CIVILIZATIONAL SPECIFICS OF RUSSIA AS THE EURASIAN “EMPIRE VISE VERSA”

Main Article Content

В. А. Должиков

Abstract

Taking into account the achievements of modern methodology of political, sociological, and ethnological analysis, the article deals with the actual problem of scientific identification of the specifics of the Russian Empire in the context of the history of world civilizations. The purpose of the study is to determine both universal and unique features of the domestic state of the imperial era (XVIII — early XX centuries). The main place in the work is given to criticism of the myth of Imperial Russia as being a “prison of nations, which is widely widespread in the historiography. Referring to the methodological development of a large group of foreign and domestic researchers, the author proves that the Russian state pursued such an internal policy with respect to the subject ethnic communities, which was very unusual for a “great colonial power.” The supreme power and the political elite of the Empire patronized non-Russian subjects, but at the same time they enslaved and discriminated against large regional groups of the Russian superethnos. The most disenfranchised in the imperial period of Russian history were the adherents of the Old Believer Orthodoxy, “the Russians squared,” as the modern researcher of the problem identified, who were subjected to unprecedented discrimination. Actually, therefore, according to the author, historical Russia was an “empire vice versa.” More than that, even if it was a “prison,” it was one only for the Russian people being imprisoned. Nevertheless, the study concludes that there are certain opportunities under favorable conditions for its timely positive transformation into a multinational Federation that preserves the accumulated experience of peaceful cohabitation of peoples on the continental spaces of Eurasia.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.14258/ssi(2018)3-07

Article Details

How to Cite
Должиков, В. А. (1). CIVILIZATIONAL SPECIFICS OF RUSSIA AS THE EURASIAN “EMPIRE VISE VERSA”. Society and Security Insights, 1(3), 119-133. https://doi.org/10.14258/ssi(2018)3-07
Section
STATE, CIVIL SOCIETY AND STABILITY

References

Анисимов Е.В. Императорская Россия. СПб.: Питер, 2008.

Антонов А.В. Старообрядчество и новое мышление. В кн.: На пути к свободе совести. Москва: Прогресс, 1989.

Базарова Т. Петр Павлович Шафиров: карьера в эпоху перемен. Дипломат по воле случая? На заре зарождения империи. URL: http://gefter.ru/archive/21118 (дата обращения 19.04. 2018).

Загоскин Н.М. Очерки организации и происхождения служилого сословия в допетровской Руси. Казань: Унив. типогр., 1875.

Ильин И.А. Путь к очевидности. Москва: Республика, 1993.

История Всесоюзной Коммунистической партии (большевиков). Краткий курс. Москва: Гос. изд-во полит. лит-ры, 1952.

Каппелер А. Россия — многонациональная империя: возникновение, история, распад. Москва; Бонн, 2000.

Каспэ С.И. Империя и модернизация. Общая модель и российская специфика. Москва: РОССПЭН, 2001.

Ливен Д. Российская империя и ее враги c XVI века до наших дней. Москва: Европа, 2007.

Мартин Т. Империя позитивного действия: Советский Союз как высшая форма империализма? Аb Imperio, 2002, No 2, 55–87.

Миронов Б.Н. Социальная история России периода империи. В 2 т. Т. 1. СПб.: Дмитрий Буланин, 1999.
Михневич В.О. Кто выдумал Россию? Исторический вестник, 1899, No 2, 502–504.

Новиков К. Еврей Петра Великого. Коммерсантъ-Власть, 2009, No 27.

Рерих Н.К. По лицу земли. В кн.: В поисках своего пути: Россия между Европой и Азией: Хрестоматия по истории российской общественной мысли XIX и XX веков для вузов. Москва: Наука, 1994.

Хоскинг Дж. Великое, но рухнувшее прошлое. Родина, 1995, No 1, 39–40.

Хоскинг Дж. Россия: народ и империя (1552–1917). Смоленск: Русич, 2001.

Шахназаров О.В. Отношение к собственности у старообрядцев (до 1917 года). Вопросы истории, 2004, No 4, 53–70.

Lieven D. Empire: The Russian Empire and Its Rivals. New Haven, CT, 2000.

Martin T. The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923–1939. Ithaca, NY, 2000.

Martin T. The Soviet Union as Empire: Salvaging a Dubious Analytical Category. Ab Imperio, 2002, No 2, 91–105.