Металлические изделия из памятников саргатской культуры Притоболья

Ключевые слова: Западная Сибирь, ранний железный век, саргатская культура, торговля, обмен, цветные металлы, рентгенофлюоресцентный анализ

Аннотация

В работе представлены результаты аналитического исследования металлических изделий из памятников саргатской культуры Притоболья методом рентгенофлюоресцентного анализа с целью уточнения направлений контактов местного населения. В результате анализа были получены свидетельства широкого распространения у представителей саргатской культуры изделий из чистой меди (Сu), оловянной бронзы (Cu+Sn) и двойной латуни (Cu+Zn), а также отмечено использование редких сплавов, ранее не выявленных на материалах саргатской культуры: свинцовой латуни (Cu+Zn+Pb) и свинцово-оловянной бронзы (Cu+Pb+Sn). Такое многообразие сплавов свидетельствует о наличии широких торгово-обменных связей у населения саргатской культуры на разных этапах ее существования. Новые данные не противоречат распространенной в литературе идее о поступлении слитков и готовых изделий из чистой меди от иткульских металлургов, а вещей из высокооловянных сплавов — с территорий Средней Азии, Поволжья, Приуралья, а также из восточных районов Сибири, Алтая и Забайкалья. Новый материал позволил сделать вывод о происхождении изделий из свинцово-оловянных бронз от хунну Забайкалья, а украшений из двойных и свинцовых латуней — от населения Северной Бактрии.

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Биография автора

М.М. Проконова, Тюменский государственный университет

инженер II категории Научно-исследовательской лаборатории археологии и этнографии Института социально-гуманитарных наук Тюменского государственного университета (НИЛАиЭ ИСГН ТЮМГУ)

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Опубликован
2021-12-18
Как цитировать
Проконова М. Металлические изделия из памятников саргатской культуры Притоболья // Теория и практика археологических исследований, 2021. Т. 33, № 4. С. 221-243 DOI: 10.14258/tpai(2021)33(4).-13. URL: http://journal.asu.ru/tpai/article/view/10760.
Раздел
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ЕСТЕСТВЕННО-НАУЧНЫХ МЕТОДОВ В АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯХