НОВЫЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ ДЛЯ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ОРУЖИЯ ДАЛЬНЕГО БОЯ У НАСЕЛЕНИЯ СЕВЕРНОГО АЛТАЯ В ЖУЖАНСКОЕ ВРЕМЯ

  • Н.Н. Серегин Алтайский государственный университет
  • А.А. Тишкин Алтайский государственный университет
  • С.С. Матренин Алтайский государственный университет; Барнаульский юридический институт МВД России
  • Т.С. Паршикова Алтайский государственный университет
Ключевые слова: Алтай, жужанское время, булан-кобинская культура, железные наконечники стрел, классификация, типология, хронология

Аннотация

В статье публикуется коллекция железных наконечников стрел из некрополя булан-кобинской культуры Чобурак-I (Чемальский район Республики Алтай), исследования которого проводились экспедицией Алтайского государственного университета в 2017–2019 гг. В результате классификации 48 изделий, представленных полными и частично разрушенными образцами, выделены 14 типов наконечников, дополненных 24 вариантами. Типологическое исследование позволило определить относительную хронологию разных модификаций проникателей и их возможный генезис. Среди ярусных наконечников присутствуют образцы хуннуской (сюннуской) традиции II–V вв. н.э. (типы 1а, 2а, 4а–б) и южно-сибирской традиции III–V вв. н.э. (типы 1б, 2б, 3а, 4в). Трехлопастные наконечники стрел датируются разным временем: шестиугольные без упора (тип 8а) – II в. до н.э. – V в. н.э.; асимметрично-ромбические и ромбические без упора (типы 6а, 7а) – II–V вв. н.э.; асимметрично-ромбические, ромбические, шестиугольные с кольцевым упором (типы 6б, 7б, 8б) – III–V вв. н.э. Трехгранно-трехлопастные наконечники типа 10а являются результатом сочетания местной и среднеазиатской (кенкольской) традиций военного дела. Бронебойные наконечники (типы 11а–б, 12а–б, 13а, 14а) демонстрируют знакомство населения Северного Алтая с передовыми средствами поражения защитного доспеха, получившего широкое применение в Центральной Азии со 2-й половины IV в. н.э. под влиянием оружейного комплекса поздних сяньби. Публикуемые материалы расширяют источниковую базу для сравнительного изучения оружия дальнего боя народов восточной Евразии середины I тыс. н.э.

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Биографии авторов

Н.Н. Серегин, Алтайский государственный университет

доктор исторических наук, доцент кафедры археологии, этнографии и музеологии Алтайского государственного университета

А.А. Тишкин, Алтайский государственный университет

доктор исторических наук, профессор; заведующий кафедрой археологии, этнографии и музеологии Алтайского государственного университета

С.С. Матренин, Алтайский государственный университет; Барнаульский юридический институт МВД России

кандидат исторических наук, научный сотрудник Отдела сопровождения НИОКТР Алтайского государственного университета; старший преподаватель кафедры истории и философии Барнаульского юридического института МВД России

Т.С. Паршикова, Алтайский государственный университет

кандидат исторических наук, заместитель директора Музея археологии и этнографии Алтая Алтайского государственного университета

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Опубликован
2020-09-02
Как цитировать
1. Серегин Н., Тишкин А., Матренин С., Паршикова Т. НОВЫЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ ДЛЯ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ОРУЖИЯ ДАЛЬНЕГО БОЯ У НАСЕЛЕНИЯ СЕВЕРНОГО АЛТАЯ В ЖУЖАНСКОЕ ВРЕМЯ // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2020. Т. 31. № 3. С. 99-118. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/%2831%29.-09.
Раздел
РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ

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