ON THE PARTICIPATION OF A LINGUIST IN COURT HEARINGS ON CRIMINAL CASES OF INSULTS TO THE REPRESENTATIVES OF AUTHORITIES

Abstract

The article deals with discussing the practice of hearing criminal cases on insults to the authorities in the discharge of their duties or in connection with them. The problems faced by a linguist while identifying presence or absence of  verbal insult in statements are considered on the material of  witness and victim interrogation reports in cases of insulting the authorities. Article 319 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation «Insult of a representative of the authorities» considers the concept «insult» indicated in Article 5.61 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation, as well as in the void Article 130 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation as  follows: «Insult is humiliation of the honor and dignity of another person, expressed in indecent form». Linguists and lawyers are unanimous in their opinion that this definition of insult is given in a too general form. Inaccurate interpretation of the concept «insult», and what is most important, the lack of the definition of «indecent form» leads to the ambiguity in referring to statements as offensive. This article discusses some of the words that are more often perceived by representatives of the authorities as offensive and that   yielded initiation of proceedings. Article 319 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation states that insult as a speech crime implies addressing character of a controversial utterance, the presence of vocabulary related to the category «offensive», indecent form of expression of such vocabulary, as well as publicity. On the example of the analysis of a number of words given in this article, there is a clear contradiction between the everyday understanding of the word «insult» and «insult» as a subject to a legal regulation.

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Author Biography

Galina Napreenko, Kemerovo State Medical University

Candidate of Philology, Senior Lecturer of Chair of Foreign Languages, Latin and Medical Terminology Kemerovo State Medical University Minzdrava RF. E-mail: vila1991@mail.ru

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Published
2018-12-27
How to Cite
Napreenko, G. (2018). ON THE PARTICIPATION OF A LINGUIST IN COURT HEARINGS ON CRIMINAL CASES OF INSULTS TO THE REPRESENTATIVES OF AUTHORITIES. Legal Linguistics, (9/10), 100-112. https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2018)9-1008
Section
Forensic Linguistics