DOCUMENTATION OF CRIMES, CAUSED BY SPEECH CONFLICT, IN THE «MILITARY ARTICLES» BY PETER I

Keywords: speech offenses, insult, slander, honor, «Military articles»

Abstract

In the era of Peter I there was a complex process of creating and unifying the terminological paradigm associated with crimes caused by verbal conflicts, the units already existing in the legislation were discarded, the new ones acquire a more unambiguous meaning and did not overlap with each other in the semantic plane, as it had used to be in the previous documents. An important distinction was made between the oral and written forms of insult or defamation, establishing the difference between «mockery» and «insult». The concept of the context of utterance appeared bringing different penalties for similar offenses depending on who and where committed the offense. At the same time, the tendency to expand jurisdiction through church litigation, founded by Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich in the Decree of 1649 still remained, also the concept of personal, family honor and even honor of the military unit was expanded. «Honor» became one of the most important things for a person, along with property and life.

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2018)7-808

Author Biography

Aleksey Snigirev, Ural State Law University

Associate Professor of the Department of Russian, Foreign Languages and Speech Culture. Ural State Law University

alex_sengir@rambler.ru

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Published
2018-07-12
How to Cite
Snigirev, A. (2018). DOCUMENTATION OF CRIMES, CAUSED BY SPEECH CONFLICT, IN THE «MILITARY ARTICLES» BY PETER I. Legal Linguistics, (7/8(18/19), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2018)7-808
Section
Language of Law