ВОПРОСЫ ИСТОКОВ И РАЗВИТИЯ ТЕКСТИЛЬНОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ В ПОЗДНЕМ БРОНЗОВОМ ВЕКЕ ЮЖНОГО УРАЛА

  • П.С. Анкушева Южно-Уральский государственный гуманитарно-педагогический университет; Южно-Уральский федеральный научный центр минералогии и геоэкологии УрО РАН
Ключевые слова: текстиль, поздний бронзовый век, Южный Урал, синташтинская культура, алакульская культура

Аннотация

Рубеж III/II тыс. до н.э. – период массового появления на Южном Урале источников, связанных с текстильным производством: отпечатков на керамике и органических образцов тканей. В статье ставится задача определения возможных истоков синташтинских и алакульских текстильных технологий путем сравнения с данными об изделиях сопредельных территориальных и хронологических рамок. Критериями сравнения выступают компоненты текстильной культуры – используемое сырье, технология, декорирование и применение, согласно которым систематизированы источники зауральской энеолитической, ямной, катакомбной, андроновской культурно-исторических общностей. Такие инновационные технологии, как ткачество, использование шерстяного волокна, окрашивание мареной, впервые отмечены в Южном Зауралье в материалах синташтинской культуры и находят свои ближайшие параллели в катакомбных материалах. Синташтинские, петровские и алакульские древности демонстрируют единую текстильную технологию, органично встроенную в срубно-андроновский «мир» степных и лесостепных скотоводческих культур Северной Евразии.

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Биография автора

П.С. Анкушева, Южно-Уральский государственный гуманитарно-педагогический университет; Южно-Уральский федеральный научный центр минералогии и геоэкологии УрО РАН

младший научный сотрудник

Литература

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Опубликован
2020-12-25
Как цитировать
1. Анкушева П. ВОПРОСЫ ИСТОКОВ И РАЗВИТИЯ ТЕКСТИЛЬНОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ В ПОЗДНЕМ БРОНЗОВОМ ВЕКЕ ЮЖНОГО УРАЛА // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2020. Т. 32. № 4. С. 43-57. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/%2832%29.-03.
Раздел
РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