SEARCH FOR A SOURCE OF TRITERPENE ACIDS IN RUSSIAN BIRCHES

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  • Dmitriy Nikolayevich Vedernikov St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov
  • Ol'ga Alekseyevna Eregina St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov
  • Anna Viktorovna Shemyakina Far East Forestry Research Institute
Ключевые слова: birch outer bark, species of birch, extractive substances, triterpenoids, quantitative analysis, gas chromatography, separation of triterpene compounds

Аннотация

The composition of triterpene acids and triterpene alcohols of the outer bark of a damaged silver birch tree (Betula pendula Roth.) the outer bark of silver birch branches, the outer bark of Betula davurica Pall., B. mandshurica (Regel) Nakai, B. platyphylla Sucacz. and B. costata Trautv. is considered. Silver birch bark was harvested in the Leningrad region. The bark of other species of birches was harvested in the Khabarovsk region. The qualitative composition of triterpene compounds was determined by chromatography-mass spectrometry. The quantitative composition was determined by gas-liquid chromatography and absolute calibration. Butyl esters of acids were preliminarily prepared for GLC analysis of triterpene acids. The outer bark of the eastern species of birches contains significantly more betulinic and oleanolic acid than silver birch. The relative content of triterpene acids is greater in the outer bark of branches and in the bark of damaged silver birches. The increase in acid content is apparently associated with the desire to heal a wound. The main component among the triterpenoids of the investigated raw materials is betulin. For the separation of acids from other triterpenoids, various solubilities of the compounds in solvents and the ability of acids to form poorly soluble salts were used.

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Биографии авторов

Dmitriy Nikolayevich Vedernikov, St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov

профессор

Ol'ga Alekseyevna Eregina, St. Petersburg State Forest Technical University named after S.M. Kirov

студент

Anna Viktorovna Shemyakina, Far East Forestry Research Institute

ведущий научный сотруднк

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Опубликован
2020-03-05
Как цитировать
1. Vedernikov D. N., Eregina O. A., Shemyakina A. V. SEARCH FOR A SOURCE OF TRITERPENE ACIDS IN RUSSIAN BIRCHES // Химия растительного сырья, 2020. № 1. С. 277-282. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/cw/article/view/6503.
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Раздел
Низкомолекулярные соединения