DURUM WHEAT RESISTANCE TO BLACK POINT
PDF (Русский)

Keywords

durum wheat
black point
genotype
environmental conditions
sources of resistance.

How to Cite

Barysheva, N. V., Rozova, M. A., Ziborov, A. I., Khlebova, L. P., & Kraynov, A. P. (2016). DURUM WHEAT RESISTANCE TO BLACK POINT. Acta Biologica Sibirica, 2(4), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.14258/abs.v2i4.1704

Abstract

The search for effective sources of wheat immunity to common diseases in the Altai Region and the inclusion of the most valuable donors in breeding programs are the most important components of a strategy to create new varieties resistant to pathogens. The black point disease causing the darkening the grain germ is found in all regions where Triticum durum Desf. is cultivated. We studied 58 varieties and lines of spring durum wheat of different geographic origin for resistance to black point in the Priobskaya (the Ob River) forest-steppe of the Altai Region. A wide range of genotypes on the resistance to the disease was revealed. Growing season conditions were comparable with genotype contribution to the manifestation of black point: the proportion of the influence of "genotype" and "growing conditions" factors accounted for 45.8 and 41.1%, respectively. Interaction of the factors was 13.1%. Accessions with the lowest development of infection have been identified. Varieties from Altai Research Institute of Agriculture, Orenburg Research Institute of Agriculture, Donۥs Zonal Research Institute of Agriculture, Siberian Research Institute of Agriculture are characterized by a low level of black point damage (5.84 – 7.36%). The sources of resistance, according to the economic and biological evaluation have no negative characteristics and properties that prevent their using in programs for resistance to black point.

https://doi.org/10.14258/abs.v2i4.1704
PDF (Русский)

References

Васильчук Н.С. Селекция яровой твердой пшеницы. – Саратов, 2001. – 124 с.

Гагкаева Т.Ю., Ганнибал Ф.Б., Гаврилова О.П. Зараженность зерна пшеницы грибами Fusarium и Alternaria на юге России в 2010 г. // Защита и карантин растений. – 2012. – № 1. – С. 37–41.

Ганнибал Ф.Б. Мелкоспоровые виды рода Alternaria на злаках // Микология и фитопатология. – 2004. – Т. 38. – Вып. 3. – С. 19–29.

Ганнибал Ф.Б. Альтернариоз зерна – современный взгляд на проблему // Защита и карантин растений. – 2014. – № 6. – С. 11–15.

Горьковенко B.C. Гриб Bipolaris sorokiniana Shoem. в полевом севообороте // Защита и карантин растений. – 2005. – № 8. – С. 32–33.

Доспехов Б.А. Методика полевого опыта (с основами статистической обработки результатов исследования). – М.: Агропромиздат, 1985. – 351 с.

Зюбровская Т.А. Пораженность семян пшеницы черным зародышем в зависимости от места выращивания и матрикальных условий //

Защита с.-х растений от вредителей и болезней. – Кишинев: Штиинца, 1981. – С. 38–43.

Кириченко А.А., Торопова Е.Ю. Биологическое обоснование мониторинга, прогноза и контроля черноты зародыша яровой пшеницы в Новосибирской области // Сибирский вестник сельскохозяйственной науки. – 2007. – № 8. – С. 31–34.

Койшибаев М. Роль устойчивых к болезням сортов в интегрированной защите пшеницы // Защита и карантин растений. – 2010. – № 3. – С. 30–33.

Мережко А.Ф. Проблемы доноров в селекции растений. – СПб.: ВНИИР, 1994. – 125 с.

Оганян Т.В., Мальчиков П.Н., Мясникова М.Г., Зиборов А.И., Розова М.А., Фомина И.В., Немченко В.В. Формирование зерна твёрдой пшеницы с черным зародышем в зависимости от генотипа и условий среды // Молодой ученый. – 2015. – № 22.2 (102.2). – С. 153–155.

