered in Kazakhstan. In 2018, the area of planting of apricots in the Almaty oblast, contaminated by it, was about 150 hectares. Various insecticide been tested for the localization of the pest. During the tests, the highest efficiency was shown by the variants: Vertimek concentrate emulsion 1 l/ha and Omite 75 % concentrate emulsion. They were recommended to horticultural farms for processing against the pest.</p> I. I. Temreshev, B. K. Kopzhasarov, N. D. Slyamova, Z. B. Beknazarova, A. A. Darubayev Copyright (c) 2018 Temreshev et al. http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4860 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of the biotope preferences of butterflies within the Nizhny Novgorod Province (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4868 <p>The biotope distribution of the butterflies of the Nizhny Novgorod Provnce and its regulations are discussed. Seven groups of biotopes are divided and its faunas are descrbed. The stenotopic species and the different types of eurytopic species are described, their ratio is determined. The species with the most adaptive potential are selected and their role as the most possible candidates to occupy atypical biotopes on the studied territory is discussed.</p> S. K. Korb Copyright (c) 2018 Korb http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4868 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Notes on Dolichopodidae (Diptera) from the White Sea coast and islands (Russian North) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4869 <p>Original data on Dolichopodidae from the Belomorsk district of Karelia and Bolshoi Solovetskii Island (Arkhangelsk Region, Primorskii district) resulted from the short-term visit (2018) are presented. All ten collected species and the genus Medetera are firstly recorded for the Solovetskiye Islands. Dolichopus discifer Stannius, 1831, Dolichopus ungulatus (Linnaeus, 1758), Rhaphium laticorne (Fallén, 1823), Sympycnus pulicarius (Fallén) and Syntormon tarsatus (Fallén, 1823) are new species for the Arkhangelsk Region. Photographs of habitats of dolichopodid species are included.</p> I. Ya. Grichanov, E. I. Ovsyannikova Copyright (c) 2018 Grichanov, Ovsyannikova http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4869 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Chrysophycean stomatosysts in tributaries of northern limit of Lake Baikal http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4872 <p>Phytoplankton samples from the Verkhnaya Angara and Kichera rivers as well as from the Dushkachanskoye, Sredneye and Dagarskoye mouths, were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy. Among 58 chrysophyte stomatocysts found in the samples, 25 are described as new to science.</p> A. D. Firsova, A. Yu. Bessudova, E. V. Likhoshway Copyright (c) 2018 Firsova, Bessudova, Likhoshway http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4872 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Alien macroinvertebrates in bottom communities of Novosibirsk Reservoir (an ecological and faunal review) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4873 <p>The construction and further use of reservoirs have become a leading factor of alien species introduction and distribution in the Ob-Irtysh basin. In the Novosibirsk Reservoir, the fauna of alien species is represented by five species, three of which (Gmelinoides fasciatus Steb., Micruropus possolskii Sowinsky and Neomysis intermedia (Czerniavsky)) were deliberately introduced to increase the reservoir's forage base, whereas the rest two (Viviparus viviparus (L.) and Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz) appeared as a result of unintentional introductions. The history of penetration and naturalization of each species was traced, the ecological factors of their habitation were analyzed, and their current spatial distribution were studied. Despite low species richness, the alien species dominate in the formation of the bottom communities of the reservoir.</p> L. V. Yanygina Copyright (c) 2018 Yanygina http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4873 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The fauna and ecology of wasps of the genus Tachysphex Kohl, 1883 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Crabronidae) in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4875 <p>An annotated checklist containing 11 species in five species groups of the wasp genus Tachysphex that occur in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is presented. Five species are recorded from Azerbaijan for the first time: Tachysphex ferrugineus Pulawski, 1967, T. nitidus (Spinola, 1806), T. pompiliformis (Panzer, 1803), T. mocsaryi Kohl, 1884 and T. costae (de Stefani Perez, 1882). Six species are recorded from Nakhchivan AR for the first time: Tachysphex consocius Kohl, 1892, T. fulvitarsis (A. Costa, 1867), T. helveticus Kohl, 1885, T. brevipennis Mercet, 1909, T. pulcher Pulawski, 1967, T. dignus Kohl, 1889. Data on landscape and habitat distributions of each species are given.