Mistletoe coloring (Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai) in the East Asia (taxonomy, area, possibilities applications)

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P. G. Gorovoy
M. E. Balyshev
A. V. Krylov
V. V. Schekina
S. E. Nizkiy

Abstract

The paper represents the results of the study of the morphological features and the spread of Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai in East Asia in order to identify the specific features of this species and to establish the northern and northwestern boundaries of its range. Ornamental mistletoe in the Far East is represented by two forms: forma lutescens Kitag. and the rubroaurantiacum (Makino) Kitag. As a result of our study, it was established that the north-western boundary of the distribution of ornamental mistletoe reaches the valley of the middle course of the Zeya River in the Amur Region. It should be noted for the first time that Viscum coloratum grows on Quercus mongolica (Mongolian oak). Mistletoe abundantly affects the linden trees near the forest apiaries and in the period of 20 years almost inhabits most of the trees and forces the beekeepers to transfers apiaries to other places. Among the distributors of the fruits of Viscum coloratum, ordinary and Japanese waxwings predominate. In folk medicine of East Asian countries mistletoe is known to be used in the treatment of hypertension and oncological diseases. The main antitumor substances in the water extract of mistletoe are lectins.

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.14258/abs.v4.i4.4882

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How to Cite
Gorovoy, P. G., Balyshev, M. E., Krylov, A. V., Schekina, V. V., & Nizkiy, S. E. (2018). Mistletoe coloring (Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai) in the East Asia (taxonomy, area, possibilities applications). Acta Biologica Sibirica, 4(4), 103-107. https://doi.org/10.14258/abs.v4.i4.4882
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