«ЯРОСТНЫЕ ПТИЦЫ С ОГНЕННЫМИ ПЕРЬЯМИ»

  • Г.С. Джумабекова A.Kh. Margulan Institute of Archaeology
  • Г.А. Базарбаева Институт археологии им. А.Х. Маргулана
Ключевые слова: головной убор, корона, птица, полиморфное существо, пазырыкская культура

Аннотация

В статье делается попытка идентификации фантастической птицы, помещенной на корону женщины, погребенной под курганом Тасарык в Восточно-Казахстанской области, исследовавшимся экспедицией Института археологии им. А.Х. Маргулана. За основу взята реконструкция костюма женщины, выполненная в научно-реставрационной лаборатории «Остров Крым» под руководством К. Алтынбекова. В декоре короны, венчавшей голову погребенной, присутствуют два зооморфных образа – птица и сайгаки, организованные по принципу геральдической композиции, где центральным элементом является фигура феникса, а два других симметрично расположенных изображения – пара сайгаков. Дополняют корону подвески. Данная реконструкция является результатом кропотливого труда сотрудников лаборатории «Остров Крым». Она дополняет и расширяет имеющиеся представления об образе женщин эпохи раннего железа. Памятник датируется V–IV вв. до н.э. Полученные данные свидетельствуют о том, что древнему населению Восточного Казахстана и Алтая был известен образ феникса. Он связан с представлениями о вечной жизни и обновлении, а также, видимо, маркирует статус погребенной, которая могла выполнять определенные ритуалы. Головной убор из Тасарыка демонстрирует синтез традиций саков Жетысу и «пазырыкцев».

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Биографии авторов

Г.С. Джумабекова, A.Kh. Margulan Institute of Archaeology

кандидат исторических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник Института археологии им. А.Х. Маргулана

Г.А. Базарбаева, Институт археологии им. А.Х. Маргулана

кандидат исторических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник Института археологии им. А.Х. Маргулана

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Опубликован
2020-06-19
Как цитировать
1. Джумабекова Г., Базарбаева Г. «ЯРОСТНЫЕ ПТИЦЫ С ОГНЕННЫМИ ПЕРЬЯМИ» // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2020. Т. 30. № 2. С. 95-110. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/%2830%29.-07.
Раздел
ЗАРУБЕЖНАЯ АРХЕОЛОГИЯ