</p> M. M. Maharramov, Kh. A. Aliyev, A. B. Bayramov Copyright (c) 2018 Maharramov, Aliyev, Bayramov http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4875 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Interpretation of the plants ceonomorphes from the South-East of Ukraine in terms of phyto-indicative scales http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4877 <p>The article shows the discrete nature of the plants ceonomorphes on an example of flora of the southeast of Ukraine. Using discriminant analysis shows that ceonomorphes are discrete classes of plant species which are isolated between themselves to a greater extent than it can be assumed on the basis of only the continuum nature of the ecological differences between species. The predictors used in the discriminant analysis are diapason Didukh’s phytoindicator scales and rescaled Ellenberg scales. The high level of discrimination ability of the model built on the basis of continual predictors shows a considerable species specificity within individual ceonomorphes. The ecomorphic analysis of the ceonomorphes is presented. The aridants as a new ceonomorph is proposed. The reason of the the ceonomorphes compact configuration is a coadaptation of the plant species within each ceonomorphes, as well as in the transforming influence on the environment of the plant community. Using the method of tree classification the rules for the ceonomorphes identification are searched based on the allocation ceonomorphes within phytoindication scales. Phytoindication scales suggested to consider as biotope markers and ceonomorphes suggested to consider as ecotope markers.</p> A. V. Zhukov Copyright (c) 2018 Zhukov http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4877 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Long-term dynamics of age ratios in short- and long distance migrants during autumn migration on the Courish Spit of the Baltic Sea http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4878 <p>The ratios of adult and young birds during autumn migration on Courish Spit of the Baltic Sea at 25 short- and 19 long distance migrants trapped from 1962 to 2016 was analysed. The comparative analysis showed that the proportion of adult individuals among the birds caught in Rybachy-type traps was significantly higher at short distance migrants (19,4%), than at long distance (5,4%). At the species migrating mainly daytime, the proportion of adult birds was higher, than at nocturnal migrants (24,3% against 7,4% at short distance and 7,4% against 4,5% – at long distance migrants). At the majority of species considerable interannual fluctuations in the ratio of adult and young birds were revealed. However significant long-term trends in change of this ratio were revealed only at 3 species of short distance and one long distance migrants. The proportion of the young birds caught in autumn was significantly connected with average air temperature in the Baltic region in the spring and at the beginning of summer (June): the temperature during this period was higher, the large ratio of young migrants was present at autumn catching. Such correlation was revealed at 8 species of short- and 2 long distance migrants. We believed that annual variation of the age ratios depend, first of all, on different levels of reproduction success of adult birds in population.</p> L. V. Sokolov, A. P. Shapoval Copyright (c) 2018 Sokolov, Shapoval http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4878 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Avian assemblages in lowland and foothill agro-ecosystem in Lesotho http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4879 <p>During the years 1996-2001, the line transect method has been employed to assess the species composition, dominance structure and relative abundance of birds resident in traditional farmlands, in the lowlands (10 transects with the total length of 43.9 km) and foothills (10 transects with the total length of transects 46.5 km) of Lesotho, southern Africa. This has been done to show the role of this farming in biodiversity conservation. A total of 76 resident species have been recorded in farmlands of Lesotho, 62 species in the lowlands and 53 species in the foothills. In the lowland farmlands the dominant group was composed of 6 species, namely the Prinia, Cape Bunting, Cinnamon-breasted Bunting, Cape Canary, Neddicky and Common Quail (35.8 %); in the foothills the group was composed 5 species: Karoo Prinia, Cape-turtle Dove, Laughing Dove, Cape Bunting and Cape Canary (35.9 %). Eighteen species bred in significantly different densities in lowlands and foothills. While insectivorous birds were more numerous in the lowland than foothill, the reverse was true with granivorous birds. Those two guilds comprised together 78% and 83% in the lowland and foothill respectively. The proportion of species in each guild was similar. In the lowland farmland the following eight species were more common that in the foothill farmlands, while in foothill farmland 10 species were more numerous than in lowland farmland. Species diversity and evenness were strikingly high and similar in lowlands and foothills, although Sorensen Similarity Index between these two areas was low (I = 0.44). Both species diversity and structure of dominance in avian communities in Lesotho farmlands indicate that the traditional farming play a positive role in biodiversity conservation.</p> G. Kopij Copyright (c) 2018 Kopij http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4879 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Bacteria associated with planktonic diatoms from Lake Baikal http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4880 <p>Algal-bacterial associations were studied in unialgal xenic cultures of Synedra acus subsp. radians, Asterionella formosa and Fragillaria crotonensis planktonic diatoms from Lake Baikal, using epifluorescent and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that rod- and ovoid-shaped bacteria colonized cell walls of diatoms. Cloning and sequencing of fragments of 16S rRNA gene in diatom cultures revealed members of Gammaproteobacteria (Pseudomonas sp.), Betaproteobacteria (Janthinobacterium sp., Hydrogenophaga sp., Methylophilus sp.), Bacteroidetes (Flavobacterium sp., Pedobacter sp.), and Acinobacteria (Nocardioides sp.).