Infraspecific morphological variations of Salvia limbata in Iran

How to Cite

Talebi, S., Yadegari, P., Behzadpour, S., & Matsyura, A. V. (2019). Infraspecific morphological variations of Salvia limbata in Iran. Acta Biologica Sibirica, 5(1), 113-121.


Salvia limbata is an aromatic herb of Lamiaceae, which distributed in different parts of Iran. Studies have revealed that this species has several benefit compounds for human health. In this study, we investigated infra‒specific morphological difference in this species. In total, 21 inflorescence morphological features were evaluated in eight populations; ten individuals were evaluated per each population. Data were analysed using SPSS and MVSP softwares. Morphological traits highly differed among the studied populations and ANOVA test revealed significant differences among most of them. According to UPGMA tree, PCA and PCO plots of morphological characteristics, we reported four distinct phenotypes among the studied populations. CA. Joined plot revealed each of these group were characterized by special traits, which were useful in identification of them. Two phenotypes were monotypic, while the rest were composed of two to four populations. This species has a relative large geographical distribution, the distribution of its populations in diverse area will prevent the focus of natural selection in a given direct. Therefore different phenotypes were found in its different populations.


Albert, C.H., Thuiller, W., Yoccoz, N.G., Douzet, R., Aubert, S., & Lavorel, S. (2010). A multi‒trait approach reveals the structure and the relative importance of intra‒ vs. interspecific variability in plant traits. Functional Ecology, 24, 1192–1201.

Alemy, S.H., Karami, M., Hossini, E., Ebrahimzadeh, M.A., & Shahbi‒Majd, N. (2012). Antinociceptive activity and effect of methanol extract of Salvia limbata on withdrawal syndrome in mice. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 16, 38‒42.

Bradshaw, A.D. (1991). Genostasis and the limits to evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series Biological Sciences, 333, 289‒305.

Hamrick, J.L., & Godt, M. J.W. (1989). Allozyme diversity in plant species. Pp. 43‒63 in Plant population genetics, breeding, and genetic resources (Eds). Brown, A.H.D., Clegg, M.T., Kahler, A.L., and Weir, B.S. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer.

Gohari, A.R., Saeidnia, S., Malmir, M., Hadjiakhoondi, A., & Ajani, Y. (2010). Flavones and rosmarinic acid from Salvia limbata. Natural Product Research, 24(20), 1902–1906.

Govaert, L., Pantel, J. H., & De Meester, L. (2016). Eco‒evolutionary partitioning metrics: assessing the importance of ecological and evolutionary contributions to population and community change. Ecology Letters, 19, 839–853.

Guner, A., Ozhatay, N., Ekim, T., & Baser, K.H.C. (2000). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (11). Edinburgh University Press. Edinburgh.

Jamzad, Z. 2012. Flora of Iran. No. 76, Lamiaceae. Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran.

Jain, S.K., & Bradshaw, A.D. (1966). Evolutionary divergence among adjacent plant populations. I. The evidence and its theoretical analysis. Heredity, 21, 407‒441.

Kurkcuoglu, M., Demirci, B., Baser, K. H. C., Dirmenci, T., Tumen, G., & Ozgen, U. (2005). The essential oil of Salvia limbata C.A. Meyer Growing in Turkey. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 17, 192‒195.

Liston, A. (1992). Isozyme systematics of Astragalus sect. Leptocarpi subsect. Californici (Fabaceae). Systematic Botany, 17, 367‒379.

Nejadhabibvash, F., Rezaei‒Chiyaneh, E., & Pirzad, A. (2017). Anatomy of Salvia limbata in relation to altitudinal gradient in West Azerbaijan (Iran). International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, 4(2), 205‒216

Mirza, M., Mozaffarian, V., & Nik, Z. B. (2005). Composition of the Essential Oil of Salvia limbata C.A. Mey. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 17(1), 10‒11.

Palkovacs, E.P., & Post, D.M. (2009). Experimental evidence that phenotypic divergence in predators drives community divergence in prey. Ecology, 90, 300–305.

Podani, J. (2000). Introduction to the Exploration of Multivariate Biological Data. Leiden

Rechinger, K.H. (1982). Labiatae in Flora Iranica, Akademische Druck‒u Verlagsanstalt. Astria.

Saeidnia, S., Gohari, A.R., Malmir, M., Moradi‒Afrapoli, F., & Ajani, Y. (2011). Tryptophan and Sterols from Salvia limbata. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 10(37), 41‒47.

Sheidai. M., Afshar F., Keshavarzi M., Talebi S.M., Noormohammadi Z., & Shafaf T. 2014. Genetic diversity and genome size variability in Linum austriacum (Linaceae) populations. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 57, 20‒26.

Stace, C.A. (1989). Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics, Edward Arnold.

Talebi, S.M., Atri, M., Sheidai, M., Sharifnia, F., & Noormohammadi, Z. (2014). Infraspecific variations in Linum album based on the determination of special stations approach in Iran. Phytologia Balcanica, 20(1), 9-22.

Talebi, S.M., Rezakhanlou, A., & Matsyura, A. (2017). Do we have infraspecific taxa of Salvia multicaulis Vahl (Lamiaceae) in Iran? Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(4), 432–439.

Violle, C., Enquist, B.J., McGill, B.J., Jiang, L., Albert, C.H., Hulshof, C., Jung, V., & Messier, J. (2012). The return of the variance: intraspecific variability in community ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27(4), 244–252.

West‒Eberhard, M.J. (1989). Phenotypic plasticity and the origins of diversity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 20, 249–278.

Whitkus, R. (1992). Allozyme variation within the Carex pachystachya complex (Cyperaceae). Systematic Botany, 17, 16‒24.
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...