ЛУНА В МИФОЛОГИИ КУЛЬТУР ЭПОХИ БРОНЗЫ СЕВЕРО-ЗАПАДНОЙ АЗИИ (III – нач. II тыс. до н.э.)

  • И.В. Ковтун Институт экологии человека Федерального исследовательского центра угля и углехимии СО РАН
Ключевые слова: лунарные образы, юг Западной Сибири, окуневская культура, крохалевская культура, самусьская культура, мировоззрение, изобразительное искусство, орнаментальная графика

Аннотация

В статье выделена серия разнокультурных изображений периода развитой бронзы юга Западной Сибири, связанных общим смысловым значением. Обосновывается лунарная семантика окуневских, крохалевских и самусьских антропоморфных персонажей, передающих идею значимых лунных циклов, главным образом, новолуния, первой четверти и полнолуния. Реконструируются мировоззренческие представления населения данных культур, исследуются вероятные истоки лунарного культа и особенности подобных воззрений у каждого сообщества. Выявлены специфические иконографические способы передачи схожих идейных стереотипов, различными изобразительными средствами, присущими культурным группам Верхнего Приобья, Нижнего Притомья и Среднего Енисея во 2-й половине III – начале II тыс. до н.э. Рассмотрена серия луновидных подвесок, обнаруженныхв памятниках культур сейминско-турбинской эпохи, и предложена их семантическая интерпретация. Представлены сведения об абсолютной хронологии крохалевских и самусьских комплексов по 14С и их корреляция с радиоуглеродными датировками окуневских древностей.

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Биография автора

И.В. Ковтун, Институт экологии человека Федерального исследовательского центра угля и углехимии СО РАН

Ковтун Игорь Вячеславович, доктор исторических наук, главный научный сотрудник Федерального исследовательского центра угля и углехимии СО РАН

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Опубликован
2019-09-24
Как цитировать
1. Ковтун И. ЛУНА В МИФОЛОГИИ КУЛЬТУР ЭПОХИ БРОНЗЫ СЕВЕРО-ЗАПАДНОЙ АЗИИ (III – нач. II тыс. до н.э.) // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2019. Т. 27. № 3. С. 66-101. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/%2827%29.-06.
Раздел
РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