</p> I. S. Mikhailov, Y. R. Zakharova, N. A. Volokitina, D. P. Petrova, Y. V. Likhoshway Copyright (c) 2018 Mikhailov, Zakharova, Volokitina, Petrova, Likhoshway http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4880 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The genus Rosa L. (Rosaceae) in the flora of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijan) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4881 <p>Based on the long-term studies conducted in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (2004-2017) and the literature data, the composition of Rosa L. genus was investigated and its distribution zones were specified. It has become clear that 34 species of hips are spread in the area that, 30 of them are wild, and 4 of them – R. centifolia L., R. chinensis Jacq, R. damascena Mill., R. multiflora Thunb. are used for greenery of parks and gardens in cultivated conditions. In recent years, as a result of the effects of climatic and anthropogenic factors on the territory of the autonomous republic, wild species of Rosa L. genus have been found to be in danger. Therefore, considering their rare and endangered species of Rosa karjaginii Sosn., R. nisami Sosn., R. sosnovskyana Tamamsch., R. rapinii Boiss. &amp; Bal., R. pimpinellifolia L., R. tuschetica Boiss. have been put “Red book” of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Rosa azerbaidzhanica Novopokr. et Rzazade, Rosa karyagini Sosn. və Rosa nisami Sosn. species have been put “Red Book” of Azerbaijan Republic and there have been shown protection ways.</p> A. M. Ibrahimov, T. H. Talibov, A. V. Matsyura Copyright (c) 2018 Ibrahimov, Talibov, Matsyura http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4881 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Mistletoe coloring (Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai) in the East Asia (taxonomy, area, possibilities applications) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4882 <p>The paper represents the results of the study of the morphological features and the spread of Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai in East Asia in order to identify the specific features of this species and to establish the northern and northwestern boundaries of its range. Ornamental mistletoe in the Far East is represented by two forms: forma lutescens Kitag. and the rubroaurantiacum (Makino) Kitag. As a result of our study, it was established that the north-western boundary of the distribution of ornamental mistletoe reaches the valley of the middle course of the Zeya River in the Amur Region. It should be noted for the first time that Viscum coloratum grows on Quercus mongolica (Mongolian oak). Mistletoe abundantly affects the linden trees near the forest apiaries and in the period of 20 years almost inhabits most of the trees and forces the beekeepers to transfers apiaries to other places. Among the distributors of the fruits of Viscum coloratum, ordinary and Japanese waxwings predominate. In folk medicine of East Asian countries mistletoe is known to be used in the treatment of hypertension and oncological diseases. The main antitumor substances in the water extract of mistletoe are lectins.</p> P. G. Gorovoy, M. E. Balyshev, A. V. Krylov, V. V. Schekina, S. E. Nizkiy Copyright (c) 2018 Gorovoy, Balyshev, Krylov, Schekina, Nizkiy http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4882 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 New records of rare and little-known species of angiosperm plants in the flora of the Crimea http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4883 <p>The data on noteworthy records of five species are reported: new localities within the peninsula are provided for Allium regelianum and Frankenia pulverulenta; Ornithogalum arcuatum and Phelipanche arenaria are confirmed for the flora of the Crimea; Tetradiclis tenella was found by us after 94 years since its previous collection.</p> V. V. Fateryga, A. V. Fateryga Copyright (c) 2018 Fateryga, V.V., Fateryga, A.V. http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4883 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 First record of Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from the Republic of Khakassia (South Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4884 <p>Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758) is recorded for the Republic of Khakassia (South Siberia) for the first time.</p> S. V. Dragan Copyright (c) 2018 Dragan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4884 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Polymorphism of the relative DNA content of the species Selaginella borealis and Selaginella sanguinolenta http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4903 <p>The analysis of the relative DNA content of samples of Selaginella borealis and Selaginella sanguinolenta from various regions was carried out. A high polymorphism in the relative DNA content was revealed, which is apparently related to differences in the main chromosome number between different populations. Also revealed one polyploid plant.</p> M. V. Skaptsov, S. V. Smirnov, A. A. Kechaykin, M. G. Kutsev, A. V. Vaganov, X. C. Zhang, A. I. Shmakov Copyright (c) 2018 Skaptsov, Smirnov, Kechaykin, Kutsev, Vaganov, Zhang, Shmakov http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4903 Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Biodiversity of silica-scaled chrysophytes in tributaries of northern limit of Lake Baikal http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4411 <p>Complex algological and hydrochemical studies were performed in July 2017 at the mouths of Upper Angara and Kichera rivers, as well as three mouths of Angara-Kichera estuary — Dushkachanskoye, Srednee and Dagarskoye, which supply water to Lake Baikal. The species diversity of scaled chrysophytes was studied via scanning and transmission electron microscopy. A total of 31 species and intraspecific taxa were detected: Chrysosphaerella — 1; Paraphysomonas — 2; Spiniferomonas — 8; Mallomonas — 14; Synura — 6. As a result, the list of scaled chrysophyte species in the Baikal region was extended by 3 taxa and currently includes 76 species and intraspecific taxa, thus making its diversity of scaled chrysophytes the highest in the world.