Реконструкция техник металлообработки меди и бронзы тагарской культуры на базе экспериментально-трасологического анализа

Ключевые слова: Южная Сибирь, ранний железный век, тагарская культура, металлообработка, эксперимент, трасологический анализ

Аннотация

Статья посвящена реконструкции техник металлообработки тагарской археологической культуры на базе экспериментально-трасологического анализа. Выполнена серия экспериментов, проведенных в рамках комплексного изучения наскального искусства Минусинской котловины. Получено 23 базовых эталона и отлито девять орудий, подвергнутых впоследствии кузнечно-слесарной обработке. В результате реконструированы техники, которые использовались при изготовлении 62 орудий труда и предметов вооружения. В основе построенных технологических цепочек лежали литье в двухчастных, в том числе глиняных, вертикальных или горизонтальных формах с последующей обработкой ковкой (каменными молотками) и шлифовкой (песчаник, песчаник с мокрым песком). Орудия труда и элементы оружия ударного воздействия подвергались упрочняющей ковке. Поверхности проникающего назначения (острия чеканов) не упрочнялись и затачивались. Планируется расширение коллекций экспериментальных эталонов.

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Биография автора

Р.В. Давыдов, Институт археологии и этнографии СО РАН

инженер-исследователь лаборатории ЦифрА Института археологии и этнографии СО РАН

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Опубликован
2021-12-18
Как цитировать
Давыдов Р. Реконструкция техник металлообработки меди и бронзы тагарской культуры на базе экспериментально-трасологического анализа // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2021. Т. 33, № 4. С. 185-208 DOI: 10.14258/tpai(2021)33(4).-11. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/10758.
Раздел
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ЕСТЕСТВЕННО-НАУЧНЫХ МЕТОДОВ В АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯХