Risk of social exclusion and social security of the elderly age persons in Russian regions

  • С. Г. Максимова Altai State University
  • О. Е. Ноянзина Altai State University
  • Д. А. Омельченко Altai State University
Keywords: social risk, security, social exclusion, people of elderly age groups, model of social exclusion, condition and situation of exception, indexes of social exclusion

Abstract

An article presents results of the construction and approbation of a theoretical model of evaluation of risk social exclusion of population in the context of social security of elderly age groups in Siberian regions. It bases on the results of sociological research (2016) in three Russian regions: Altai region, Trans-Baikal region and Kemerovo oblast (n =779 age of respondents from 55 (women) and 60 (men) years and older). In theory, the model lays on the following: in is determined by economic (material) deprivation, deprivation of social rights (access to social institutes and services) and deprivation of security (safe environment), deprivation of social participation, cultural (normative) disintegration and social autism; the above named components are specific for the group of elderly people, that is a priori a high risk of exclusion; risk of social exclusion, as a condition and situation of exclusion can be estimated straightly through the manifestation of its dimensions; the model has a one-way causality, i.e. the manifestation of one of its dimensions can lead to the high manifestation of the social exclusion. Basing on dimensions, operationalized in questionnaire, we calculated as an index of components of the social exclusion, as the total social exclusion index for elderly people including its regional correlations.

References

Anisimov, V.N., Zharinov, G.M. (2013). Life span and longevity in representatives of creative professions. Gerontology advances, vol. 26, № 3, 405–416.

Bashkireva, A.S., Vylegzhanin, S.V., Kachan, E.Yu. (2016). Actual problems of social gerontology at the present state of development of Russia. Gerontology advances, vol. 29, № 2, 379–386.

Grigoryev, I.A., Bikkulov, A.S. (2015). Ageing, health and active longevity: semantic context other mentioning in social networks. Gerontology advances, vol. 28, № 2, 354–359.

Elyutina, M.V. (2015).The elderly age persons: relation to death and tantric anxiety, Sociological researches, no 10, 111–119.

Kasnova, O. V. (2014). Retirement and identity of women. Psychological researches, vol. 7, no 35, 6. URL: http://psystudy.ru (available at the date: 24.05.2017).

Maximova, S.G., Noyanzina, O.E., Maximova, M.M., Scheglova, D.K. (2015). Soial exclusion of the elderly age groups: social-economic aspects. Altai State Agrarian University Bulletin, no 5 (127), 180–184.

Maximova, S.G., Omechenko, D.A., Avdeeva, G.S. etc. (2012). Empirical models of perception of the ageing in conditions of a new gerontology reality: comparative analysis of results of sociological research in four Russian regions. The Altai State University News, no 2–2(74), 242–245.

Saponov, D.I., Smolkin, А.А. (2012). Social exclusion of the elderly: to the working out of the model of estimation. Monitoring, no 5 (111), 83–94.

Structural modelling in the SPSS AMOS [Electronic Resource] moodle.herzen.spb.ru (available at the date: 29.10.2016).

Bonfatti, A., Celidoni, M., Weber, G., Börsch-Supan, A. (2015). Coping with risks during the great recession. In: Börsch-Supan A., Kneip T., Litwin H. et al. (eds). Ageing in Europe – supporting policies for an inclusive society. (Pр. 225–234). Boston: De Gruyter.

Dahlberg, L., McKee, K.J. (2014). Correlates of social and emotional loneliness in older people: evidence from an English community study. Aging Mental Hlth, vol. 18, 504–514.

Delfani, N., De Deken, J., Dewilde, C. (2015). Poor because of low pensions or expensive housing? The combined impact of pension and housing systems on poverty among the elderly. Int. J. Hous. Policy, no 15, 260–284.

Hrast, M.F., Mrak, A.K., Rakar, T. (2013). Social exclusion of elderly in Central and Eastern Europe. Int. J. Soc. Econ., no 40, 971–989.

Hu, L., Bentler, P.M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, vol. 6 (1), 1–55.

Kingston, P.W. (2001). The unfulfilled promise of cultural capital theory. Sociol. Educat, vol. 74, 88–99.

Milbourne, P., Doheny, S. (2012). Older people and poverty in rural Britain: material hardships, cultural denials and social inclusions. J. Rural. Stud, vol. 28, 389–397.

Myck, M., Najsztub, M., Oczkowska, M. (2015). Measuring social deprivation and social exclusion. In: Börsch-Supan A., Kneip T., Litwin H. et al. (eds). Ageing in Europe – supporting policies for an inclusive society. (Pр. 67–78). Boston: De Gruyter.

Najsztub, M., Bonfatti, A., Duda, D. (2015). Material and social de-privation in the macroeconomic context. In: Börsch-Supan A., Kneip T., Litwin H. et al. (eds). Ageing in Europe – supporting policies for an inclusive society. (Pр. 79–90). Boston: De Gruyter.

Ogg, J., Renaut, S. (2012). Social inclusion of elders in families. In: Scharf T., Keating N. (eds.) From exclusion to inclusion in old age: a global challenge. (Pр. 89–108). Bristol: Policy Press.

Popay, J., Escorel, S., Hernández, M. et al. (2008).Understanding and tracking social exclusion: final report to the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. (P. 207). Lancaster: Social Exclusion Knowledge Network.

Rozanova, J., Keating, N., Eales, J. (2012). Unequal social engagement for older adults: constraints on choice. Canad. J. Aging, vol. 31, 25–36.

Scharf, T., Keating, N. (2012). Social exclusion in later life: a global challenge. In: Scharf T., Keating N. (eds.) From exclusion to inclusion in old age: a global challenge.( Pр. 1–16). Bristol: Policy Press.

Serrat, R., Villar, F., Celdrán, M. (2015). Factors associated with Spanish older people’s membership in political organizations: the role of active aging activities. Europ. J. Ageing, vol. 12, 239–247.

Victor, C.R., Bowling, A. (2012). A longitudinal analysis of loneliness among older people in Great Britain. J. Psychol, vol. 146, 313–331.

Walsh, K., Scharf, T., Keating, N. (2017). Social exclusion of older persons: a scoping review and conceptual framework. Europ. J. Ageing, vol. 14, no 1, 81–98.

Walsh, K. (2015). Interrogating the ‘age-friendly community’ in austerity: myths, realties and the influence of place context. In: Walsh K., Carney G., Ní Léime Á. (eds.). Ageing through austerity: critical perspectives from Ireland. (P. 79–95). Bristol: Policy Press.

Warburton, J., Cowan, S., Winterton, R. et al. (2014). Building social inclusion for rural older people using information and communication technologies: perspectives of rural practitioners. Aust. Soc. Work, vol. 67, 479–494.
Published
2018-03-18
How to Cite
Максимова, С., Ноянзина, О., & Омельченко, Д. (2018). Risk of social exclusion and social security of the elderly age persons in Russian regions. Society and Security Insights, 1(1), 73-84. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14258/ssi(2018)1-06
Section
HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF SECURITY

Most read articles by the same author(s)