<br /><br /></p> A. Yu. Bessudova, A. D. Firsova, I. V. Tomberg, L. M. Sorokolikova, Ye. V. Likhoshway Copyright (c) 2018 A. Yu. Bessudova, A. D. Firsova, I. V. Tomberg, L. M. Sorokolikova, Ye. V. Likhoshway https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4411 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Infra-specific morphological, anatomical and genetic variations in Lallemantia peltata (L.) Fisch. & C. A. Mey. (Lamiaceae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4412 <p>Lallemantia is a small genus with 5 species, which one of them is Lallemantia peltata. This aromatic plant grows in a limited area of the Iran and is known as medicinal herb in folk medicine. We have no information on the infraspecific variations on morphological, anatomical and molecular features of this species. Therefore, in the current study; we investigated these variations on six geographical populations of it. These plants were used for morphological, anatomical and molecular investigations. GenAlex, GenoDive and PAST softwares were used for statistical analyses. In morphological study, we used fifteen characteristics. PCA bi-plot revealed some characteristics had diagnostic value in separation of the populations. The studied populations were clustered into two groups. We examined fifteen qualitative and quantitative anatomical variables. PCA loading revealed that some anatomical variables had the highest positive correlation and were the most variable anatomical characters among the studied populations. Based on the anatomical traits, theses populations divided into two groups. Ten ISSR primers were used for examination of genetic variations among the populations. The STRUCTURE analyses of ISSR data revealed two groups in theses populations that they were divided into two groups in MDS plot. The results of morphological, anatomical and also ISSR studies were similar. Clustering and ordination of the studied populations separated some of these populations from the others and suggest the existence of two groups within this species.<br /><br /></p> Masoud Sheidai, Zeynab Moradian Poode, Fahimen Koohdar, Seyed Mehdi Talebi Copyright (c) 2018 Masoud Sheidai, Zeinab Moradian Poode, Fahimen Koohdar, Seyed Mehdi Talebi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4412 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 New Records of a dangerus invasive pests − Brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys Stal, 1855 (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) in Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4413 <p>Brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys was first found in Kazakhstan in 2016. It is a dangerous invasive pest of agriculture. In Almaty and the Almaty oblast in 2017-2018, new finds of the Brown marmorated stink bug were made, which indicates the existence of its stable population in this region and the gradual expansion of the range of the species. A calendar of phenology of pest development in the southeast of Kazakhstan was compiled. Eating of egg-laying of Brown marmorated stink bug by ladybirds Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Linnaeus, 1758) and Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773) was noted.<br /><br /></p> I. I. Temreshev, P. A. Esenbekova, A, M. Uspanov Copyright (c) 2018 I. I. Temreshev, P. A. Esenbekova, A, M. Uspanov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4413 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Distribution of ground beetles of the genus Poecilus Bonelli, 1810 (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in the agrolandscape in Northwestern Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4414 <p>Three species of the genus Poecilus Bonelli, 1810: P. cupreus (L.), P. versicolor (Sturm) and P. lepidus (Leske) inhabit the agrolandscapes in Northwestern Russia. Two the most numerous species are P. cupreus and P. versicolor. They differ by the areas they occupy and their abundance on the various parts of a landscape. P. cupreus occurred mostly on the fields, more rarely – on their boundaries. P. versicolor lives mostly on the field boundaries but can be also seen on the cultivated lands and forest edges. Some P. lepidus individuals can be observed only on dry and warmed open areas. The population of the ground beetles of the genus Poecilus varies significantly between the field and its boundaries.<br /><br /></p> O. G. Guseva Copyright (c) 2018 O. G. Guseva https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4414 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Some suggestions on the reissue of the Red Data Book of Novosibirskaya Oblast http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4415 <p>Information about high vascular plants from the Red List of Novosibirskaya oblast (Krasnaya Kniga ... 2008) is analysed. Additional data about 15 published and 23 unpublished new locations of rare plant species are provided. Some recommendations for further plant monitoring and forming of the list of endangered species are given.