Розова М.А., Зиборов А.И. Особенности производства твердой пшеницы в Алтайском крае // Селекция сельскохозяйственных растений в аридных территориях Сибири и Дальнего Востока: Сб. науч. тр. по матер. межд. науч.- практ. конф. (Барнаул, 21–24 июля 2015 г.). – Новосибирск, 2015. – С. 229–236.

Санин С.С. Влияние вредных организмов на качество зерна // Защита и карантин растений. – 2004. – № 11. – С. 14–18.

Торопова Е.Ю. Экологические основы защиты растений от болезней в Сибири. – Новосибирск: Изд-во НГАУ, 2005. – 370 с.

Торопова Е.Ю., Кириченко А.А. Фитосанитарный экологический мониторинг: метод. указания. – Новосибирск: Изд-во НГАУ, 2012. – 38 с.

Шевченко С.Н., Корчагин В.А., Горянин О.И., Мальчиков П.Н., Вьюшков А.А., Чичкин А.П. Производство высококачественного зерна яровой твердой пшеницы в Среднем Поволжье: науч.- практ. руковод; Самарский НИИСХ. – Самара: СамНЦ РАН, 2010.– 75 с.

Dexter J.E., Matsuo R.R. Effect of smudge and black point, mildewed kernels, and ergot on durum wheat quality // Cereal Chem. – 1982. – Vol. 59. – N. 1. – Р. 63–69.

Conner R.L. Influence of irrigation timing on black point incidence in soft white spring wheat // Can. J. Plant Pathol. – 1987. – Vol. 9. – Р. 301–306.

Conner R.L. Influence of irrigation and precipitation on incidence of black point in soft white spring wheat // Can. J. Plant Pathol. 1989. – Vol. 11. – P. 388–392.

Conner R.L., Kuzyk A.D. Effectiveness of fungicides in controlling stripe rust, leaf rust, and black point in soft white spring wheat // Can. J. Plant Pathol. – 1988. – Vol. 10. – P. 321–326.

Conner R.L., Thomas J.B. Genetic variation and screening techniques for resistance to black point in white spring wheat // Can. J. Plant Pathol. – 1985. – Vol. 7. – P. 402–407.

Fernandez M.R., Clarke J.M., De Pauw R.M., Irvine R.B., Knox R.E. Black point and red smudge in irrigated durum wheat in southern Saskatchewan in 1990–1992 // Can. J. Plant Pathol. – 1994. – Vol. 16. – P. 221–227.

Williamson P.M. Black point of wheat in production of symptoms, enzymes involved, and association with Alternaria alternate // Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. – 1996. – Vol. 48 (1). – P. 13–18.

REFERENCES

Conner, R.L. (1987). Influence of irrigation timing on black point incidence in soft white spring wheat. Can. J. Plant Pathol, 9, 301–306.

Conner, R.L. (1989). Influence of irrigation and precipitation on incidence of black point in soft white spring wheat. Can. J. Plant Pathol, 11, 388–392.

Conner, R.L., Kuzyk, A.D. (1988). Effectiveness of fungicides in controlling stripe rust, leaf rust, and black point in soft white spring wheat. Can. J. Plant Pathol, 10, 321–326.

Conner, R.L., Thomas, J.B. (1985). Genetic variation and screening techniques for resistance to black point in white spring wheat. Can. J. Plant Pathol, 7, 402–407.

Dexter, J.E., Matsuo, R.R. (1982). Effect of smudge and black point, mildewed kernels, and ergot on durum wheat quality. Cereal Chem, 59 (1), 63–69.

Dospekhov, B.A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyta (s osnovami statisticheskoj obrabotki rezul'tatov issledovaniya). Moskva: Agropromizdat (In Russian).

Fernandez, M.R., Clarke, J.M., De Pauw, R.M., Irvine, R.B., Knox, R.E. (1994). Black point and red smudge in irrigated durum wheat in southern Saskatchewan in 1990–1992. Can. J. Plant Pathol, 16, 221–227.

