Society and Security Insights 2019-01-02T15:51:57+07:00 Maximova Svetlana Open Journal Systems <p style="font-size: medium;"><img style="width: 190px; float: left; margin-right: 15px;" src="/public/site/images/admin/cover_issue_263_ru_RU1.jpg" height="267.625"><strong>ISSN 2619-0249 (Print), ISSN 2619-0230 (Online)</strong></p> <p style="font-size: medium;"><strong>The Society and Security Insights</strong>&nbsp;is the <strong>official scientific periodical of the Association of Asian universities </strong>and&nbsp;the main professional&nbsp;platform for&nbsp;open communication of leading scientists in the field of transnational cooperation,&nbsp;publishing original articles in a broad range of issues relevant to public security, its forms and manifestations, considered from the social science perspective.</p> <p style="font-size: medium;"><span style="font-size: medium;">The editorial board is comprised of leading Russian and international scientists with scientific degrees and titles and great experience in scientific research and publishing.</span></p> <p style="font-size: medium;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="font-size: medium;">Manuscripts submitted to the <strong>Society and Security Insights</strong> (<strong>SSI</strong>) are critically evaluated for compliance with the following criteria:</p> <p style="font-size: medium;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">compliance with the Journal aims and scope;&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="font-size: medium;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">high scientific level and practical significance of findings;&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">originality of materials, responsibility to uphold expected ethical standards (absence of plagiarism, simultaneous submissions or submission of previously published writings, absence of conflicts of interests);&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="font-size: medium;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">compliance with the technical requirements of the “Authors Guidelines”.</span></p> <p style="font-size: medium;"><strong>The SSI Journal</strong> accepts articles in Russian and English.&nbsp;Journal has both print and online versions, the latter is managed with the Open Journal Systems (OJS). All articles are distributed online and free of cost (Open Access), receive identification index doi via the <em>CrossRef</em> system.&nbsp; The Journal is included in the <strong>Russian Science Citation Index</strong> (<em>RSoriCI</em>) and the academic databases, search engines, electronic libraries and repositories: <strong>Ulrich's Periodicals Directory,&nbsp;Google Scholar, ROAD, WorldCat, ROAR, ROARMAP, OpenAIRE, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE), ResearchBIB, Socionet, Scholarsteer, World Catalogue of Scientifc Journals, Scilit, Journals for Free, Journal TOC, OAIster, JournalGuide</strong>.&nbsp;</p> <hr> <p style="font-size: medium;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong><em>Creative Commons Attribution License</em></strong> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY AND MIGRATION CHALLENGES: A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION IN RUSSIAN REGIONS 2019-01-02T15:17:31+07:00 С. А. Сарыглар С. Г. Максимова И. Н. Молодикова <p>The problem of migration is directly related to the climate and environmental situation in the regions. The choice of this or that place for immigration is caused not only by social and economic problems, but also by the ecological situation in the regions of exit and enter of migrants. The article presents a comparative analysis of scientific approaches to the understanding of the essence and content of the concepts “environmental security”, “migration” and «migration processes». The information base are the materials of the Federal State Statistics Service of Russia on population migration, results of researches by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM). The analysis of the results of monitoring reflecting the dynamics of changes in the assessments of the environmental situation in the country in recent years. In 2017, the number of migrants to Russia was over 589 033 people. Most of them came from CIS countries (Ukraine — 150 182 people, Kazakhstan — 71 680, Uzbekistan — 64 073, Tajikistan — 63 467). In six regions of Russia with different ethnic structure we realized sociological research (2018) among migrants (n = 334). The analysis of the migration situation in the regions is carried out and the regression model of the factors of security is constructed. On the basis of a sociological research conducted the Altai State University in 2018 (n = 600), the analysis of the ecological situation in the Russian regions is carried out and the factor structure of ecological risks is constructed.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ETHNIC CULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS AS A BASIS FOR INTER-ETHNIC RELATIONS IN A TRANSBORDER REGION OF RUSSIA 2019-01-02T15:21:24+07:00 А. С. Жанбосинова С. Г. Максимова Д. А. Омельченко <p>The article focuses on the analysis of activity of ethnic cultural associations, revealing their role in formation of inter-ethnic relations in the social space of the Altai territory on the base of results of sociological survey, conducted in 2018. Several important conclusions are made on the results of the research, concerning the activity of ethnic cultural organizations in conditions, defined by the actual state of inter-ethnic relations in the region, the level of trust towards activity of civil society structures, efficacy of State policy on nationalities. The analysis of institutional conditions of inter-ethnic relations, necessary for effective realization of goals of ethnic cultural NGOs in the region, most of which demonstrate high level of satisfaction, is likewise presented. It was found that the efficacy of autonomous ethnic cultural organizations (AECO) is largely depends on social cohesion and readiness of people to organize themselves in defense of their ethno-cultural interests. The results will be useful for elaboration of effective measures of forming positive inter-ethnic relations in the region.