<br /><br /></p> E. A. Gatilova Copyright (c) 2018 E. A. Gatilova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4415 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Pollen morphological analysis of the genus Lallemantia (Lamiaceae) of Iran http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4416 <p>Lallemantia is a small genus of Lamiaceae with five herbaceous annual or biennial species. Some of these species are of medicinal value, while others have been used as the source of food. All five Lallemantia species occur in Iran. Although, there are many discussions about infra-generic variations in the genus, very scarce comprehensive studies are found about its taxonomy. Therefore, in the current study, pollen grain morphology was investigated using scanning electron microscopy. We used SPSS ver. 15 and PAST ver. 2.17 for multivariate statistical analyses of data. In total, we studied eleven qualitative and quantitative traits. Pollen equatorial and polar views were similar among the species and were prolate and circular, respectively. Pollen ornamentations differed as bireticulate (L. royleana and L. iberica), microreticulatm (L. peltata and L. Baldshuanica) and reticulate- faveolate (L. canescens). PCA-biplot showed some traits such as pori length/width ratio were important in identifications of species. The studied species created two groups in the WARD method tree of palynological data. L. royleana and L. baldshuanica were grouped together, and in the other group L. canescens and L. iberica placed nearly and L. peltata placed far from them. Our obtained results were similar to previous morphological study of the genus. The present study revealed taxonomic implication of the micromorphological study in the interspecific classification of the genus.<br /><br /></p> Fahimeh Koohdar, Masoud Sheidai, Zeynab Moradian Poode, Seyed Mehdi Talebi Copyright (c) 2018 Fahimeh Koohdar, Masoud Sheidai, Zeynab Moradian Poode, Seyed Mehdi Talebi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4416 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Introduction species of the genus Eupatorium L. in the southern taiga subzone of Western Siberia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4417 <p>The article contains results of six years of observations of introduced populations of Eupatorium cannabinum L., E. maculatum L., E perfoliatum L. and E purpureum L. Seasonal rhythms of development are revealed, some antecological features are investigated, elements of seed productivity are counted and laboratory germination of seeds is estimated. It is established that the studied species are in the full cycle of seasonal development in the southern taiga subzone of Western Siberia: all species are stable vegetate, bloom and bear fruit. Plants are referred to a group of long-term vegetation and summer flowering period cultures. It was found that the flowers of the Eupatorium are characterized by dichogamy in the form of protandry. Species are inherent by high coefficients of seed productivity and fertility of pollen grains. Size indicators of seeds and pollen grains are stable, have a low level of coefficient of variation. Stratification increases the germination of seeds in two times. The studied species can be recommended for use in mixborders, various compositions of landscape style, in the design of garden reservoirs.<br /><br /></p> N. V. Kirsanova Copyright (c) 2018 N, V. Kirsanova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4417 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Comparative analysis of the vertical distribution of the Noctuoid moths (Lepidoptera) within the central parts of the mountain ridges Kirgizsky, Dzhumgaltoo and Fergansky: preliminary results http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4418 <p>The preliminary results of the comparative analysis of the vertical distribution within the Noctuoid moths of the central parts of the mountain ridges Kirgizsky, Dzhumgaltoo and Fergansky are presented. Within all three ridges 346 species of Noctuoid moths were detected: 246 species in Kirgizsky Mts., 210 species in Dzhumgaltoo Mts. and 164 species in Fergansky Mts. The vertical distribution as follows: lowlands of Kirgizsky Mts. 134 species, Dzhumgaltoo Mts. 85 species, Fergansky Mts. 93 species; middle mountains of Kirgizsky Mts 114 species, Dzhumgaltoo Mts. 191 species, Fergansky Mts. 125 species; highlands of Kirgizsky Mts. 52 species, Dzhumgaltoo Mts. 96 species, Fergansky Mts. 50 species; superhighlands of Kirgizsky Mts. 9 species, Dzhumgaltoo Mts. 17 species, Fergansky Mts. 12 species. These faunas not in general nor by the vertical zones are unsimilar, except the lowlands of the Fergansky and Dzhumgaltoo Mts. The arealogical structure of studied fauna comprises 8 types of areas within 2 complexes of areas. As higher located the vertical zone, as lower in it is the amount of species with wide area types; the same is about the fauna’s core.<br /><br /></p> S. K. Korb Copyright (c) 2018 S. K. Korb https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4418 Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Assessment of phytocoenonical diversity of electrical substations territories http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4365 <p>The results of the phytocoenonical diversity research of the electrical substations territories have been presented. 175 geobotanical descriptions have been produced. Materials were processed by the program WinTWINS. Vegetative classification was divided into three stages. There were classification of phytocenoses (identifying phytocoenons), classification of species and interpretation of phytocoenons. Phytocoenons with transitional composition were discarded. Kopecky and Hejny approach was used to produce the descriptions of synanthropic communities. The description of vegetive communities has been given and the models of their organization have been defined.