Gagkaeva, T.Yu., Gannibal, F.B., Gavrilova, O.P. (2012). Zarazhennost' zerna pshenicy gribami Fusarium i Alternaria na yuge Rossii v 2010 g.

Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 1, 37–41 (In Russian).

Gannibal, F.B. (2004). Melkosporovye vidy roda Alternaria na zlakah. Mikologiya i fitopatologiya, 38 (3), 19–29 (In Russian).

Gannibal, F.B. (2014). Al'ternarioz zerna – sovremennyj vzglyad na problemu. Zashchita i karantin rastenij, 6, 11–15 (In Russian).

Gor'kovenko, B.C. (2005). Grib Bipolaris sorokiniana Shoem. v polevom sevooborote. Zashchita i karantin rastenij, 8, 32–33 (In Russian).

Kirichenko, A.A., Toropova, E.Yu. (2007). Biologicheskoe obosnovanie monitoringa, prognoza i kontrolya chernoty zarodysha yarovoj pshenicy v Novosibirskoj oblasti. Sibirskij vestnik sel'skohozyajstvennoj nauki, 8, 31–34 (In Russian).

Kojshibaev, M. (2010). Rol' ustojchivyh k boleznyam sortov v integrirovannoj zashchite pshenicy. Zashchita i karantin rastenij, 3, 30–33 (In Russian).

Merezhko, A.F. (1994). Problemy donorov v selekcii rastenij. Sankt-Peterburg: VNIIR (In Russian).

Oganyan, T.V., Mal'chikov, P.N., Myasnikova, M.G., Ziborov, A.I., Rozova, M.A., Fomina, I.V., Nemchenko, V.V. (2015). Formirovanie zerna tvyordoj pshenicy s chernym zarodyshem v zavisimosti ot genotipa i uslovij sredy. Molodoj uchenyj, 22.2 (102.2), 153–155 (In Russian).

Rozova, M.A., Ziborov, A.I. (2015). Osobennosti proizvodstva tverdoj pshenicy v Altajskom krae. In: Selekciya sel'skohozyajstvennyh rastenij v aridnyh territoriyah Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka (pp. 229–236): Sb. nauch. tr. po mater. mezhd. nauch.- prakt. konf. (Barnaul, 21–24 iyulya 2015 g.). Novosibirsk (In Russian).

Sanin, S.S. (2004). Vliyanie vrednyh organizmov na kachestvo zerna. Zashchita i karantin rastenij, 11, 14–18 (In Russian).

Shevchenko, S.N., Korchagin, V.A., Goryanin, O.I., Mal'chikov, P.N., V'yushkov, A.A., Chichkin, A.P. (2010). Proizvodstvo vysokokachestvennogo zerna yarovoj tverdoj pshenicy v Srednem Povolzh'e: nauch.- prakt. rukovod; Samarskij NIISKH. Samara: SamNC RAN. (In Russian).

Toropova, E.Yu. (2005). Ehkologicheskie osnovy zashchity rastenij ot boleznej v Sibiri. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo NGAU (In Russian).

Toropova, E.Yu., Kirichenko, A.A. (2012). Fitosanitarnyj ehkologicheskij monitoring: metod. ukazaniya. – Novosibirsk: Izd-vo NGAU (In Russian).

Vasil'chuk, N.S. (2001). Selekciya yarovoj tverdoj pshenicy. Saratov (In Russian).

Williamson, P.M. (1996). Black point of wheat in production of symptoms, enzymes involved, and association with Alternaria alternate. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48 (1), 13–18.

Zyubrovskaya, T.A. (1981). Porazhennost' semyan pshenicy chernym zarodyshem v zavisimosti ot mesta vyrashchivaniya i matrikal'nyh uslovij. In: Zashchita s.-h rastenij ot vreditelej i boleznej (pp. 38–43). Kishinev: Shtiinca (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.