О КУЛЬТУРНО-ХРОНОЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ ПРИНАДЛЕЖНОСТИ ПАМЯТНИКОВ С ЛАЗУРИТОВЫМИ ПОДВЕСКАМИ НА ТЕРРИТОРИИ АЛТАЙСКОГО КРАЯ И РЕСПУБЛИКИ АЛТАЙ

  • А.А. Казаков Барнаульский юридический институт МВД России
Ключевые слова: средневековье, Приобье, подвеска, лазурит, азурит, хронология, погребение

Аннотация

На основе анализа опубликованных источников с привлечением данных минералогии про- анализирована достаточно распространенная в памятниках Западной Сибири эпохи Средневековья категория инвентаря – лазуритовые подвески. Проведенный анализ позволил расширить принятые многими исследователями хронологические рамки бытования лазуритовых подвесок, выявить регион их наибольшего распространения (Барнаульско-Бийское, Новосибирское и Томское Приобье). Обоснована гипотеза о культуродиагностирующей функции этой категории инвентаря для памятников Барнаульско-Бийского, Новосибирского и Томского Приобья и Республики Алтай. Они встречаются в памятниках, относящихся к басандайской культуре. Кроме того, лазуритовые подвески могут выступать и хронологическими индикаторами. На рассматриваемой территории они хорошо датируются XII–XIII вв. Скорректирована достаточно распространенная точка зрения о непременно кочевнической принадлежности памятников с этой категорией инвентаря. Анализ локализации сырьевой базы (месторождений лазурита) позволил высказать предположение о том, что подвески, в рассматриваемом регионе называемые лазуритовыми, изготавливались из другого минерала, а именно из азурита. Намечены перспективы дальнейших исследований.

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Биография автора

А.А. Казаков, Барнаульский юридический институт МВД России

кандидат исторических наук, доцент кафедры истории и философии Барнаульского юридического института МВД России

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Опубликован
2020-03-19
Как цитировать
1. Казаков А. О КУЛЬТУРНО-ХРОНОЛОГИЧЕСКОЙ ПРИНАДЛЕЖНОСТИ ПАМЯТНИКОВ С ЛАЗУРИТОВЫМИ ПОДВЕСКАМИ НА ТЕРРИТОРИИ АЛТАЙСКОГО КРАЯ И РЕСПУБЛИКИ АЛТАЙ // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2020. Т. 29. № 1. С. 23-49. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/%2829%29.-02.
Раздел
РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