<br /><br /></p> O. V. Potapenko Copyright (c) 2018 O. V. Potapenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4365 Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The spatial scaling of impact in edaphic and plant factors on the structuring of the soil macrofauna community http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4366 <p>In this paper, the role of edaphic factors and plant, as well as the spatial variables was revealed in the structuring of the forest biogeocenosis soil macrofauna community in the river Dnepr arena within the nature reserve of "Dnepr-Orelsky" (Ukraine). 44 species of soil animals were found in the test polygon after manual sorting of soil samples. The density of the soil macrofauna in studied polygon is 321.5 ± 43.2 ind./m2. It is shown that the soil macrofauna community is structured under the influence of edaphic, plant and spatial factors. The role of these factors is different at fine-scale, medium-scale and broad-scale spatial levels. The variation of the community structure under the influence of edaphic and plant factors can be classified as deterministic processes, which is carried out within the framework of the ecological niche theory. The spatial component of the variation can be attributed to the result of the neutral nature of the factors. However, it should be noted that the spatial variation of plant community also is subject to the deterministic and neutral control. This manifests itself in the spatial structuring of plant factors. The spatial variation of soil properties has a similar nature. Soil as environment undergoes structuring influence of vegetation, where there are spatial patterns of soil properties. Scale effects of variation in space manifest themselves in different ways for the representatives of different ecological groups of macrofauna. For litter forms the most characteristic spatial patterns on large and medium-scale level, and for proper soil and burrowing forms - on fine-scale level.<br /><br /></p> Y. Y. Dubinina Copyright (c) 2018 Y. Y. Dubinina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4366 Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 New records of Afrohercostomus Grichanov (Diptera, Dolichopodidae) from Tropical Africa http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4367 <p>A new material for the genus Afrohercostomus Grichanov, 2010 was recently collected and/or identified. The present research gives new records, including A. eronis (Curran, 1926) found for the first time in Cameroon and Ethiopia, A. golubtsovi (Grichanov, 1999) in Burundi, A. ultimus (Parent, 1935) in Uganda, and A. jani (Dyte, 1957) in Kenya. First colour photographs are provided for A. eronis and A. jani.<br /><br /></p> I. Ya. Grichanov Copyright (c) 2018 I. Ya. Grichanov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4367 Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Review of the predaceous diving beetles of the genus Hydaticus Leach, 1817 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) of Kazakhstan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4369 <p>The genus Hydaticus Leach, 1817 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) in Kazakhstan is reviewed including diagnoses, illustrations, distributions, and natural history. An annotated checklist of the 7 species of the genus occurring in Kazakhstan is presented. They belong to the subgenus Hydaticus (s. str.) with 4 species: H. aruspex Clark, 1864, H. continentalis J. Balfour-Browne, 1944, H. seminiger DeGeer, 1774, H. transversalis Pontoppidan, 1763, and to the subgenus Prodaticus Sharp, 1882 with 3 species: H. grammicus Germar, 1827, H. pictus Sharp, 1882, H. ponticus Sharp, 1882. H. aruspex and H. seminiger are recorded in Kazakhstan for the first time.<br /><br /></p> I. I. Temreshev Copyright (c) 2018 I. I. Temreshev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4369 Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Obscuring the routes: confused data cannot reveal phylogeography of pea crop wild relatives (refutation to ‘Genomic diversity and macroecology of the crop wild relatives of domesticated pea’ by Smýkal et al. 2017) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4371 <p>Profound data confusion is reported for the paper by Smýkal et al. (Genomic diversity and macroecology of the crop wild relatives of domesticated pea. Scientific Reports 7, 17384; 2017) which challenges the validity of its scientific conclusion and the data reported.<br /><br /></p> O. E. Kosterin, V. S. Bogdanova Copyright (c) 2018 O. E. Kosterin, V. S. Bogdanova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4371 Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Impact of mining on macroinvertebrate species richness in mountain streams http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4372 <p>Mining is a major source of environmental degradation in mountains. To assess the negative impact of mining on aquatic ecosystems, the bottom communities of a small mountain Breksа river (South-Western Altai), which receives drainage water from the mining enterprises, were investigated. Macroinvertebrate samples were taken monthly from April to October 2005-2010 at the background site and the impact zone of Breksa river. A significant decrease in macroinvertebrate species richness was found in the impact zone as compared to the background site. Each sample upstream from the impact zone contained 18±1.5 macroinvertebrate species, while downstream – only 6.5±0.6 species. The species richness correlated negatively with the content of suspended substances in water (r=-0.32) and the concentration of heavy metals (r=-0.69). Changes in the composition of the most frequent species caused by pollution are revealed. The most sensitive and resistant to pollution macroinvertebrates are presented. The most sensitive to pollution are mayflies Epeorus pellucidus, Neoleptophlebia chocolatа, caddisflies Hydropsyche newae, Brachycentrus americanus, Dicosmoecus palatus, Glossosoma altaicum, and crustaceans Gammarus korbuensis. The most resistant are chironomids larvae. The data obtained prove the necessity of regional modifications of widespread European methods of water quality bioindication.