PEOPLE OF OUR CZAR (TO THE METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF THE SEMANTIC AND GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE IN LINGUISTIC EXPERTISE)

Keywords: semantic-grammatical construction, method of semantic analysis, interpretation, linguistic expertise

Abstract

The article is devoted to semantic analysis within the framework of linguistic expertise. There has been developed an approach of interpretative analysis of the semantic and grammatical structures. The latter refers to linguistic units that either 1) exist as a grammatical construction with definite morphological characteristics of the components linked by particular syntactic relation, 2) have certain vocabulary scope of structures: generalized semantics of the model is detailed through a particular lexical implementation, and semantic implementations can be classified.

For example, the analysis of specific lexico-grammatical construction «people of somebody» (people of Petrov), which has become the subject of legal and forensic dispute, shows the position on this particular issue and gives grounds to the employment of the approach of semantic analysis of linguistic units in linguistic research for expert purposes.

Five stages of semantic analysis of a lexico-grammatical construction have been singled out:

  • · grammatical analysis of the generalized model (in this case it is a noun in the nominative case + noun in genitive),
  • · analysis of a specified semantic-grammatical model, in which one syntactic position has a lexical meaning: the people of somebody,
  • · analysis of the whole lexical structure of the model, taking into account the specific characteristics of the second word (whose people, where the second noun denotes an animate object),
  • · interpretation of lexicalized model in the context of with its style, and the text meaning,
  • · analysis of a structure with specific lexical content in the situational context and discourse.

The mentioned stages form the approach to the semantic analysis of linguistic units of the type discussed above - the semantic and grammatical constructions. To understand these structures is more than just to interpret words, you should take each stage of filling the model with lexical content, and – most importantly – not to skip the stage of possible interpretations depending on the different characteristics of each component (concrete/ abstract, proper/ common, animate / inanimate), and also the style, the general meaning of micro - and macro-context and discourse.

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2017)607

Author Biography

Galina Ivanenko, South Ural State Humanitarian-Pedagogical University

Associate Professor, Department of Russian Language and Methods of Teaching Russian Language

gala.april@mail.ru

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Published
2017-12-08
How to Cite
Ivanenko, G. (2017). PEOPLE OF OUR CZAR (TO THE METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF THE SEMANTIC AND GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE IN LINGUISTIC EXPERTISE). Legal Linguistics, (6 (17), 89-101. https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2017)607
Section
Forensic Linguistics