Интерпретация ценоморф растений юго-востока Украины в терминах фитоиндикационных шкал

  • A. V. Zhukov Днепровский национальный университет имени Олеся Гончара
Ключевые слова: экотоп, Биотоп, ценоморфа, фитоиндикация, континуализм, экоморфы, структурализм

Аннотация

В работе показана дискретная природа ценоморф растений на примере флоры юго-востока Украины. С помощью дискриминантного анализа показано, что ценоморфы являются дискретными классами видов растений, которые обособлены между собой в большей степени, чем можно предположить исходя из только лишь континуальной природы экологических различий между видами. В качестве предикторов в дискриминантном анализе использованы диапазональные фитоиндикационные шкалы Дидуха и перемасштабированные шкалы Элленберга. Высокий уровень дискриминирующей способности модели, построенной на основе континуальных предикторов, свидетельствует о значительной специфичности видов растений в пределах отдельных ценоморф. Приведен анализ экоморфической структуры ценоморф. Предложена новая ценоморфа – ариданты. Причина компактности ценоморф находится в коадаптации видов растений в пределах каждой ценоморфы, а также в трансформирующем влиянии растительной обстановки на окружение. С помощью метода классификационных деревьев выполнен поиск классификационных правил выделения ценоморф на основе фитоиндикационных шкал. Предложено рассматривать фитоиндикационные шкалы как маркеры биотопа, а ценоморфы – как маркеры экотопа.

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Опубликован
2018-12-22
Как цитировать
Zhukov, A. (2018). Интерпретация ценоморф растений юго-востока Украины в терминах фитоиндикационных шкал. Acta Biologica Sibirica, 4(4), 57-70. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14258/abs.444877
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