<br /><br /></p> L. V. Yanygina, A. A. Yevseyeva Copyright (c) 2018 L. V. Yanygina, A. A. Yevseyeva https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4372 Sun, 09 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Confirmation of Microbiston lanaria (Eversmann, 1852) (Lepidoptera, Geometridae: Ennominae) distribution in Europe and Russia http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4145 <p>The paper provides a new locality for the rare and little known species Microbiston lanaria Eversmann, 1852 (Lepidoptera, Geometridae) – Akhtubinsk city (Astrakhan Province, Russia).<br><br></p> S. Rybalkin, R. Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2018 S. Rybalkin, R. Yakovlev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4145 Sun, 10 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Application of β-function in phytoindication to account for species response curves asymmetry http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4121 An approach for phytoindication assessment of the ecological factors based on diapasonal scales taking into account the cardinal points values and possible asymmetry of the plant species response was proposed. Ecological factors are modeled by phytoindicator scales with restricted range. In the central part of the factor range the species response curve has a shape that can be reliably approximated by the Gauss normal distribution. This allows completely grounded via cardinal points that are directly designated by diapasonal indicator values, calculate ecological optimum of the species. Average of species in community ecological optima scores weighted in accordance with their projective cover gives phytoindication estimation of an ecological factor. Species distribution asymmetry increases when approaching the marginal positions within gradient. This phenomenon is observed in the study of real gradients. These phenomena are also a result of the mathematical properties of ecological scales. To simulate the response of species distribution curves alternatively symmetric Gaussian model the β-function was used. This function can simulate both symmetric and asymmetric distributions. Since phytoindication performs the inverse problem in comparison with the modeling of the response curves, it is appropriate to β-function is also be used to solve phytoindication problems. Use of β-function is possible to estimate the species optimum zone based on its fundamental points with the probable distribution asymmetry of the response curve. Also, the simulation of distribution curve makes it possible to narrow the range of possible values of environmental factors, in terms of which species can exhibit the observed abundance in the community. Accordingly, this increases the informational value of species in the community and thus achieves greater reliability evaluations of the phytoindication. A. V. Zhukov, O. N. Kunakh, Yu. Yu. Dubinina, D. S. Ganzha Copyright (c) 2018 A. V. Zhukov, O. N. Kunakh, Yu. Yu. Dubinina, D. S. Ganzha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4121 Sat, 09 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Morphometric study of hybridogenic species in Veronica subgenus Pseudolysimachium (Plantaginaceae) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4123 <p>We demonstrate the results of morphometric investigations of hybrids in Veronica subg. Pseudolysimachium (V. × altaica Kosachev und V. × kolyvanensis Kosachev et Shmakov) and their parents. Based on PCoA analysis with seven morphological characters, we reveal an intermediate position of the investigated hybrids and the most important taxonomic characters: ratio of length and width of the lamina of the upper leaves, height of plants, length of the longest corolla lobe and calyx lobe, presence of hairs on the calyx and their position, as well as the length of hairs on the internode below the inflorescence.<br /><br /></p> P. Kosachev, V. Novikova, S. Pfanzelt, S. Schöngart, D. Albach Copyright (c) 2018 P. Kosachev, V. Novikova, S. Pfanzelt, S. Schöngart, D. Albach https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4123 Sat, 09 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 An annotated checklist of Dolichopodidae (Diptera) of Chukotka (Russia) with new records http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4120 <p>A checklist of Chukchi species is compiled. The present research gives new records, including 26 species found for the first time in Chukotka, three species recorded for the first time in the Palaeartic Region (Argyra albiventris Loew, 1864, Hydrophorus pilitarsis Malloch, 1919, Rhaphium nigrum (Van Duzee, 1923)) in addition to one species new for Russia (Dolichopus pseudomigrans Ringdahl, 1928). In total, 8 genera and 36 species are listed that apparently makes up less than 50% of actual Dolichopodidae fauna of the Okrug. Now 17 Chukchi dolichopodids (47%) are known in the Nearctic Region.