РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ АРХЕО- И ЭТНОЗООЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ НА ПОСЕЛЕНИИ ПОЗДНЕГО БРОНЗОВОГО ВЕКА ЧЕРНОРЕЧЬЕ-2

Ключевые слова: Южный Урал, поздний бронзовый век, алакульская культура, скотоводство, палеопатология, остеохондроз, остеофагия, крупный рогатый скот, мелкий рогатый скот, лошадь

Аннотация

Работа посвящена анализу археозоологических и этнозоологических материалов, которые представлены поселением Черноречье-2 и современным животноводством в долине реки Уй. Основной период функционирования поселка связан с алакульской культурой позднего бронзового века Южного Урала (XVII-XV вв. до н. э.). Целью статьи является реконструкция животноводства на основании анализа костей домашнего скота и данных, которые получены в ходе изучения прилегающего к памятнику участка долины реки. Кости из поселения Черноречье-2 анализировались с помощью стандартных и общепринятых археозоологических методов. Анализ археозоологической коллекции позволил реконструировать скотоводческий характер поселка на всем протяжении его существования. Обитатели памятника комплексно эксплуатировали крупный рогатый скот, овец, коз и лошадей. Палеопатологический анализ не выявил оснований для реконструкции рабочего использования быков и лошадей. Совместный анализ археозоологических и этнозоологических данных позволяет предложить оседлую форму скотоводства как наиболее приоритетную для поселка Черноречье-2. Часть площади поселка или его построек могли использоваться в качестве стойла для скота.

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Биография автора

А.Ю. Рассадников, Институт истории и археологии УрО РАН

кандидат исторических наук, научный сотрудник Института истории и археологии УрО РАН

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Опубликован
2021-03-27
Как цитировать
1. Рассадников А. РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ АРХЕО- И ЭТНОЗООЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ НА ПОСЕЛЕНИИ ПОЗДНЕГО БРОНЗОВОГО ВЕКА ЧЕРНОРЕЧЬЕ-2 // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2021. Т. 33. № 1. С. 85-105. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/9389.
Раздел
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ЕСТЕСТВЕННО-НАУЧНЫХ МЕТОДОВ В АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯХