DISCUSSION ABOUT RIGHTS OF NATIONAL MINORITY AS THE OBJECT OF FORENSIC SCIENCE

Keywords: forensic psychological and linguistic expertise, extremism, national identity, intergroup conflict, state national policy

Abstract

The article expounds forensic practice of texts dedicated to inter-ethnic relations between Tatars and Russians and reactive texts dedicated to state national policy. The authors attention is drawn to the problem of distinguishing between legitimate protection of Tatars' rights from extremist actions. Authors are explaining peculiar origins of inter-ethnic conflict by discribing its stages of development in history. Features of national opposite discourse are described. The article reveals specificity of conflict between national minority and power of Kremlin. The nowadays situation in socio-political sphere in Tatarstan Republic is discribed. Theoretical basis of text research within the intergroup conflict is given. The concepts of "ethnos", "ethnic identity", "relative deprivation", "social setting" are explicated, the methods of providing psychological influence on the addressee are described. The article also adduces the technology for the complex forensic psychological and linguistic study of materials reflecting intergroup conflict interaction. Several groups of materials provided for the forensic examination are identified in accordance with the presence or absence of signs of extremist values as well as the matter of the actual addressee of text (representatives of state authorities, opponents in intergroup conflict or representatives of a "foreign" ethnic group.) When analyzing such materials, it is proposed to distinguish the main subject which the material is devoted to (it could be group of persons, discription of action or some ideology), the attitude of the author to the subject, and the author’s communicative purpose. The authors pay attention to the difficulties that may arise during the forensic studies and, relying the personal experience at this field, suggest ways to overcome them. At the same time, they distinguish linguistic and psychological features of materials containing so-called “extremist meanings”.

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Author Biographies

Dilya Khanzafarova, Midle-Volga Regional Centre of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation

Master of Law, manager of the specialized expert department, forensic expert-linguist of Midle-Volga Regional Centre of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. E-mail: d.khanzafarova@yandex.ru

Ildar Abitov, Midle-Volga Regional Centre of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation

Candidate of Psychology, assistant professor of Department of Developmental and Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education of Kazan Federal University, forensic expert-psychologist of Midle-Volga Regional Centre of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. E-mail: ildar-abitov@yandex.ru

References

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REFERENCES
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Published
2018-12-27
How to Cite
Khanzafarova, D., & Abitov, I. (2018). DISCUSSION ABOUT RIGHTS OF NATIONAL MINORITY AS THE OBJECT OF FORENSIC SCIENCE. Legal Linguistics, (9/10), 113-125. https://doi.org/10.14258/leglin(2018)9-1009
Section
Forensic Linguistics