<br /><br /><br /></p> I. Ya. Grichanov Copyright (c) 2018 I. Ya. Grichanov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4120 Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Butterfly fauna of Dzhumagal-Too mountain ridge in Kyrgyzstan (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4124 <p>A list of butterflies from Dzhumgal-Too mountain ridge in Kirghizia (Inner Tian-Shan) is presented. It contains 115 species.</p> S. K. Korb Copyright (c) 2018 S. K. Korb https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4124 Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 Assessment of the impact of seasonal patterns climatic conditions on spawning events of the white bream Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758) in astronomical and biological time http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4125 <p>This paper describes spawning events of the white bream Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758 )in astronomical and biological time depending on seasonal patterns of climatic conditions. The research was conducted in the "Dnipro-Orilskiy" Nature Reserve (Ukraine) during the years 1997–2015 in four habitat types. The timing of the spawning event (start, end) was evaluated using astronomical time (number of days from January 1 each year), with correction for the lunar and the semilunar cycle, and using biological time (number of days from the end of spawning in the previous year to the beginning and end of spawning in the current year). The spawning phenology of the white bream was found to be dependent on the dynamics of weather conditions over time. Patterns of varying climatic regimes which are expressed by means of multivariate principal component are the most informative predictors of the spawning events. Evaluation of occurrence of spawning events in astronomic or biological time gives somewhat different models of the impact of climate regimes. The impact of the principal components indicating variability of rainfall during the year in which spawning occurs is statistically significant for almost all regression models. Models using the solar calendar are also more sensitive to the course of air temperatures within the year when spawning occurred. Correction of time based on the lunar cycle allows us to assess events which are sensitive also to the temperature and rainfall variation during the second half of the previous year. Biological time was shown to be sensitive to environmental influences over time from the end of spawning in the previous year to spawning in any given year.<br /><br /></p> D. Bondarev, O. Kunakh, O. Zhukov Copyright (c) 2018 D, Bondarev, O. Kunakh, O. Zhukov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4125 Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 First record of Argynnis pandora ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) on the Northern Altai (Russia, Southern Siberia) http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4126 <p>The first record of Argynnis pandora ([Denis &amp; Schiffermüller], 1775) reported from the Northern part of the Republic of Altai.<br /><br /></p> S. A. Knyazev Copyright (c) 2018 S. A. Knyazev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4126 Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 On results of freshwater invertebrate studies in Tigireksky Reserve: fauna overview http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4106 The paper presents the integrated results of the faunistic study of aquatic invertebrates from the Tigireksky Reserve as well as their most complete check-list. The hydrobiological studies in the Tigireksky Reserve were carried out in 2000-2009 and covered 15 small and medium-sized rivers, including some small lentic reservoirs. Currently, 206 species of aquatic invertebrates (11 planktonic and 195 benthic) have been identified in streams and water bodies of the Tigireksky Reserve. The bentofauna basis comprises amphibiotic insects of orders Diptera, Trichoptera, Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera. D. V. Kuzmenkin, L. V. Yanygina Copyright (c) 2018 D. V. Kuzmenkin, L. V. Yanygina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4106 Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700 The bees of the tribe Anthophorini Dahlbom, 1835 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apidae) of Nakhchichivan Autonomous Republic of the Azerbaijan http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4107 In the entomofauna of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, 37 species of true bees belonging to 3 genera of the tribe Anthophorini, found at different times within the area of the autonomous republic is presented. The genus Amegilla is represented 3 subgenus (Amegilla, Micramegilla, Zebramegilla) and 7 species, the genus Anthophora 7 subgenus (Anthophora, Caranthophora, Dasymegilla, Heliophila, Lophanthophora, Melea, Paramegilla, Petalosternon, Pyganthophora) and 28 species, and the genus Hapropoda 2 species. Anthophora bimaculata (Panzer, 1798), A. richaensis Alfken, 1938, A. gracilipes (Morawitz, 1872), A. harmalae Morawitz, 1878, A. meridionalis Fedtschenko, 1875 and A. podagra Lepeletier, 1841 are newly recorded from Nakhchivan AR. The habitat landscapes of those species, biotopes and their feeding sources, entomophilous plants, are identified. Species of tribe Anthophorini feed on flowers of plant species of 19 families of the flora of the autonomous republic. A great preference is given to the flowers of the plants of the families Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Lamiaceae. M. M. Maharramov, Kh. A. Aliyev, A. B. Bayramov Copyright (c) 2018 M. M. Maharramov, Kh. A. Aliyev, A. B. Bayramov https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://journal.asu.ru/biol/article/view/4107 Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0700