RESONANT ACOUSTIC EFFECT ON EXTRACTION OF BIRCH INNER BARK WITH ALKALI SOLUTION

  • Elena Olegovna Bobkova St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov
  • Nataliya Garrievna Kostukevich St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov
  • Дмитрий Николаевич Ведерников Санкт-Петербургский лесотехнический университет имени С.М. Кирова

Аннотация

The article describes the option of intensification extraction process from the birch inner bark. The influence of acoustic action (tensile-pulse modulation) on an increase in the yield of extractive substances on an aqueous solution of alkali (1% NaOH) is discussed. The extraction results were evaluated by the solid residue, the optical density of the solution, and the content of tannins. The yield of extractive substances is increased in 1.5 time with the help of  a  certain generator signal (meander) with  a  certain  frequency (in the range of 170–190 kHz) and amplitude (2.7–2.9 V). The acoustic effect makes it possible to increase the yield of extractive substances by 17% if compared with the yield with mechanical stirring. The purity of tannin can be improved by adding ethyl alcohol to the extractant. The effect of background regulation with signal power less than 1.5 mW, exceeds the effect of mechanical mixing.  A meander has the greatest effect in a series of electromagnetic signals: a meander, a sine, a triangle, a rectangle. The extraction time is determined. All counterparts taken into consideration the effect occurs. The cause of this phenomenon is examined. An explanation of the results is given.

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Биографии авторов

Elena Olegovna Bobkova, St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov

Department of Technology of Wood Chemical Products, Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology, master student

Nataliya Garrievna Kostukevich, St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov

Department of Technology of Wood Chemical Products, Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology, Associate Professor, Ph.D. of Chemistry

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Опубликован
2019-02-08
Как цитировать
1. Bobkova E. O., Kostukevich N. G., Ведерников Д. Н. RESONANT ACOUSTIC EFFECT ON EXTRACTION OF BIRCH INNER BARK WITH ALKALI SOLUTION // Химия растительного сырья, 2019. № 3. С. 285-290. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/cw/article/view/4391.
Выпуск
Раздел
Технологии