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE YOUNGER GENERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF PUBLIC SAFETY 2019-01-02T15:25:09+07:00 Р. Х. Салахутдинова <p>The article highlights the problem of the younger generation and public security. Being mostly under external impact in the process of upbringing and forming, the younger generation (including children, adolescents, youth) faces a lot of risks and threats in the modern society, which can have negative consequences. The existing social differentiation, the inequality among the younger generation, the lack of social elevator mechanisms, the deepening contradictions in the sphere of labor and employment, the unfavorable information and socialization environment in general — forms the younger generation, a large number of which representatives choose survival life strategy. Children and young people do not possess equal opportunities for self-realization, self-determination, self-identification in terms of dichotomy of young people on successful and unsuccessful, gifted and ordinary ones. Thus, socially vulnerable (or even unprotected) young generation, unlike gifted, talented children and young people, becomes potentially such a group where protest moods can be formed, as well as dissatisfaction because of injustice in relation to oneself. It is this category that becomes a risk group, potentially prone to deviant, delinquent behavior, realizing its dissatisfaction in practice. Thus, according to the researcher, paying special attention to socially vulnerable youth becomes a factor of state and national security.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE ATTITUDE OF RUSSIAN TEENAGERS TO HEALTH AND HARMFUL HABITS AS AN INDICATOR OF NATIONAL SAFETY: THE SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS 2019-01-02T15:33:06+07:00 Е. Ю. Башкуева <p>The article presents a comparative analysis of the results of a survey of Russian teenagers — high school students of secondary schools and students of secondary Schools (Ulan-Ude, Moscow region, Nizhny Novgorod, Ulyanovsk) on «the attitude of adolescents to health», held in the spring of 2017 on the initiative of the Federal research sociological center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FNSC RAS) (N=1000). The aim of the study is to clarify the attitude of adolescents to health care, bad habits and awareness of the role of adolescents in solving these problems. The results of the survey clearly showed that adolescents have low levels ofhealth. At the same time, the survey participants demonstrated a tendency to drink alcohol and smoke. The author comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to strengthen protection of health of teenagers and prevention of harmful habits in their environment due to the complex approach with participation of the state, public organizations, educational institutions, and also families.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PRIORITIES OF THE STATE POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE SPHERE OF RUSSIAN LANGUAGE 2019-01-02T15:36:57+07:00 О. Е. Ноянзина Д. А. Омельченко О. В. Суртаева <p>With the aim to evaluate the condition and functioning of the Russian language in Russian Federation, authors realized the content-analysis of official documents of the Russian Federation in the fields of use of Russian language. A general accent was made on the conceptualization of priorities and detections of the state language policy of contemporary Russia. To illustrate the process, a special attention is paid to the analysis of messages from the President, his program statements on the given theme, and basic political-doctrinal document of the country. Authors considered strategic priories, reflected in doctrinal documents of the state, such as Russian Schools Abroad Concept Document and the Concept of state support policy and promotion of the Russian language abroad as bases for humanitarian cooperation. Analysis of basic documents of the country demonstrated the complicity and multidimensionality of the phenomenon of the State language policy, it covers the multiple spheres of public life and directions of activity of the State, it has complex and comprehensive influence in contemporary conditions.&nbsp;</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## SOCIAL-ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR OF RUSSIANS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF SOCIAL CAPITAL CONCEPT 2019-01-02T15:40:11+07:00 Т. А. Гужавина <p>The formation of socio-economic behavior of population is occurring in unstable socio-economic conditions. Behavioral practices are realized on concrete territories, and, thus, have territorial specificity. As scholars note, territorial behavior has integrative character, it forms a system of social relations, where social capital of territorial community is created. The concept of social capital, which has become very popular at the beginning of the present century, offers considerable potential for studying the system of social relations in different spheres of social life. This concept makes it possible to identify the influence of social capital on the choice of socio-economic behavior patterns and on the anchoring of effective practices. The empirical basis was represented by the results of sociological survey, conducted by specialists from the Vologda Research Center in June 2017 in Vologda, Cherepovets and Pskov with representative quota sample (n=900). Methodical goals, realized during the research, included the adjustment of the indicator model for social capital measurement, the correction of research instruments. Further analysis was made by means of statistical procedures and methods integrated in the SPSS package, including correlation and factor analysis. The results obtained revealed groups of social capital holders, bonding and bridging, a model of different types of social capital was elaborated. The identified groups differ considerably by basic indicators, such as trust, engagement, and attitudes. The division into groups by level of social capital made it possible to analyze its impact on socio-economic attitudes of population. The research has demonstrated existing relationship between the level of accumulated capital and innovative economic behavioral practices, economic optimism/pessimism, trust towards economic institutions. The results give possibility to formulate tasks for further research, including comparative analysis of social capital characteristics among different territorial communities, the analysis of the potential for community cooperation, based on trust. The research has confirmed heuristic opportunities of the social capital concept.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE PROBLEMS OF VERBAL COMMUNICATION OF STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY 2019-01-02T15:51:57+07:00 Н. В. Плаксина Т. Н. Акулова Е. В. Смирнова <p>The main task is formation of General cultural competences on the basis of the interactive side of communication in the system of interaction of participants of the educational process between student and teacher. Special attention is paid to language and speech, which play a significant role in the structure important qualities of the personality of the future specialist. The reasons for the difficulty of forming the basic concepts of students are dedicated. This is considered from the point of view of formation of a professional thesaurus on the basis of methods <span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: transparent; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">«</span>semantic field<span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: transparent; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">»</span>. A method of structuring the concepts and lexical meanings of professional terminology. The defining value in the use of this pedagogical technology is the compilation of semantic fields as a way of memorizing material and activating mental activity students.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## REGIONAL PRACTICES IN THE APPLICATION OF PROCEDURES FOR THE ELECTION OF MUNICIPALITIES HEADS IN THE PERIOD 2015–2017 (BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE SIBERIAN AND FAR EASTERN REGIONS) 2019-01-02T15:44:19+07:00 А. В. Шарапов <p>С 2015 г. в Российской Федерации стала внедряться практика избрания глав муниципальных образований на конкурсной основе. С этого периода на вариативной основе (прямые выборы или на конкурсной основе) регионы самостоятельно определяют принципы назначения руководителя муниципалитета. Данная возможность закреплена ФЗ №131 «Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в РФ». При изучении данного нововведения в регионах Сибири и Дальнего Востока выяснилось, что преобладающей процедурой назначения на должность в муниципалитетах первого уровня стала конкурсная процедура, а не прямые выборы. В тоже время в регионах применение прямых выборов для избрания глав муниципальных образований имеет разный масштаб.</p> 2019-01-01T14:36:13+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## GEOGRAPHICAL PROFILE AS A TACTICS OF SEARCHING FOR POTENTIAL TERRORISTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT OF MIGRANTS 2019-01-02T15:47:25+07:00 Е. А. Куликов В. А. Мазуров М. Стародубцева <p>Crime prevention plays a huge role in law enforcement activities of the state. A crime is much easier to prevent than to fight further with the consequences of its commission. A special place is occupied by the crime of a terrorist nature. It has become a global threat in the modern conditions of the world community. Countering this crime is complicated by the problem of migration. Associated with a series of ongoing military conflicts in the Middle East, migration creates fertile ground for the growth of crime of extremist and terrorist orientation. For the Russian Federation, since the collapse of the USSR, migration from the Central Asian republics is of particular importance. These republics often accept on their territory members of terrorist organizations, which then enter the territory of Russia. The article is devoted to a promising method of searching for potential terrorists among migrants. Geographic profiling allows you to make the preventive search for potential terrorists and extremists more targeted.</p> 2019-01-01T14:32:02+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## HEALTH OF AGED POPULATION: CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES 2019-01-02T15:49:58+07:00 М. А. Груздева В. Н. Барсуков <p>The article presents the analysis concerning the significant parts of senior citizens’ health, as well as the factors influencing its state and dynamics. The author shows the results of opinion polls and clinical interviews with senior citizens conducted by the specialists from the FSBIS “Vologda Research Center of RAS” in the Vologda Oblast in 2015, 2017 and 2018.&nbsp; The paper reveals the value and self-assessment of health, presents the peculiarities of aged population’s self-preservation practices, the availability and satisfaction with health services. The author states the main contemporary challenges connected with the necessity for health maintenance and promotion of aged population under the conditions of increasing share of this socio-demographic group within population structure.</p> 2019-01-01T14:05:12+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##