GRAMMATICAL AND SYSTEM-BASED APPROACHES TO INTERPRETING THE LAW: THE NATURE OF INTERACTION

Keywords: law, interpretation of law

Abstract

The article covers the nature and significance of the grammatical approach to interpreting the law and points out its primary role in interpreting legal texts. Grammatical interpretation has a complex structure. On closer examination, the verbal layer of the law proves to consist of, at least, several components such as lexical, syntactic, logical and stylistic. The basic, i.e. lexical component is clarified with “the golden rule” of grammatical interpretation: firstly, words and expressions should be assigned the meaning implied by a statutory instrument; secondly, in the absence of a legal definition, we should rely upon common professional (special) practice of the word usage; otherwise, we should apply to explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language (i.e. to a common meaning). Regardless of all significance of the grammatical interpretation, examples from the current legislation of the Russian Federation substantiate its lack of instruments that prevents an interpreter from going beyond the verbal layer of an interpreted law. An interpreter aided with a mere grammatical approach has neither desire nor is ability to go beyond the particular syntactically completed utterance. Such lack of instruments in grammatical interpretation should be tackled by other approaches to interpretation. First of all, it is the system-based approach that enables addressing the over-regulatory level. Unlike grammatical interpretation, the system-based approach is able to interpret not only the initial regulation but also other related regulations. System-based interpretation relies on the presumption of a logical unity of law and its meaning integrity is achieved due to the system saving function of interpretation.

 

 

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2018)7-802

Author Biography

Igor Vasev, Altai State University

Doctor of Law, Ass. Prof. of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Faculty of Law, Altai State University

vasev1986@mail.ru

References

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REFERENCES

Jhering R. The Spirit of the Roman Law at the Various Stages of Its Development [Dukh rimskogo prava na razlichnykh stupenyakh yego razvitiya]. St. Petersburg, 1875.

Lyublinskiy P. I. Technique, Interpretation and Casuistry of the Criminal Code [Tekhnika, tolkovaniye i kazuistika ugolovnogo kodeksa]. Petrograd, 1917.

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Tolstik V. A., Dvornikov N. L., Kargin K. V. System Interpretation of Law [Sistemnoye tolkovaniye norm prava]. Moscow, 2010.

Farber I. Ye. About the Essence of Law [O sushchnosti prava]. Saratov, 1959.

Published
2018-07-12
How to Cite
Vasev, I. (2018). GRAMMATICAL AND SYSTEM-BASED APPROACHES TO INTERPRETING THE LAW: THE NATURE OF INTERACTION. Legal Linguistics, (7/8(18/19), 17-26. https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2018)7-802
Section
Legal hermeneutics